The Governments of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan have each requested Asian Development Bank (ADB) financing for Phase 1 (the Project) of the TAPI gas pipeline (the TAPI Pipeline). The TAPI Pipeline extends for approximately 1,600 kilometers (km), from the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan border to the Pakistan-India border. At full capacity, the TAPI Pipeline can transport up to 33 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas per year from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India over a commercial operations period of 30 years. The Project comprises the procurement and installation of pipeline and related facilities (without compressor stations) over the entire 1,600 km length within Afghanistan and Pakistan.
|Project Name||TAPI Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 1)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Oil and gas transmission and distribution
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The Governments of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan have each requested Asian Development Bank (ADB) financing for Phase 1 (the Project) of the TAPI gas pipeline (the TAPI Pipeline). The TAPI Pipeline extends for approximately 1,600 kilometers (km), from the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan border to the Pakistan-India border. At full capacity, the TAPI Pipeline can transport up to 33 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas per year from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India over a commercial operations period of 30 years. The Project comprises the procurement and installation of pipeline and related facilities (without compressor stations) over the entire 1,600 km length within Afghanistan and Pakistan. In parallel with the Project, (i) State Concern <
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Once operational, the TAPI Pipeline will allow Turkmenistan to diversify and expand its gas export markets to the southeast, into Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program's Strategy for Regional Cooperation in the Energy Sector has identified the TAPI Pipeline as one of the main links in the inter-energy relationship among CAREC countries. Overall, the TAPI Pipeline will have transformational impact on regional cooperation and will also support other initiatives aimed at increasing growth and economic stability in the region. The Project is aligned with the development strategies of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India (TAPI), as reflected in their respective Country Partnership Strategies, and is also consistent with the objectives of ADB's Strategy 2030.|
Improved fiscal position of TKM, AFG and PAK
Regional integration through gas exports from TKM to AFG, PAK and IND
Jobs created in AFG and PAK
|Outcome||Regional gas market is expanded|
TAPI Pipeline in AFG and PAK (1,600 km) completed
TAPI Pipeline commissioned and operating
Improved access to solar power in selected districts of Multan and Quetta in Pakistan, and Kandahar in Afghanistan
|Geographical Location||Afghanistan - Nation-wide; India - Nation-wide; Pakistan - Nation-wide; Turkmenistan - Nation-wide|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is classified as A' for environment due to significant land uptake, transboundary nature and crossing of key waterways and areas with high biodiversity value considered as critical habitat. Other impacts related with dust / air emissions, noise generation, occupational and community health and safety are also envisaged during project construction and operation phases.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Based on information provided by TPCL and its consultants, the project is classified as category A for involuntary resettlement (IR) impacts (due to significant land take, and consequent probable impacts on livelihoods).|
|Indigenous Peoples||Turkmenistan is an ethnically homogeneous state with Turkmens comprising 85% of the population. The provinces in Afghanistan where the pipeline crosses are mainly comprised of Pashtuns. Other major ethnic groups that include Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek and Baloch may also be present in the project area. The two provinces in Pakistan where the pipeline crosses are inhabited by Pashtuns and Baloch. None of these major groups and other ethnic groups along the corridor have been identified as indigenous peoples as defined by the Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS). At this stage, the project is classified as category C for impacts on indigenous peoples (IP).|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The main stakeholders of the project would include local residents who will benefit from improved energy supply, central and local governments specifically in the energy sector in the 4 countries, civil society organizations, and the people to be affected by civil works, specifically in the communities surrounding the planned pipeline in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The potential primary beneficiaries of the project are citizens who will benefit from improved and reliable energy access, as well as the people in Turkmenistan who will benefit from increased revenues from gas exports. The affected groups and individuals will be consulted through focus group discussions and consultation meetings during project design.|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||TPCL will be responsible for all project implementation activities, including procurement and award and management of all supply, works, consulting services, and other contracts, as well as ensuring the safeguard requirements of the governments and financing agencies are complied with. A project agreement will be executed between ADB and TPCL (and possibly TVEB if required for PCG transaction purposes) under which TPCL will assume direct obligations to ADB to implement the project. The financing agreements between ADB and Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, respectively, will include provisions requiring that their respective state owned gas entities (footnote 5), exercise their powers as (indirect) shareholders of TPCL, to ensure that TPCL: (i) implements the project in accordance with the project documentation (including financing agreements, project agreement, and safeguards documents); and (ii) undertakes any other actions required to facilitate project completion (including provision of approvals for project procurement and performing project oversight and monitoring).|
|Procurement||ADB will conduct due diligence on the procurement process, evaluation criteria, and the evaluations to ensure that procurement of the goods and services eligible for ADB financing has been undertaken in a manner consistent with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time), including ADB's Core Procurement Principles.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Pladet, Roland C.J.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Energy Division, CWRD|
Central Bank of Turkmenistan
22 Bitarap Turkmenistan Street
Ashgabat 744000, Turkmenistan Ministry of Finance
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Finance, Revenue and Economic Affairs
Block Q, Pakistan Secretariat
Islamabad, ICT, Pakistan 44000
|Concept Clearance||18 May 2020|
|Fact Finding||02 Nov 2020 to 16 Nov 2020|
|MRM||15 Feb 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||22 Jun 2020|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 1): Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Jun 2020|
|Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 1): Concept Paper||Concept Papers||Apr 2020|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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