The project will support the construction of two sections, totaling 53.1 kilometers (km), of the North-South Commuter Railway (NSCR), a 163 km suburban railway network connecting the regional center of Clark in Central Luzon with Metro Manila and Calamba, Laguna. The Malolos-Clark Railway Project comprises: (i) Malolos-Clark section (51.2 km) from Malolos to Clark and Clark International Airport, and (ii) Blumentritt extension (1.9 km) connecting Solis and Blumentritt stations in Metro Manila District I (City of Manila). Both sections are part of the NSCR and extensions of the Tutuban-Solis-Malolos section financed by the Japan International Cooperation Agency. The NSCR will be completed during 2022-2025 as an integrated 163 km dedicated suburban passenger railway system comprising four sections: (i) Tutuban-Solis-Malolos, (ii) Malolos-Clark-Clark International Airport, (iii) Solis-Blumentritt-Calamba, and (iv) Clark-New Clark City.
|Project Name||Malolos-Clark Railway Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Rail transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will support the construction of two sections, totaling 53.1 kilometers (km), of the North-South Commuter Railway (NSCR), a 163 km suburban railway network connecting the regional center of Clark in Central Luzon with Metro Manila and Calamba, Laguna. The Malolos-Clark Railway Project comprises: (i) Malolos-Clark section (51.2 km) from Malolos to Clark and Clark International Airport, and (ii) Blumentritt extension (1.9 km) connecting Solis and Blumentritt stations in Metro Manila District I (City of Manila). Both sections are part of the NSCR and extensions of the Tutuban-Solis-Malolos section financed by the Japan International Cooperation Agency. The NSCR will be completed during 2022-2025 as an integrated 163 km dedicated suburban passenger railway system comprising four sections: (i) Tutuban-Solis-Malolos, (ii) Malolos-Clark-Clark International Airport, (iii) Solis-Blumentritt-Calamba, and (iv) Clark-New Clark City. The project will provide affordable, reliable, and safe public transport; reduce greenhouse gas emissions; and contribute to cutting travel time from Metro Manila to Clark from 2-3 hours (by bus) to less than 1 hour by rail.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The Project will support the national spatial strategy (NSS) of the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2017-2022, which serves as the basis for policies on urban and infrastructure development in accordance with AmBisyon Natin 2040. The NSS recognizes the role of cities as engines of economic growth and poverty reduction, and infrastructure to provide efficient connective networks of sustainable communities. It aims to decongest Metro Manila and direct growth to other key areas and address spatial and socioeconomic inequalities by linking lagging regions with leading ones, rather than advocating the uniform dispersal of development. The Government's "Build, Build, Build" Program in which the Project is included, builds upon this national strategy.|
|Impact||Local, national, and international connectivity improved|
|Description of Outcome||Efficiency and capacity of transportation along the Manila-Clark corridor improved|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The loan has been declared effective on 26 September 2019. Procurement process for all civil works are ongoing. The bidding period for civil works contract packages, CP N01-N05 and CP S-01, has been completed.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
New railway line commissioned
Institutional capacity strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Bidding for all 6 civil works packages financed under the project has been completed and bids are undergoing evaluation. Contract awards are targeted within the second quarter of 2020.
Capacity building activities to establish a permanent structure for the Project Management Office (PMO) were initiated and recruitment of a consulting firm to support project communication is ongoing.
An indicator was added to Output 2 on 18 Dec 2019 as a result of the approval of TA 9913-PHI: Strengthening the Transition of Vulnerable Communities Affected by the Malolos-Clark Railway Project.
The transaction technical assistance (TA 9913-PHI) was approved on 18 December 2019, amounting to $2 million financed on a grant basis by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR), and administered by ADB. The TA, "Strengthening the Transition of Vulnerable Communities Affected by the Malolos-Clark Railway Project", will help deliver the project's Output 2: Institutional Capacity Strengthened under Tranche 1 (Loan 3796-PHI).
The TA will pilot an innovative livelihood restoration system for displaced project affected persons using "Graduation Approach" and 40 DOTr staff will be trained in its application. ADB is currently in the process of engaging a nongovernment organization/consulting entity.
|Geographical Location||Angeles, Apalit, Clark Special Economic Zone, Mabalacat, Malolos, Minalin, San Fernando, Santo Tomas|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project was assessed category A for the environment. Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) have been prepared for the Malolos Clark section and for the Blumentritt extension in compliance with the Safeguard Policy Statement. Key project environmental issues identified and addressed are dust emissions during construction, noise and vibration during construction and operation, waste generation, traffic congestion and impediments to public access, and occupational and community health and safety. Public consultations were undertaken during EIA preparation. The DOTr will ensure that (i) the EMP in the EIA will be incorporated in bid documents for all packages regardless of financing source; (ii) consultations with people affected by construction activities are carried out throughout construction; and (iii) a grievance redress mechanism will be established, adequately resourced, and publicized before commencing civil works.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project was assessed category A for involuntary resettlement. The project will require acquisition of 49 hectares (ha) of land: 46 ha for the Malolos-Clark section and 3 ha for the Blumentritt extension. Resettlement impacts have been minimized by using PNR-owned land and government-owned land wherever possible. Out of the estimated 1,889 project affected households, equivalent to a total number of 7,581 project affected persons, the majority are expected to be severely affected and required to relocate and most of them are informal settlers. A resettlement and indigenous peoples planning framework (RIPPF) has been prepared for the MFF following the Safeguard Policy Statement to guide the preparation of the RAPs. The RAPs have been prepared for the Malolos-Clark section and the Blumentritt extension based on resettlement surveys, social assessments, and consultations. Updating the RAPs based on the detailed engineering design is ongoing. The RAPs mitigate involuntary resettlement impacts by providing compensation at replacement cost along with assistance for relocation and livelihood restoration. Measures have been incorporated to improve the living standards of vulnerable affected people.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The whole project is assessed category B for indigenous peoples because of one project area's proximity to indigenous ancestral domain land in Pampanga province. However, due diligence confirmed that the project does not encroach on indigenous peoples land and a certificate of non-overlap with ancestral domain land has been issued by the Philippines National Commission on Indigenous Peoples. Furthermore, due diligence for the project indicated that impacts on indigenous peoples are not anticipated, and an indigenous peoples plan was not prepared. The RIPPF for the MFF follows the Safeguard Policy Statement to guide the preparation of indigenous peoples plans, should impacts on indigenous peoples be identified when subsequent tranches are processed.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||A communication and participation strategy for the project has been prepared. Incorporating stakeholder analysis findings, the strategy will identify effective communication channels, best approaches to foster participation and partnerships, key messages, and means of integrating activities with the grievance redressal mechanism. The strategy includes implementation timelines, roles and responsibilities, budget, monitoring and evaluation requirements for project communication. Key components of the strategy ensures proactively disclosing project information and activities to local communities and stakeholders; soliciting stakeholders input and feedback on beneficial mitigation measures; encouraging community participation in project activities that affect or could benefit stakeholders, such as civil works construction; and conducting awareness-raising activities related to HIV/AIDS, human trafficking, and safety measures.|
|During Project Implementation||
The PMO will have overall responsibility for the implementation of the strategy, supported by the construction supervision consultant.
The grievance redress mechanism has been set up for the Malolos-Clark section. Consultations and validation activities for the updating of the resettlement action plans are ongoing.
|Procurement||Open competitive bidding in accordance with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Bidding for all 6 civil works packages financed under the project has been completed and bids are undergoing evaluation. Contract awards are targeted within the second quarter of 2020.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Roesner, Markus|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SERD|
|Concept Clearance||22 Aug 2018|
|Fact Finding||15 Oct 2018 to 31 Oct 2018|
|MRM||11 Dec 2018|
|Approval||23 May 2019|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||27 Mar 2020|
MFF Facility Concept 0106-PHI
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||6,139.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Gender Action Plan||Gender Action Plans||Apr 2019|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Report and Recommendation of the President||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Apr 2019|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Facility Administration Manual||Project/Program Administration Manual||Apr 2019|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Framework Financing Agreement||Framework Financing Agreement||Mar 2019|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Feb 2019|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project, Phase 1: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Aug 2018|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Updated Environmental Impact Assessment||Environmental Impact Assessments||Feb 2019|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Environmental Assessment and Review Framework||Environmental Assessment and Review Framework||Dec 2018|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Environmental Impact Assessment||Environmental Impact Assessments||Nov 2018|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Blumentritt Extension Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Oct 2018|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Combined Resettlement and Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks||Combined Resettlement Framework and Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks||Oct 2018|
|Malolos-Clark Railway Project: Malolos-Clark Section Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Oct 2018|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Construction of ADB-Financed Malolos–Clark Railway Project to Start SoonThe Philippines’ Department of Transportation on 1 August signed two civil works contracts worth nearly Php38 billion ($728 million) for the flagship Malolos–Clark Railway Project, which is financed by ADB.
Philippines, ADB Sign Loan for Milestone Malolos–Clark Railway ProjectPhilippine Finance Secretary Mr. Carlos Dominguez III and ADB Vice-President Mr. Ahmed M. Saeed signed a $1.3 billion loan for the Malolos–Clark Railway Project in a ceremony witnessed by Philippine President Mr. Rodrigo...
Malolos–Clark Railway Project: North-South Commuter Railway, PNR Clark - Phase 2A flagship project of the Philippine government under its "Build, Build, Build" infrastructure development program financed by an ADB loan
ADB Approves $2.75 Billion Support for Malolos–Clark Railway ProjectADB has approved financing of up to $2.75 billion for the construction of 53.1 kilometers of a passenger railway connecting Malolos, a suburb north of Manila, to Clark economic zone and Clark International Airport in Central Luzon.
ADB's Biggest Philippine Project to Improve Transport from Northern Provinces to ManilaThe Malolos-Clark Railway Project will be ADB’s biggest project in the Philippines and will cut travel time from Clark to Metro Manila to less than 1 hour from the current two- to three-hour travel by bus.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|52083-PHI: Malolos-Clark Railway Project [PB19-156-2, Package CP S-01]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||10 May 2019||20 Nov 2019|
|52083-PHI: Malolos-Clark Railway Project [Packages CP N-04 and CP N-05]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||06 May 2019||14 Oct 2019|
|52083-PHI: Malolos-Clark Railway Project [CP N-01, CP N-02, and CP N-03]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||31 Jan 2019||27 Aug 2019|
|PHI: Malolos–Clark Railway Project, Phase 1 [UPDATED]||Advance Notice||Active||13 Nov 2018|
|PHI: Malolos–Clark Railway Project, Phase 1||Advance Notice||Active||28 Aug 2018|
No contracts awarded for this project were found