The knowledge and support technical assistance (KSTA) facility will deploy solar energy at scale via three pillars: (i) identification and development of solar project pipeline (which may include pilot testing); (ii) identification of financial instruments and assistance in mobilization of funding for solar investments; and (iii) knowledge management and capacity building. Solar is the world's largest available energy resource, much larger than all other resources combined: the solar radiation hitting the earth every hour is more than total global energy consumption. In the context of sustainable development and climate change, scaling up of solar energy investments is one of the best options with respect to distribution of the resource in countries which are energy poor in terms of conventional energy, as well as a broad spectrum of applications and scale and speed of deployment.
|Project Name||Deploying Solar Systems at Scale|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Renewable energy generation - solar
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
The knowledge and support technical assistance (KSTA) facility will deploy solar energy at scale via three pillars: (i) identification and development of solar project pipeline (which may include pilot testing); (ii) identification of financial instruments and assistance in mobilization of funding for solar investments; and (iii) knowledge management and capacity building. Solar is the world's largest available energy resource, much larger than all other resources combined: the solar radiation hitting the earth every hour is more than total global energy consumption. In the context of sustainable development and climate change, scaling up of solar energy investments is one of the best options with respect to distribution of the resource in countries which are energy poor in terms of conventional energy, as well as a broad spectrum of applications and scale and speed of deployment. This will also help implement the cooperation agreement between Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
The KSTA facility is estimated to cost $2,000,000, which will be financed on a grant basis by Clean Energy Fund of the Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility (CEFPF). The government will provide counterpart support in the form of counterpart staff, office accommodation, and other in-kind contributions. The governments have been informed that approval of the TRTA facility does not commit ADB to finance any ensuing project.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The KSTA facility will support identification of solar energy projects, financial instruments and funding mechanisms, and related capacity building and policy advice initially for the South Asia Region and shared with other regions through Energy Sector Group in Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department of ADB. Potential projects will utilize solar energy for electricity generation, irrigation, mini-grids, and other applications which all require similar viability assessments covering technical, financial, economic, safeguards, governance, and procurement aspects. Capacity building and policy advice will be tailored to support the ensuing investments (_learning by doing_) and other activities covered by the cooperation agreement between ADB and ISA. This KSTA facility is not listed in the current County Operations Business Plans (COBP) for the countries.
Output 1: Solar project pipeline identified and developed. The TRTA facility will support identification and development of a pipeline of solar energy projects including electricity generation, irrigation, mini-grids, and other end-use applications (e.g., solar thermal for heating and cooling systems). High-level technologies will be considered when candidate technologies have been assessed. This output may include grid impact assessments to determine need for transmission capacity upgrades, substation augmentation, and other grid infrastructure upgrades; and similar assessments for other large-scale solar end-use investments. For selected projects which meet country readiness checklists or are at an advanced stage of preparation, the TRTA facility will support technical, economic, financial, procurement, governance, and environmental and social safeguards due diligence for consideration by ADB. Opportunities for gender mainstreaming will be incorporated into projects to the extent practical, especially those which include solar energy end-use applications.
Output 2: Financing instruments for solar deployment identified and scaled up. This output will explore options for innovative financing at scale including a common risk mitigation mechanism (CRMM), a global fund for achieving Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7), and a corpus fund for ISA operations. Pursuant to a feasibility study for a CRMM completed in late 2017, World Bank is expected to approve an investment operation to mobilize the CRMM in 2019. ADB will identify entry points to the CRMM, and will evaluate options including direct equity investments, green bonds, and co-financing from specialized funds, other development partners and commercial sources for investment in the CRMM and a SDG7 fund.
Output 3: Knowledge management and capacity of ISA improved. ADB will support ISA country participation in knowledge sharing platforms such as the Asia Clean Energy Forum and similar events in the region and outside, with emphasis on learning-by-doing integrated with Outputs 1, 2, and 4. This output will also support strengthening capacity of the ISA Secretariat and include documenting of best practices for gender mainstreaming in solar energy deployment. Social media and websites will be the primary mode of knowledge sharing. Reports, best practice guidance, workshop proceedings, and other knowledge products will be published on a periodic basis on ADB's website and social media and through conferences such as the Asia Clean Energy Forum.
Output 4: Pilot testing of project approach identified and implemented. Pilot testing will be considered in cases where there is demand from a DMC, an identified counterpart agency, readily available technology or system(s) to be deployed on a prototype basis for up to 12 months maximum, and where a successful pilot is scaled up in an ensuing project.
|Impact||Share of solar power in the energy mix improved|
|Description of Outcome||Number of potential solar energy projects increased|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Solar project pipeline identified and developed
Financing instruments for solar deployment identified and scaled up
Knowledge management and capacity of ISA improved
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Bangladesh - Nation-wide; Bhutan - Nation-wide; India - Nation-wide; Maldives - Nation-wide; Nepal - Nation-wide; Sri Lanka - Nation-wide|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Not applicable|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Acharya, Jiwan S.|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Energy Division, SARD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||15 Mar 2019|
|Fact Finding||11 Apr 2019 to 12 Apr 2019|
|Approval||06 Jun 2019|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||06 Jun 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|06 Jun 2019||-||06 Jun 2019||31 Dec 2022||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||2,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,000,000.00||06 Jun 2019||0.00|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Deploying Solar Systems at Scale: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Jun 2019|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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