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China, People's Republic of: Shanxi Technical and Vocational Education and Training Development Demonstration Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 51382-002 Status: Active

The project aims to develop well-trained skilled workforce meeting the needs of priority industries (agricultural products processing, equipment manufacturing, and tourism) in Xinzhou municipality, Shanxi province, People's Republic of China (PRC). The project will have three outputs: (i) priority industry development strategies and action plans incorporating skills development introduced; (ii) technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions offering majors in line with needs of priority industries established; and (iii) TVET system reform pilots implemented.

Project Details

Project Officer
Asako Maruyama East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Sector
  • Education
 
Project Name Shanxi Technical and Vocational Education and Training Development Demonstration Project
Project Number 51382-002
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9550-PRC: Shanxi Technical and Vocational Education and Training Development Demonstration Project
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 400,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agro-industry, marketing, and trade - Livestock

Education / Technical and vocational education and training

Industry and trade / Small and medium enterprise development

Information and communication technology / ICT industries and ICT-enabled services

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The project aims to develop well-trained skilled workforce meeting the needs of priority industries (agricultural products processing, equipment manufacturing, and tourism) in Xinzhou municipality, Shanxi province, People's Republic of China (PRC). The project will have three outputs: (i) priority industry development strategies and action plans incorporating skills development introduced; (ii) technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions offering majors in line with needs of priority industries established; and (iii) TVET system reform pilots implemented.

Assistance from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) will add value by facilitating access to knowledge and expertise in school enterprise cooperation, public-private partnerships, and digital and cleaner technologies and solutions. Lessons learnt from ongoing TVET projects in the PRC, especially the need for hands-on support to TVET institutions on competency-based approaches, will be considered to strengthen the design of the project. ADB will also support the dissemination of innovative reform pilots implemented under the project to Shanxi and other provinces in the PRC.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Xinzhou is one of 11 prefecture-level municipalities comprising resource-rich Shanxi Province located in northern part of the PRC. Recording the lowest gross domestic product per capita (CNY21,731) among the 11 municipalities in 2015, Xinzhou lags in urbanization (46.3%, as opposed to 53.8% in Shanxi Province) and industrialization, and its traditional resource-based industries need urgent upgrading. With about 360,000 poverty-stricken people (11.0% of the total population), poverty persists particularly in rural areas, and 11 out of 14 counties in Xinzhou are classified as national poverty-stricken counties. To address these challenges, the government has been promoting industry development-oriented poverty alleviation, focusing on the development of non-traditional industries and job creation, especially in urban areas, along with the development and reform of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) to meet the needs of priority industries and reduce poverty.

Equipment manufacturing industry. Developed alongside traditional mining industries, equipment manufacturing is counted among nine traditional industries prioritized under the Xinzhou Municipal Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016 2020 (the plan). As part of the government's urbanization and industrialization initiatives, Xinfu District (the seat of Xinzhou municipality) has started developing equipment manufacturing bases since the early 2010s. In 2015, an equipment manufacturing base and a mining machinery manufacturing base started operating, and a new battery manufacturing base is set to be operational by the end of 2018. Other equipment manufacturing bases are also under development or planned. The equipment manufacturing bases currently in operation face serious skilled workforce shortages, which are expected to increase even more as the other manufacturing bases start operating. Demands for newer technical skills and cleaner technologies are further anticipated as the industry undergoes upgrading and moves up the value chain.

Agricultural products processing industry. Agriculture is an important source of livelihood especially in poor rural areas. Yet, agricultural productivity has been low, due to its small-scale and low-value addition. As part of the poverty alleviation and rural development program, the government has been promoting agricultural industrialization. Under the plan, the agricultural products processing industry is featured as one of priority industries for the overall economic development of Xinzhou and small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) development. However, the growth of the industry has been constrained by a decline of the population engaged in agriculture, shortages of agricultural technicians providing quality technical extension and other services, weak farmer cooperatives, lack of technology innovation, limited technical and managerial skills in agro-SMEs, and underdeveloped agricultural value chains.

Tourism industry. Xinzhou is rich in cultural and natural heritage that can be used to develop its tourism industry. Under the plan, the government strives to develop the whole Xinzhou municipality as a national demonstration tourism area and establish _Xinzhou brands,_ through the development of three tourism clusters, built on five existing tourism zones. Part of the initiative is to launch the Xinzhou National Whole Municipality Demonstration Tourism Zone Development Plan in late 2018, aiming to improve basic and tourism infrastructure. There is a growing shortage of skilled workers in the tourism industry to transform rich tourism resources into marketable and attractive tourism products and services; improve the quality of tourism services, the management of scenic sites and conservation of cultural and natural heritage; increase the number of certified tour guides; and develop tourism-related small businesses, including handicrafts, food, and agricultural products.

TVET system reforms in Xinzhou. Xinzhou's TVET system comprises one tertiary TVET institution (Xinzhou Technical and Vocational College) and 53 secondary TVET institutions (33 public secondary vocational education schools; one public senior technician school; and 19 private secondary vocational education schools). Under the plan, the TVET system will be restructured to meet the needs of priority industries, and achieve socioeconomic development by establishing one TVET park in Xinfu District; 14 county-level TVET centers with 2 3 public secondary vocational education schools in each center; and 13 private secondary vocational education schools. Further reforms are planned to integrate education and practical training through school enterprise cooperation; increase pathways from secondary to tertiary TVET; improve the quality of TVET; ensure graduates with dual certification; increase teachers with dual qualifications; and enhance governance and management mechanisms for the TVET system.

Xinzhou TVET park. The northern new urban development area of Xinfu District has been designated as the Xinzhou TVET park which is surrounded by several equipment manufacturing bases and industrial parks where the demands for skilled workers have not been met adequately. The park will be developed through the construction of (i) the Xinzhou Senior Technician School, away from its current congested urban location where no further expansion is possible to meet the growing demands for workers in the equipment manufacturing industry; (ii) a new secondary agriculture vocational education school which will serve the northern part of Xinzhou municipality with no existing agriculture vocational education school; (iii) a new tourism vocational education school which will be the first comprehensive vocational education school specializing in tourism- related majors; (iv) the expansion of the Xinzhou Technical and Vocational College; and (v) a new campus for Xinzhou Normal University. The park will become the fourth municipal-level TVET park in Shanxi Province and will serve as a platform for sharing resources among TVET institutions, enterprises and industries, and other education and research institutions, as well as showcasing reforms and innovation in the TVET system across Xinzhou.

Challenges faced by TVET system in Xinzhou. Due to years of reforms and investments, Xinzhou's TVET system has improved significantly. The graduate employment rate has consistently been above 90% in the 2010s. As the demand for skilled workforce has increased in the process of urbanization and industrialization, however, the enrollment capacity of existing TVET institutions in congested urban areas has increasingly become constrained. Public funding alone is insufficient to fill growing funding gaps to enhance TVET infrastructure. At the same time, the quality of TVET requires further improvements, which makes it difficult to attract students. Moreover, enterprises are in general not interested or adequately incentivized to collaborate with TVET institutions and invest in TVET. Lack of engagement limits opportunities to enhance the quality and relevance of TVET through joint development of competency standards, curriculum, training materials, training methods, and assessment. TVET institutions have little autonomy over financial and human resource management matters, and the deployment of part-time teachers from industries has been limited. Technical course teachers with dual qualifications in secondary TVET account for only 30.2%, far below the national target of 60.0% under the plan. Underlying issues are inadequate governance structures with limited involvement of enterprises, industry associations, and industrial parks, and government-led planning which does not fully consider skills development needs for priority industry development or demands for skilled workforce for TVET development.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Xinzhou
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Relevant government agencies, TVET institutions, and industry associations were consulted in initial stages of project preparation. They will be actively involved in designing the project.
During Project Implementation Relevant government agencies, TVET institutions, industry associations, and enterprises will be involved in implementing the project.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services ADB will engage the consultants following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions. ADB will recruit one international consulting firm for project design, due diligence, and advance procurement actions to provide 24.5 person-months of consulting services (international, 7.5 person-months; national, 17 person-months), using the quality- and cost-based selection method with a quality cost ratio of 90:10 and simplified technical proposal. ADB will also recruit five individual consultants (international, 1.5 person-months; national, 6.5 person-months) to prepare safeguards planning documents, and climate risk and vulnerability assessment report, and to review detailed engineering drawings. Lump-sum payments and/or output-based contracts will be considered.
Responsible ADB Officer Asako Maruyama
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Xinzhou Municipal Government
21, Changzheng Street
Xinzhou, Shanxi
03400
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 19 Jul 2018
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 27 Sep 2019

TA 9550-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Jul 2018 13 Aug 2018 13 Aug 2018 29 Feb 2020 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 19 Jul 2018 294,915.45

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


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Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Shanxi TVET Development Demonstration - Consulting Firm (International) for Project Design, Due Diligence, and Advance Procurement Actions Firm - Consulting Closed 24 Jul 2018 22 Aug 2018
Shanxi TVET Development Demonstration - Civil Engineer (National) Individual - Consulting Closed 14 Jul 2018 20 Jul 2018
Shanxi TVET Development Demonstration - Environment Specialist (National) Individual - Consulting Closed 14 Jul 2018 20 Jul 2018
Shanxi TVET Development Demonstration - Climate Change Specialist (National) Individual - Consulting Closed 14 Jul 2018 23 Jul 2018
Shanxi TVET Development Demonstration - Environment Specialist (International) Individual - Consulting Closed 14 Jul 2018 25 Jul 2018
Shanxi TVET Development Demonstration - Resettlement Specialist (National) Individual - Consulting Closed 14 Jul 2018 27 Jul 2018

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Project Preparatory Technical Assistance 9550 18 Dec 2018 NAREE International Limited(HONG KONG, CHINA) in association with Training & Technology Transfer Ltd.(NEW ZEALAND) Unit N, 5/F, 4 Cho Yuen Street, Yau Tong Kowloon, Hong Kong, China Xinzhou Municipal Government Consulting Services 304,580.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.