51100-001: Green Urban Development Planning | Asian Development Bank

Mongolia: Green Urban Development Planning

Sovereign (Public) Project | 51100-001 Status: Proposed

The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support the Government of Mongolia in (i) reviewing international good practices and innovative concepts for green urban development planning, (ii) updating relevant national regulations and guidelines, and (iii) applying these concepts for green urban development planning of aimag centers. Strengthened development planning process will contribute to Mongolia's sustainable development goals and the development of more sustainable and inclusive urban centers in Mongolia. The TA is listed as 2017 firm project in the country operation and business plan for Mongolia, 2017 -2019.

Project Details

Project Officer
Ancora, Maria Pia East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Mongolia
Modality
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
 
Project Name Green Urban Development Planning
Project Number 51100-001
Country Mongolia
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support the Government of Mongolia in (i) reviewing international good practices and innovative concepts for green urban development planning, (ii) updating relevant national regulations and guidelines, and (iii) applying these concepts for green urban development planning of aimag centers. Strengthened development planning process will contribute to Mongolia's sustainable development goals and the development of more sustainable and inclusive urban centers in Mongolia. The TA is listed as 2017 firm project in the country operation and business plan for Mongolia, 2017 -2019.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

In 1950, only 20% of Mongolians were living in urban areas. Since then, Mongolia has experienced rapid rural-urban migration, especially after the transition from central planning to a market-based economy in 1991. Today, the urban population represents 70% of the 3 million country population (the average urbanization ratio in Asia is 50%). Except for the cities of Darkhan and Erdenet (each with around 80,000 people), most of the aimag (province) capitals and towns have a population below 25,000. Rural migrations have formed around Mongolian cities' substandard peri-urban settlements, (ger areas) which have expanded through successive migration waves driven by losses of livestock and general loss of livestock productivity caused by poor pasture management and overgrazing, poor veterinary services, and extreme climate events such as droughts and severe winter conditions.

While families have moved to the larger urban centers like Ulaanbaatar, the provision of adequate urban services has lagged. The outdated urban planning system is not conducive to the uptake and introduction of more inclusive city planning models, innovative and more sustainable technologies, and application of greener construction methods. Residents of ger areas (i) use inefficient individual stove to burn low quality coal, and live in low energy efficient shelters, making ger areas a hot-spot for carbon dioxide and other air pollution emissions; (ii) rely on open pit latrines which create severe soil pollution impacting residents' health especially when temperature rises; and (iii) have limited access to water supplied by water kiosks. The absence of green buffer zone and drainage, and its extensive muddy road system make ger areas highly prone to flood events in summer. Finally, the critical lack of public space and facilities, commercial areas, and economic amenities create urban areas that are stagnating and do not attract private sector investment.

Current legal regulatory framework, technical standards and regulations, and underlying capacity by regulatory agencies to plan, finance, and execute the transition to a greener planning practice provides better urban services and quality of life, and safeguards the effective and safe use of natural resources. While efforts to raise capacity are underway by other international donors, Mongolia's central urban planning agencies could benefit from exposure to international experiences on green growth and approaches in the urban planning and the construction sector.

Impact

Cities and human settlements made inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable

Sustainable consumption and production patterns ensured

Outcome Green urban development for aimag centers in Mongolia enabled
Outputs

Capacity of urban planning practitioners in green urban development planning enhanced

Green urban development planning regulations and process updated

Green urban development plans prepared and disseminated

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services ADB will engage a consulting firm following the Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time); and the associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions on business processes for the TA. The TA proceeds will be disbursed in line with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Ancora, Maria Pia
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Construction and Urban Development
Ulaanbaatar 211238
Barilgachdyn Talbai 3 Mongolia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 04 Jan 2018
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 12 Jan 2018

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

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