Regional: Sustaining the Gains of Regional Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion

Sovereign Project | 51178-001

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support countries in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) in transforming the GMS Program into a more effective

regional cooperation platform that adds value to member countries' national development strategies and benefits the local populations of member countries.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Sumbal, Asadullah Khan
    Southeast Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Regional
  • Sector
    • Public sector management
Project Name Sustaining the Gains of Regional Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Project Number 51178-001
Country Regional
Cambodia
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Myanmar
China, People's Republic of
Thailand
Viet Nam
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9416-REG: Sustaining the Gains of Regional Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.50 million
Regional Cooperation and Integration Fund US$ 500,000.00
TA 9416-REG: Sustaining the Gains of Regional Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 800,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Education / Education sector development - Technical and vocational education and training

Energy / Electricity transmission and distribution - Energy sector development and institutional reform

Health / Disease control of communicable disease - Health sector development and reform

Industry and trade / Industry and trade sector development - Trade and services

Public sector management / Public administration

Transport / Transport policies and institutional development

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support countries in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) in transforming the GMS Program into a more effective

regional cooperation platform that adds value to member countries' national development strategies and benefits the local populations of member countries.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The GMS strategic framework midterm review reaffirmed the strong ownership and commitment of the member countries in the GMS Program. It identified the following challenges

that need to be addressed to improve the effectiveness of the program: (i) weak coordination and decision-making mechanisms; (ii) inadequate mechanisms for project identification, resource mobilization, and results monitoring; and (iii) weak knowledge-based strategic planning.

Impact Regional cooperation and integration in the Greater Mekong Subregion sustained.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Implementation of the GMS Program is more effective.
Progress Toward Outcome As of the GMS Regional Investment Framework (RIF) 2022 Third Progress Report and Update (November 2020), approved financing (in USD value) increased to 55.6 billion or about 71% of total RIF value (from 55.2 billion in November 2019 and from 53. 1 in March 2018). Moreover, during the same period, 34 projects were completed while 87 were ongoing and 89 still proposed. Thus, in terms of number of projects, 58 % were either completed or ongoing implementation in November 2020 compared to 42% in November 2019.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

GMS Coordination and Decision Making Mechanisms Strengthened.

Project identification, resource mobilization, and results monitoring mechanism improved.

Knowledge-based strategic planning enhanced.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

In support of enhancing knowledge-based strategic planning, the TA supported the preparation of the proposed new GMS Economic Cooperation Program Strategic Framework 2030 (GMS 2030) as mandated by the Leaders during the 6th GMS Summit in 2018. The draft presented to and reviewed by GMS Ministers during the 24th Ministerial Conference (MC-24) in November 2020 has been finalized at the Senior Officials' Meeting held on 11 March 2021. The GMS 2030 will be presented to the Leaders at the 7th GMS Summit for their endorsement and adoption.

As a supplement to the GMS 2030, the TA also supported the preparation of the GMS COVID 19 Response and Recovery Plan 2021 2023, a medium term plan to respond to and mitigate the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and accelerate recovery of the GMS. The Plan will also be presented to the Leaders at the 7th GMS Summit for their endorsement.

A Research Program to support GMS 2030 is also being developed through the TA.

The TA supported the conduct of a study, Greater Mekong Subregion 2030 and Beyond: Integration, Upgrading, Cities, and Connectivity, which aimed to provide possible ways for accelerating GMS development through better integrating with global and regional value chains, greater industrial diversification and tapping the growth driving potentials of cities.

The TA supported the organization and conduct of the following: (1) 24th Ministerial Conference (MC-24) virtually held on 4 November 2020 with theme, _Pave the way to a more integrated, inclusive, sustainable and prosperous GMS_. MC-24 convened close to 400 participants, consisting of Ministers and Senior Officials of the six GMS countries, representatives from ADB, development partners, and the private sector MC-24 took note of the (i) GMS countries' immediate responses to the challenges presented by the COVID-19 pandemic; (ii) actions taken and achievements made under GMS cooperation mechanisms in response to the pandemic, particularly in the most vulnerable sectors health, agriculture, environment, transport and trade facilitation, and tourism; (iii) progress and outcomes in other sectors of cooperation; and (iv) key elements of strategic documents to be presented to the GMS Leaders at the 7th Summit the proposed GMS-2030 and the GMS COVID-19 Response and Recovery Plan 2021-2023. The GMS Ministers were also briefed on the report and recommendations of the GMS Senior Officials' Meeting; the outcomes of the GMS 11th Economic Corridors Forum; and the discussions of the GMS Development Partners' Meeting. (2) 23rd Ministerial Conference (MC-23) on 17-18 November 2019 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia carrying a theme, "Greater Integration, Inclusivity and Sustainability in the GMS. MC-23 brought together about 200 participants, consisting of Ministers and Senior Officials of the six GMS countries, representatives from ADB, development partners, and the private sector, to lay the groundwork for the 7th GMS Summit set in 2021. The GMS Ministers (i) discussed the draft of the proposed GMS 2030 for reflecting the GMS vision, aspirations, and goals; (ii) reviewed the preliminary results of a research program that aims to support the implementation of the proposed GMS 2030; and (iii) endorsed the GMS RIF 2022: Second Progress Report and Update. A Development Partners' Meeting was also held on the sidelines of the conference. GMS countries and their development partners reaffirmed their commitment to work together to achieve the goals of the GMS Program.

The TA supported the following Economic Corridors Forum: (1) The 11th Economic Corridors Forum (ECF-11) was virtually held on 28 October 2020, chaired by Thailand, with the theme _Boosting Competitiveness, Connectivity, and Community in the GMS Economic Corridors through Focused and Integrated Spatial Development_, and attended by about 200 participants. It discussed: (i) the strategic thrusts and principles in the proposed new GMS-2030, that have a bearing on economic corridor development; (ii) the findings of the completed Study on Section-Specific Planning for the GMS North-South Economic Corridor in Myanmar and the People's Republic of China; (iii) the experience of Thailand in developing the Eastern Economic Corridor as an example of an individual country corridor; (iv) Further Strengthening multilateralism and free trade among GMS Countries; (v) Possible ways of accelerating and enhancing the implementation of the GMS Cross-Border E-Commerce Cooperation Platform; (vi) updates on the _Early Harvest_ implementation of the CBTA; and (vii) Initiatives on labor mobility and safe migration in GMS Economic Corridors; and (2) 10th Economic Corridors Forum (ECF-10) in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar on 12-13 December 2018. Bearing the theme, Extending Corridors for Inclusive Connectivity in the GMS, the ECF-10 gathered about 150 participants, consisting of Ministers and other high-level officials of the six GMS countries, representatives of the private sector, international development organizations, and other institutions. It reviewed and discussed initiatives and interventions aimed at accelerating the development of the GMS economic corridors by effectively contributing to the pursuit of the 3Cs connectivity, competitiveness, and community.

The TA supported the conduct of various GMS Senior Officials' Meetings (SOMs), both in-person attendance and virtually for, among other purposes: (i) review, discuss and work toward the finalization of the various strategic and knowledge documents (including the GMS-2030, GMS COVID-19 Response and Recovery Plan 2021-2023) and other deliverables for the various key GMS events (e.g., ECF-10, ECF-11, MC-23, MC-24, and 7th GMS Summit), and (ii) to serve as task force for the preparation for the said key GMS events.

The TA supported the Development Partners' Meeting (DPM) held virtually on 20 October 2020. The DPM served as a forum for interactive discussions among GMS senior officials, representatives of development partners (DPs), private sector, and civil society that are actively involved in the GMS Program. The meeting (i) discussed GMS responses to COVID-19, including DPs' regional interventions; (ii) briefed DPs on the key elements of the GMS-2030, its vision, mission statement, strategic directions, and results framework; (iii) exchanged ideas on how DPs can contribute Covid-19 initiatives and to the areas of the GMS-2030; and (iv) updated DPs on implementation and projects of the GMS RIF 2022 and discuss potential areas for development partners to support the projects in the RIF 2022. Twenty-two DPs shared their views during the meeting. Close to 200 participants from 54 development partner organizations, private sector, and knowledge institutions attended the meeting.

Provided secretariat support to or supported the organization of various GMS Working Group (WG) meetings to discuss and firm up GMS sector strategies, plans and, projects. The WG meetings supported by way of knowledge sharing and secretariat assistance are as follows: (i) Working Group on Agriculture (WGA), 29-30 May 2018, and 3-4 April 2019 (Consultation Workshop on WGA) 17-18 June 2019 and virtually on 25 June 2020 (GMS WGA Dialogue on Post-Pandemic Food Security Response and Recovery); (ii) Working Group on Environment, 1-2 April 2019 and virtually on 23 June 2020 (GMS WGE Dialogue on Post-Pandemic Green and Resilient Recovery) (iii) Regional Power Trade Coordination Committee, 19-20 June 2018, 21-22 March 2019, 25-27 November 2019 and virtually on 15 October 2020; (iv) Tourism Working Group and Mekong Tourism Forum, 25-29 June 2018, 4-5 December 2018, 27-29 May 2019, 27-29 November 2019; 18 June 2020 and 3 December 2020 (v) WG on Health Cooperation, 10-11 December 2018 and 12-13 December 2019; and (vi) Urban Development WG (UDWG), 4-5 July 2018; 5-6 Dec 2019; and 17 December 2020. The UDWG meeting in Dec 2019 was also funded by the TA.

The TA supported the inaugural ADB-IOM Dialogue on Labor Migration in the Greater Mekong Subregion held virtually on 8 September 2020 to prepare for the creation of a proposed Task Force on Labor Migration in the GMS. Participating senior officials from relevant GMS ministries (i.e., Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Labor and Foreign Employment); representatives from ADB, IOM and other international organizations, including ILO, UN Women; civil society organizations; and employers discussed the issues and challenges of labor migration across the GMS and ways to ensure that migration is safe and contributes to subregional development. The proposed Task Force on Labor Migration and its terms of reference were presented at the 24th Ministerial Conference on 4 November 2020. The Ministers mandated senior officials, in collaboration with Ministries in charge of management of migrant workers in the GMS, to further discuss and prepare recommendations for the next steps.

The TA also supported the organization and conduct of the following GMS Subregional Transport Forum meetings: (1) 22nd Meeting of the GMS Subregional Transport Forum (STF-22) in Mandalay, Myanmar on 21-22 June 2018. The forum discussed ways toward achieving the thrusts and priorities set in the new GMS Transport Sector Strategy (TSS) 2030, including the review of the GMS transport sector projects in the GMS RIF 2022 to provide inputs to the RIF 2022 First Review and Update, as well as other important transport sector issues, such as road safety and an assessment of the state of development of the GMS economic/transport corridors.; (2) 23rd Meeting of the Subregional Transport Forum (STF-23) held in Bangkok, Thailand on 14-15 August 2019, to review various efforts toward implementing TSS 2030, including increasing the private sectors engagement, particularly through the GMS Freight Transport Association (FRETA); review of the progress of the GMS Cross Border Transport Facilitation Agreement (CBTA) Early Harvest implementation and the progress of work and plans for the Greater Mekong Railway Association (GMRA); and exchange of country experiences in highway development as well as further efforts toward enhancing road safety in GMS countries. It also conducted the annual review (for 2019) of the pipeline of GMS transport sector projects in RIF 2022.; and (3) Subregional Transport Forum (STF-24) virtually held on 21 January 2021. The theme of STF-24 was _Forging Greater Transport Connectivity Toward the Visions of GMS 2030_. This year's STF-24 was held to: review the status and update the pipeline of GMS transport sector projects in the GMS RIF 2022; brief the STF on the key thrusts and principles in the draft GMS Economic Cooperation Program Strategic Framework 2030 (GMS-2030) and the GMS COVID 19 Response and Recovery Plan 2021 2023 (GMS COVID-19 Plan) that have a bearing on the transport sector; review the progress of the Cross Border Transport Facilitation Agreement (CBTA) _Early Harvest_ implementation and updates on possible future efforts in transport and trade facilitation; update the STF on the work and plans for the Greater Mekong Railway Association (GMRA); discuss recent initiatives to improve road safety regimes in GMS countries and railway planning and financing; and update the STF on the activities of development partners in the GMS transport sector.

The TA also supported the development of a sound concept for a regional investment project on Transboundary animal disease control for competitive livestock value chains in the GMS in consultation with key stakeholders in GMS countries, and based on individual country needs, capacities and circumstances.

Moreover, the TA supported/is currently supporting the production of various GMS knowledge products:

(1) Updated RIF 2022 endorsed by the GMS Ministers. This serves as a regional pipeline and planning document for resource mobilization publicly. The RIF 2022 First Progress Report was circulated in March 2019, the Second Progress Report in November 2019 and the Third Progress Report in November 2020;

(2) 4th edition of the GMS Statistical Database booklet (2018) builds on information from previous three editions. Two chapters (tourism and health) were added and the energy chapter was completely revised.

(3) GMS Projects Database. This functions as a geo-database for spatial and area planning of the GMS. GMS Projects Database is regularly updated and website is active with GMS Projects.

(4) GMS Program website (www.greatermekong.org) This was developed and maintained as host for GMS statistics, projects database, and dissemination of information of the GMS Program, including articles and e-newsletters highlighting key developments in the GMS. The GMS Program website was transferred in December 2019 to a new and more secure server with bigger storage capacity and bandwidth. During the transfer, the content management system for the main GMS Program site and Projects database were updated. Given the bigger hosting/server capacity, the GMS Program website is also hosting the websites of the WGA and WG on Environment.

(5) Pilot Study on Section-Specific Planning for the North-South Economic Corridor, Subcorridor 5 (NSEC-5) in Myanmar and the Peoples Republic of China. This study is the first to (i) involve NSEC-5 in GMS economic corridor planning; and (ii) focus on a specific economic corridor route in the GMS. The preparatory phases 1 and 2 (national consultations in Myanmar and the PRC, and a joint workshop in Myanmar) were completed in December 2018. The preparation of the full study was endorsed by GMS countries at the 10th GMS Economic Corridors Forum in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Inception mission was conducted from 28 June to 4 July 2019 and the national consultants draft country reports (2 economic overview and 8 sector reports) were circulated for review by ADB sector and country focals as well as the government of PRC and Myanmar in December 2019.

(6) Draft GMS 2030 and the Results Framework - The GMS 2030 provides a new framework for the subregion to act collectively to respond to powerful trends that affect the GMS. On the other hand, GMS 2030 Results Framework measures the achievement of the GMS 2030s objectives.

(7) GMS COVID 19 Response and Recovery Plan 2021 2023 This plan is an instrument for combatting the adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and accelerating the response and recovery of the subregion.

(8) GMS 2030 and Beyond: Integration, Upgrading, Cities, and Connectivity The main findings and recommendations of this comprehensive research is intended to support the implementation of the proposed GMS 2030. It will guide the subregion's development efforts, while ensuring that the right challenges are being addressed and new opportunities are taken advantage.

Geographical Location Cambodia - Nation-wide; China - Nation-wide; Lao People's Democratic Republic - Nation-wide; Myanmar - Nation-wide; Thailand - Nation-wide; Viet Nam - Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The TA concept paper was presented at the GMS Senior Officials Meeting on 7 July 2017 in Bangkok. ADB's support to GMS was greatly appreciated by GMS officials.
During Project Implementation

The TA supported preparation of briefing papers and presentations on outcomes and directives from the 6th GMS Summit for sector working group meetings that met in H1 of 2018 (Agriculture, Tourism, Energy, Transport, Urban Development and Health) with participation of officials from 6 GMS countries, development partners, and representatives of private sector and civil society.

The TA also supported the preparatory phases (1 and 2) of the proposed Pilot Study on Section-Specific Planning for the North-South Economic Corridor, Subcorridor 5 (NSEC-5) in Myanmar and the PRC, wherein national consultations with officials from relevant ministries/agencies and local resource persons/experts in both countries were conducted. Joint consultations between PRC and Myanmar were held. The NSEC-5 integrative report was also circulated to both governments and meetings to discuss this with each government were held many times before its finalization.

GMS Senior Officials and Ministers have also been consulted a number of times on the Long-term Strategic Framework of the GMS Program (GMS 2030).

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

A total 223 total individual consulting inputs will be allocated as follows:

(i) 24 person-months to eight international consultants,

(ii) 196 person-months to 21 national consultants and

(iii) three person months to seven resource persons. The international contracts (including out-of-pocket expenses) are estimated to cost $442,000 while the national contracts are estimated at $644,000. The total package for the resource persons/facilitators (under the workshop budget) is estimated at $58,000. Individual consultants will be recruited using Individual Consultant Selection.

Procurement In organizing meetings and workshops, ADB will procure goods and services such as rental of equipment and meeting rooms using the Shopping Method.
Responsible ADB Officer Sumbal, Asadullah Khan
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Regional Cooperation and Operations Coordination Div, SERD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 11 Sep 2017
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 30 Oct 2017
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2021

TA 9416-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Oct 2017 - 30 Oct 2017 31 Dec 2019 30 Apr 2022 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
2,800,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,800,000.00 29 Sep 2021 2,123,589.33

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.



The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Scoping study for GMS Task Force on Trade and Investment Individual - Consulting Closed 29 May 2021 04 Jun 2021
Regional Cooperation Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 05 Jan 2021 07 Jan 2021
GMS Secretariat Coordinator (Viet Nam) Individual - Consulting Closed 23 Jun 2020 29 Jun 2020
GMS Secretariat Coordinator Peoples Republic of China Resident Mission Individual - Consulting Closed 07 May 2020 20 May 2020
Support the implementation of the SOURCE Platform in the Greater Mekong Sub-region Individual - Consulting Closed 19 Mar 2020 01 Apr 2020
Web Writer and Content Manager Individual - Consulting Closed 24 Jul 2019 26 Jul 2019
Section-Specific Planning for NSEC: Electric Power Dev't (PRC) Individual - Consulting Closed 18 Apr 2019 22 Apr 2019
Section-Specific Planning for NSEC: Agriculture and Agribusiness Specialist (PRC) Individual - Consulting Closed 10 Apr 2019 14 Apr 2019
Section-Specific Planning for North-South Economic Corridor: Transport Economist (PRC) Individual - Consulting Closed 02 Apr 2019 07 Apr 2019
Section-Specific Planning for North-South Economic Corridor: Transport Economist (Myanmar) Individual - Consulting Closed 26 Mar 2019 28 Mar 2019
GMS Strategy 2030 Individual - Consulting Closed 21 Mar 2019 27 Mar 2019
Section-Specific Planning for North-South Economic Corridor: Tourism (PRC) Individual - Consulting Closed 21 Mar 2019 24 Mar 2019
Section-Specific Planning for the North-South Economic Corridor: Agriculture (Myanmar) Individual - Consulting Closed 19 Mar 2019 28 Mar 2019
Section-Specific Planning for North-South Economic Corridor: Electric Power Dev't (Myanmar) Individual - Consulting Closed 19 Mar 2019 25 Mar 2019
Section-Specific Planning for North-South Economic Corridor: Economist (PRC) Individual - Consulting Closed 13 Mar 2019 19 Mar 2019
Section-Specific Planning for North-South Economic Corridor: Tourism (Myanmar) Individual - Consulting Closed 12 Mar 2019 21 Mar 2019
Section-Specific Planning for North-South Economic Corridor: Economist (Myanmar) Individual - Consulting Closed 12 Mar 2019 22 Mar 2019
North-South Economic Corridor in Myanmar and PRC Individual - Consulting Closed 08 Nov 2018 14 Nov 2018
Transboundary Livestock Disease Control Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 19 Sep 2018 25 Sep 2018
GMS Corridor Assessment Individual - Consulting Closed 08 Sep 2018 14 Sep 2018
Economist - North-South Economic Corridor Individual - Consulting Closed 17 Aug 2018 23 Aug 2018
Spatial Planning and GIS Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 14 Jul 2018 20 Jul 2018
Web Technical Developer and Administrator Individual - Consulting Closed 21 Apr 2018 27 Apr 2018
Web Writer and Content Manager Individual - Consulting Closed 21 Apr 2018 27 Apr 2018
GMS Secretariat Coordinator (Lao PDR) Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Apr 2018 26 Apr 2018
GMS Secretariat Coordinator (Viet Nam) Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Apr 2018 26 Apr 2018
Regional Cooperation Coordination Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 19 Apr 2018 25 Apr 2018
Regional Cooperation Coordination Specialist (Urban and Trade and Tansportation Facilitation) Individual - Consulting Closed 18 Apr 2018 24 Apr 2018
Regional Cooperation Coordination Specialist (Health, Agri, Tourism) Individual - Consulting Closed 18 Apr 2018 24 Apr 2018
Project Coordinator and Analyst Individual - Consulting Closed 18 Apr 2018 24 Apr 2018
Statistics Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 07 Mar 2018 13 Mar 2018
Web Technical Developer and Administrator Individual - Consulting Closed 10 Feb 2018 16 Feb 2018
Projects Database Analyst Individual - Consulting Closed 02 Feb 2018 08 Feb 2018
Regional Cooperation Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 08 Dec 2017 14 Dec 2017

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found


Procurement Plan

None currently available.