The proposed KSTA aims to enhance effectiveness of the Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) and Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) as building blocks of and platforms for regional cooperation and integration (RCI) of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT's bottom-up and project driven approaches complement the top-down approach taken by ASEAN. The KSTA is included in the SERD 2018 Management approved work plan, ADB's Regional Cooperation Strategy 2006, and ADB's Operational Plan for Regional Cooperation and Integration 2016 2020. It is aligned with strategic documents endorsed by the Summit of Leaders of the respective subregional programs in April 2017, namely the BIMP-EAGA Vision 2025 (BEV 2025), IMT-GT Vision 2036 and the IMT-GT Implementation Blueprint (IB) 2017 2021.
|Project Name||Enhancing Effectiveness of Subregional Programs to Advance Regional Cooperation and Integration in Southeast Asia|
Lao People's Democratic Republic
China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Electricity transmission and distribution
Finance / Infrastructure finance and investment funds
Industry and trade / Industry and trade sector development - Trade and services
Information and communication technology / ICT strategy and policy, and capacity development
Public sector management / Economic affairs management
Transport / Multimodal logistics
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The proposed KSTA aims to enhance effectiveness of the Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) and Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) as building blocks of and platforms for regional cooperation and integration (RCI) of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT's bottom-up and project driven approaches complement the top-down approach taken by ASEAN. The KSTA is included in the SERD 2018 Management approved work plan, ADB's Regional Cooperation Strategy 2006, and ADB's Operational Plan for Regional Cooperation and Integration 2016 2020. It is aligned with strategic documents endorsed by the Summit of Leaders of the respective subregional programs in April 2017, namely the BIMP-EAGA Vision 2025 (BEV 2025), IMT-GT Vision 2036 and the IMT-GT Implementation Blueprint (IB) 2017 2021. Key features of the KSTA discussed at recent Ministerial and Senior Official Meetings of BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT, where the member countries expressed continued appreciation for ADB support and requested additional assistance. The KSTA design considered successes, lessons, and experience of ADB in supporting the two subregional programs.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The ADB provided support since 1996 and serves as regional development advisor to BIMP-EAGA and regional development partner to IMT-GT. Summit declarations by both subregional programs highlighted ADB's valuable role in enhancing their effectiveness at strategic, sector, project(s), and institutional levels. In recent years, ADB assistance is through TA 8814 and TA 8836 expected to close in December 2018. TA 8814 achievements include: (i) Green Cities Action Plans (GCAPs) in seven cities and ASEAN green cities network; (ii) preparation of BEV 2025 and IMT-GT Tourism Strategic Framework 2017 2036; (iii) thematic studies on cross-border power interconnections, economic corridors, value chains and border area development; (vi) statistical databases developed, and (vii) capacity building and institutional strengthening for BIMP-Facilitation Center (FC) and Centre for IMT-GT Subregional Cooperation (CIMT), among others. TA 8836, also known as the BIMP-EAGA, IMT-GT and Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Capacity Building Program or B-I-G Program organized 17 trainings and workshops on connectivity and RCI attended by 481 middle and senior level government officials. The B-I-G Program collaborates with 17 partner institutions and promotes knowledge and experience sharing between and among the three subregions. It also tapped the technical expertise and experience of People's Republic of China (PRC) government, education and training institutions in the design and delivery of training programs where the experience of the PRC in national development and RCI highlighted. PRC value-added to the three subregions is unique given it assumes multiple roles as development partner in BIMP-EAGA, as dialogue partner in IMT-GT, and member country in GMS.
The proposed KSTA builds on achievements of previous TAs and is a continuation of ADB support in a more integrated and purposive manner. Instead of having two separate TAs, only one KSTA is proposed for greater coherence, cost-effectiveness, and better results delivery. While ADB support has been for more than a decade, changes in the development landscape, new strategic documents, demand for well-designed subregional projects, and weak institutional capacities require sustained and continuous support. Lessons and successes from TAs 8814 and 8836 incorporated in the design include: (i) strong country ownership and demand; (ii) alignment and coherence with ASEAN; (iii) need for credible subregional project pipelines and more importantly convert these into bankable projects; (iv) systematic approach to results monitoring; (v) effective institutional mechanisms especially strong subregional secretariats needed to sustain cooperation efforts; (vi) government officials need to build capacities for effective implementation of RCI initiatives; and (vii) promote linkages and synergies between and among subregions in ASEAN.
To provide value-adding support to both programs, it is critical to address challenges that hamper their effectiveness as they implement the BEV 2025, IMT-GT Vision 2036, and IMT-GT IB 2017 2021. The new strategic documents included pipeline(s) of projects with priority infrastructure projects amounting to $21.4 billion for BIMP-EAGA and $48.4 billion for IMT-GT aimed at enhancing connectivity in Southeast Asia. Effective functioning of the two subregions are hampered by: (i) weak strategic and institutional links and coordination with ASEAN; (ii) lack of well-designed RCI projects and weak results monitoring; and (iii) limited capacities of government officials to develop and implement RCI policies, programs and projects.
|Impact||BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT more integrated within themselves and with ASEAN|
|Description of Outcome||Implementation of BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT subregional programs is more effective|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
As reported to the BIMP-EAGA 23rd Ministerial Meeting in November 2019, the Priority Infrastructure Projects (PIPs) increased from 57 (in 2017) to 73 projects valued at $23.27 billion with 24 (33%) projects completed, 5 (7%) nearing completion and 44 (60%) in various stages of implementation.
As reported to the 25th IMT-GT Ministerial Meeting in September 2019, the total Priority Connectivity Projects (PCPs) is 37 projects valued at $48 billion with 7 (19%) projects completed, 2 (5%) projects with Phase 1 completed and other phases ongoing, 23 (63%) in various stages of implementation, and 5 (13%) projects under preparation. At the Strategic Planning Meeting in February 2020, the New Betong Airport (Yala Province, Thailand) was reported completed. Total PCPs completed for IMT-GT to date is 8 (21%) out of 37 projects.
|Description of Project Outputs||
Strategic, sector, and institutional links and coordination between subregional programs and ASEAN improved
Project development and managing for development results enhanced
Capacities of civil servants in design and implementation of RCI policies, programs, and projects enhanced
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
For outputs 1 and 2, studies on collaborative approaches to SEZs development in IMT-GT and BIMP-EAGA, and on the strategic relevance of the IMT-GT economic corridors are nearing completion and serve as deliverables for the forthcoming virtual ministerial meetings. The TA supports green cities initiatives and complements the ASEAN Sustainable Urbanization Strategy and the ASEAN Smart Cities Network. In BIMP-EAGA, a Green City Action Plan (GCAP) for Kota Kinabalu (Malaysia) has been completed and preparations are underway for a GCAP for General Santos City (Philippines). In IMT-GT, green transportation plans were prepared for Phuket and Krabi (Thailand), Langkawi and Penang (Malaysia), and Banda Aceh and Pekanbaru (Indonesia) and the integrative report will be a key knowledge product at the virtual ministerial meeting in November 2020.
The TA continues to provide technical assistance in the conduct of special (virtual) sector consultations in IMT-GT and cluster and working group meetings in BIMP-EAGA since May 2020. The consultations and meetings discuss the impact of COVID-19 on the sectors and recovery strategies that the subregions can take to revive economies and how the BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT can effectively function as subsets of and building blocks to ASEAN amid COVID-19 and beyond.
For output 3, in 2019, the B-I-G Program organized five training programs on economic corridors, SEZs, project management, and tourism. The knowledge events focused on value management in projects, green cities, integrated green transport, and the fourth industrial revolution. Of the 398 participants from BIMP-EAGA, IMT-GT, and GMS, 181 (45%) were women and majority (255, 64%) were at the director level and above.
The 3rd Green Cities Forum, organized in January 2020 in Malaysia, focused on coastal cities given their vulnerability to climate change and common challenges in managing transboundary natural assets and marine resources. About 130 mayors, local chief executives, city planners, and representatives from national government agencies, private sector, academe, and international organizations attended.
To provide continuity to the B-I-G Program's capacity building activities in the wake of the COVID-19 outbreak, online (virtual) policy dialogues were conducted from June to September 2020. The Policy Actions for COVID-19 Economic Recovery (PACER) Dialogues explored measures that can help economies _bounce back_ from the COVID-19 pandemic and accelerate economic recovery.
A total of 12 PACER dialogues were implemented with the following COVID-19 related themes: economic management measures of Republic of Korea and New Zealand; tourism recovery policies; post-lockdown health interventions; bouncing back support to SMEs; safe population mobility and migrant-inclusive approaches; education technology for improved learning and work force recovery; assistance for startups to thrive in the pandemic; accelerating digital financial services and infrastructure; enhancing readiness for vaccine distribution; social protection measures for long-term resilience; and adaptive control paradigm and forecasting to reduce infection rates, allow safe reopening and options for vaccine distribution. Policy briefs were produced after each dialogue summarizing policy options and key recommendations discussed and posted in ADB's knowledge platform, DevAsia.
A total of 738 government officials and private sector representatives from ASEAN member countries, People's Republic of China, and Timor-Leste including representatives from development partners attended the PACER Dialogues. There were 566 government officials from BIMP-EAGA, IMT-GT and the GMS who attended with 231 women (41%) and majority (418, 74%) were at director level and above.
In terms of effectiveness and results delivery (outcome level) of the B-I-G Program capacity building activities, a tracer study polled participants whether they were able to apply the knowledge and skills they acquired in their workplace. From the 109 tracer study respondents, 98 (90%) confirmed that they applied what they learnt in their workplace, which is above the B-I-G Program's 70% outcome indicator target.
The respondents found networking (71) and sharing of experience (78) as most useful and relevant. They applied the following in their work: (i) knowledge on concepts and tools in RCI and connectivity (66), strategy development (65); and (ii) skills development in strategic thinking (65), working in teams (62), and communications (60).
|Geographical Location||Brunei Darussalam - Nation-wide; Cambodia - Nation-wide; China - Guangxi, Yunnan; Indonesia - Nation-wide; Lao People's Democratic Republic - Nation-wide; Malaysia - Nation-wide; Myanmar - Nation-wide; Philippines - Nation-wide; Thailand - Nation-wide; Viet Nam - Nation-wide|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||The TA will engage (i) a total of 144 person-months of consulting services: (88 person-months international and 56 person-months national), and (ii) resource persons, as needed. ADB will mostly engage individual consultants and will follow ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.|
|Procurement||In organizing meetings and workshops, ADB will procure goods and services (such as rental of equipment and meeting rooms) using the shopping method. Procurement will follow the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Rush, Jason M.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Regional Cooperation and Operations Coordination Div, SERD|
|Concept Clearance||27 Apr 2018|
|Approval||22 Aug 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||30 Sep 2020|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|22 Aug 2018||-||22 Aug 2018||31 Dec 2020||31 Dec 2021||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,700,000.00||1,200,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,900,000.00||22 Aug 2018||1,279,068.14|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Enhancing Effectiveness of Subregional Programs to Advance Regional Cooperation and Integration in Southeast Asia: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Aug 2018|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Regional Developnent Analyst (for trainings and knowledge management)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||28 Jan 2020||03 Feb 2020|
|website administrator_BIMP-EAGA||Individual - Consulting||Closed||15 Jan 2020||21 Jan 2020|
|BIMP-EAGA Website (administrator)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||27 Jul 2019||05 Aug 2019|
|BIMP-EAGA Website (designer/developer)||Firm - Consulting||Closed||11 Jul 2019||17 Jul 2019|
|BIMP-EAGA Website (writer)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||15 Jun 2019||21 Jun 2019|
|BIMP-EAGA Website (website writer and content manager)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||15 Jun 2019||21 Jun 2019|
|Special Economic Zones Senior Expert (BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||11 Apr 2019||17 Apr 2019|
|Corridor Development Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||02 Apr 2019||11 Apr 2019|
|Regional Development Analyst||Individual - Consulting||Closed||28 Sep 2018||04 Oct 2018|
|Institutional and Capacity Development Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||25 Sep 2018||01 Oct 2018|
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