Regional: Supporting Environmental Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region
This technical assistance (TA) is to foster more effective infrastructure development in the Central West Asia developing member countries (DMCs) by improving their environmental safeguards performance.
Pajarillaga, Ninette R.
Central and West Asia Department
Request for information
- Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Project Name||Supporting Environmental Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region|
|Country / Economy||Regional
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Water-based natural resources management
Energy / Energy sector development and institutional reform
Public sector management / Public administration
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
This technical assistance (TA) is to foster more effective infrastructure development in the Central West Asia developing member countries (DMCs) by improving their environmental safeguards performance. This will be accomplished by: (i) engagement and deployment of international consultants and national consultants to strengthen processing and implementation of projects with respect to safeguards compliance; (ii) utilizing and building on knowledge products and relationships developed under TA 7548-REG and TA 8663-REG to further promote country ownership of sound and efficient safeguards practices in ADB-financed projects; (iii) timely identification of gaps between local practice and ADB policy and developing a strategy to effectively bridge these gaps, on a project by project basis; (iv) providing specialist technical input from international consultants during project preparation and/or implementation where gaps in assessment are identified or there is potential non-compliance; and (v) providing capacity building, primarily in the form of on-the-job training (OJT), to increase the understanding of governments of the application of environment and social safeguards.
This TA will aid DMCs in Central and West Asia in meeting their Sustainable Development Goals and the TA is on the priority list for CWRD for processing in 2018.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Environmental safeguard management during project processing and implementation is necessary to ensure that development projects are implemented in environmentally sustainable manner. ADB recognizes the critical role that its project executing agencies (EAs) and implementing agencies (IAs) play in successful environmental safeguard management during project implementation. To support them, ADB has been providing technical assistance to strengthen the environmental safeguard capacity of executing and implementing agencies for ADB projects in Central and West Asia through TA 7548 and TA 8663. These TAs focused primarily on assessment improvements obtainable under existing laws in CWRD countries such as solving administrative bottlenecks, improving coordination, and providing technical guidance. Physical achievements of these TAs include:
(i) Country Assessment (CA) reports were completed in 6 participating DMCs (ARM, AZE, GEO, KGZ, PAK and TAJ);
(ii) 38 training workshops have been held in the DMCs (AFG, ARM, AZE, GEO, KGZ, PAK and TAJ) and four sub-regional workshops were completed in KGZ, GEO and PAK (twice) on Good Practice of Environmental Safeguards Management and Monitoring of Environmental Safeguards Implementation;
(iii) Training Manual on effective environmental management (Environmental Safeguard Information Kit) was prepared and printed in English and Russian to help EAs/IAs to comply with requirements of SPS 2009 during project processing and in 2018 a Environmental Safeguards Monitoring Manual was provided to EAs/IAs;
(iv) Network of trainers and pool of third party auditors established to conduct on-the-job training and also to carry out audit of environmental management and monitoring reports for IA staff, their consultants and contractors;
(v) Significant assistance has been provided by the TA consultants to the project team and Borrower in addressing complaints elevated to the Accountability Mechanism through the Office of the Compliance Panel Review (OCRP) or Office of the Special Project Facilitator (OSPF); and
(vi) OJT has proved to be the most effective component of the original TA 7548 and so this component was then focused on for delivery of TA 8663. Both TAs assisted key stakeholders with improved project preparation and timely delivery of environment assessments in ARM, AZE, GEO, KGZ, PAK, TAJ and UZB. Since February 2016, support to project processing and project administration through OJT has been the primary focus of the TA 8663.
While TA 7548 and TA 8663 were successfully implemented, there is still further work to be done in improving project environmental standards in CWRD DMCs. During project processing, projects require better scoping of Initial Environmental Examinations (IEEs) and Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) to ensure impacts are addressed properly, and EAs/IAs must be better informed about international standards and the EIA process. This is of particular relevance given the increased scrutiny of safeguards across the Bank. During implementation, due to a continued changeover of staff within EAs/IAs, the requirement to continue support through training and workshops, is essential.
One particular issue highlighted in 2017 was the inability in ADB or the EAs/IAs to rapidly undertake technical studies either during processing or implementation where existing assessments were identified as insufficient, or completely lacking. This inability to quickly commission studies in CWRD caused considerable project delays and financing for such studies was a regular problem. To address this, the TA will have a technical studies facility whereby specialist studies can be commissioned at short notice enabling processing and implementation to continue, with minimal disruption.
|Impact||Effective infrastructure development compliant with ADB's SPS promoted in the Central West Asia|
|Description of Outcome||Quality of safeguard documents and safeguard implementation improved in CWRD portfolio|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The TA has fielded 3 technical international consultants for noise, vibration, and air quality modelling, 3 international environmental and safeguards consultant, and 8 national consultants. The continuing engagement has contributed in raising participating DMCs' awareness of ADB's LAR policies and systems. All these have significantly addressed administrative bottlenecks, improve coordination, and technical support in improving the quality of safeguard documents and safeguard implementation.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Quality and timeliness of EIAs and IEEs improved
2. Quality and timeliness of environmental Monitoring reports (EMRs) improved
3. Executing agency performance on environmental management showcased
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1. Support provided to processing teams has improved project screening and scoping which resulted to better quality environmental assessments and monitoring reports and the timely approval of required documents;
2. Assistance provided by TA consultants to project teams and borrowers on issues and complaints raised by the Accountability Mechanism in projects in GEO, ARM, and PAK;
3. Assistance through on-the-job training has been useful in increasing EA/IA's understanding of how to apply environment and social safeguards;
4. A total of 2 Guidance Notes on key environmental issues have been produced and will be shared internally as knowledge products; and
5. TA is also in the advance stage of developing a web-based safeguards monitoring system that will establish a database/document repository and real-time tracking of safeguard requirements and issues.
|Geographical Location||Afghanistan - Nation-wide; Armenia - Nation-wide; Azerbaijan - Nation-wide; Georgia - Nation-wide; Kazakhstan - Nation-wide; Kyrgyz Republic - Nation-wide; Pakistan - Nation-wide; Tajikistan - Nation-wide; Turkmenistan - Nation-wide; Uzbekistan - Nation-wide|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Pajarillaga, Ninette R.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||CWOD-PSG|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||27 Mar 2018|
|Fact Finding||28 Feb 2018 to 28 Feb 2018|
|Approval||22 Jun 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||25 Feb 2022|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|22 Jun 2018||-||22 Jun 2018||31 Dec 2019||31 May 2023||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|2,087,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,087,000.00||03 Aug 2022||1,306,990.02|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.