Pakistan : Preparing the Naulong Integrated Water Resources Development Project

Sovereign Project | 51131-004

The proposed Naulong Integrated Water Resources Development Project will harness flood flows generated by intense but highly episodic rainfall. It will develop a storage reservoir for multipurpose use of agriculture, power generation and drinking water. The proposed project site is at the Naulong gorge on the Mula River in Jhal Magsi District, Balochistan, Pakistan. The ensuing project is a technically feasible and economically viable opportunity for water resources development and climate change adaptation, given that future variability in river flows may require water storage infrastructure. The ensuing project's impact - sustainable and inclusive human development resilient to disaster and climate change, is aligned with the National Water Policy (2018), the National Climate Change Policy, and Pakistan 2025. The project will increase the reliability of water resources in the project area for multipurpose use.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Yoshida, Kazuhiro
    Sectors Group
    Request for information
  • Approval Date
    15 December 2023
  • Country/Economy
    Pakistan
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name
Preparing the Naulong Integrated Water Resources Development Project
Project Number
51131-004
Country / Economy
  • Pakistan
Project Status
Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 10256-PAK: Preparing the Naulong Integrated Water Resources Development Project
Source Amount
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 528,000.00
Operational Priorities
  • OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
  • OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
Sector / Subsector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agricultural production - Irrigation

  • Energy / Renewable energy generation - small hydro

Gender
Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The proposed Naulong Integrated Water Resources Development Project will harness flood flows generated by intense but highly episodic rainfall. It will develop a storage reservoir for multipurpose use of agriculture, power generation and drinking water. The proposed project site is at the Naulong gorge on the Mula River in Jhal Magsi District, Balochistan, Pakistan. The ensuing project is a technically feasible and economically viable opportunity for water resources development and climate change adaptation, given that future variability in river flows may require water storage infrastructure. The ensuing project's impact - sustainable and inclusive human development resilient to disaster and climate change, is aligned with the National Water Policy (2018), the National Climate Change Policy, and Pakistan 2025. The project will increase the reliability of water resources in the project area for multipurpose use. Tentative outputs of the ensuing project are (i) a climate-resilient multipurpose dam constructed; (ii) a modernized irrigation system developed; and (iii) climate-smart agriculture productivity enhanced and livelihoods improved. The ensuing project will develop the skills of beneficiaries, especially women and relevant government agencies. This will be through integrated water resources management and resilient agriculture. It will include the operation and maintenance of climate-resilient infrastructure, which will be developed with a community participatory approach.

The ensuing project will provide more reliable water resources to enhance agricultural productivity and climate-resilient livelihood opportunities in the project area, especially for low-income households with vulnerable populations, including women. To deliver these benefits, the ensuing project will construct an earth-filled multipurpose dam on the Mula River with associated infrastructure, including an irrigation system and power generation houses. The reservoir will store water for irrigation, fisheries, domestic water supply, and hydropower generation. It will also regulate flood flows to avoid impacts of water-related disasters on vulnerable downstream communities. The ensuing project will enhance the livelihoods of the local population through irrigated agriculture and fisheries development, and domestic water supply. Improved flood management will enhance the climate and disaster resilience of communities and will contribute to climate change adaptation. The project will also contribute to climate change mitigation through hydropower generation. More than 58,000 people are expected to benefit from the ensuing project, which is estimated to cost about $350 million, with indicative Asian Development Bank (ADB) financing of $100 million. It is programmed for ADB approval in 2025. ADB and the Government of Pakistan will engage with development partners to seek cofinancing for the ensuing project.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Poverty. Balochistan, located in Pakistan's southwestern region, is the largest (in terms of land area) and poorest province in Pakistan. About 72% of the province's population of 14.89 million lives in rural areas. Agriculture (including livestock) in Balochistan contributes to one-third of the provincial GDP of $12.6 million, employs nearly two-thirds of its labor force, and supports livelihoods of more than half the population. Scarce perennial water resources, recurring floods and droughts, and limited farm and off-farm employment opportunities, contribute to malnutrition and rural poverty.

Limited water resources. Balochistan's annual water availability per hectare (ha) averages 560 cubic meters (m3). It is significantly lower than the 2,500 m3 average of Pakistan's other three provinces. Balochistan has a limited number of perennial rivers. Only 40% of river flows are used mainly for irrigation. The remaining 60% of flows enter the sea. While 93% of total water use in Balochistan is for agriculture, water resources management remains underdeveloped resulting in low agriculture productivity. Water storage is essential for managing flood waters and making use of scarce water resources for improved agriculture production.

Climate change impacts. Climate change projections for the province indicate increases in average temperature, heat waves, and extreme precipitation events all with high variability. The impacts were evident in the severe flash flooding in August 2022 where Balochistan received between 5 to 8 times the usual monsoon precipitation. It is one of the most severely impacted provinces due to climate change, and particularly impacted were the areas associated with the Naulong dam. In Balochistan alone, 83% of livelihoods were impacted, with 36% of livestock lost, and 40% of irrigation infrastructure damaged.

Significant gender disparities. Although intensively engaged in agriculture, women have limited or no access to resources, income, training and other agricultural extension services in rural areas of Balochistan. Women are particularly disadvantaged due to low literacy (only 36.8% of women are literate compared to national average rate of 52.0%). This negatively impacts skills development and off-farm employment opportunities. A lack of social mobility because of cultural norms further impedes women's access to effective agriculture extension services and inputs like agriculture credit.

Constraints in access to energy. In 2021, only 36% of Balochistan had access to electricity. Electricity consumption is only 4% of national consumption, a large part of which (75%) is used for agricultural tube wells. The private sector accounts for 60% of power generation in Pakistan. Of this, 95% is from thermal power plants and is through take-or-pay contracts. This has created a liquidity crisis in the power sector due to the increasing gap between electricity generation supply cost and collected revenues. The liquidity crisis in Pakistan's energy sector constrains economic growth. Volatility in fossil fuel prices and an increasing energy supply-demand gap has increased the demand for alternate, low-cost renewable energy sources such as hydro and solar.

On 2 October 2020, the Government of Pakistan requested project readiness financing (PRF) from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to prepare the Naulong Integrated Water Resources Development Project. The proposed project in Jhal Magsi District, Balochistan will increase the reliability of water resources for irrigation, domestic water supply, hydropower generation, and flood management under increased climate change impacts.

Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Balochistan

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Yoshida, Kazuhiro
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Agriculture, Food, Nature, and Rural Development Sector Office (SG-AFNR)
Executing Agencies
Water and Power Development Authority

Timetable

Concept Clearance
-
Fact Finding
-
MRM
-
Approval
15 Dec 2023
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
20 Dec 2023

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Preparing the Naulong Integrated Water Resources Development Project: Technical Assistance Report Technical Assistance Reports Dec 2023

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Consulting Firm Firm - Consulting Closed
Social Development Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Team Leader/Water Resources Planning Engineer Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.