Regional : Expanding Development Bank Financing of Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Pacific

Sovereign Project | 51142-001

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support government-owned banks in five Pacific countriesFiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatuto increase the number and volume of loans to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). The TA will work with a government-owned bank in each country to strengthen the bank's governance and enhance its operations to increase its lending to MSMEs. The TA will also support business development services (BDSs) to MSMEs to help them become more creditworthy and bankable.

Project Details

Project Name
Expanding Development Bank Financing of Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Pacific
Project Number
51142-001
Country / Economy
  • Regional
  • Fiji
  • Samoa
  • Solomon Islands
  • Tonga
  • Vanuatu
Project Status
Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6935-REG: Expanding Development Bank Financing of Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Pacific
Source Amount
European Union US$ 13.05 million
Strategic Agendas
  • Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
  • Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
  • Governance and capacity development
  • Knowledge solutions
  • Partnerships
  • Private sector development
Sector / Subsector
  • Finance / Small and medium enterprise finance and leasing

Gender
Gender equity theme
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support government-owned banks in five Pacific countriesFiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatuto increase the number and volume of loans to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). The TA will work with a government-owned bank in each country to strengthen the bank's governance and enhance its operations to increase its lending to MSMEs. The TA will also support business development services (BDSs) to MSMEs to help them become more creditworthy and bankable.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

1. The TA will support access to finance for SMEs in the five countries. In turn, it will support employment, economic growth, and income generation of the SMEs and the broader societies. The TA will primarily work with developments banks in each country to strengthen their balance sheets, improve their governance, and enhance their operations to increase their lending to SMEs in a profitable and sustainable manner. The TA will also work with SMEs to help them become more creditworthy and bankable.

2.Importance of financial sector development. There is a large and established body of literature which shows the critical importance of the financial system for economic growth through fostering productivity growth and resource allocation. Specifically, the availability of external finance is positively associated with entrepreneurship and higher firm entry as well as with firm dynamism and innovation. The impact of financial sector deepening on firm performance and growth is stronger for small and medium-sized enterprises than for large enterprises.

3.Finance sector context in the Pacific. Across the Pacific, the absence of capital markets means that banks are the primary medium to intermediate between savers and borrowers. Because Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu are unlikely to ever have comprehensive finance sectors, well-functioning banks are critical to ensure credit flows into the economy and particularly to businesses. The finance sectors in these countries are characterized by relatively low private sector credit. This TA will focus on these countries because they have relatively low credit to gross domestic product (GDP) ratios, they have banks that are interested in participating in the TA including expanding lending to SMEs, and they have requested ADB support for improving access to finance.

4.SMEs are critical to private sector development but lack access to finance. SMEs make up a large proportion of businesses in these countries and are the backbone of the economy. However, many SMEs lack access to finance. Without access to finance, these businesses cannot expand their production or increase employment. A 2017 International Finance Corporation study estimates an SME finance gap relative to potential demand of over $1.5 billion: $1,085 million in Fiji, $26 million in Samoa, $174 million in Solomon Islands, $165 million in Tonga, and $135 million in Vanuatu.

5.There are several reasons why SMEs have limited access to affordable finance in these countries. First, the two foreign banks that dominate the banking sector in all four countriesANZ and Bank South Pacificare not incentivized to lend to SMEs because their existing activities are very profitable. Second, some of the local banks that are interested in making loans to SMEs lack sufficient capital to significantly expand their SME loan portfolios. Third, some of the local banks need to improve their capacity to make SME loans on a sustainable basis. Fourth, many local banks have antiquated technology (for example, core banking systems) and have not embraced new technology to enhance SME lending. For example, processing a loan for a customer located in an outer island of Vanuatu can take up to two months because paper applications need to be physically transported to Port Vila for credit assessment. Fifth, many SMEs are unable to meet banks' lending requirements, such as written business plans and adequate financial records.

6.Governments' policy and strategy. The TA is consistent with (i) FijiNational Financial Inclusion Strategic Plan 20162020; (ii) SamoaStrategy for the Development of Samoa and National Financial Inclusion Strategy for Samoa 20172020; (iii) Solomon IslandsMicro, Small & Medium Enterprise Policy and Strategy and National Financial Inclusion Strategy 20162020; (iv) TongaStrategic Development Framework 20152025 which seeks a stronger, deeper, more inclusive financial system; and (v) VanuatuNational Financial Inclusion Strategy 20182023.

7.Alignment to ADB strategies. The TA is aligned with ADB's Strategy 2030, which provides that ADB will increase its support for banks to help increase their capacity, quality, and reachparticularly to low-income populations. Additionally, the TA is aligned to Strategy 2030 operational priorities related to strengthening governance and institutional capacity and accelerating progress in gender equality. The TA also reflects Strategy 2030's approach to small island developing states which emphasizes promoting private sector-led growth. Finally, the TA is aligned to ADB's Pacific Approach, 20162020 and its three-pronged strategy to reduce costs, manage risks, and enable value creation.

8.ADB's experience and lessons learned. ADB has experience in implementing numerous financial sector projects and TAs in the Pacific. In the last decade, these have included the Microfinance Expansion Project in Papua New Guinea, the Agribusiness Support Project in Samoa, the Expansion of Rural Financial Services Technical Assistance in Vanuatu, and the Strengthening Financial Inclusion Technical Assistance in Solomon Islands. ADB has also promoted financial sector development through the Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative.

9.Several lessons from these projects and TAs will be applied during TA preparation. First, institutional strengthening is critical to increasing outreach sustainably. Second, business development services are helpful in increasing demand for bank loans. Third, technology can be a key driver for innovative financial services. Fourth, a supportive enabling environment, including a personal property security register and a credit bureau, is vital to credit expansion. Taking these lessons into account, institutional strengthening (including a focus on technology) and the provision of business development services will be key elements in the TA.

Impact

Financial inclusion deepened for MSMEs

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Access to finance for MSMEs increased (including those owned or led by women)

Progress Toward Outcome

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Bank assessments conducted and work plan for each bank developed

Gender-responsive governance, relationship management, and lending practices in each bank improved

Banking IT infrastructure improved

MSMEs' capacity in key skills required for developing bankable finance proposals improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Fiji - Nation-wide; Samoa - Nation-wide; Solomon Islands - Nation-wide; Tonga - Nation-wide; Vanuatu - Nation-wide

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Phase 1 under implementation. Three consultants mobilized including Banking Specialist, Gender Specialist and IT Specialist. Action plans being prepared and should be finalized by Q3 2023.

Phase 2 will be procurement of a firm to undertake the implementation of the agreed action plans with the respective development banks.

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Kirkby, Jonathon A.
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Finance Sector Office (SG-FIN)
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank

Timetable

Concept Clearance
20 Oct 2021
Fact Finding
04 Oct 2021 to 08 Oct 2021
MRM
-
Approval
28 Jul 2022
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
02 May 2023

Funding

TA 6935-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Jul 2022 - 28 Jul 2022 30 Jun 2027 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 13,052,566.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13,052,566.00
Cumulative Disbursements
Date Amount
02 Apr 2024 355,038.17

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Expanding Development Bank Financing of Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Pacific - IT project manager, Fiji Individual - Consulting Closed
Expanding Development Bank Financing of Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Pacific: Liquidity Risk Management Expert Individual - Consulting Closed
Expanding Development Bank Financing of Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Pacific Individual - Consulting Closed
Gender Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Development Bank Expert and Team Lead Individual - Consulting Closed
Banking IT Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.