The proposed project will strengthen rural livelihoods, especially the rural poor who rely most on natural resources as the basis for their primary source of income, to modernize their agriculture production systems and minimize environmental degradation and nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. The proposed project will be implemented in five provinces and one municipality in the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River Basin, notably Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Chongqing, Hunan, and Hubei. The project area consists of 48 counties, which are characterized by the prevalence of low and medium agriculture productivity; high risk and occurrence of soil erosion; high levels of agriculture NPS pollution; lack of irrigation systems; limited farm access roads; and are in need for modernization and were selected for inclusion in the project based on geographical, financial, environmental and social criteria.
|Project Name||Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agricultural production - Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed project will strengthen rural livelihoods, especially the rural poor who rely most on natural resources as the basis for their primary source of income, to modernize their agriculture production systems and minimize environmental degradation and nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. The proposed project will be implemented in five provinces and one municipality in the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River Basin, notably Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Chongqing, Hunan, and Hubei. The project area consists of 48 counties, which are characterized by the prevalence of low and medium agriculture productivity; high risk and occurrence of soil erosion; high levels of agriculture NPS pollution; lack of irrigation systems; limited farm access roads; and are in need for modernization and were selected for inclusion in the project based on geographical, financial, environmental and social criteria. The project will have three outputs: (i) Modern farming systems applied; (ii) agriculture nonpoint source pollution reduced; and (iii) institutional capacity and coordination strengthened. These outputs will result in the following outcome: sustainable and modern agriculture production systems established in the participating project provinces. The project will be aligned with the following impact: improved environmental protection, rehabilitation, and management of the Yangtze River.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) has been earmarked as one of the three key growth engines to ensure the future economic development of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The Yangtze River is the third longest river in the world flowing through the eastern, central, and western part of the PRC covering more than 2 million square kilometers and accounting for one-fifth of the country geographically. Nine provinces and two specially-administered cities make up the YREB. Within the PRC, the YREB accounts for over 40% of the entire population and 40% of the freshwater resource; serves as the drinking water resources for 400 million people; provides 60% of total fisheries production; and has 20% of the total wetland area and already contributes about 45% of the country's economic output.
The YREB has benefitted from extensive development over the last 30 years, yet the current economic growth in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River Basin is still considered below its potential capacity. Three key drivers that are considered crucial to promote further economic growth include: (i) strengthening of sustainable agriculture practices and ecological protection; (ii) transformation and greening of the key production sectors; and (iii) expanded development of inland water ways. These drivers are still constrained due to: (i) limited overall institutional coordination for strategic planning for the YREB; (ii) significant regional disparity between the highly developed eastern reaches of the YREB and the subregions of the central and western reaches; and (iii) increasing environmental pollution and pressure on natural resources.
Agricultural production systems, considered as a key for ensuring economic growth and providing livelihood income for a large part of the rural population in the YREB, are still not sustainable. Improper use of land and water resources, land conversion, inadequate agricultural extension services, excessive fertilizer and pesticide use, rapid expansion of intensive livestock production, and improper waste management and disposal practices all result in increasing concerns about nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. Impacts include excessive levels of nitrogen, phosphorus, and pesticide entering into water bodies and soils through agricultural chemical runoff, soil erosion, floods, landslides, reduced water quality, reduced land productivity, desertification, and loss of biodiversity. Agriculture accounts for 92% of the nitrogen discharged into the Yangtze River and large levels of sedimentation. Agricultural NPS pollution has a negative impact on farm productivity, human health, quality of natural resources, and sustainable economic development of the YREB.
The national and local governments are proactively trying to address pollution concerns and establish modern farming production systems. Most of the focus has been on reducing pollution identified from single localized sources (point source pollution) such as manufacturing and industry; however, new emphasis has been placed on developing measures to reduce all sources of pollution including agricultural NPS pollution. With heightened understanding about the impact of environmental degradation and emphasis on the _new normal_ to promote economic development with environmental protection and rehabilitation, the State Council in April 2014 issued guidelines to stimulate economic development of the Yangtze River Basin in parallel with promoting sustainable natural resource use and protection and applying stricter control over pollution along the river. The National Development and Reform Commission subsequently prepared the YREB Development Plan 2016 2030, to promote environmental protection, rehabilitation, and management of water resources and strengthen green development. Modernizing the agriculture sector and reducing agriculture-related NPS pollution are key features of these key development strategies.
|Impact||Environmental rehabilitation, protection, and management of the Yangtze River improved|
|Description of Outcome||Sustainable and modern agriculture production systems in participating project provinces established|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Modern farming systems applied
Agriculture nonpoint source pollution reduced
Institutional capacity and coordination strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Chongqing, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Robertson, Suzanne Kay|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
Farmland Construction and Management Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
No.11 Nongzhanguan Nanli, Chaoyang
District, Beijing, PRC
|Concept Clearance||31 May 2017|
|Fact Finding||13 Nov 2017 to 17 Nov 2017|
|MRM||26 Jan 2018|
|Approval||16 Nov 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||27 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|16 Nov 2018||30 Apr 2019||-||30 Nov 2024||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||506.80||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||300.00||16 Nov 2018||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||16 Nov 2018||0.00||0.00||0%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development Project: Draft Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Sep 2018|
|Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development: Due Diligence Report on Land Use Rights Transfer and Land Acquisition and Resettlement||Safeguards Due Diligence Reports||Jan 2018|
|Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development: Ethnic Minorities Development Plan||Indigenous Peoples Planning Documents||Dec 2017|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
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No tenders for this project were found.
No contracts awarded for this project were found
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Sep 2018|