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Samoa: Central Cross Island Road Upgrading Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 51268-001 Status: Approved

The project will finance (i) the upgrade of about 20 kilometers (km) of national road incorporating climate-proofing considerations, innovative technologies, road safety measures,

and gender-inclusive elements; (ii) 3-year routine maintenance with gender-inclusive elements; and (iii) gender-sensitive capacity strengthening for the road transport subsector. It will help meet a key infrastructure need in Samoa improve, sustain, and climate-proof its road network and boost transport sector governance.

Project Details

Project Officer
Ishenaliev, Rustam I. Pacific Department Request for information
Country
  • Samoa
Sector
  • Transport
 
Project Name Central Cross Island Road Upgrading Project
Project Number 51268-001
Country Samoa
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0771-SAM: Central Cross Island Road Upgrading Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 40.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Road transport (non-urban) - Urban roads and traffic management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The project will finance (i) the upgrade of about 20 kilometers (km) of national road incorporating climate-proofing considerations, innovative technologies, road safety measures,

and gender-inclusive elements; (ii) 3-year routine maintenance with gender-inclusive elements; and (iii) gender-sensitive capacity strengthening for the road transport subsector. It will help meet a key infrastructure need in Samoa improve, sustain, and climate-proof its road network and boost transport sector governance.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy A significant portion of the project road has fallen into disrepair and become unsafe for commuters and for pedestrians walking alongside. This is especially an issue along the first 3 km of the road, a semi-urban area where school and college students dominate pedestrian traffic. Tropical Cyclone Evan in 2012 caused significant damage to Samoa's transport infrastructure, including the project road. The government has since restored some of the worst-hit sections (3.67 km) of it, but the road remains narrow and lacks adequate pedestrian facilities in semi-urban areas, drainage is deficient along its entire length, and the road alignment in hilly sections is unsafe, all of which creates significant hazards, particularly in wet conditions. The project road is also an alternative route between the northern and southern coasts for evacuation during a cyclone and for post-disaster relief. Hence, the upgrade of this critical link will contribute to a safer road network and increase the island's climate and disaster resilience.
Impact

Transport sector governance framework strengthened

Road transport network Improved, sustained, and climate-proofed

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Central Cross Island Road made more sustainable, more efficient, more climate resilient, and safer
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Central Cross Island Road upgraded and made safer

Maintenance of Central Cross Island Road improved

Institutional capacity to manage the road network strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Apia, Siumu Village
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Environment (category B). The impacts of the upgrading, drainage, and resealing works on a 20 km section of existing road will be site-specific, largely created during construction, and most of the foreseen environmental impacts can be readily mitigated or managed. The environmental assessment found that the road runs through urban and rural areas of Apia, both already highly modified, and briefly transverses a wider area designated as Apia Catchment's key biodiversity area; it is also an important bird area that supports endemic, endangered, or significant species. About 7 km of the road traverse disturbed forest and mountain forest within the boundary of the Apia Catchment's key biodiversity area. All construction works will be entirely confined to the footprint of the road's existing right-of-way and to a degraded habitat within 1 km, which are not identified as natural habitats even though they are part of a wider area designated as critical habitat. The degraded vegetative zone between the road corridor and the non-degraded forest may have habitat values, but does not satisfy the criteria for critical habitat. The detailed assessment demonstrates that threatened species are unlikely to interact with the project footprint, preferring to use less-disturbed habitats further away from the road. No net loss of critical habitat is likely to occur as a result of the project. The existing road and the proposed road upgrade (construction limit-of-works) do not impinge on any areas of non-degraded or undisturbed forest. The assessment concludes that (i) the project can meet the three thresholds for allowing a project to go ahead in an area of critical habitat; (ii) there are no significant adverse environmental impacts; and (iii) expected impacts will be construction-related, localized, and manageable if the mitigation measures are implemented and closely monitored. As a precautionary basis, the contractor will be required to develop a biodiversity action plan, and provisions are included in the environmental monitoring plan (EMP) to ensure that all lesser impacts originating from project-related activities are mitigated to achieve at least no net loss of biodiversity (i.e., no actual harm, nor loss, nor degradation of habitat).
Involuntary Resettlement Involuntary resettlement (category B). The upgrade, including widening the road to a 16-meter wide corridor, will require land acquisition and clearance of fences, hedges, trees, and some small structures belonging to temporary roadside vendors. The project will need about 130,322 square meters of land, affecting 159 land lots. It will also require an extension of the easement areas, totaling 6,021 square meters. However, there will be no requirement to change the ownership of this land. The project will not result in impacts on residential or commercial structures, so no forced physical displacement will take place.
Indigenous Peoples Indigenous peoples (category C). The project beneficiaries are not considered as being either distinct from mainstream society or vulnerable. Nonetheless, all project activities will be undertaken in a culturally appropriate manner.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Public consultation was undertaken and conducted in line with the findings and recommendations described in the Rapid Gender Assessment, to capture gender specific issues that may have been missed during previous rounds of consultation. The stakeholder consultation process disseminated information to all key stakeholders including the general public and the authorities through meetings and surveys along the project corridor. Information was provided on the scale and scope of the Project works and the expected impacts and the proposed mitigation measures through meetings and surveys. The process also gathered information on relevant concerns of the local community relating to the project implementation stages. During the preparation phase of the project, a communication strategy and communication plan was prepared that indicates the types of information, means of communication, who will provide and to whom including at what intervals to the stakeholders about the project as well as its implementation.
During Project Implementation Different modes of communications will be utilized as required and as appropriate to the audience. Communications will include project notice boards, notices in newspapers, recruitment of liaison officer in the contractor's staff, disclosure of reports in Ministry of Communication and Information Technology and local authority offices and be made available at contractor's camps and offices.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Quality-and-cost based (firm) 200 person-months (firm) $4.34 million

Individual consultants selection 144 person-months (national) $0.216 million

Procurement

Open competitive bidding (international) 1 contract (civil works) $19.1 million

Open competitive bidding (national) 2 contracts (civil works) $5.3 million

Open competitive bidding (national) 1 contract (maintenance) $0.6 million

Shopping 2 contracts $20,000

Responsible ADB Officer Ishenaliev, Rustam I.
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division PATC
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance
[email protected]
Ministry of Finance
Government of Samoa
Private Bag, Apia, Samoa
Timetable
Concept Clearance 03 May 2018
Fact Finding 20 Feb 2019 to 28 Feb 2019
MRM 30 Jul 2020
Approval 02 Dec 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 14 Dec 2020

Grant 0771-SAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Dec 2020 08 Dec 2020 - 31 Mar 2027 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 55.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 40.00 02 Dec 2020 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 15.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 02 Dec 2020 0.00 0.00 0%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
51268-001 SAM: Central Cross Island Road Upgrading Project (CW-1) Invitation for Bids Active 05 Jan 2021 05 Apr 2021
51268-001-SAM: Central Cross Island Road Upgrading Project (CW-2A and CW-2B) Invitation for Bids Active 08 Dec 2020 04 Feb 2021
Project Implementation Consultant Firm - Consulting Closed 31 May 2019 19 Jul 2019

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan