The Shandong Green Development Fund Project (SGDF) will pilot an innovative leveraging mechanism to catalyze private, institutional and commercial (PIC) capital for the development of climate positive infrastructure and business in Shandong Province, People's Republic of China (PRC). The project will support a portfolio of mitigation and adaptation subprojects assessed against both climate and financial eligibility criteria. The project will contribute to the province's transition to low-carbon and climate-resilient development patterns: Shandong faces mounting climate change (CC) and environmental protection challenges. The Province tops the country's energy consumption and the number of motor vehicles, responsible for most of the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). The project aims to leverage private, institutional and commercial (PIC) finance for climate resilient subprojects assessed against both climate and financial eligibility criteria.
|Project Name||Shandong Green Development Fund Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Finance / Infrastructure finance and investment funds
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The Shandong Green Development Fund Project (SGDF) will pilot an innovative leveraging mechanism to catalyze private, institutional and commercial (PIC) capital for the development of climate positive infrastructure and business in Shandong Province, People's Republic of China (PRC). The project will support a portfolio of mitigation and adaptation subprojects assessed against both climate and financial eligibility criteria. The project will contribute to the province's transition to low-carbon and climate-resilient development patterns: Shandong faces mounting climate change (CC) and environmental protection challenges. The Province tops the country's energy consumption and the number of motor vehicles, responsible for most of the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). The project aims to leverage private, institutional and commercial (PIC) finance for climate resilient subprojects assessed against both climate and financial eligibility criteria. The project consists of a mix of public and private sector capital of $1.2 billion and catalytic resources of $300 million from international financing institutions (IFI), which is required to reach sufficient critical mass of funding to achieve a significant leverage ratio over 5. The project finances a portion of the total capital expenditures of selected climate resilient subprojects for a capped period to make the subprojects bankable, by addressing the upfront project risks, as well as promoting advanced technologies and an integrated approach for climate change. The level of catalytic fund and the financing terms are linked to the climate criteria and performance in line with the Green Climate Fund (GCF) investment criteria and framework.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Policy Framework (National): Under the 13th Five Year Plan, PRC actively promotes a paradigm shift from gross domestic product (GDP)-oriented development to a development model centered on quality of growth. The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) details the PRC's commitment to climate change actions by 2030, notably to: (i) achieve the peaking of carbon dioxide emissions around 2030; and (ii) increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20%.
Context (Regional): Shandong ranks the 8th in terms of provincial GDP per capita and the GDP of Jinan ranks 21 out of 34 PRC provincial capital cities. Shandong is a labor reservoir for migrants, partially a result of extensive industrial investment. However, the Province is facing multiple climate vulnerability challenges and investment is now targeted for industrial transformation and low carbon development that supports Climate Change (CC) adaptation and mitigation policies. Because of its history of rapid industrial development, the Province tops greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and was selected to pilot for this Project. Shandong is required to reduce its CO2 emission intensity by 20.5% by 2020, the most stringent goal set at the provincial level. Shandong also targets to achieve peaking of CO2 emissions around 2027, three years earlier than the national goal. The Province faces many challenges in meeting these goals due to heavy reliance on coal and expanding traffic concerns; in 2017, Jinan was ranked as the most congested city in the PRC. In response, the State Council approved Shandong to become a comprehensive pilot area for shifting the growth paradigm with new drivers and investment. Meeting this paradigm shift and CC targets requires better access to climate specific finance, which the Project aims to support.
Priority Investments: Investment priorities are determined from the climate analysis and assessment of sectors, where financing mechanisms have most impact. For mitigation sectors the priorities are to address the main sources of GHG emissions (including but not limited to): (i) energy sector with renewable energy including wind, solar, biomass, geothermal and emerging technology investments; (ii) green (energy efficient) building and heating/cooling systems; and (iii) low carbon transport with supporting investments in new energy vehicles and bus rapid transit green corridors. Based on the Provincial modeling of climate vulnerabilities, Shandong's adaptation priorities are (including but not limited to): agricultural and urban water supply infrastructures; city flood resilience or sponge cities through low impact development that includes flood proofing and urban lifeline systems such as water supply, drainage; city greening, coastal protection and solid waste.
Challenges and Project Response: Over the last ten years, the Government with the support of the development partners built a strong policy and regulatory framework for CC. Given the very large investment identified, new mechanisms of financing climate-positive investments are required. Traditional sovereign financing and banking systems have little incentive to cater to CC investment needs that include longer term, flexible structuring and competitively pricing. A new approach is needed to unlock significant climate finance for cities, especially from Private, Institutional and Commercial (PIC) sources. The Project supports a long-term engagement in the PRC to finance a new generation of climate resilient infrastructure projects with higher risk profile that would otherwise rely on exclusively long-term sovereign funding or not proceed because of public funding gap.
ADB's country partnership strategy 2016-2020 facilitates the Government's reform agenda of _managing climate change and the environment._ Investments under the Project also contributes to several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), namely SDG 9, _Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure_ building climate resilient infrastructure and fostering new climate finance models innovation; and SDG 13, _Climate Action_ taking urgent actions to promote climate related investments.
|Impact||Peaking of carbon dioxide emissions around 2030 or earlier on best efforts achieved|
|Outcome||Climate resilience in Shandong Province enhanced|
Shandong Green Development Fund established with PIC financing leveraged
Knowledge and skills of local governments, civil society and private sector to prepare climate resilient projects enhanced.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Jenny, Hubert M.|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Public Mgt, Financial Sector and Regional Coop Division, EARD|
Ministry of Finance
Sanlihe, Xicheng District
People's Republic of China Shandong Provincial Finance Department
:3 Jida Road, Jinan, Shandong Province, PRC, 250002
|Concept Clearance||03 Oct 2017|
|Fact Finding||30 Jul 2018 to 17 Aug 2018|
|MRM||09 Jul 2019|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||25 Mar 2019|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Green Finance Catalyzing Facility: Environmental and Social Management System Arrangement||Environment and Social Management System Arrangements||Jun 2018|
|促进气候融资（山东）: 环境和社会管理体系安排（草稿）||Environment and Social Management System Arrangements||Jun 2018|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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