The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) cluster will support the green development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) in the People's Republic of China (PRC). It will (i) support research on enabling policies, regulations, and incentive mechanisms needed to achieve the environmental goals and objectives outlined for the YREB region; and (ii) undertake analytical work needed to design and implement demonstration projects. The TA cluster subprojects were developed on the request of the Government of the PRC with the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) to support the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) strategic project investments for achieving targets outlined in the YREB development plan.
|Project Name||Policy Research on Ecological Protection and Rural Vitalization for Supporting Green Development in the Yangtze River Economic Belt|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) cluster will support the green development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) in the People's Republic of China (PRC). It will (i) support research on enabling policies, regulations, and incentive mechanisms needed to achieve the environmental goals and objectives outlined for the YREB region; and (ii) undertake analytical work needed to design and implement demonstration projects. The TA cluster subprojects were developed on the request of the Government of the PRC with the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) to support the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) strategic project investments for achieving targets outlined in the YREB development plan. The TA cluster subprojects were included in the country operations business plan for the PRC, 2018 2020; and are consistent with the focus of ADB's Strategy 2030 and its development agenda of supporting institutional reform and achieving environmentally sustainable growth, which are the strategic priorities of ADB's assistance to the PRC. The TA cluster is aligned with the following impact: green economic development and ecological protection in the YREB achieved (footnote 1). The TA cluster will have the following outcome: design and implementation of eco-compensation and ecosystem protection demonstration projects enhanced. The TA subproject outputs will also reflect the outputs of the overall TA cluster. Output 1: Enabling environment for ecological compensation demonstration strengthened. Output 1 will support the development of policies, regulations, and incentive mechanisms needed to establish appropriate policy and institutional frameworks that will facilitate effective ecological restoration and environmental improvement demonstration projects in the YREB. Output 2: Capacity on integrating poverty reduction targets into innovative financing mechanisms for ecosystem protection enhanced. Output 2 will support the strengthening of the project designers' capacity to effectively undertake analytical assessments needed for designing comprehensive ecosystem protection demonstration projects. Output 3: Knowledge sharing and dissemination of lessons and findings conducted. Output 3 will support the preparation and publication of at least two knowledge products, including policy briefs and case study research reports, which summarize the findings and facilitate the dissemination of key lessons as well as the design and delivery of targeted training programs and study tours. The TA subprojects 2 and 3 (Appendix 2) will primarily contribute to this output.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Rural vitalization in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Among the rural villages, about 40% do not have garbage collection facilities; and about 80% lack basic sewage treatment, which contributes to poor environmental conditions. The environmental quality of these rural areas is further exacerbated by agriculture-related nonpoint source pollution from outdated production systems lacking effective waste management systems. Due to these concerns, the NDRC launched guidelines on a rural vitalization strategy, identifying agriculture, farmers, and rural areas as the major bottleneck to achieving the PRC's economic development and environmental restoration goals. Under the rural vitalization strategy, the PRC seeks to modernize agriculture and rural villages through (i) building ecologically livable villages; (ii) improving provision of basic public services (including rural sanitation, solid waste collection, and nonpoint source pollution control); and (iii) improving rural governance. These issues complement and are closely aligned with the goals in the YREB development plan and the focus of the proposed TA cluster, sharing common outcomes for ecological and environmental improvement.
Government strategy. The outline of the YREB development plan was released by the government in September 2016 to guide the future development of the YREB towards the goal of ecological restoration and green development (footnote 1). The outline prescribes environmental improvement targets and water quality in the Yangtze River by 2020, with over 75% of the river water meeting the Class III standard or above, compared with 68% in 2014; and the forest coverage achieving 43.0%, compared with 41.3% in 2014.
ADB strategy. ADB's country partnership strategy for the PRC, 2016 2020, aligned with the PRC's Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, also supports the government's reform agenda and the YREB targets by focusing on the following strategic priorities: (i) managing climate change and the environment; (ii) promoting regional cooperation and integration; (iii) supporting inclusive economic growth; (iv) fostering knowledge cooperation; and (v) supporting institutional and governance reform.
ADB's framework approach for the Yangtze River Economic Belt. ADB is playing a catalytic role by focusing its limited resources to work together with different YREB stakeholders to develop and promote innovative yet replicable approaches for scaling up in each of the strategically selected priority areas where ADB has institutional advantages. ADB's framework approach supporting the YREB will see an estimated $2.0 billion of support provided during 2018 2020, extending across one or more provinces or municipalities in the middle and upper reaches of the YREB. The individual projects may be in one or more of the core operational sectors of ADB environment, agriculture and natural resources, transport, energy, or urban development.
Strategic priority areas. In line with the core areas identified in the YREB development plan, ADB's current YREB assistance framework focuses on four strategic priority areas: (i) ecosystem restoration, environmental protection, and management of water resources; (ii) green and inclusive industrial transformation; (iii) construction of an integrated multimodal transport corridor; and (iv) institutional strengthening and policy reform. All four priorities will complement each other to support the overall ecological restoration and green development of the YREB.
The proposed TA cluster offers an additional avenue of strategic, yet complementary support to planned ADB lending and non-lending assistance in the YREB. The themes of the four subprojects (Appendix 2) cut across key strategic priority areas consistent with ADB's YREB framework approach, addressing the areas of ecosystem restoration and environmental protection, institutional and policy reform, and capacity building. Eco-compensation particularly has been identified as an important innovative financing mechanism to address both ecosystem restoration and rural poverty reduction in the YREB. ADB is also co-leading with the China Council on International Cooperation for Environment and Development a 2-year Special Policy Study on Eco-compensation and Green Development Institutional Reform in the YREB during 2018 2019 to create an enabling policy framework for effective implementation of eco-compensation programs.
The executing agencies associated with the subprojects under the proposed TA cluster are closely involved in the key strategic areas under the YREB development plan and the rural vitalization strategy (footnotes 1 and 4). The Guizhou Provincial Government (subproject 1), situated in the upper Yangtze River catchment area, is supporting the project activities which aim to protect and improve ecological and environmental processes critical to achieving the YREB development plan outcomes. The NDRC (subprojects 2 and 3) is a key player in the project activities which support the design and implementation of eco-compensation and related incentive mechanisms that are aligned with ecological protection and environmental improvement outcomes under the YREB development plan and rural vitalization initiatives. The State Forestry and Grasslands Administration (subproject 4) plays a significant role in the PRC's ecological recovery plan.
A TA cluster modality was determined to be the most appropriate means of providing strategic and targeted support for the YREB development plan (footnote 1). Linked subprojects will support a program of activities covering capacity development and the development of enabling policies and regulatory frameworks, with the common objective of supporting the implementation of demonstration projects aligned with targets in the YREB development plan (footnote 1). The TA cluster modality provides the flexibility to support emerging needs through the design of subprojects during the TA implementation. Since the PRC has a TA framework agreement for the YREB and the TA subprojects have been programmed as knowledge and support TA projects, the TA approach is more appropriate because greater knowledge sharing and cooperation can be achieved within the cluster.
|Impact||Green economic development and ecological protection in the YREB achieved|
|Description of Outcome||Design and implementation of eco-compensation and ecosystem protection demonstration projects enhanced|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Enabling environment for ecological compensation demonstration strengthened
Capacity on integrating poverty reduction targets into innovative financing mechanisms for ecosystem protection enhanced
Knowledge sharing and dissemination of lessons and findings conducted
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Chongqing, Guizhou|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation||Based on the current progress of the four subprojects of the TA cluster in close coordination with their respective executing agencies, EAER Director approved on 11 February 2020 the 1-year extension of the TA cluster completion date from 31 December 2020 to 31 December 2021 pursuant to para. 36 of PAI 5.09 to allow sufficient time for the completion of the remaining activities of the four subprojects.|
|Consulting Services||The TA cluster is expected to engage international and national consultants individually or through firms as and when needed in accordance with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) prior to approval of each TA subproject in consultation with the government during follow-up missions. ADB will engage consulting firms and individual consultants for each TA subproject in accordance with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the associated project administration instructions and/or TA staff instructions.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Yee, Au Shion|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
|Concept Clearance||20 Jul 2018|
|Fact Finding||31 May 2018 to 01 Jun 2018|
|Approval||15 Sep 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Sep 2020|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Policy Research on Ecological Protection and Rural Vitalization for Supporting Green Development in the Yangtze River Economic Belt: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Sep 2018|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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