The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support the Government of Mongolia in (i) reviewing international good practices and innovative concepts for green urban development planning, (ii) updating relevant national regulations and guidelines, and (iii) applying these concepts for green urban development planning of aimag centers. Strengthened development planning process will contribute to Mongolia's sustainable development goals and the development of more sustainable and inclusive urban centers in Mongolia. The TA is listed as 2017 firm project in the country operation and business plan for Mongolia, 2017 -2019.
|Project Name||Green Urban Planning|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support the Government of Mongolia in (i) reviewing international good practices and innovative concepts for green urban development planning, (ii) updating relevant national regulations and guidelines, and (iii) applying these concepts for green urban development planning of aimag centers. Strengthened development planning process will contribute to Mongolia's sustainable development goals and the development of more sustainable and inclusive urban centers in Mongolia. The TA is listed as 2017 firm project in the country operation and business plan for Mongolia, 2017 -2019.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
In 1950, only 20% of Mongolians lived in urban areas. Since then, Mongolia has experienced rapid rural urban migration, especially after it made the transition from central planning to a market-based economy in 1991. In 2018, the urban population represents 70% of the country's 3 million inhabitants (the average urbanization ratio in Asia is 50%). Except for the cities of Darkhan and Erdenet (each with about 80,000 people), most of the aimag (province) capitals and towns have a population of less than 25,000. Rural urban migration has formed substandard peri-urban settlements around cities, called ger (traditional tent) areas, which have spread and expanded through successive migration waves. Migration has been driven by the loss of millions of livestock because of extreme weather events resulting in droughts and severe winter conditions (dzuds) and general loss of livestock productivity caused by poor pasture management, overgrazing, and poor veterinary services.
Since families have moved to larger urban centers, like Ulaanbaatar, aimag centers, and other soums (subdistricts), the provision of adequate urban services has lagged. The outdated urban planning system is not conducive to the uptake and introduction of more inclusive city planning models, innovative and more sustainable technologies, and the application of greener construction methods. Residents of ger areas (i) use inefficient individual stoves to burn low- quality coal and live in low energy-efficient shelters, making ger areas a hot spot for carbon dioxide and other air pollution emissions; (ii) rely on open pit latrines, which create severe soil pollution impacting residents' health especially when temperatures rise; and (iii) have limited access to water supplied by water kiosks. Ger areas are highly prone to flooding in summer (June to August) because of their extensive system of muddy roads and the lack of a buffer zone and drains.
n its Sustainable Development Vision 2030, the Government of Mongolia pledged to provide greater independence to urban areas and settlements; build roads, transportation, and engineering infrastructure; create a healthy, safe, and comfortable living environment for citizens; and improve urban planning in line with world-class green development models. Under this objective, the government committed to develop the green development standards for urban development, build infrastructure that meets the green development model, redevelop Ulaanbaatar and other urban areas and settlements, and reduce heat loss in buildings by 20%.
This objective cannot be achieved with the current urban planning codes, norms, and standards, which were last updated in 2004. These codes are linked to a development strategy that was striving to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (i.e., economic development and poverty reduction) without emphasizing green development as laid out in the SDGs, especially SDG 11 and SDG 13.
Cities and human settlements made inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable
Sustainable consumption and production patterns ensured
|Description of Outcome||Green urban development for aimag centers in Mongolia enabled|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Capacity of urban planning practitioners in green urban development planning enhanced
Green urban development planning regulations and process updated
Green urban development plans prepared and disseminated
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||ADB will engage a consulting firm following the Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time); and the associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions on business processes for the TA. The TA proceeds will be disbursed in line with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Ancora, Maria Pia|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
Ministry of Construction and Urban Development
Barilgachdyn Talbai 3 Mongolia
|Concept Clearance||04 Jan 2018|
|Fact Finding||31 Jan 2018 to 02 Feb 2018|
|Approval||18 Sep 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Sep 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|18 Sep 2018||09 Oct 2018||09 Oct 2018||31 Mar 2020||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||600,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||600,000.00||18 Sep 2018||0.00|
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Green Urban Planning||Firm - Consulting||Closed||15 Oct 2018||29 Oct 2018|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
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