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Cambodia: Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 51159-002 Status: Active

The project will assist the Government of Cambodia to (i) modernize and improve the climate and disaster resilience of four irrigation systems in Battambang, Kampong Cham, Kampong Thom, and Takeo provinces to supply water to 43,500 hectares (ha) for 291,847 people, of whom 148,288 (51%) are women; (ii) ensure sustainability of these irrigation schemes by strengthening the institutional and financial capacity of the government staff and farmer water user communities (FWUC) in operation and maintenance (O&M); (iii) improve farming practices for increased agricultural productivity and crop diversification; and (iv) establish a national water resources data management center (NWRDMC), a water resources information system (WRIS), and an irrigation asset management system for better water resources management, planning, operations, and investment.

Project Details

Project Officer
Lopez, Alvin Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Cambodia
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project
Project Number 51159-002
Country Cambodia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0681-CAM: Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 2.16 million
Grant 0682-CAM: Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project
High Level Technology Fund US$ 1.60 million
Loan 3877-CAM: Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 117.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will assist the Government of Cambodia to (i) modernize and improve the climate and disaster resilience of four irrigation systems in Battambang, Kampong Cham, Kampong Thom, and Takeo provinces to supply water to 43,500 hectares (ha) for 291,847 people, of whom 148,288 (51%) are women; (ii) ensure sustainability of these irrigation schemes by strengthening the institutional and financial capacity of the government staff and farmer water user communities (FWUC) in operation and maintenance (O&M); (iii) improve farming practices for increased agricultural productivity and crop diversification; and (iv) establish a national water resources data management center (NWRDMC), a water resources information system (WRIS), and an irrigation asset management system for better water resources management, planning, operations, and investment.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Inadequate irrigation infrastructure. Cambodia's agriculture sector plays an important role in food security and poverty reduction, provides a major source of livelihood and household income, and contributes to export earnings despite low agricultural productivity. The sector is operating far below its capacity, mainly because of inadequate irrigation infrastructure, which limits cropping intensity and crop diversification. Disasters such as floods and droughts occur annually. There are annual water shortages because of the climate, topography, limited water storage, and accessibility, especially in the Tonle Sap river basin.

Inadequate operation and maintenance. As agriculture is the biggest water user in Cambodia, the efficient, effective, and sustainable management of the country's water resources depends largely on irrigation systems' performance. Thus, it is important not only to upgrade irrigation systems, but also to improve O&M cost recovery using the user pays principle, and sustain the increases in agricultural productivity through strengthening capacity of government agencies and FWUCs, and closely involving the FWUCs in the design, implementation, and O&M of systems. Poor water data, low capacity, and limited institutional coordination. Cambodia's hydrometeorological monitoring network is limited with poor and incomplete water data records. The project will address the agricultural production constraints and reduce disaster risk by (i) modernizing infrastructure to improve water storage during drought and manage water during flood events, (ii) upgrading agricultural support services in crop diversification, (iii) establishing a financial and organizational system for FWUCs to increase their role in O&M, and (iv) establishing the NWRDMC and WRIS and supporting its operation.

Impact Inclusive economic growth through agriculture and irrigation attained
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Water and agriculture productivity in the project areas enhanced
Progress Toward Outcome The project was approved on 4 Dec 2019 and the financing agreements were made effective on 19 Dec 2019. The project implementation consultants commenced work in July 2020 and NWRDMC consultants in August 2020. Three civil works contracts for Prek Po subproject were approved by ADB in September 2020. The inception mission is scheduled in October 2020.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Efficiency and climate resilience of irrigation systems enhanced

Water resources management improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) The contracts for the civil works on Prek Pro subproject were approved by ADB in September 2020 and civil work has commenced. ADB is reviewing the bidding documents for the Kamping Pouy subproject. EA is aware and will initiate the establishment of the FWUCs. The DFAT program (CAVAC), which is supporting organizing the FWUCs, is unable to commence field consultations due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The NWRDMC consultants commenced work in late August 2020.
Geographical Location Battambang Province, Kampong Cham Province, Kampong Thom, Takeo
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination (IEE) was prepared for three subprojects that were categorized as B for environment, and an environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management plan were prepared for the Stung Chinit subproject which was classified as A for environment. Both the IEE and EIA were disclosed on ADB website on 10 April 2019. The project is expected to have overall environmental benefits supporting better management of water resources, sustainable rice production and a net reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. During construction, there will be localized temporary direct impacts, including air and water pollution, noise, and dust and spoil disposal. The Stung Chinit South subproject neighbors an important bird and biodiversity area, which encompasses the Baray Bengal Florican Conservation Area. Hence, there is a risk of indirect induced impacts to the important bird and biodiversity area through expansion of the irrigated area to the west of the command area, and consequent conversion of natural grassland. Identified impacts can be reduced to an acceptable level through effective implementation of the environmental management plan and the conservation program proposed under the sustainable rice platform. The Prek Po subproject includes a solid waste management program. MOWRAM has considerable experience in implementing ADB and other internationally financed projects, and will be supported by PMIC. Consultation with stakeholders and affected persons was carried out during project preparation and will be continued during implementation. Project related complaints will be addressed in a timely manner through a grievance redress mechanism. The domestic EIA for Prek Po is currently under preparation.
Involuntary Resettlement The preliminary designs prepared for Prek Po, Canal 15, and Stung Chinit South subprojects suggest that they will not require land acquisition, nor will they entail any impact on assets or livelihoods. The preliminary design prepared for the Kamping Pouy subproject suggests that it will permanently impact 433.12 square meters of land and 15 households, of which 9 nine households will be physically displaced. The draft resettlement due diligence reports for Prek Po, Canal 15, and Stung Chinit South subprojects, and the draft resettlement plan for Kamping Pouy subproject were prepared in line with the government's laws and regulations and ADB's SPS 2009, and disclosed on ADB website on 12 August 2019. Draft due diligence reports and resettlement plan will be updated based on the detailed engineering designs to reconfirm the subprojects' impact. MOWRAM is currently working with GDR for the preparation of the Detailed Resettlement Plan for Kamping Puoy and is expected to complete it prior to commencement of civil works.
Indigenous Peoples Due diligence concluded there is no indigenous peoples residing in Prek Po and Kamping Pouy subproject areas. There are 256 households and 1,022 households of Cham ethnic group residing within the command areas of the Canal 15 and Stung Chinit South subprojects, respectively. These households are well integrated in the Khmer society, have identity cards and enjoy the same benefits as the mainstream Khmer population. These two subprojects will not directly or indirectly affect dignity, human rights, livelihood systems, or culture of the local Cham ethnic group, nor will it affect the territories or natural or cultural resources that they own, use, or occupy. The due diligence reports have been prepared for Canal 15 and Stung Chinit South subprojects and disclosed on ADB website. Once the detailed engineering designs of the subprojects are available, MOWRAM with support of the PMIC in consultation with the Cham people will reconfirm the scope of impact on the Cham ethnic group.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations with stakeholders and affected persons were carried out during project preparation. Four hundred thirty-eight persons including 212 women have been consulted through meetings and gender-separate focus groups as part of due diligence and resettlement planning, and expressed the need for improvement of irrigation infrastructure.
During Project Implementation Consultations with stakeholders and affected persons will continue throughout project implementation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Two consulting services packages, one for PMIC and one for the establishment of NWRDMC and WRIS consultant, will be recruited using quality- and cost-based selection with a quality-cost ratio of 90:10. One individual consultant, National Accounting and Finance Specialist, will be recruited using the individual consultant selection method. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), an international non-government organization with an office in Cambodia, will be directly contracted for the conservation of the Bengal Florican in the Stung Chinit South subproject.
Procurement All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in conformity with ADB's Procurement Policy and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, amended from time to time). Open Competitive Bidding (OCB) for international advertising will be used for the procurement of works and goods. For OCB for national advertising, before the start of any procurement, ADB and the government will review the Government of Cambodia's Standard Operating Procedures and Procurement Manual for development partner financed projects to ensure consistency with ADB Procurement Policy and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Lopez, Alvin
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology
364 Monivong Blvd, Khan Chamkamorn Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 31 Jul 2017
Fact Finding 06 Nov 2018 to 15 Nov 2018
MRM 16 Sep 2019
Approval 04 Dec 2019
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Sep 2020

Grant 0681-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Dec 2019 05 Dec 2019 19 Dec 2019 30 Jun 2025 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.16 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 2.16 04 Dec 2019 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 04 Dec 2019 0.00 0.00 0%

Grant 0682-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Dec 2019 05 Dec 2019 19 Dec 2019 30 Jun 2025 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 1.60 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 04 Dec 2019 0.00 1.60 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 1.60 04 Dec 2019 0.00 0.20 13%

Loan 3877-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Dec 2019 05 Dec 2019 19 Dec 2019 30 Jun 2025 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 122.69 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 117.00 04 Dec 2019 33.54 0.00 29%
Counterpart 5.69 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 04 Dec 2019 0.88 0.00 1%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Prek Po Irrigation Subproject - Kampong Cham Province Due Diligence Report on Resettlement Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Dec 2019
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Kamping Pouy, Prek Po, and Canal 15 Subprojects Updated Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2019
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Prek Po Irrigation Subproject - Kampong Cham Province Due Diligence Report on Resettlement Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Aug 2019
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Canal 15 Subproject – Takeo Province Due Diligence Report on Resettlement Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Aug 2019
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Stung Chinit South Subproject - Kampong Thom Province Due Diligence Report on Resettlement Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Aug 2019
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Canal 15 Subproject - Takeo Province Due Diligence Report on Ethnic Minorities Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Aug 2019
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Kamping Pouy Irrigation Subproject Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Aug 2019
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Stung Chinit South Subproject - Kampong Thom Province Due Diligence Report on Ethnic Minorities Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Aug 2019
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2019
Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessments Apr 2019

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
3877-CAM (COL): Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project (IAIP) [MOWRAM/KPY-CW01-Package II] Invitation for Bids Active 10 Nov 2020 22 Dec 2020
3877-CAM (COL): Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project (IAIP) [MOWRAM/KPY-CW01-Package III] Invitation for Bids Active 13 Oct 2020 24 Nov 2020
3877-CAM (COL): Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project (IAIP) [MOWRAM/KPY-CW01-Package I] Invitation for Bids Active 12 Oct 2020 23 Nov 2020
51159-CAM: Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project [MOWRAM/PPO-CW02-Package V] Invitation for Bids Closed 04 Dec 2019 17 Jan 2020
51159-CAM: Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project [MOWRAM/PPO-CW02 Package III] Invitation for Bids Closed 02 Dec 2019 13 Jan 2020
51159-CAM: Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project [MOWRAM/PPO-CW02-Package I] Invitation for Bids Closed 28 Nov 2019 10 Jan 2020
51159-CAM: Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project [MOWRAM/PPO-CW02-Package II] Invitation for Bids Closed 28 Nov 2019 10 Jan 2020
Consultancy Services for a National Accounting and Finance Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 26 Jun 2019 10 Jul 2019
Establishment of National Water Resources Data Management Center and a National Water Resources Information System Firm - Consulting Closed 18 May 2019 16 Jun 2019
PMIC Firm - Consulting Closed 18 May 2019 16 Jun 2019
51159-CAM: Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project Advance Notice Active 09 May 2019

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
CONSTRUCTION OF MAIN & SECONDARY CANALS & ASSOC STRUCTURES-MAIN CANAL SECOND SECTION FROM KM6 880- KM12 660 W/DISTRIBUTION CANALS & ASSOC STR (PIII) Loan 3877 11 Sep 2020 C.NO CONSTRUCTION & INVESTMENT CO., LTD. 19A, ST.118, SANGKAT PHSAR DEPO III KHAN TOUKOK, PHNOM PENH CAMBODIA Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology CONSTRUCTION 4,523,778.99 4,523,778.99
CONSTRUCTION OF PUMPING STATION AND 2KM OF MAIN CANAL - PACKAGE 1 Loan 3877 11 Sep 2020 SBPH ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD. 25A, STREET 432, SANGKAT BEONG TRABEK, KHAN CHAMKARMON, PHNOM PENH CAMBODIA Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology CONSTRUCTION 9,179,923.80 9,179,923.80
CONSTRUCTION OF MAIN & SECONDARY CANALS & ASSOC STRUCTURES-PO MAIN CANAL FIRST SECTION FROM KM2 000 TO KM6 880 W/DISTRI CANALS & ASSOC STRUCTURES Loan 3877 11 Sep 2020 SEAK CHHEAV LENG ENTERPRISE CO., LTD. 621,STREET 357, SANGKAT CHBAR AMPOV II, KHAN CHBAR AMPOV, PHNOM PENH CAMBODIA Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology CONSTRUCTION 10,424,481.45 10,424,481.45
SUPPLY AND INSTALLATION OF PUMPING EQUIPMENT AND ASSOCIATED STRUCTURES Loan 3877 10 Sep 2020 GRUNDFOS (SINGAPORE) PTE. LTD. 25 JALAN TUKANG, SG-619264 SINGAPORE, SINGAPORE Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology SUPPLY OF GOODS 2,900,700.00 2,900,700.00
CONSULTANCY SERVICES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES DATA MANAGEMENT CENTER & A NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES INFORMATION SYSTEM-CS02 Loan 3877 22 Jul 2020 EPTISA SERVICIOS DE INGENIERIA SL C/EMILIO MUNOZ 35-37 28037 MADRIC SPAIN Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology CONSULTANCY 580,000.00 580,000.00
CONSULTANCY SERVICES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES DATA MANAGEMENT CENTER & Grant 0682 13 Jul 2020 EPTISA SERVICIOS DE INGENIERIA SL C/ EMILIO MUNOZ 35-37 28037 MADRIS SPAIN Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology CONSULTANCY 1,600,000.00
PROJECT MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION CONSULTANTS (CS01) Loan 3877 26 Jun 2020 INACON LUHUR PERTIWI PT WITH SAMAN CORP (JV); GRAHA ARSA BUILDING, ROOM IT-22, 1F JL SIAGA RAYA NO.31, PASAR MINGGU,JAKARTA INDONESIA Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology CONSULTANCY 5,609,794.00 5,609,794.00

Procurement Plan