52153-001: Ara Canal Water Productivity Improvement Project | Asian Development Bank

India: Ara Canal Water Productivity Improvement Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 52153-001 Status: Proposed

The project will provide solutions to two key constraints of the Ara main canal system performance including (i) irrigation and drainage infrastructure cannot support current needs, and (ii) management and operation of the main system do not respond to farmers' needs. The project will also provide agriculture and marketing support services to help farmers maximizing project benefits. Targeted interventions will ensure that women engaged in agriculture equally benefits from the project. The project will introduce both technical and institutional innovations. Technical innovations will include: (i) provision of supervisory control and data acquisition system and decision support system for accurate water distribution and canal operations; and (ii) development of highly efficient conjunctive surface and groundwater distribution systems which may be equipped with a pre-paid SIM card meter system for water fee collection.

Project Details

Project Officer
Cauchois, Arnaud M. South Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • India
 
Project Name Ara Canal Water Productivity Improvement Project
Project Number 52153-001
Country India
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Ara Canal Water Productivity Improvement Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 352.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The project will provide solutions to two key constraints of the Ara main canal system performance including (i) irrigation and drainage infrastructure cannot support current needs, and (ii) management and operation of the main system do not respond to farmers' needs. The project will also provide agriculture and marketing support services to help farmers maximizing project benefits. Targeted interventions will ensure that women engaged in agriculture equally benefits from the project. The project will introduce both technical and institutional innovations. Technical innovations will include: (i) provision of supervisory control and data acquisition system and decision support system for accurate water distribution and canal operations; and (ii) development of highly efficient conjunctive surface and groundwater distribution systems which may be equipped with a pre-paid SIM card meter system for water fee collection. The conjunctive surface and groundwater systems will allow farmers to either pump from surface canal water or groundwater depending on availability. It will help adapt to future reduction of surface water availability due to climate change. On the institutional side, the project will introduce the design build operate (DBO) contracting modality for the design, construction and operation of the conjunctive surface and groundwater distribution systems. The DBO approach brings answers to critical lessons learned from past irrigation projects. It aims to address recurrent public-sector inefficiencies in irrigation MOM. Value added by ADB assistance consist of providing state-of-the-art technical support for designing the Ara canal modernization plan and providing hand holding for efficient procurement and management of the contracts. The limited expertise of BWRD with modern irrigation design and performance-based irrigation management will be substantially enhanced through the project.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy 1.India requires irrigation water use efficiency and productivity improvement. Water plays a critical role in India's food security and welfare of the rural poor as 84% of all water withdrawals are dedicated to agriculture and 42% of all agricultural land is irrigated. India benefits from only 4% of the world's renewable fresh water but has 16% of the world's population. With intense urbanization and industrialization, the need for water from the non-agricultural sector is fast increasing and water shortage is becoming a major concern for industries that are required to fuel the country's economic growth. At the same time, population growth and change in dietary habits require agricultural production to continue to grow. By 2050, annual water availability per capita in India is expected to drop from 1,530 cubic meters to 1,140 cubic meters, indicating severe water stress. The current average irrigation water use efficiency of 38% points towards the need for serious performance improvement in this sector. The productivity of irrigation water is further hampered by low crop yields and cultivation of low-value crops. Therefore, most of India's utilized water not only supports activities with low economic value but is also inefficiently used. These problems will worsen in the future with the projected impacts of population and economic growth and with climate change, which will increase both irrigation water demand and uncertainty around the reliability of water resources.
Impact

Indian farmers' income doubled by 2022

Bihar State objective to have at least one food item produced in Bihar in every Indian food plate by 2022 achieved

Resilience of farmers in the project area to ongoing and uncertain future climate change increased

Outcome Higher irrigation water use efficiency, agricultural productivity and climate resilience in the Ara canal system achieved
Outputs

Ara canal system irrigation infrastructure modernized

More efficient and sustainable management, operation and maintenance for the Ara canal established

Farmers' capacity for on-farm water productivity improvement enhanced

Geographical Location Bihar
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Cauchois, Arnaud M.
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Bihar Department of Agriculture
Department of Agriculture, Barrack no. 13, Main Secretariat, Patna, India 800015
Bihar Water Resources Department
Sinchai Bhawan, Patna
Timetable
Concept Clearance 26 Jun 2018
Fact Finding 18 Mar 2019 to 18 Mar 2019
MRM 18 Jul 2019
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 25 Sep 2018

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

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