Maldives: Greater Male Waste-to-Energy Project

Sovereign Project | 51077-003

The project will establish a sustainable regional solid waste management (SWM) system for the Greater Male region and its neighboring outer islands by (i) developing treatment (proven waste-to-energy [WTE] technology), recycling, and disposal infrastructure; (ii) strengthening institutional capacities for sustainable solid waste services delivery and environmental monitoring; and (iii) improving public awareness on WTE and reduce-reuse-recycle (3R). The project will be designed to reduce disaster risk and improve climate change resilience while creating a cleaner environment and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Kohlhase, Jude Ernest
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Maldives
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Greater Male Waste-to-Energy Project
Project Number 51077-003
Country / Economy Maldives
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0732-MLD: Greater Male Waste-to-Energy Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 35.18 million
Grant 0733-MLD: Greater Male Waste-to-Energy Project
Japan Fund for the Joint Crediting Mechanism US$ 10.00 million
Loan: Greater Male Waste-to-Energy Project
Islamic Development Bank US$ 20.00 million
TA 6548-MLD: Supporting Capacity for Sustainable Waste-to-Energy Service Delivery
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Loan 3954-MLD: Greater Male Waste-to-Energy Project
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 38.21 million
Loan 8384-MLD: Greater Male Waste-to-Energy Project
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank US$ 40.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Energy / Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The project will establish a sustainable regional solid waste management (SWM) system for the Greater Male region and its neighboring outer islands by (i) developing treatment (proven waste-to-energy [WTE] technology), recycling, and disposal infrastructure; (ii) strengthening institutional capacities for sustainable solid waste services delivery and environmental monitoring; and (iii) improving public awareness on WTE and reduce-reuse-recycle (3R). The project will be designed to reduce disaster risk and improve climate change resilience while creating a cleaner environment and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Greater Male region and its neighboring outer islands suffer from severe environmental pollution and deteriorating livability because of inadequate collection and haphazard disposal of solid waste. The project area covers the Greater Male region, and 32 inhabited outer islands and 86 tourist resorts within the Alifu Alifu Atoll, Alifu Dhaalu Atoll, Kaafu Atoll, and Vaavu Atoll, with a population of 295,000 (53% of Maldives' total population)._The lack of a sustainable system to manage the 836 tons per day (tpd) of solid waste generated in the project area (in 2019) results in waste spillage into the ocean, and open dumping and burning of garbage at the 10-hectare (ha) dump site on Thilafushi island established in 1992, which has no pollution control measures, creating a severe public health and environmental hazard._Plumes of smoke visible from Male, the international airport, and nearby resorts compromise air quality and pose a nuisance to residents and tourists, while leachate and plastics contaminate the surrounding marine environment. This poses a critical threat to tourism and fisheries, both of which rely heavily on the country's pristine environment and are cornerstones to Maldives' economy.

There is no infrastructure to systematically treat and dispose the waste generated in the project area. This is a critical priority to improve public health and the environment. Scarcity of land is a serious constraint that requires high treatment and volume reduction. There are only 15 ha of land available for solid waste treatment and disposal, which the government had to reclaim in 2018 from the adjacent lagoon close to the Thilafushi island dump site because of insufficient space. Energy recovery from waste with electricity generation is an important opportunity given that the country is mostly powered by imported diesel, which has a high production cost and high greenhouse gas emissions per unit of electricity._

The project will focus on solid waste treatment and disposal infrastructure as part of a phased approach to provide a full-fledged solid waste management (SWM) service to the project area through two ADB projects. It will complement the ongoing Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project, approved by ADB in 2018, which is assisting the government to (i) improve the upstream segment of the SWM chain, including systemic collection and containerized transfer; (ii) implement temporary measures, such as baling of municipal solid waste, as an adequate interim solution to stop open dumping and burning on Thilafushi island until a modern solid waste treatment and disposal facility is operational; (iii) treat and recover construction and demolition waste; and (iv) strengthen institutional capacity and public awareness for sustainable SWM service delivery._ADB and the government agreed on this phased strategy to match the implementation and financing capacity of the government, and to improve project readiness of the complex waste-to-energy (WTE) infrastructure (i.e., reclaim 15 ha of land, take advance procurement actions, and conduct an environmental impact assessment [EIA]) while implementing urgent measures.

The project is aligned with operational priorities 2 (accelerating progress in gender equality); 3 (tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability); 4 (making cities more livable); and 6 (strengthening governance and institutional capacity) of ADB's Strategy 2030, as it will (i) enhance livability and environmental sustainability, including air quality and ocean health in the project area; (ii) mitigate climate change; (iii) improve infrastructure resilience to disaster and climate risks; (iv) strengthen institutional capacity and public awareness targeting women; and (v) improve standards for service delivery._The project is also in line with ADB's Action Plan for Healthy Oceans and Sustainable Blue Economies, as it will reduce land-based sources of marine pollution, including plastics, through adopting proven high-level technology and strengthening institutions for improved SWM.

Impact

Waste as a valuable resource for income generation promoted

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Solid waste treatment and disposal services in the Greater Male region and its outer islands improved

Progress Toward Outcome WTE facility DBO contract was signed on 10 Oct 2021.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Disaster- and climate-resilient regional waste management facility developed

Institutional capacity in sustainable WTE service delivery and environmental monitoring, and public awareness on WTE and 3R improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) WTE facility DBO contract was signed on 10 Oct 2021 and concept design submitted in Aug 2022. Detailed design is ongoing and works scheduled to commence in Nov 2022. An independent environmental monitor (IEM) was mobilized to monitor the compliance of the project in implementing the Environment Management Plan (EMP). A capacity building workshop on Design, Build and Operate contract management for Waste to-Energy services was conducted in May 2022. Staff from Ministry of Environment, Climate Change and Technology (MOECCT), Environment Protection Agency (EPA), Utility Regulatory Authority (URA), and Waste Management Corporation Limited (WAMCO) attended the training.
Geographical Location Maale
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Procurement of civil works and goods, including the DBO contract scope and consulting services, will be undertaken in conformity with the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Procurement Procurement of civil works and goods, including the DBO contract scope and consulting services, will be undertaken in conformity with the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Kohlhase, Jude Ernest
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance (formerly Ministry of Finance and Treasury)
Timetable
Concept Clearance 15 Jul 2019
Fact Finding 17 Nov 2019 to 21 Nov 2019
MRM 05 May 2020
Approval 12 Aug 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 22 Sep 2022

Grant 0732-MLD

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Aug 2020 28 Sep 2020 08 Dec 2020 31 Mar 2027 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 62.92 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 35.18 25 Oct 2022 32.00 0.00 91%
Counterpart 27.74 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Oct 2022 3.07 0.00 9%

Grant 0733-MLD

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Aug 2020 28 Sep 2020 08 Dec 2020 31 Mar 2027 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 25 Oct 2022 0.00 9.93 99%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 10.00 25 Oct 2022 0.00 1.00 10%

Loan 3954-MLD

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Aug 2020 28 Sep 2020 08 Dec 2020 31 Mar 2027 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 38.21 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 38.21 25 Oct 2022 38.21 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Oct 2022 3.87 0.00 10%

Loan 8384-MLD

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Sep 2020 29 Sep 2020 11 Dec 2020 31 Mar 2027 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 40.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 25 Oct 2022 0.00 40.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 40.00 25 Oct 2022 0.00 4.05 10%

TA 6548-MLD

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Aug 2020 01 Sep 2020 01 Sep 2020 31 Jan 2025 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 25 Oct 2022 16,299.62

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Supporting Capacity for Sustainable Waste-to-Energy Service Delivery - Greater Malé Waste-to-Energy Project Individual - Consulting Closed 26 Aug 2022 01 Sep 2022
Financial Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 16 Feb 2022 01 Mar 2022
Individual Environmental Monitor Individual - Consulting Closed 30 Jun 2021 13 Jul 2021
Project Management, Design and Construction Supervision Consultants (Firm) Firm - Consulting Closed 23 May 2020 12 Jul 2020
51077-MLD: Greater Male Waste to Energy Project [Package 5] - CORRIGENDUM Invitation for prequalification Closed 29 May 2019 04 Aug 2019
51077-MLD: Greater Male Waste to Energy Project [Package 5] - ORIGINAL Invitation for prequalification Closed 23 May 2019 18 Jul 2019

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Project Management Design and Construction Supervision Consultants Grant 0732 31 Jan 2022 Fichtner GmbH & Co KG | Sarweystrasse 3 Stuttgart 70191 Germany Ministry of Finance 2,616,762.44
DESING-BUILD AND OPERATE A WASTE TO ENERGY FACILITY IN K.THILAFUSHI Loan 3954 22 Oct 2021 URBASER S.A.U | Camino De Hormigueras 17128031 Madrid, Spain Ministry of Finance 304,302,144.80 38,210,000.00
DESING-BUILD AND OPERATE A WASTE TO ENERGY FACILITY IN K THILAFUSHI Grant 0732 10 Oct 2021 URBASER S.A.U. | Camino De Homigueras 171 28031 Madrid Spain Ministry of Finance 29,460,000.00
DESING-BUILD AND OPERATE A WASTE TO ENERGY FACILITY IN K THILAFUSHI Grant 0733 10 Oct 2021 URBASER S.A.U. | Camino De Homigueras 171 28031 Madrid Spain Ministry of Finance 9,925,000.00

Procurement Plan