This is the second subproject which is being launched simultaneously with the first subproject _Modernization of Coordinating Dispatch Center Energiya (CDC)_. The technical assistance (TA) subproject will have the following outcome: cross-border clean energy trade increased using high-level technology (HLT) by CDC. Specifically, the subproject 2 outcome will contribute to the cluster TA outcome indicators (a) at least 11,000 million kilowatt-hours trade within CAPS annually and (b) at least additional 5,587,560 tCO2 reduction in emission achieved.
|Project Name||Regional Cooperation on Increasing Cross-Border Energy Trading within the Central Asian Power System - Provision of Solutions to Bottlenecks to the Regional Power Trade (Subproject 2)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Electricity transmission and distribution - Energy sector development and institutional reform
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||This is the second subproject which is being launched simultaneously with the first subproject _Modernization of Coordinating Dispatch Center Energiya (CDC)_. The technical assistance (TA) subproject will have the following outcome: cross-border clean energy trade increased using high-level technology (HLT) by CDC. Specifically, the subproject 2 outcome will contribute to the cluster TA outcome indicators (a) at least 11,000 million kilowatt-hours trade within CAPS annually and (b) at least additional 5,587,560 tCO2 reduction in emission achieved.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Technical constraints on capacity to trade power. During the time of the Soviet Union, the Central Asian energy flow between the electricity grids of southern Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan was regulated by the United Dispatch Administration of Central Asia (based in Tashkent, Uzbekistan), subordinated to the central dispatch and planning institution in Moscow. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, United Dispatch Administration became nongovernment organization in 1993 and was renamed to CDC. The governance was assigned to the Central Asia United Power System Council (CAUPS), comprising the heads of the national power systems. The council was responsible for the administration and coordination of the parallel operations of CAPS. In 2004, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Uzbekistan concluded an intergovernmental agreement on the coordination of electricity grids of Central Asia. CDC was given the status of international organization working under the guidance of the CAUPS. Turkmenistan withdrew from CAPS in 2003 and switched to parallel operations with Iran. The signatories provide the financing for CDC.
Unlike the national dispatch centers in the Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan, no significant technological modernizations were made at CDC since it was established in the 1960s and conversion to a non-governmental organization. CDC relies on outdated technologies to perform its functions, including (i) coordination of the operations of power systems and energy entities within CAPS, (ii) determination of the conditions for the parallel operation of CAPS, (iii) coordination of operation personnel's actions during intersystem emergencies and elimination of intersystem accidents, (iv) coordination of relay protection and automation of circuits and settings, (v) coordination of operation of dispatch data acquisition and transmission systems, and (vi) control over measurements and metering of international power flows within CAPS.
CDC's technological limitations, which constrain regional power trade, include the following: (i) power flows within CAPS are forecast 6 months in advance using historical data and cannot be adjusted using real-time figures; accordingly, power flow planning is not optimized because of unnecessarily high safety factors; (ii) in the event of an accident on the grid, the site of the fault can take a day or longer to locate; (iii) the settlement of power flows between countries is unnecessarily long as the actual metered flows and reported flows do not match up because of the quality of CDC's telemetry; and (iv) newly constructed assets cannot be monitored without taking out something else; thus, CDC does not have a full picture of all important sites at once.
CAREC 2030 Program Results Framework
Countries' emissions reductions target achieved, regional cooperation framework accomplished, and energy security in selected CAREC countries enhanced
|Description of Outcome||Regional energy trade and cooperation enhanced|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||Solutions to the bottlenecks to regional power trade provided|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Kazakhstan - Nation-wide; Kyrgyz Republic - Nation-wide; Tajikistan - Nation-wide; Uzbekistan - Nation-wide|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||International and national consultants will be recruited individually through framework agreements wherein short-listed consultants may be hired as needed for the duration of the agreement to provide technical expertise and logistical support to ADB and the implementing agencies. Firms will also be recruited using the quality- and cost-based selection with a 90:10 quality-to-cost ratio. The consultants will be engaged in accordance with the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.|
|Procurement||Procurement by the consultant will follow the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Chansavat, Bouadokpheng|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Energy Division, CWRD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Fact Finding||15 Nov 2018 to 15 Nov 2018|
|Approval||28 Feb 2019|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||07 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|28 Feb 2019||-||28 Feb 2019||31 Mar 2021||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,500,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,500,000.00||28 Feb 2019||824.00|
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