Pakistan : Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project

Sovereign Project | 52069-001

The proposed Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project (IWRPP) is estimated to cost $110 million, of which the ADB will finance $100 million from ordinary capital resources (regular loan). The Government of Punjab will contribute in-kind assistance of $10 million. The IWRP Project will strengthen the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) sector's ability to support economic growth and job creation in priority economic sectors, including export-oriented sectors. The IWRP Project will expand use of competency-based training and assessment (CBTA), reform the TVET institutional framework, and develop TVET centers of excellence (COEs) and sector skills councils. It will also expand work-based training, strengthen of industry-TVET linkages, address the lack of female participation in TVET, expand entrepreneurship programs for TVET graduates, and introduce the private management of public TVET institutes.

Project Details

Related Projects

Project Name
Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project
Project Number
52069-001
Country / Economy
  • Pakistan
Project Status
Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Loan
  • Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 4278-PAK: Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab
Source Amount
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 100.00 million
TA 10035-PAK: Strengthening the Capacity of the Government of Punjab to Deliver Quality and Inclusive Technical and Vocational Education and Training
Source Amount
Japan Fund for Prosperous and Resilient Asia and the Pacific US$ 2.00 million
Operational Priorities
  • OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
Sector / Subsector
  • Education / Technical and vocational education and training

Gender
Gender equity theme
Description
The proposed Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project (IWRPP) is estimated to cost $110 million, of which the ADB will finance $100 million from ordinary capital resources (regular loan). The Government of Punjab will contribute in-kind assistance of $10 million. The IWRP Project will strengthen the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) sector's ability to support economic growth and job creation in priority economic sectors, including export-oriented sectors. The IWRP Project will expand use of competency-based training and assessment (CBTA), reform the TVET institutional framework, and develop TVET centers of excellence (COEs) and sector skills councils. It will also expand work-based training, strengthen of industry-TVET linkages, address the lack of female participation in TVET, expand entrepreneurship programs for TVET graduates, and introduce the private management of public TVET institutes.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Government of Pakistan (the Government) has set itself an ambitious target of creating 10 million jobs over five years, with a special focus on skill-building through technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in its first term. Achieving this target will require much better performance from the TVET sector. The scale of improvement required can be seen from the Global Competitiveness Report 2018, which showed that Pakistan ranked 125th overall for skills with individual rankings of 90th for the quality of vocational training, 51st for the skillset of graduates, and 63rd for ease of finding skilled employees.

Since the passage of the 18th Constitutional Amendment in 2010, provincial governments in Pakistan are responsible for delivering, funding and regulating TVET. In Punjab, the Industries, Commerce and Investment Department (ICID) has overall responsibility for the TVET sector, although many departments and agencies are involved in the sector. There are two principal public TVET providers in Punjab. The largest is the Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (TEVTA), with around 400 institutes, while the Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC), which serves the poor and needy, has some 270 institutes. TEVTA and PVTC rely mostly on provincial government funding. TEVTA is financed through ICID, while PVTC is funded through the Zakat and Ushr Department and the Planning and Development Department. Other TVET institutes include public providers operated by other governments departments and agencies, and a large private sector. TEVTA and PVTC also operate TVET teacher training centers. The structure of the TVET sector in Punjab is set out in Appendix 4.

The size of the TVET sector in Punjab dwarfs that in other provinces. In 2017, there were some 1,600 TVET institutes and 238,000 TVET enrolments in Punjab, representing 46.0% of all TVET institutes and 56.8% of all TVET enrolments in Pakistan. By comparison, Sindh had only 17.0% of TVET institutes and 18.1% of TVET enrolments in Pakistan in 2017. The labor market in Punjab is characterized by low levels of skills, low female participation and high levels of informality. Women who access TVET are often relegated to traditional female courses such as dressmaking and beauty salon, with little institutional support to encourage them to enter male-dominated programs such as solar-panel repair and maintenance. Women's labor force participation is only 40% that of men. There is substantial gender-segregation in the labor force, with women are concentrated in a few industries such as agriculture, forestry and fishing, and education. In contrast, the number of women in wholesale and retail trade, vehicle repair, and construction is very low. Over 60% of the Pakistan population is under 25. The large and growing youth workforce has low levels of education and has little exposure to TVET. The unemployment rate for youth is high. Labor market outcomes are particularly bad in southern Punjab. The TVET sector's challenges limit its ability to support competitiveness and inclusive economic growth through the supply of skilled workers.

Impact

Access to quality employment for workers in Punjab increased (Punjab Skills Development Sector Plan 2018)

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Market relevance and inclusiveness of skills development system improved

Progress Toward Outcome

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Quality and relevance of TVET improved

Equitable access to TVET increased

TVET sector institutional framework strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Nation-wide

Safeguard Categories

Environment
B
Involuntary Resettlement
C
Indigenous Peoples
C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

as of 25 April 2023: The EA has received EOIs for the 19 PIU staff positions and are currently being reviewed for shortlisting. Terms of reference for some individual consultants have been received by ADB for review.

As of 27 Jul 2023: International FM consultant advertised, expected to commence work in August 2023

PIU staff recruited: Deputy Director (Technical Content /Curriculum); Deputy Director / Project Manager (Civil Works); Deputy Director (Policy, Strategy & Technical); Deputy Director (Environment); Deputy Director (Equipment / Technical Sourcing); Gender Specialist; Communication Specialist; MIS Specialist; Assistant Director (Social Safeguard); Assistant Director (Contract Management); Assistant Director (M&E Training)

Assistant Director (Civil); Communication Specialist; Admin Officer; Office Assistant / Computer Operator

As of 26 October 2023: PIU staff recruited. International FM is expected to start work in November 2023.

As of Jan 2024: International FM and National Procurement are expected to start work in Q1 2024. Most of consulting services (firms and indv) will be advertised in Q1 2024, expected to start work in Q2 2024

As of Apr 2024: Skill Training through use of High Technology EOI submission by end Apr 2024; COE Development Firm EOI being evaluated; Construction supervision firm RFP issued in Mar 2024; Curriculum and Training Material advertised in Mar 2024; Disaster Mgmt Specialist advertised in Mar 2024; International FM mobilized in Feb 2024.

Procurement

as of 25 April 2023: Request for quotation for the procurement of office equipment for PIU use has been received by ADB for review.

AS of 27 Jul 2023: NOL issued for the procurement of PIU furniture and office equipment

As of 26 Oct 2023: Contracts signed for furniture and equipment for PIU staff use.

As of Jan 2024: all civil works package advertised in Dec 2023, bids are being evaluated

As of Apr 2024: G01A Lot 2 and 7 PIU offcie equipment, awarded. OCB for G24 for CAMI and IST being reviewed by PPFD, expected to be advertised within Apr 2024. CW01, 2 and 3 proposed for contract award after IEE has been approved by SEPA

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Tajima, Eisuke
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Human and Social Development Sector Office (SG-HSD)
Executing Agencies
Industries, Commerce and Investment Department

Timetable

Concept Clearance
17 Apr 2019
Fact Finding
11 May 2020 to 15 May 2020
MRM
07 Oct 2022
Approval
12 Dec 2022
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
12 Dec 2022

Funding

Loan 4278-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2022 15 Dec 2022 15 Feb 2023 31 Aug 2029 - -
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 110.00
ADB 100.00
Counterpart 10.00
Cofinancing 0.00
Loan Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 12 Jun 2024 18.71 0.00 19%
Cumulative Disbursements 12 Jun 2024 5.53 0.00 6%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Unsatisfactory

TA 10035-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2022 31 Dec 2022 31 Dec 2022 30 Nov 2025 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00
Cumulative Disbursements
Date Amount
12 Jun 2024 220,854.00

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

  • 13 Dec 2022 | News Release

    $100 Million ADB Project to Improve Skills Training in Pakistan

    ADB has approved a $100 million loan to help improve technical and vocational education and training in Punjab province in Pakistan and ensure skills training meets the demand for jobs in the country’s priority economic sectors.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Database Management Firm Firm - Consulting Active
Skills Training with use of Hi Tech Equipment Firm - Consulting Closed
Curriculum and Training Material Development Firm Firm - Consulting Closed
Centres of Excellence (COE) Development Firm Firm - Consulting Closed
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)/Disaster Risk Management Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Construction Supervision Firm Firm - Consulting Closed
4278-PAK: Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project (IWRPP) [IWRPP/WORKS/CW02/IFB-02] Invitation for Bids Closed
4278-PAK: Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project (IWRPP) [IWRPP/WORKS/CW04/IFB-04] Invitation for Bids Closed
4278-PAK: Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project (IWRPP) [IWRPP/WORKS/CW05/IFB-05] Invitation for Bids Closed
4278-PAK: Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project (IWRPP) [IWRPP/WORKS/CW03/IFB-03] Invitation for Bids Closed
Procurement Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
4278-PAK: Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project (IWRPP) [IWRPP/WORKS/CW01] Invitation for Bids Closed
Financial Management Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
TVET sector and skills mapping firm Firm - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
PIU Staff Loan 4278 20 Sep 2023 Various | Lahore, Pakistan Industries Commerce Investment & Skills Dev Dept 185,771.38 185,771.38

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Improving Workforce Readiness in Punjab Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Oct 2022