The proposed loan (the Project) will finance the construction of 3 new bridges crossing Marikina River as part of the government's effort to solve the increasingly severe traffic problem of Metro Manila, the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines. The Project will include a component to strengthen the capacity of the executing agency in planning, design, management, and operation and maintenance (O&M) of bridges and crossing structures using a holistic approach, including by factoring climate change and disaster risk considerations.
|Project Name||Metro Manila Bridges Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban roads and traffic management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The proposed loan (the Project) will finance the construction of 3 new bridges crossing Marikina River as part of the government's effort to solve the increasingly severe traffic problem of Metro Manila, the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines. The Project will include a component to strengthen the capacity of the executing agency in planning, design, management, and operation and maintenance (O&M) of bridges and crossing structures using a holistic approach, including by factoring climate change and disaster risk considerations.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The continuous economic development and urbanization in Metro Manila has brought along heavy traffic congestion that causes substantial loss of time and opportunities for commuters and businesses, respectively. With a total road length of 4,882 km (1,159 km national roads and 3723 km local roads), Metro Manila has a well-articulated trunk road network comprising radial (R-1 to R-10) and circumferential (C-1 to C-5) in its metropolis, with interchanges providing grade separations at several intersections of the trunk roads. However, the current traffic demand of 12.8 million trips per day is overwhelming the capacity of the road network. Metro Manila nowadays only has 1 km of road per 424 motor vehicles, and majority of commuters in Metro Manila travel at 10 km per hour on average. It was estimated that the country lost PHP 3.5 billion per day in 2017, due to Metro Manila traffic, and the loss was projected to be PHP 5.4 billion per day in 2035 if no action is taken.
One of the major factors contributing to the inefficiency of Metro Manila''s road network is the inadequate capacity of the existing 30 bridges crossing its major waterways, namely Pasig River, Marikina River and Manggahan Floodway. These bridges currently accommodate 1.3 million vehicles per day. The traffic survey conducted by the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) during December 2016-January 2017, shows that (i) the overall level of service of the bridges crossing Pasig River is _F_, which means _forced or flow breakdown_, and (ii) the overall level of service of the bridges crossing Marikina River and Manggahan Floodway is _E_, which means _operation at or near capacity and an unstable level_. Therefore, it is critical that additional crossing structures are built over these waterways to decongest the existing bridges, hence mitigating the risk of overloading them. This will help extend the life of existing bridges and reduce their maintenance cost.
In line with the government's Roadmap for Transport Development for Metro Manila and Its Surrounding Areas to alleviate the traffic congestion in Metro Manila (Footnote 2), partly caused by the constrained capacity of the existing bridges, and the Strategic Framework to Accelerate Infrastructure Development in the Philippine Development Plan 2017-2022, the Project will construct 3 new bridges. It is expected that the construction of the new bridges under the project will decongest the Pasig-Marikina corridor. These new bridges will be designed to be resilient to natural disasters such as flooding and the adverse impacts of global warming. Despite the very limited space available in highly urbanized area of Metro Manila, the locations and alignments of the new bridges were carefully selected to ensure that (i) they contribute significant impact on traffic decongestion; and (ii) they create minimum social and resettlement impacts in the project area.
|Impact||Tansport sector enhanced to sustain economic growth and increase global competitiveness (Philippines Development Plan, 2017 2022, NEDA)|
|Outcome||Efficiency of road travel in Marikina River and Manggahan Floodway areas improved.|
Five bridges crossing Marikina River and Manggahan Floodway completed.
Capacity of DPWH in bridge design, management and O&M strengthened.
|Geographical Location||City of Marikina, City of Pasig, Quezon City|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Project Preparation: The detailed engineering design of the selected three bridges and other due diligence including safeguards, economics, financial management, procurement, etc., required for processing of the Project will be prepared by the consultant team engaged for the ongoing Loan 3589-PHI: Infrastructure Preparation and Innovation Facility (IPIF).|
|Procurement||Advance contracting can start as soon as the preliminary design and cost estimates are available.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Shim, Chaorin|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SERD|
Dept. of Public Works and Highways
ADB-PMO Bldg. 2nd St.
Port Area, Manila
|Concept Clearance||19 Oct 2018|
|Fact Finding||21 Apr 2020 to 08 May 2020|
|MRM||20 Jun 2020|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||09 Jan 2020|
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