Philippines: Metro Manila Bridges Project
The proposed loan (the Project) will finance the construction of 3 new bridges crossing Marikina River as part of the government's effort to solve the increasingly severe traffic problem of Metro Manila, the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines. The Project will include a component to strengthen the capacity of the executing agency in planning, design, management, and operation and maintenance (O&M) of bridges and crossing structures using a holistic approach, including by factoring climate change and disaster risk considerations.
Southeast Asia Department
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|Project Name||Metro Manila Bridges Project|
|Country / Economy||Philippines
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban roads and traffic management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed loan (the Project) will finance the construction of 3 new bridges crossing Marikina River as part of the government's effort to solve the increasingly severe traffic problem of Metro Manila, the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines. The Project will include a component to strengthen the capacity of the executing agency in planning, design, management, and operation and maintenance (O&M) of bridges and crossing structures using a holistic approach, including by factoring climate change and disaster risk considerations.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The continuous economic development and urbanization in Metro Manila has brought along heavy traffic congestion that causes substantial loss of time and opportunities for commuters and businesses, respectively. With a total road length of 4,882 km (1,159 km national roads and 3723 km local roads), Metro Manila has a well-articulated trunk road network comprising radial (R-1 to R-10) and circumferential (C-1 to C-5) in its metropolis, with interchanges providing grade separations at several intersections of the trunk roads. However, the current traffic demand of 12.8 million trips per day is overwhelming the capacity of the road network. Metro Manila nowadays only has 1 km of road per 424 motor vehicles, and majority of commuters in Metro Manila travel at 10 km per hour on average. It was estimated that the country lost PHP 3.5 billion per day in 2017, due to Metro Manila traffic, and the loss was projected to be PHP 5.4 billion per day in 2035 if no action is taken.
One of the major factors contributing to the inefficiency of Metro Manila''s road network is the inadequate capacity of the existing 30 bridges crossing its major waterways, namely Pasig River, Marikina River and Manggahan Floodway. These bridges currently accommodate 1.3 million vehicles per day. The traffic survey conducted by the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) during December 2016-January 2017, shows that (i) the overall level of service of the bridges crossing Pasig River is _F_, which means _forced or flow breakdown_, and (ii) the overall level of service of the bridges crossing Marikina River and Manggahan Floodway is _E_, which means _operation at or near capacity and an unstable level_. Therefore, it is critical that additional crossing structures are built over these waterways to decongest the existing bridges, hence mitigating the risk of overloading them. This will help extend the life of existing bridges and reduce their maintenance cost.
In line with the government's Roadmap for Transport Development for Metro Manila and Its Surrounding Areas to alleviate the traffic congestion in Metro Manila, partly caused by the constrained capacity of the existing bridges, and the Strategic Framework to Accelerate Infrastructure Development in the Philippine Development Plan 2017-2022, the Project will construct 3 new bridges. It is expected that the construction of the new bridges under the project will decongest the Pasig-Marikina corridor. These new bridges will be designed to be resilient to natural disasters such as flooding and the adverse impacts of global warming. Despite the very limited space available in highly urbanized area of Metro Manila, the locations and alignments of the new bridges were carefully selected to ensure that (i) they contribute significant impact on traffic decongestion; and (ii) they create minimum social and resettlement impacts in the project area.
|Impact||Efficiency of the transport sector enhanced to sustain economic growth and increase competitiveness (Philippines Development Plan, 2017 2022)|
|Description of Outcome||Efficiency of road travel in Marikina River and Manggahan Floodway areas improved.|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Three bridges crossing the Marikina River constructed
Capacity of DPWH for bridge O&M strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||City of Marikina, City of Pasig, Quezon City|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Project Preparation: The detailed engineering design of the selected three bridges and other due diligence including safeguards, economics, financial management, procurement, etc., required for processing of the Project will be prepared by the consultant team engaged for the ongoing Loan 3589-PHI: Infrastructure Preparation and Innovation Facility (IPIF).|
|Procurement||Advance contracting can start as soon as the preliminary design and cost estimates are available.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Zhao, Gengwen|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SERD|
Dept. of Public Works & Highways
Mr. Luisito S. Visorde
Bonifacio Drive, Port Area
|Concept Clearance||19 Oct 2018|
|Fact Finding||26 Apr 2021 to 05 May 2021|
|MRM||28 Jun 2021|
|Approval||14 Dec 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||14 Dec 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|14 Dec 2021||16 Dec 2021||10 Feb 2022||30 Jun 2027||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||247.50||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||175.10||17 Jun 2022||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||17 Jun 2022||0.00||0.00||0%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations) for Loan 4168-PHI: Metro Manila Bridges Project||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Dec 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Report and Recommendation of the President to the Board of Directors||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Project Administration Manual||Project/Program Administration Manual||Nov 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Gender Action Plan||Gender Action Plans||Nov 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Oct 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Concept Paper||Concept Papers||Oct 2018|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Oct 2018|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Bridge 1 - Marcos Highway-St. Mary Avenue Bridge Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Oct 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Bridge 2 - Homeowner's Drive-A. Bonifacio Bridge Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Oct 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Bridge 3 - Kabayani St.-Matandang Balara Bridge Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Oct 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Bridge 1 - Marcos Highway-St. Mary Bridge Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Jun 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Bridge 2 - Homeowner's Drive-A. Bonifacio Ave. Bridge Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Jun 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Bridge 3 - Marikina-Kabayani St.-Matandang Balara Bridge Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Jun 2021|
|Metro Manila Bridges Project: Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Jun 2021|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
$175 Million ADB Loan to Support Philippine Bridge ProjectThe Asian Development Bank has approved a $175 million loan to help the Philippine government build three new climate- and disaster-resilient bridges over the Marikina River to improve road traffic flow amid the rapid urbanization...