51100-001: Green Urban Planning | Asian Development Bank

Mongolia: Green Urban Planning

Sovereign (Public) Project | 51100-001 Status: Active

The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support the Government of Mongolia in (i) reviewing international good practices and innovative concepts for green urban development planning, (ii) updating relevant national regulations and guidelines, and (iii) applying these concepts for green urban development planning of aimag centers. Strengthened development planning process will contribute to Mongolia's sustainable development goals and the development of more sustainable and inclusive urban centers in Mongolia. The TA is listed as 2017 firm project in the country operation and business plan for Mongolia, 2017 -2019.

Project Details

Project Officer
Ancora, Maria Pia East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Mongolia
Modality
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
 
Project Name Green Urban Planning
Project Number 51100-001
Country Mongolia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9591-MON: Green Urban Planning
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 600,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support the Government of Mongolia in (i) reviewing international good practices and innovative concepts for green urban development planning, (ii) updating relevant national regulations and guidelines, and (iii) applying these concepts for green urban development planning of aimag centers. Strengthened development planning process will contribute to Mongolia's sustainable development goals and the development of more sustainable and inclusive urban centers in Mongolia. The TA is listed as 2017 firm project in the country operation and business plan for Mongolia, 2017 -2019.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

In 1950, only 20% of Mongolians lived in urban areas. Since then, Mongolia has experienced rapid rural urban migration, especially after it made the transition from central planning to a market-based economy in 1991. In 2018, the urban population represents 70% of the country's 3 million inhabitants (the average urbanization ratio in Asia is 50%). Except for the cities of Darkhan and Erdenet (each with about 80,000 people), most of the aimag (province) capitals and towns have a population of less than 25,000. Rural urban migration has formed substandard peri-urban settlements around cities, called ger (traditional tent) areas, which have spread and expanded through successive migration waves. Migration has been driven by the loss of millions of livestock because of extreme weather events resulting in droughts and severe winter conditions (dzuds) and general loss of livestock productivity caused by poor pasture management, overgrazing, and poor veterinary services.

Since families have moved to larger urban centers, like Ulaanbaatar, aimag centers, and other soums (subdistricts), the provision of adequate urban services has lagged. The outdated urban planning system is not conducive to the uptake and introduction of more inclusive city planning models, innovative and more sustainable technologies, and the application of greener construction methods. Residents of ger areas (i) use inefficient individual stoves to burn low- quality coal and live in low energy-efficient shelters, making ger areas a hot spot for carbon dioxide and other air pollution emissions; (ii) rely on open pit latrines, which create severe soil pollution impacting residents' health especially when temperatures rise; and (iii) have limited access to water supplied by water kiosks. Ger areas are highly prone to flooding in summer (June to August) because of their extensive system of muddy roads and the lack of a buffer zone and drains.

n its Sustainable Development Vision 2030, the Government of Mongolia pledged to provide greater independence to urban areas and settlements; build roads, transportation, and engineering infrastructure; create a healthy, safe, and comfortable living environment for citizens; and improve urban planning in line with world-class green development models. Under this objective, the government committed to develop the green development standards for urban development, build infrastructure that meets the green development model, redevelop Ulaanbaatar and other urban areas and settlements, and reduce heat loss in buildings by 20%.

This objective cannot be achieved with the current urban planning codes, norms, and standards, which were last updated in 2004. These codes are linked to a development strategy that was striving to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (i.e., economic development and poverty reduction) without emphasizing green development as laid out in the SDGs, especially SDG 11 and SDG 13.

Impact

Cities and human settlements made inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable

Sustainable consumption and production patterns ensured

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Green urban development for aimag centers in Mongolia enabled
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Capacity of urban planning practitioners in green urban development planning enhanced

Green urban development planning regulations and process updated

Green urban development plans prepared and disseminated

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Ulaanbaatar
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services ADB will engage a consulting firm following the Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time); and the associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions on business processes for the TA. The TA proceeds will be disbursed in line with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Ancora, Maria Pia
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Construction and Urban Development
Ulaanbaatar 211238
Barilgachdyn Talbai 3 Mongolia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 04 Jan 2018
Fact Finding 31 Jan 2018 to 02 Feb 2018
MRM -
Approval 18 Sep 2018
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Sep 2018

TA 9591-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 Sep 2018 - - 31 Mar 2020 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600,000.00 18 Sep 2018 0.00

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Green Urban Planning: Technical Assistance Report Technical Assistance Reports Sep 2018

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Green Urban Planning Firm - Consulting Active 15 Oct 2018 29 Oct 2018

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.