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Tonga: Tropical Cyclone Gita Emergency Response Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 52075-001 Status: Closed

Tropical Cyclone (TC) Gita, a category 4 cyclone, struck Tonga on 12 and 13 February 2018, causing widespread destruction on the main island of Tongatapu, including the capital of Nuku'alofa, and the neighboring island of Eua. With sustained winds of 230 kmh and gusts to 278 kmh, it was one of the most powerful cyclones recorded in Tonga's history. It is estimated that more than 79,500 people (or around 79% of the population) were directly affected. Destructive winds, storm surges and flooding from TC Gita caused severe damage to government buildings, homes, and infrastructure for basic services, including water supply, waste and sanitation, electricity, and communications.

Project Details

Project Officer
Aelbers, Erik Pacific Department Request for information
Country
  • Tonga
Sector
  • Public sector management
 
Project Name Tropical Cyclone Gita Emergency Response Project
Project Number 52075-001
Country Tonga
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0567-TON: Tropical Cyclone Gita Emergency Response Project
Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management / Public expenditure and fiscal management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

Tropical Cyclone (TC) Gita, a category 4 cyclone, struck Tonga on 12 and 13 February 2018, causing widespread destruction on the main island of Tongatapu, including the capital of Nuku'alofa, and the neighboring island of Eua. With sustained winds of 230 kmh and gusts to 278 kmh, it was one of the most powerful cyclones recorded in Tonga's history. It is estimated that more than 79,500 people (or around 79% of the population) were directly affected. Destructive winds, storm surges and flooding from TC Gita caused severe damage to government buildings, homes, and infrastructure for basic services, including water supply, waste and sanitation, electricity, and communications.

The situation report number 4 issued by Tonga's National Emergency Management Office (NEMO) on 15 February 2018 states that more than 4,500 people sought shelter on Tongatapu. Preliminary estimates show that about 50% of homes in on Tongatapu are damaged or destroyed (1,131 homes damaged, and 119 destroyed). Tonga's historic Parliament House and other public buildings such as the Office of the Prime Minister, were destroyed. It is estimated that 80% of the electricity network in the greater Nuku'alofa area is damaged, affecting not only power supply but water pumps and thus water supply as well. The electricity network could take more than 7 weeks to be fully restored.

A draft TC Gita Response Plan issued by the government on 16 February 2018 estimates that immediate response and early recovery efforts to meet immediate humanitarian needs will require funding of $18.9 million (TOP$40.9 million) over 4 weeks from 12 February 2018. It states that humanitarian and development partner support will be needed to meet priority needs in the months to come.

The government declared a 28-day state of emergency for the whole of Tonga on 12 February 2018. Tonga's NEMO is coordinating and monitoring relief efforts which are being undertaken by government agencies and local and international nongovernmental organizations. To date, efforts are focused on priority relief areas such as the provision of shelter, and the restoration of critical infrastructure, water supply and electricity.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The extent of the damage caused by TC Gita is of a scale beyond the existing capacity and resources of the government to restore life-saving services to the affected population in a reasonable amount of time. While the government has mobilized its own resources, there is a need to supplement this with additional resources from development partners, as stated in the government's draft TC Gita Response Plan. Access to affected areas for the delivery of humanitarian relief is inhibited by debris and fallen power lines, which need to be urgently cleared. On 15 February 2018, Tonga's Prime Minister identified restoring electricity, water supplies, and shelter as priorities.

The government requested support from ADB under the APDRF on 15 February 2018. Based on identified needs, a proposed grant of $1 million from the APDRF is expected to be used for expenses necessary to restore life-saving services, including (i) debris shifting, (ii) site clearance, (iii) safe disposal of rubble, (iv) restoration of critical electricity, water, communication and transport links, and (v) provision of transitional shelter. The proposed grant would contribute about 5.3% of the funding estimated to be required for immediate response and early recovery efforts as outlined in the government's draft TC Gita Response Plan.

On 16 February 2018, ADB also provided $6 million to the Government of Tonga under the Pacific Disaster Resilience Program for early recovery and reconstruction activities, which will complement APDRF resources.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) The special assistance grant was fully disbursed on 23 February 2018
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects N/A
Involuntary Resettlement N/A
Indigenous Peoples N/A
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Aelbers, Erik
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Pacific Subregional Office in Suva, Fiji
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance
Vuna Road
Nuku'alofa
Kingdom of Tonga
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Jan 2020
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 21 Feb 2018
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2018

Grant 0567-TON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Feb 2018 22 Feb 2018 22 Feb 2018 22 Aug 2018 - 22 Aug 2018
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 1.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 1.00 21 Feb 2018 1.00 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 21 Feb 2018 1.00 0.00 100%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


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Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
DISASTER RELIEF AND PROVISION OF LIFE-PRESERVING SERVICES FOR COMMUNITIES AFFECTED BY TC GITA. Grant 0567 22 Feb 2018 VARIOUS VARIOUS TONGA Ministry of Finance and National Planning 1,000,000.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.