Fiji: Nadi Flood Alleviation Project

Sovereign Project | 52233-001

The project will involve a combination of structural and non-structural measures to achieve, in a cost effective manner, a level of flood hazard protection for the Nadi town and the lower Nadi river floodplain that is desired and accepted by stakeholders.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Guy, Katherine M.
    Pacific Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Nadi Flood Alleviation Project
Project Number 52233-001
Country / Economy Fiji
Project Status Dropped / Terminated
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Nadi Flood Alleviation Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 150.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will involve a combination of structural and non-structural measures to achieve, in a cost effective manner, a level of flood hazard protection for the Nadi town and the lower Nadi river floodplain that is desired and accepted by stakeholders.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Located on the western side of the main island of Viti Levu, and with an urban population of 59,717 (2017 census), Nadi is Fiji's fourth largest city after Suva, Nasinu and Lautoka. Established on the confluence of the Nadi and Malakua/Nawaka rivers, tourism and agricultural production dominate the local economy. With tourist numbers growing 6.4% annually since 2014, Nadi International Airport located 9 kilometres from Nadi town was the principal port of entry for 842,884 visitors in 2017. The prospering tourist industry, accounting for earnings equivalent to 19.1% of GDP (2017), ensures Nadi will remain the commercial and tourism centre of Fiji. As major flood events have consistently and severely reduced tourism numbers and interrupted economic activity, the government has emphasized the strategic economic importance of protecting Nadi from increasingly regular flood events.

A climate risk and vulnerability assessment (CRVA) observed increasing rainfall intensity in the Nadi catchment since the 1950s, exposing vital economic assets to flood risks, and increasing the vulnerability of Fijians and their economy to continuing climate change forces. Nadi airport rainfall records illustrate a strong climate change signal over the past 75 years, with return periods of extreme rainfall events decreasing significantly. Of the 84 floods since 1870, 54 occurred post 1980, with 26 major floods since 1991. Fiji has experienced more than one flood annually for the last 40 years with particularly devastating floods in 2004, 2009, 2012 and 2014 (2 events). The January 2009 flood, which devastated large areas of Fiji, claimed 11 lives, left 12,000 people homeless and caused FJ$113m of damage. Worst hit was the Nadi area, with total damage estimated at FJ$81.2m._Increased population and economic activity in Nadi town will increase the risks. Despite the high frequency and consequent damage caused by floods, only small scale bank protection and small retention dams have been constructed a systematic flood management plan for the Nadi River catchment is yet to be implemented.

Responding to a government request for assistance, in mid2014 JICA commenced a comprehensive 2-year feasibility study on flood management for the Nadi River catchment. The study acknowledged the urgent need to establish a holistic flood management master plan. In August 2016 JICA published a feasibility study (FS) that proposed a master plan involving a range of structural and non-structural flood control measures over a 30 year period._The master plan identified a "Priority Project" which included various structural measures to immediately mitigate flood damage in priority areas in the Nadi township area.

A large number of studies in the Fijian water sector have focused on specific projects or sub-sectors (eg. hydroelectric power or potable water supply and sanitation). Significantly, no studies provide a full, sector-wide assessment of the technical, institutional, legislative and administrative aspects of the sector. A summary of the state of water resources in Fiji (last updated in 2015) is available on Food and Agriculture Organization's (FAO) aquastat._

The National Development Plan_identifies three key focus water policy areas: (i) strengthen water policy planning and sustainable resource management; (ii) expand access
and work towards ensuring equity in the provision of water and sanitation services to all Fijians; and (iii) ensure long-term sustainability in the provision of freshwater resources and catchment security. The policy clearly focuses on improving potable water and sanitation, and emphasizes the important need to enhance the policy, legal, institutional and technical aspects of water resources through environmentally sustainable water and catchment management practices, protecting both surface and subsurface resources. The coordination challenge faced by multiple agencies responsible for cross sub-sector activities is complicated by fragmented legislation and inconsistent regulations.

Recognizing the urgent need for enhanced coordination, the Government established the Ministry of Waterways and Environment (MOWE) in 2017. The government has emphasized the need to : consider policy and regulation reform to empower and enable the newly established Ministry; and define long term operational and capital expenditure budgets.


Economic and social losses and loss of life from flood events reduced.

Water policy planning and sustainable resource management practices strengthened.

Long term sustainability in the provision of freshwater resources and catchment security ensured.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Reduced damages from flooding events in Nadi River catchment.

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Structural flood mitigation measures constructed.

Flood management plans and early warning systems operational

National water resources and flood management governance strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nadi River
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Guy, Katherine M.
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Pacific Subregional Office in Suva, Fiji
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Economy
Concept Clearance 05 Apr 2019
Fact Finding -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 12 Apr 2019

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

None currently available.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.


No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.