52024-001: The Midterm Review of the 13th Five-Year Plan and the Initial Research Towards the 14th Five-Year Plan | Asian Development Bank

China, People's Republic of: The Midterm Review of the 13th Five-Year Plan and the Initial Research Towards the 14th Five-Year Plan

Sovereign (Public) Project | 52024-001 Status: Active

During the 2017 country programming mission of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to the People's Republic of China (PRC), the government requested ADB to provide knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) to support the midterm review of the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan (13th plan ) and the preparation of the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan (14th plan). This is a continuation of the support that ADB provided to the 12th and 13th Five-Year Plans.

Project Details

Project Officer
Peng, Long Yun East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Sector
  • Public sector management
 
Project Name The Midterm Review of the 13th Five-Year Plan and the Initial Research Towards the 14th Five-Year Plan
Project Number 52024-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9525-PRC: The Midterm Review of the 13th Five-Year Plan and the Initial Research Towards the 14th Five-Year Plan
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 600,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management / Economic affairs management - Public administration

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

During the 2017 country programming mission of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to the People's Republic of China (PRC), the government requested ADB to provide knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) to support the midterm review of the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan (13th plan ) and the preparation of the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan (14th plan). This is a continuation of the support that ADB provided to the 12th and 13th Five-Year Plans.

An ADB team met with the NDRC on 31 October 2017 to discuss the objective, key topics to be covered, and timing of the TA. ADB and NDRC initially agreed on (i) the objective of the study, which is to help the PRC achieve higher quality growth in order to address the people's ever-growing needs for a better life; (ii) the key areas to be covered, namely, people-centered urbanization, demographic transition, and ecological civilization; and (iii) the major milestone submission of midterm review in June 2018 and provision of strategic recommendations for the 14th plan in June 2019. ADB agreed to support this process through a flagship study by drawing ADB-wide expertise and resources, and included the proposed TA in the country operations business plan 2018 2020 for the PRC.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The economic performance of the PRC has been impressive over the last four decades. Gross domestic product growth has averaged about 9.6% per year and per capita income has increased by a factor of 8.5. Rapid growth has led to significant improvement in human well-being and quality of life. From 1978 to 2016, the PRC's rural poverty headcount rate declined from 97.5% to 4.5%; life expectancy at birth increased from 67 to 73 years; and child mortality under the age of 5 years declined from 65 to 18 deaths per 1,000.

Historically, the PRC has been very successful in achieving its income-based policy targets, and is expected to become a high-income economy by 2025. However rapid growth has come at a cost, notably a tremendous strain on its environment, rising inequality, and a variety of social challenges associated with rapid rural-urban integration and an aging population. Accordingly, over the past 15 years, the PRC has been progressively shifting from a singular focus on economic growth targets to a broader concept of development, encompassing inclusiveness (_harmonious society_) and sustainability (_ecological civilization_). This trend was reinforced at the 13th FYP and more recently in the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of the People's Republic of China, which emphasized a new strategic goal to foster the _well-being_ (meihaoshenghuo) of the people. This will be a top priority for the government in coming years.

The PRC has a long tradition of formulating five-year plan to address development challenges, and promote social and economic development. The plans lay out the strategic objectives of the country, determine work priorities of the government, and provide guidance for market activities. Since the founding of the PRC, the country has formulated a total of 13 five-year plans; each one has had a significant impact on the PRC's development during the plan period. ADB supported TAs that provided strategic advice to both the 12th and 13th plans. Currently, the implementation of the 13th plan, 2016 2020 is ongoing, and close to midterm. The Government plans to start the midterm review of the 13th plan in June 2018 and then, drawing on the review's findings and conclusions, start the preparation of the 14th plan, which will cover the period 2021 2025. This will be a critical period for the PRC as it aims to move beyond the current goal of a _moderately prosperous_ society and transitions towards a high-income, modern society focused on developing the broader well-being of the population.

The TA will be divided into two phases. The immediate goal of the TA is to conduct a midterm review of the 13th plan in several key areas (see below). The midterm review will assess progress against the objectives of the 13th plan in these areas, the effectiveness of the policy changes and institutional and or legal reforms that have been implemented, and the challenges that remain to achieve the goals of the 13th plan. It will also discuss the challenges to the 13th plan posed by trends in global and domestic socioeconomic context. The areas that have been selected for review are:

(i) People-centered and environmentally sustainable urbanization. The TA will focus on three specific issues in this area (i) low-carbon and climate-resilient urban development; (ii) city-cluster and urban-rural development cooperation and partnerships; and (iii) social inclusion, covering issues such as hukou reform, social protection systems, healthy cities, and gender-related aspects of these challenges.

(ii) Demographic transition. The TA will examine progress in meeting the demographic transition challenge that the PRC faces, focusing in particular on population policy, potential growth, the pension system, and elderly care.

(iii) Ecological civilization. The TA will build on earlier ADB work and focus on environmental protection, water security, and climate change.

The second phase of the TA will build on the findings and conclusions of the midterm review, and carry research in these three areas forward to provide inputs into the preparation of the 14th plan. The research will draw on relevant international experience in formulating its analysis and recommendations. The proposed reforms will be sequenced and linked to a central theme of transitioning to higher quality development in the pursuit of national well-being. To this end, the second phase will seek to develop an overarching central theme for the study that will be discussed and agreed once the governments priorities for the 14th plan are more firmly established. The latter will also be informed by the outcome of a proposed high-level academic conference. An overview report will be prepared that will summarize the findings, conclusions, and policy recommendations under the overarching central theme.

Impact Unbalanced development hindering progress towards well-being (meihaoshenghuo) goal improved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Policy and regulatory environment to support balance and sustainable development improved
Progress Toward Outcome It will be evaluated upon TA completion.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

One main report and three sub-reports for each phase prepared

Awareness of balance and sustainable development among stakeholders enhanced.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) The TA is progressing well. ADB uses the One-ADB approach to support this process through a flagship study using ADB-wide expertise and resources. ADB set up a steering committee led by the Director General of the East Asia Department, comprising members from the East Asia Department, the Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department, and the Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department. Three ADB research teams work on the three selected areas. ADB has submitted to NDRC the draft midterm review reports of the 13th Plan on the three selected areas. These outputs will be incorporated into NDRC's midterm review report of the 13th Plan, which aims to submit to the State Council at the mid of September 2018.
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholders were closely consulted during project design.
During Project Implementation Stakeholders were closely consulted during project implementation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The proposed TA will require a total of 41.5 person-months of consulting services (11 international consultants for a total of 22 person-months and 7 national consultants for a total of 19.5 person-months). ADB will engage individual consultants and procure TA financed goods in accordance with ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the associated Project Administration Instructions/TA Staff Instructions.
Procurement ADB will engage individual consultants and procure TA financed goods in accordance with ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the associated Project Administration Instructions/TA Staff Instructions.
Responsible ADB Officer Peng, Long Yun
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Department of Development Planning, National Development and Reform Commission
38.S.Yuetan Street, Beijing China 100824
National Development and Reform Commission
No. 38 South Yuetan St.
Beijing 100824
China
Timetable
Concept Clearance 28 Feb 2018
Fact Finding 02 Mar 2018 to 09 Mar 2018
MRM -
Approval 14 May 2018
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 27 Sep 2018

TA 9525-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
14 May 2018 07 Jun 2018 07 Jun 2018 31 Mar 2020 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600,000.00 14 May 2018 10,272.52

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.