The proposed KSTA aims to enhance effectiveness of the Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) and Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) as building blocks of and platforms for regional cooperation and integration (RCI) of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT's bottom-up and project driven approaches complement the top-down approach taken by ASEAN. The KSTA is included in the SERD 2018 Management approved work plan, ADB's Regional Cooperation Strategy 2006, and ADB's Operational Plan for Regional Cooperation and Integration 2016 2020. It is aligned with strategic documents endorsed by the Summit of Leaders of the respective subregional programs in April 2017, namely the BIMP-EAGA Vision 2025 (BEV 2025), IMT-GT Vision 2036 and the IMT-GT Implementation Blueprint (IB) 2017 2021.
|Project Name||Enhancing Effectiveness of Subregional Programs to Advance Regional Cooperation and Integration in Southeast Asia|
Lao People's Democratic Republic
China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Electricity transmission and distribution
Finance / Infrastructure finance and investment funds
Industry and trade / Industry and trade sector development
Public sector management / Economic affairs management
Transport / Multimodal logistics
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The proposed KSTA aims to enhance effectiveness of the Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) and Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) as building blocks of and platforms for regional cooperation and integration (RCI) of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT's bottom-up and project driven approaches complement the top-down approach taken by ASEAN. The KSTA is included in the SERD 2018 Management approved work plan, ADB's Regional Cooperation Strategy 2006, and ADB's Operational Plan for Regional Cooperation and Integration 2016 2020. It is aligned with strategic documents endorsed by the Summit of Leaders of the respective subregional programs in April 2017, namely the BIMP-EAGA Vision 2025 (BEV 2025), IMT-GT Vision 2036 and the IMT-GT Implementation Blueprint (IB) 2017 2021. Key features of the KSTA discussed at recent Ministerial and Senior Official Meetings of BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT, where the member countries expressed continued appreciation for ADB support and requested additional assistance. The KSTA design considered successes, lessons, and experience of ADB in supporting the two subregional programs.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The ADB provided support since 1996 and serves as regional development advisor to BIMP-EAGA and regional development partner to IMT-GT. Summit declarations by both subregional programs highlighted ADB's valuable role in enhancing their effectiveness at strategic, sector, project(s), and institutional levels. In recent years, ADB assistance is through TA 8814 and TA 8836 expected to close in December 2018. TA 8814 achievements include: (i) Green Cities Action Plans (GCAPs) in seven cities and ASEAN green cities network; (ii) preparation of BEV 2025 and IMT-GT Tourism Strategic Framework 2017 2036; (iii) thematic studies on cross-border power interconnections, economic corridors, value chains and border area development; (vi) statistical databases developed, and (vii) capacity building and institutional strengthening for BIMP-Facilitation Center (FC) and Centre for IMT-GT Subregional Cooperation (CIMT), among others. TA 8836, also known as the BIMP-EAGA, IMT-GT and Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Capacity Building Program or B-I-G Program organized 17 trainings and workshops on connectivity and RCI attended by 481 middle and senior level government officials. The B-I-G Program collaborates with 17 partner institutions and promotes knowledge and experience sharing between and among the three subregions. It also tapped the technical expertise and experience of People's Republic of China (PRC) government, education and training institutions in the design and delivery of training programs where the experience of the PRC in national development and RCI highlighted. PRC value-added to the three subregions is unique given it assumes multiple roles as development partner in BIMP-EAGA, as dialogue partner in IMT-GT, and member country in GMS.
The proposed KSTA builds on achievements of previous TAs and is a continuation of ADB support in a more integrated and purposive manner. Instead of having two separate TAs, only one KSTA is proposed for greater coherence, cost-effectiveness, and better results delivery. While ADB support has been for more than a decade, changes in the development landscape, new strategic documents, demand for well-designed subregional projects, and weak institutional capacities require sustained and continuous support. Lessons and successes from TAs 8814 and 8836 incorporated in the design include: (i) strong country ownership and demand; (ii) alignment and coherence with ASEAN; (iii) need for credible subregional project pipelines and more importantly convert these into bankable projects; (iv) systematic approach to results monitoring; (v) effective institutional mechanisms especially strong subregional secretariats needed to sustain cooperation efforts; (vi) government officials need to build capacities for effective implementation of RCI initiatives; and (vii) promote linkages and synergies between and among subregions in ASEAN.
To provide value-adding support to both programs, it is critical to address challenges that hamper their effectiveness as they implement the BEV 2025, IMT-GT Vision 2036, and IMT-GT IB 2017 2021. The new strategic documents included pipeline(s) of projects with priority infrastructure projects amounting to $21.4 billion for BIMP-EAGA and $48.4 billion for IMT-GT aimed at enhancing connectivity in Southeast Asia. Effective functioning of the two subregions are hampered by: (i) weak strategic and institutional links and coordination with ASEAN; (ii) lack of well-designed RCI projects and weak results monitoring; and (iii) limited capacities of government officials to develop and implement RCI policies, programs and projects.
|Impact||BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT more integrated within themselves and with ASEAN|
|Description of Outcome||Implementation of BIMP-EAGA and IMT-GT subregional programs are more effective|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||Improved strategic, sector and institutional linkages and coordination between subregional programs and ASEAN|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Brunei Darussalam - Nation-wide; Cambodia - Nation-wide; China - Guangxi, Yunnan; Indonesia - Nation-wide; Lao People's Democratic Republic - Nation-wide; Malaysia - Nation-wide; Myanmar - Nation-wide; Philippines - Nation-wide; Thailand - Nation-wide; Viet Nam - Nation-wide|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||A total of 119 person-months of consulting services will be required: (i) 27 person-months to three international consulting firms, (ii) 45 person-months to 8 international individual consultants; (iii) 35 person-months to 4 national individual consultants, and (iv) 9.5 person-months to about 16 resource persons. ADB will mostly engaged individual consultants to provide the needed expertise required by activities implemented by the KSTA following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.|
|Procurement||In organizing meetings and workshops, ADB will procure goods and services (such as rental of equipment and meeting rooms) using the shopping method. Procurement will follow the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||ADB Disclosure|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Regional Cooperation and Operations Coordination Div, SERD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||27 Apr 2018|
|Approval||22 Aug 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||31 Aug 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|22 Aug 2018||-||22 Aug 2018||31 Dec 2020||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,000,000.00||700,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,700,000.00||22 Aug 2018||0.00|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Enhancing Effectiveness of Subregional Programs to Advance Regional Cooperation and Integration in Southeast Asia: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Aug 2018|
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