fbpx 51116-001: Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development | Asian Development Bank

China, People's Republic of: Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development

Sovereign (Public) Project | 51116-001 Status: Proposed

The proposed project will strengthen rural livelihoods, especially the rural poor who rely most on natural resources as the basis for their primary source of income, to modernize their agriculture production systems and minimize environmental degradation and nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. The proposed project will be implemented in five provinces and one municipality in the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River Basin, notably Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Chongqing, Hunan, and Hubei. The project area consists of 48 counties, which are characterized by the prevalence of low and medium agriculture productivity; high risk and occurrence of soil erosion; high levels of agriculture NPS pollution; lack of irrigation systems; limited farm access roads; and are in need for modernization and were selected for inclusion in the project based on geographical, financial, environmental and social criteria.

Project Details

Project Officer
Robertson, Suzanne Kay East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development
Project Number 51116-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA: Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development
Multi-Donor Trust Fund under the Water Financing Partnership Facility US$ 300,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agricultural production - Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The proposed project will strengthen rural livelihoods, especially the rural poor who rely most on natural resources as the basis for their primary source of income, to modernize their agriculture production systems and minimize environmental degradation and nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. The proposed project will be implemented in five provinces and one municipality in the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River Basin, notably Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Chongqing, Hunan, and Hubei. The project area consists of 48 counties, which are characterized by the prevalence of low and medium agriculture productivity; high risk and occurrence of soil erosion; high levels of agriculture NPS pollution; lack of irrigation systems; limited farm access roads; and are in need for modernization and were selected for inclusion in the project based on geographical, financial, environmental and social criteria. The project will have three outputs: (i) Modern farming systems applied; (ii) agriculture nonpoint source pollution reduced; and (iii) institutional capacity and coordination strengthened. These outputs will result in the following outcome: sustainable and modern agriculture production systems established in the participating project provinces. The project will be aligned with the following impact: improved environmental protection, rehabilitation, and management of the Yangtze River.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) has been earmarked as one of the three key growth engines to ensure the future economic development of the People s Republic of China (PRC). The Yangtze River is the third longest river in the world flowing through the eastern, central, and western part of the PRC covering more than 2 million square kilometers and accounting for one-fifth of the country geographically. Nine provinces and two specially-administered cities make up the YREB. Within the PRC, the YREB accounts for over 40% of the entire population and 40% of the freshwater resource; serves as the drinking water resources for 400 million people; provides 60% of total fisheries production; and has 20% of the total wetland area and already contributes about 45% of the country s economic output.


The YREB has benefitted from extensive development over the last 30 years, yet the current economic growth in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River Basin is still considered below its potential capacity. Three key drivers that are considered crucial to promote further economic growth include: (i) strengthening of sustainable agriculture practices and ecological protection; (ii) transformation and greening of the key production sectors; and (iii) expanded development of inland water ways. These drivers are still constrained due to: (i) limited overall institutional coordination for strategic planning for the YREB; (ii) significant regional disparity between the highly developed eastern reaches of the YREB and the subregions of the central and western reaches; and (iii) increasing environmental pollution and pressure on natural resources.


Agricultural production systems, considered as a key for ensuring economic growth and providing livelihood income for a large part of the rural population in the YREB, are still not sustainable. Improper use of land and water resources, land conversion, inadequate agricultural extension services, excessive fertilizer and pesticide use, rapid expansion of intensive livestock production, and improper waste management and disposal practices all result in increasing concerns about nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. Impacts include excessive levels of nitrogen, phosphorus, and pesticide entering into water bodies and soils through agricultural chemical runoff, soil erosion, floods, landslides, reduced water quality, reduced land productivity, desertification, and loss of biodiversity. Agriculture accounts for 92% of the nitrogen discharged into the Yangtze River and large levels of sedimentation. Agricultural NPS pollution has a negative impact on farm productivity, human health, quality of natural resources, and sustainable economic development of the YREB.


The national and local governments are proactively trying to address pollution concerns and establish modern farming production systems. Most of the focus has been on reducing pollution identified from single localized sources (point source pollution) such as manufacturing and industry; however, new emphasis has been placed on developing measures to reduce all sources of pollution including agricultural NPS pollution. With heightened understanding about the impact of environmental degradation and emphasis on the new normal to promote economic development with environmental protection and rehabilitation, the State Council in April 2014 issued guidelines to stimulate economic development of the Yangtze River Basin in parallel with promoting sustainable natural resource use and protection and applying stricter control over pollution along the river. The National Development and Reform Commission subsequently prepared the YREB Development Plan 2016 2030, to promote environmental protection, rehabilitation, and management of water resources and strengthen green development. Modernizing the agriculture sector and reducing agriculture-related NPS pollution are key features of these key development strategies.

Impact
Outcome
Outputs
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will require services of 7.0 person months (pm) of international and 18.0 pm of national consultants. Individual consultants will be recruited for the positions of soil and water conservation, economist, agriculture, and waste management specialists, to provide advanced inputs to support project design. The remaining positions will be filled by engaging a consulting firm through quality- and cost-based selection method using a quality-cost ratio of 90:10 and biodata technical proposal. All consultant selection will be according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013 as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Robertson, Suzanne Kay
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
State Office for Comprehensive Agricultural Devt
3# Nan San Xiang, Sanli He
Xi Cheng District, Beijing 100820
PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance 28 Apr 2017
Fact Finding 28 Apr 2017 to 28 Apr 2017
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Mar 2017

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

None currently available.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.