fbpx 51384-001: Guangxi Hezhou Mineral Land Ecological Rehabilitation | Asian Development Bank

China, People's Republic of: Guangxi Hezhou Mineral Land Ecological Rehabilitation

Sovereign (Public) Project | 51384-001 Status: Proposed

The Project will allow ecological rehabilitation of abandoned mountain mining areas, restoration of former mining land to operational farmland, regeneration of urban areas and villages, stimulation of lagging economies in selected mining-affected areas, and promotion of green-mining. The Project outcome will be environment, livability, and livelihood in Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining areas restored; and the Project will be aligned with the following impact: abandoned mountain mining areas in Guangxi Province revitalized.

Project Details

Project Officer
Shotaro Sasaki East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Guangxi Hezhou Mineral Land Ecological Rehabilitation
Project Number 51384-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Guangxi Hezhou Mountain Mining Areas Revitalization
Ordinary capital resources US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The Project will allow ecological rehabilitation of abandoned mountain mining areas, restoration of former mining land to operational farmland, regeneration of urban areas and villages, stimulation of lagging economies in selected mining-affected areas, and promotion of green-mining. The Project outcome will be environment, livability, and livelihood in Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining areas restored; and the Project will be aligned with the following impact: abandoned mountain mining areas in Guangxi Province revitalized.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy After sustained exploitation, by intensive mining, Hezhou-Kedashan has seen severe ecological damage. While significant mining operations ceased by the early-1990s, legacy issues have remained and worsened due to the areas abandoned' status. The rural environment and the urban built-infrastructure of the Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining area has suffered land degradation and soil erosion, associated deforestation and loss of vegetation, the blighting or outright loss of traditional farmland, surface water and ground water contamination, flooding along the Hejiang River and its tributaries, and an overall lack of urban and rural infrastructure. The statutory authority responsible for maintaining and managing these mining areas was an enterprise which was declared bankrupt in 2002. Since that time little has been done to manage the lands, nor mitigate ongoing damage. The Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining area is one of the largest such blighted and abandoned areas. The void created by any active management to contain further deterioration of the land, and the absence of any meaningful program of reclamation coupled with illegal mining activities have exacerbated the poor condition of the area's natural resources. In Hezhou, most mining sites were not properly closed and restored leaving a legacy of heavy metals, contaminated slag, sediments, and toxic water. During rainy season, contaminated runoff can flow into the Hejiang River. This is a threat to water resources in downstream cities and rural residents along the Pearl River, along which there are many major cities such as Guangzhou, Foshan, Macao, and others, with a combined population of over approximately 57 million, and this area accounts for about 12% of PRC's economic output. In July 2013, Hejiang River was heavily contaminated by runoff from these abandoned mining sites. The concentrations of Thallium and Cadmium in the upstream reaches of the Pearl River were 2.14 times and 6.6 times higher than the water quality standards, respectively. The accident caused water supply intakes to shut-down for 15 days in many cities of Guangdong Province along the Pearl River. This major water pollution incident still resonates today. Hezhou mining sites have been therefore under scrutiny and HMG is required to commence ecological restoration of mining sites in 2018. Linked with this, large areas of abandoned mining sites, which used to be farmland, have been planned for full restoration back to farming function. To align with new guidelines in PRC on rural revitalization, key elements of the Project will focus on: demonstrating the remediation of large-scale abandoned mountain mining sites and restoration to farmland; the regeneration of urban and rural areas to improve the built-environment and drive livelihood opportunities; and the application of best practice to promote sustainable land and water management.
Impact Abandoned mountain mining areas in Guangxi Province vitalized
Outcome Environment, livability, and livelihood in Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining areas restored
Outputs

Contaminated land and abandoned mountain mining areas remediated

Former farmland in abandoned mountain mining areas reinstated

Established urban and rural communities in mountain mining areas regenerated

Capacity for implementation enhanced, and models and demonstration-level studies on vitalization of mountain mining areas developed

Geographical Location Hezhou Shi
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services tbd
Procurement tbd
Responsible ADB Officer Shotaro Sasaki
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Hezhou Municipal People's Government
No. 1, Hezhou Avenue, Babu District, Hezhou
Guangxi, China
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Nov 2018
Fact Finding 19 Aug 2019 to 31 Aug 2019
MRM 29 Nov 2019
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 14 Nov 2018

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