The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will strengthen reforms in Uzbekistan's urban water supply and sanitation (WSS). It will help the government formulate components of a medium-term national urban WSS sector development strategy, build institutional capacity in the national WSS training center, formulate and deliver priority training modules for the center, and improve and refine WSS regulations.
|Project Name||Water and Sanitation Strategy Development and Capacity Building|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban sanitation - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will strengthen reforms in Uzbekistan's urban water supply and sanitation (WSS). It will help the government formulate components of a medium-term national urban WSS sector development strategy, build institutional capacity in the national WSS training center, formulate and deliver priority training modules for the center, and improve and refine WSS regulations.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Uzbekistan is one of the most important economies of the Belt and Road Initiative in Central Asia. Historically, the WSS sector has suffered from a combination of insufficient investment and an inadequate policy framework. Acute funding constraints for capital investments and poor operations and maintenance have led to poor service, including high losses from leaks, frequent breakdowns, and excessive repair costs. Institutional arrangements are characterized by (i) fragmented and dysfunctional regulatory and institutional frameworks, (ii) restricted sector planning capabilities, (iii) ineffective regulatory compliance mechanisms, and (iv) weak interagency coordination and oversight. Independent WSS utilities, known as vodokanals, did not have the operational capacity or sufficient compensation to deliver adequate WSS services. This has (i) undermined consumer confidence and their willingness to pay; and (ii) increased regulator's reluctance to raise tariffs, further constraining financial and institutional performance.
Since 2000, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has invested more than $500 million in the rehabilitation and expansion of Uzbekistan's WSS infrastructure. More than 5 million residents have benefited from this assistance through safer and more reliable WSS services. To address the government's institutional shortcomings, ADB has assisted in the development of a phased, nationwide reform program, including the reorganization and consolidation of WSS sector institutions, and implementation of sector-wide reforms.
Phase 1 of the reform program, which focused on institutional consolidation, was implemented under the ADB-financed Uzbekistan Water Supply and Sanitation Services Investment Program in 2009 2018. In 2015, the Government of Uzbekistan enacted the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers (DCM) 306 to establish regional WSS utilities, known as suvokovas, in each province. Vodokanals were restructured and absorbed as branches of their respective provincial suvokovas. Suvokovas are also mandated to implement more than 40 corporate governance improvements to strengthen utility capacity. Phase 2, which is ongoing, aims to overhaul of the WSS institutional framework. The Agency Kommunhizmat (CSA) under the Ministry of Housing and Communal Services (MHCS) is expected to (i) unify government policy on WSS, (ii) manage interdepartmental coordination in WSS, and (iii) implement WSS projects financed by international financing institutions. The State Unitary Enterprise Educational and Methodological Center Kommunalukuv has also been transitioned under MHCS into the main training center to build human resource capacity, facilitate the formulation and refinement of legislation, and undertake public awareness activities.
Although the WSS sector reform has made substantial progress, three key initiatives have been identified as being critical to the ongoing reform process: (i) formulation of a medium-term WSS sector development strategy to guide sector development from 2019 2028, (ii) targeted training and support to build the institutional and operational capacity of Kommunalukuv, and (iii) refinement of DCM 306 and other regulations based on recent sector findings and emerging developments.
|Impact||Urban water supply and sanitation services improved|
|Description of Outcome||Urban WSS strategy and institutional capacity enhanced.|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Medium-term urban WSS sector development and investment strategy prepared
Training Center Kommunalukuv capacity strengthened
WSS regulatory framework improved
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||The Urban Development and Water Division of ADB's Central and West Asia Department will select, supervise and evaluate consultants. The consultants will liaise closely with the CSA and other government agencies throughout the TA. ). Consulting services will be provided through the provision of one output-based contract package.|
|Procurement||Any goods and equipment purchased under the TA will be procured by the consultants, and turned over to the CSA at or before the completion of the TA.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Zhang, Hao|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD|
Agency "Kommunkhizmat" (CSA) formerly Uzbekistan Communal Services Agency "Uzkommunkhizmat"
1, Niyozbek Yuli Str.
Republic of Uzbekistan Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines Republic of Uzbekistan
|Concept Clearance||18 Sep 2017|
|Approval||21 Dec 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||18 Dec 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|21 Dec 2017||24 Jan 2018||24 Jan 2018||28 Feb 2021||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|200,000.00||800,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,000,000.00||21 Dec 2017||0.00|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Water and Sanitation Strategy Development and Capacity Building: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2017|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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