Pakistan: Development of a Program Implementation Plan for the Sindh Education Impact Bond

Sovereign Project | 51126-005

1. The TA will support the GoS explore, validate and subsequently operationalise an Impact Bond transaction to address specific challenges to improving the quality of education in Sindh. The TA will bring about improved institutional capacity of the GoS and its key implementation agencies towards: i) developing an understanding of innovative financing approaches for education sector; ii) exploring mobilisation of additional upfront financing from the private sector for their project deliverables; iii) evaluate options to synchronise efforts under the SEIB with the SSEIP; and iv) internalizing outcome-based contracting for the delivery of development outcomes such as learning outcomes or improved school enrolment gains especially for girls. It is envisaged that upon the preparation of the validation study and the program implementation plan, all relevant stakeholders, including GoS and ADB, will be ready to take necessary decisions and approvals required for the implementation of the proposed SEIB.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Hegde, Abhishek Naveen
    Central and West Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Pakistan
  • Sector
    • Education
Project Name Development of a Program Implementation Plan for the Sindh Education Impact Bond
Project Number 51126-005
Country / Economy Pakistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6892-PAK: Development of a Program Implementation Plan for the Sindh Education Impact Bond (SEIB)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 225,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Secondary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

1. The TA will support the GoS explore, validate and subsequently operationalise an Impact Bond transaction to address specific challenges to improving the quality of education in Sindh. The TA will bring about improved institutional capacity of the GoS and its key implementation agencies towards: i) developing an understanding of innovative financing approaches for education sector; ii) exploring mobilisation of additional upfront financing from the private sector for their project deliverables; iii) evaluate options to synchronise efforts under the SEIB with the SSEIP; and iv) internalizing outcome-based contracting for the delivery of development outcomes such as learning outcomes or improved school enrolment gains especially for girls. It is envisaged that upon the preparation of the validation study and the program implementation plan, all relevant stakeholders, including GoS and ADB, will be ready to take necessary decisions and approvals required for the implementation of the proposed SEIB.

2. The TA will also help provide capacity building support given close collaboration during the validation study and program implementation plan development with all key GoS agencies involved in this initiative, including but not limited to: SELD, SEF and the Ministry of Education (MoE), GoS.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

1. The ADB TA will support the Government of Sindh (GoS), Pakistan and its key implementation agencies for the education sector, to explore impact bond modalities and develop a business case for using impact bond(s) to accomplish their educational goals. The TA will provide the necessary handholding and capacity building support to the GoS agencies to facilitate an impact bond transaction under the GoS, also referred to as the Sindh Education Impact Bond (SEIB). The TA will also evaluate the operationalization of certain deliverables under the Sindh Secondary Education Improvement Project (SSEIP) through a viable impact bond transaction. The TA shall also develop a validation study, detailed program implementation plan, strategic roadmap for business operations and identifying possible implementation arrangements.

2. Even though Pakistan has recorded significant improvements in overall school participation and educational attainment, it still faces severe challenges in providing high-quality education to children with its primary gross enrolment ratio (GER) increasing from 49.1% in 1980 to 94.0% in 2019. Pakistan's progress towards achieving SDG 4 to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all by 2030 has remained stagnant as the sector continues to face challenges, especially for girls education. Economic shocks from Covid-19 have further strained education funding with overall contraction of the economy and competing allocations to health and other relief measures.

3. In particular, the Sindh province in Pakistan faces significant challenges in access to, and the quality of school-level education. Sindh has one of the lowest participation rates in school education, with 25% net enrolment rates (NERs) at the secondary level, mainly due to the high dropout rates at the primary school level, shortages of secondary schools, cultural barriers that limit girls' enrolment, and poor-quality education that hinders continued enrolment.

4. GoS''s School Education Sector Plan and Roadmap for Sindh (2019 -2024) places improving access to quality education for out of school children, addressing barriers to accessing education for girls and improving quality of learning and assessment practices in public schools to be their key priorities along with the institutional capacity building of allied institutions of SELD and, seeks formal collaboration with the private sector.

5. In December 2020, ADB commissioned a high-level feasibility study to explore the use of Impact Bonds in Pakistan, primarily to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of development financing in the country. Results of this feasibility study, including proposed recommendations on next steps and identified social sector themes for implementation in Pakistan, were presented at a virtual workshop attended by key stakeholders, including government agencies, donor agencies, global impact investors, and outlined in the final feasibility study report issued on 30 July 2021. Globally, impact bonds have shown that they can unlock new sources of capital and address development challenges; they have not been used in Pakistan to date.

6. ADB''s SSEIP for Sindh was approved in the year 2020 and outlines increasing the inclusiveness of the secondary education system in Sindh as one of its key outcomes with increasing the proportion of females among secondary education enrolments in project districts by 38% and strengthening of learning assessment system in Sindh as one of its key outputs.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Sindh
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Hegde, Abhishek Naveen
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Office of the Director General, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
School Education and Literacy Department, Government of Sindh
Tughlaq House (Old Sindh Secretariat
Building), Karachi
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 17 Dec 2021
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 21 Dec 2021

TA 6892-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Dec 2021 - 17 Dec 2021 20 Jul 2022 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
225,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 225,000.00 17 Jun 2022 0.00

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Development of a Program Implementation Plan for the Sindh Education Impact Bond Firm - Consulting Closed 12 Feb 2022 26 Feb 2022
Senior Education Sector Advisor Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Jan 2022 26 Jan 2022

Contracts Awarded

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