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Mongolia: Improving the Management of Hazardous Chemicals

Sovereign (Public) Project | 52019-001 Status: Approved

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will help the Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) of Mongolia improve the management of hazardous chemicals by establishing a comprehensive and dynamic web-based management information system (MIS) and building the capacity of national agencies to use the system.

Project Details

Project Officer
Mark R. Bezuijen East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Mongolia
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Improving the Management of Hazardous Chemicals
Project Number 52019-001
Country Mongolia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9808-MON: Improving the Management of Hazardous Chemicals
Japan Fund for Information and Communication Technology US$ 750,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management

Information and communication technology / ICT strategy and policy, and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will help the Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) of Mongolia improve the management of hazardous chemicals by establishing a comprehensive and dynamic web-based management information system (MIS) and building the capacity of national agencies to use the system.

The TA supports the country partnership strategy for Mongolia, 2017 2020 of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and is listed in the country operations business plan, 2019 2021. It supports ADB's Strategy 2030 operational priorities C (environmental sustainability), D (making cities more livable), and F (strengthening governance and institutional capacity). The TA is aligned with Mongolia's National Program for Reducing Air and Environmental Pollution, 2017 2025, which prioritizes environmental pollution control. Addressing the management of hazardous chemicals also contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals 3 (good health and well-being), 6 (clean water and sanitation), 11 (sustainable cities and communities), and 12 (responsible consumption and production).

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Chemicals are critical to manufacturing pharmaceutical, agricultural, and industrial products and help protect human health. However, the use and byproducts of many chemicals, and their discharge through air and water emissions and combustion processes, pose risks to human health and the environment. For many countries, including Mongolia, there is limited knowledge about the types and volumes of chemicals in use, especially hazardous chemicals. Addressing this issue is a global priority for chemicals management.

Most chemicals in Mongolia are imported due to limited capacity for domestic production. Until 1990, chemicals were imported from the former Soviet Union. Since Mongolia's transition to a market economy, key sources of chemical imports have expanded to include the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, and the United States. About 260 agencies in Mongolia are currently registered to import chemicals and, since 2014, around 430,000 tons of 2,600 types of chemicals are estimated to have been imported, largely for commercial use. These include hazardous chemicals, such as mercury, cyanide, petroleum and crude oil (used in the mining industry), bleaching and brighteners (for tanneries), battery acids (for vehicles), and coolants (for refrigeration). Monitoring and reporting are a key step toward managing hazardous chemicals in Mongolia but are hindered by two key issues.

First, no centralized MIS for hazardous chemicals exists. A range of national agencies record data on the import and use of hazardous chemicals, but data collection is not harmonized or consistent. This limits the ability of the MET and other agencies to effectively monitor the import, use, and disposal of hazardous chemicals and hinders interagency information exchange. This increases the risk of unauthorized chemical imports that exceed approved quotas. Mongolia's Law on Hazardous and Toxic Chemicals identifies the need for a national MIS for hazardous chemicals and mandates the MET to lead the monitoring of hazardous chemicals. To be effective, the design of such an MIS needs to be a web-based, dynamic system that is user-friendly, can be accessed by key agencies, and is aligned with international databases for monitoring of hazardous substances. The MET lacks the technological and financial resources to develop this database, which requires specialized skills in computer programming combined with chemicals expertise.

Second, government agencies responsible for monitoring hazardous chemicals have limited capacity to identify, inspect, and manage chemicals. Other national agencies help the MET monitor chemicals: the Mongolian Customs General Administration (inspecting goods at border crossings), General Agency for Supervision and Inspection (company compliance with regulations for the safe transport, use, and disposal of chemicals), National Agency for Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring (testing and analysis of chemical products), and the National Emergency Management Agency (safety codes and procedures for chemical spills). These agencies lack simple, portable equipment to help field personnel conduct on-the-spot diagnoses for chemical products (e.g., at border crossings, work places, and disposal sites), access reference information, and/or enter standardized data to a centralized database.

Supported by development partners and donors, especially organizations and programs of the United Nations and Global Environment Facility, the government has initiated steps to address these issues. Under the National Council on Toxic and Hazardous Substances Affairs, a regulatory framework of laws, policies, and programs to manage hazardous chemicals has been established. Mongolia adopted the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals in 2009 and enacted a hazardous waste classification system in 2015. Mongolia is also a signatory to international treaties and conventions for hazardous chemicals, and is a focal country for international efforts to address the unregulated use of chemicals such as mercury. Reviews of national priorities for managing chemicals in Mongolia consistently emphasize the need for an MIS on hazardous chemicals.

Impact Environmental pollution from hazardous chemicals reduced and safer living environment ensured
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Monitoring of hazardous chemicals in Mongolia improved
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Web-based MIS for hazardous chemicals established

Capacity for the monitoring of hazardous chemicals improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultation with the Ministry of Environment and Tourism and Ministry of Finance for the project designs.
During Project Implementation Achievement of the outcome and outputs will require a participatory approach involving government agencies involved in chemicals monitoring, private sector companies that use chemicals, and other development partners and donors assisting Mongolia with chemicals management. Stakeholders will be invited to attend the TA workshops on project design.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consulting services will follow ADB''s Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All procurement of goods and works will follow ADB,s Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Mark R. Bezuijen
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Environment and Tourism
Government Building II, United Nation's
Street 5/2, Chingeltei District,
Ulaanbaatar 15160, Mongolia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Jan 2019
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 26 Sep 2019
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 27 Sep 2019

TA 9808-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Sep 2019 - - 30 Nov 2021 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 750,000.00 26 Sep 2019 0.00

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Improving the Management of Hazardous Chemicals - Consulting Firm Firm - Consulting Active 18 Oct 2019 01 Nov 2019

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.