The Project will allow ecological rehabilitation of abandoned mountain mining areas, restoration of former mining land to operational farmland, regeneration of urban areas and villages, stimulation of lagging economies in selected mining-affected areas, and promotion of green-mining. The Project outcome will be environment, livability, and livelihood in Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining areas restored; and the Project will be aligned with the following impact: abandoned mountain mining areas in Guangxi Province revitalized.
|Project Name||Guangxi Hezhou Mineral Land Ecological Rehabilitation|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The Project will allow ecological rehabilitation of abandoned mountain mining areas, restoration of former mining land to operational farmland, regeneration of urban areas and villages, stimulation of lagging economies in selected mining-affected areas, and promotion of green-mining. The Project outcome will be environment, livability, and livelihood in Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining areas restored; and the Project will be aligned with the following impact: abandoned mountain mining areas in Guangxi Province revitalized.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||After sustained exploitation, by intensive mining, Hezhou-Kedashan has seen severe ecological damage. While significant mining operations ceased by the early-1990s, legacy issues have remained and worsened due to the areas abandoned' status. The rural environment and the urban built-infrastructure of the Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining area has suffered land degradation and soil erosion, associated deforestation and loss of vegetation, the blighting or outright loss of traditional farmland, surface water and ground water contamination, flooding along the Hejiang River and its tributaries, and an overall lack of urban and rural infrastructure. The statutory authority responsible for maintaining and managing these mining areas was an enterprise which was declared bankrupt in 2002. Since that time little has been done to manage the lands, nor mitigate ongoing damage. The Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining area is one of the largest such blighted and abandoned areas. The void created by any active management to contain further deterioration of the land, and the absence of any meaningful program of reclamation coupled with illegal mining activities have exacerbated the poor condition of the area's natural resources. In Hezhou, most mining sites were not properly closed and restored leaving a legacy of heavy metals, contaminated slag, sediments, and toxic water. During rainy season, contaminated runoff can flow into the Hejiang River. This is a threat to water resources in downstream cities and rural residents along the Pearl River, along which there are many major cities such as Guangzhou, Foshan, Macao, and others, with a combined population of over approximately 57 million, and this area accounts for about 12% of PRC's economic output. In July 2013, Hejiang River was heavily contaminated by runoff from these abandoned mining sites. The concentrations of Thallium and Cadmium in the upstream reaches of the Pearl River were 2.14 times and 6.6 times higher than the water quality standards, respectively. The accident caused water supply intakes to shut-down for 15 days in many cities of Guangdong Province along the Pearl River. This major water pollution incident still resonates today. Hezhou mining sites have been therefore under scrutiny and HMG is required to commence ecological restoration of mining sites in 2018. Linked with this, large areas of abandoned mining sites, which used to be farmland, have been planned for full restoration back to farming function. To align with new guidelines in PRC on rural revitalization, key elements of the Project will focus on: demonstrating the remediation of large-scale abandoned mountain mining sites and restoration to farmland; the regeneration of urban and rural areas to improve the built-environment and drive livelihood opportunities; and the application of best practice to promote sustainable land and water management.|
|Impact||Abandoned mountain mining areas in Guangxi Province vitalized|
|Outcome||Environment, livability, and livelihood in Hezhou-Kedashan mountain mining areas restored|
Contaminated land and abandoned mountain mining areas remediated
Former farmland in abandoned mountain mining areas reinstated
Established urban and rural communities in mountain mining areas regenerated
Capacity for implementation enhanced, and models and demonstration-level studies on vitalization of mountain mining areas developed
|Geographical Location||Hezhou Shi|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Shotaro Sasaki|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Hezhou Municipal People's Government
No. 1, Hezhou Avenue, Babu District, Hezhou
|Concept Clearance||09 Nov 2018|
|Fact Finding||19 Aug 2019 to 31 Aug 2019|
|MRM||29 Nov 2019|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||14 Nov 2018|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Guangxi Hezhou Mountain Mining Areas Vitalization Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Dec 2018|
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