fbpx 51086-001: Judicial Reform: Using Big Data to Improve Delivery of Justice | Asian Development Bank

China, People's Republic of: Judicial Reform: Using Big Data to Improve Delivery of Justice

Sovereign (Public) Project | 51086-001 Status: Active

The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support the Supreme People's Court's (SPC) Judicial Reform Office to design and build a big data system for judicial reform which will improve the existing data system, provide statistical data on judicial reform more effectively and comprehensively and facilitate in-depth analysis of judicial data and application to court reform needs. The system should also be designed to give continual feedback to the Judicial Reform Office and senior court management to assess the impact of system design changes and to support further reform. The TA is included in the current country operations business plan for the People's Republic of China (PRC)

Project Details

Project Officer
Fiona Connell East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Sector
  • Public sector management
 
Project Name Judicial Reform: Using Big Data to Improve Delivery of Justice
Project Number 51086-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9490-PRC: Judicial Reform: Using Big Data to Improve Delivery of Justice
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 400,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management / Law and judiciary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support the Supreme People's Court's (SPC) Judicial Reform Office to design and build a big data system for judicial reform which will improve the existing data system, provide statistical data on judicial reform more effectively and comprehensively and facilitate in-depth analysis of judicial data and application to court reform needs. The system should also be designed to give continual feedback to the Judicial Reform Office and senior court management to assess the impact of system design changes and to support further reform. The TA is included in the current country operations business plan for the People's Republic of China (PRC)
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The PRC government recognizes that a well-functioning economy needs supporting laws and the institutions to administer them fairly, consistently and transparently. PRC has made enormous strides in developing a generally complete and coherent body of laws and a well-functioning national court system. Both the system of laws and regulations and the court system are now comprehensive and increasingly professionalized, though there remain significant discrepancies in quality of law enforcement among localities. The courts are currently engaged in their fourth five-year reform program, which includes the establishment of the circuit courts of the SPC and trans-regional people's courts and other structural design elements that aim to minimize external influence over court decisions and to enhance compliance with court orders.

An important reform previously undertaken was computerization and networking of court records and vastly increased public transparency on court decisions. Most or all courts now have networked information technology (IT) systems that allow the publication and sharing of data. However, the SPC's Judicial Reform Office has found that the system is not well designed for evaluating the performance of the court system or assessing the impact of reforms on professionalization of the judiciary. The system generates overall numbers of cases resolved by courts in certain categories, but does not provide for per-judge breakdowns of data, nor does it assist the Judicial Reform Office to assess the quality of case resolutions. The SPC is aware that the quality of judicial performance cannot be determined solely by numbers of cases resolved, and numerical case-resolution targets have had adverse side-effects, with some courts dismissing cases, forcing settlements or deciding cases summarily to meet numerical targets. To address these concerns, the Judicial Reform Office is hoping to benefit from international expertise in assessing per-judge performance in a sophisticated system that combines quantitative and qualitative metrics. Current statistical data is also inadequate for helping the SPC plan for and allocate resources, particularly judges, among courts.

Other important reforms that have been undertaken are reforms intended to improve the case acceptance system to ensure that difficult cases are not refused, whether for reasons of local influence or to improve case resolution percentages, but the existing data collection and analysis system does not allow for analyses that would help the Judicial Reform Office determine whether the subsequent increase in case loads is a result of the reforms or caused by extraneous factors. Further reforms have aimed to minimize local government interference, and the Court Reform Office is hoping to use more sensitive data collection and analysis to determine what kinds of cases attract interference and to assess whether the reforms are working. The SPC hopes that better information on actual judicial performance, not simply raw numbers of cases resolved, will assist them to determine whether and how past reforms are working, and further will help them to allocate resources to courts where the numbers and expertise of particular judges, or further reform mechanisms, are most needed.

PRC is committed to ongoing reform of the judicial system. The SPC's Judicial Reform Office has requested Asian Development Bank's (ADB) assistance, in the form of expertise from ADB's member countries with highly developed use of data in their judicial systems, to provide valuable inputs for the Reform Office to design and build a big data system for judicial reform which will perfect the existing data system, provide statistical data on judicial reform more effectively and comprehensively, facilitate the conduct in-depth analysis, support applications to further court reforms, as well as give continual feedback to the Judicial Reform Office and senior court management to assess the impact of system design changes and to support further reform.

Impact Governance and rule of law strengthened
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Court reform decisions objectively and efficiently made
Progress Toward Outcome It will be evaluated upon TA completion.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Knowledge of Judicial Reform Office on judicial data collection, methods and analysis improved

Observations and conclusions from field research in one or more ADB member countries compiled and documented

Recommendations from research group(s) on the design of the SPC's data collection and analysis of the impacts of judicial reform initiatives delivered

Handbook on judicial reform data systems, in both Chinese and English, to be used in courts of China and for international judicial exchanges published

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The TA is progressing well. Consultant recruitment for positions of Team Leader and International Specialist is ongoing, and the coordinator was fielded. A kick-off workshop was held in Beijing on 2-3 July 2018 to get an overview of work to be done under the TA. An overseas training program organized by Vermont Law School in the US was held in September 2018.

As of 12 July 2018, out of the total $400,000, $73,500 has been committed to fund an international training program and reimburse four resource persons for the keck-off meeting of the TA, but hasn't been disbursed yet.

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholders were fully consulted during project design.
During Project Implementation Stakeholders are constantly consulted during project implementation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Team Leader, Chief Domestic Judicial Governance Expert and Editor in Chief

Symposium Reporter and Handbook Editor

Coordinator

International Judicial Governance Expert

Resource Persons

Responsible ADB Officer Fiona Connell
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Supreme People's Court
Foreign Affairs Bureau
27 Dongjiaominxiang
Beijing, PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance 11 Dec 2017
Fact Finding 17 Nov 2017 to 21 Nov 2017
MRM -
Approval 28 Dec 2017
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2018

TA 9490-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Dec 2017 26 Jan 2018 26 Jan 2018 31 Dec 2019 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 28 Dec 2017 10,500.00

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Judicial Reform: Using Big Data to Improve Delivery of Justice Individual - Consulting Closed 03 May 2018 09 May 2018
Judicial Reform: Using Big Data to Improve Delivery of Justice Individual - Consulting Closed 17 Mar 2018 23 Mar 2018
Judicial Reform: Using Big Data to Improve Delivery of Justice Individual - Consulting Closed 17 Mar 2018 23 Mar 2018
Judicial Reform: Using Big Data to Improve Delivery of Justice Individual - Consulting Closed 17 Mar 2018 23 Mar 2018

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.