The project will provide solutions to two key constraints of the Ara main canal system performance including (i) irrigation and drainage infrastructure cannot support current needs, and (ii) management and operation of the main system do not respond to farmers' needs. The project will also provide agriculture and marketing support services to help farmers maximizing project benefits. Targeted interventions will ensure that women engaged in agriculture equally benefits from the project. The project will introduce both technical and institutional innovations. Technical innovations will include: (i) provision of supervisory control and data acquisition system and decision support system for accurate water distribution and canal operations; and (ii) development of highly efficient conjunctive surface and groundwater distribution systems which may be equipped with a pre-paid SIM card meter system for water fee collection.
|Project Name||Ara Canal Water Productivity Improvement Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Irrigation
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The project will provide solutions to two key constraints of the Ara main canal system performance including (i) irrigation and drainage infrastructure cannot support current needs, and (ii) management and operation of the main system do not respond to farmers' needs. The project will also provide agriculture and marketing support services to help farmers maximizing project benefits. Targeted interventions will ensure that women engaged in agriculture equally benefits from the project. The project will introduce both technical and institutional innovations. Technical innovations will include: (i) provision of supervisory control and data acquisition system and decision support system for accurate water distribution and canal operations; and (ii) development of highly efficient conjunctive surface and groundwater distribution systems which may be equipped with a pre-paid SIM card meter system for water fee collection. The conjunctive surface and groundwater systems will allow farmers to either pump from surface canal water or groundwater depending on availability. It will help adapt to future reduction of surface water availability due to climate change. On the institutional side, the project will introduce the design build operate (DBO) contracting modality for the design, construction and operation of the conjunctive surface and groundwater distribution systems. The DBO approach brings answers to critical lessons learned from past irrigation projects. It aims to address recurrent public-sector inefficiencies in irrigation MOM. Value added by ADB assistance consist of providing state-of-the-art technical support for designing the Ara canal modernization plan and providing hand holding for efficient procurement and management of the contracts. The limited expertise of BWRD with modern irrigation design and performance-based irrigation management will be substantially enhanced through the project.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||1.India requires irrigation water use efficiency and productivity improvement. Water plays a critical role in India's food security and welfare of the rural poor as 84% of all water withdrawals are dedicated to agriculture and 42% of all agricultural land is irrigated. India benefits from only 4% of the world's renewable fresh water but has 16% of the world's population. With intense urbanization and industrialization, the need for water from the non-agricultural sector is fast increasing and water shortage is becoming a major concern for industries that are required to fuel the country's economic growth. At the same time, population growth and change in dietary habits require agricultural production to continue to grow. By 2050, annual water availability per capita in India is expected to drop from 1,530 cubic meters to 1,140 cubic meters, indicating severe water stress. The current average irrigation water use efficiency of 38% points towards the need for serious performance improvement in this sector. The productivity of irrigation water is further hampered by low crop yields and cultivation of low-value crops. Therefore, most of India's utilized water not only supports activities with low economic value but is also inefficiently used. These problems will worsen in the future with the projected impacts of population and economic growth and with climate change, which will increase both irrigation water demand and uncertainty around the reliability of water resources.|
Indian farmers' income doubled by 2022
Bihar State objective to have at least one food item produced in Bihar in every Indian food plate by 2022 achieved
Resilience of farmers in the project area to ongoing and uncertain future climate change increased
|Outcome||Higher irrigation water use efficiency, agricultural productivity and climate resilience in the Ara canal system achieved|
Ara canal system irrigation infrastructure modernized
More efficient and sustainable management, operation and maintenance for the Ara canal established
Farmers' capacity for on-farm water productivity improvement enhanced
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Cauchois, Arnaud M.|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD|
Bihar Department of Agriculture
Department of Agriculture, Barrack no. 13, Main Secretariat, Patna, India 800015 Bihar Water Resources Department
Sinchai Bhawan, Patna
|Concept Clearance||26 Jun 2018|
|Fact Finding||18 Mar 2019 to 18 Mar 2019|
|MRM||18 Jul 2019|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||25 Sep 2018|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Ara Canal Water Productivity Improvement Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Jun 2018|
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