Indonesia: Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project
The project entails the construction, operation, and maintenance of a 1,760-megawatt (MW) load-following, combined-cycle, gas turbine (CCGT) power plant and associated facilities. The LNG-to-power project is located about 100 kilometers (km) east of Jakarta on the Javanese coastline. The project will be developed and implemented by an independent power producer, PT. Jawa Power Satu, under a 25-year power purchase agreement (PPA) with the Indonesian utility company PLN.
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|Project Name||Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project|
|Borrower/Company||PT. Jawa Satu Power
|Location||Cilamaya, Karawang, West Java|
|Type or Modality of Assistance||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Partnerships
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Conventional energy generation
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Responsible ADB Department||Private Sector Operations Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Portfolio Management Division, PSOD|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Nath, Kiron|
|Project Sponsor(s)||Marubeni Corporation
PT Pertamina (Persero)
|Description||The project entails the construction, operation, and maintenance of a 1,760-megawatt (MW) load-following, combined-cycle, gas turbine (CCGT) power plant and associated facilities. The LNG-to-power project is located about 100 kilometers (km) east of Jakarta on the Javanese coastline. The project will be developed and implemented by an independent power producer, PT. Jawa Power Satu, under a 25-year power purchase agreement (PPA) with the Indonesian utility company PLN.|
|Objectives and Scope||
The project will help the government addressing an expected electricity supply shortage that could undermine the country''s sustainable growth potential if not addressed adequately.
The use of combined-cycle gas-fired generation can improve the environmental sustainability of the current energy mix by displacing diesel and coal as fuels for electricity generation. Gas turbines can ramp up more quickly than coal or diesel units, and thus are better suited to respond rapidly to load fluctuations. In turn, this can enable greater use of intermittent renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar. Therefore, the increase in the use of natural gas will help the government reach the target of 23% for power generation from renewable energy sources.
In addition, the Jawa-1 LNG-to-power project will also help lower the average power generation cost in Indonesia''s largest power grid, given that the proposed project's tariff is well below the average cost of generation for the Jawa -Bali grid.
|Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The project supports private sector participation in infrastructure, a core pillar of ADB's long-term strategy as affirmed by Strategy 2030. The project is consistent with ADB's country partnership strategy, 2016 -2019 for Indonesia in supporting the expansion of infrastructure and environment-friendly technologies for clean energy generation. It also contributes to the objectives of Indonesia''s National Energy Plan.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is classified as Category A for environment. The proposed project will support the construction, operation, and maintenance of a 1,760 MW combined-cycle, gas-fired power plant, and associated facilities. The power plant site consists of former rice paddy fields currently used for periodic grazing, located adjacent to a gas processing facility and residential housing. Associated facilities such as transmission line, pipelines and access road pass through areas of modified habitat and natural habitat. Temporary construction impacts include noise, dust, traffic, sedimentation, disturbance of terrestrial and marine habitat, solid and liquid waste generation, hazardous substances use, and health and safety issues. During operation, the plant will produce air emissions (including NO2 and CO2), noise emissions, solid waste, and wastewater discharges. An Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) has been prepared and effective measures to avoid, minimize, mitigate, and compensate for the adverse potential impacts have been identified.|
The project is classified as Category B for involuntary resettlement. The project will acquire 76.3 hectares (ha) of land through negotiation on a willing-buyer willing-seller basis. This will involve about 132 landowners and 27 land users. In addition, about 174 ha of land below the transmission line will be subject to land use restriction, affecting 727 landowners, of which 724 are individuals and 3 are government entities. The land below the transmission line is used for paddy cultivation, trees, residential houses, a cattle farm, a fishpond, a family graveyard, part of a prayer room, warehouse, food stall, and public sanitation. Landowners will be compensated based on the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Regulation No. 38/2013, which is linked to the market price of assets in computing the basis rate for compensation. The land for the power plant (36.7 ha), which is currently vacant, will be acquired from PT. Pertamina Gas (Pertagas) through transfer of land ownership. The land for the onshore pipeline and access road will be partly acquired (17.3 ha) and partly leased (18 ha), involving about 12 landowners and land users.
A resettlement plan has been prepared to guide the conduct of land acquisition negotiations through a willing-seller willing-buyer approach and negotiated settlement. The land acquisition will affect 20 vulnerable landowning households. A livelihood restoration program has been prepared by the borrower to mitigate the impacts.
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is classified as Category C for indigenous peoples. There are no distinct, vulnerable social-cultural groups that would qualify as indigenous peoples found in the project area.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation||Consultations were conducted as early as February 2017 and involved the national and local government agencies, district leaders, village leaders and representatives, fisherfolk groups, nongovernment organizations (NGOs), academe, business enterprises, landowners and land users, women''s groups, and local military and police officials. During the consultations, the borrower presented and discussed the project description, the likely project impacts, the measures to minimize the environmental and social impacts, promotion of a community partnership, and prioritization of local employment. NGOs were also involved in the discussion of issues and concerns related to fisherfolk. The borrower prepared a stakeholder engagement plan (SEP) to guide the consultation activities during construction and operations.|
|Timetable for assistance design, processing and implementation|
|Concept Clearance||18 Apr 2017|
|Credit Committee Meeting||13 Jul 2018|
|Approval||29 Aug 2018|
|Last PDS Update||15 Feb 2021|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Oct 2018|
|Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project: Report and Recommendation of the President||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Aug 2018|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project: Livelihood Restoration Plan||Environmental Impact Assessments||Oct 2019|
|Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project: Resettlement Plan - Community Development Plan||Resettlement Plans||Mar 2019|
|Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project: Resettlement Plan – Livelihood Restoration Program||Resettlement Plans||Mar 2019|
|Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project: Updated Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Mar 2019|
|Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project: Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Mar 2019|
|Jawa-1 Liquefied Natural Gas-to-Power Project: Environmental and Social Impact Assessment||Environment and Social Impact Assessments||Aug 2018|
|Jawa-1 LNG to Power Project: Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Jun 2018|
|Jawa-1 LNG to Power Project: Draft Environmental and Social Impact Assessment||Environment and Social Impact Assessments||Mar 2018|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB Finances Largest Combined-Cycle Power Plant in IndonesiaADB announced the first drawdown of funds under a private sector financing package totaling more than $305 million invested in Jawa-1, Indonesia’s largest combined-cycle gas turbine power plant.