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Kyrgyz Republic: Naryn Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Development Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 52256-001 Status: Active

Naryn is a mountainous province and one of the poorest in the Kyrgyz Republic, with a poverty rate of 29% in 2017. Naryn's resident population was estimated at 287,000 in 2018 across Naryn township and 165 villages. In 2009, the urban population share was 15.3%. The ADB-supported Bishkek Torugart road traverses through Naryn and connects Bishkek to the People's Republic of China (PRC), providing regional connectivity with Central Asian neighbors and opportunities for rural development. Most villages in Naryn have unprotected water sources. Incidences of waterborne diseases are high in Naryn. The program will cover 64,000 people in Naryn and will support the design, construction, and rehabilitation of WSS facilities; and institutional capacity to provide sustainable and safe WSS services across 31 program villages. In addition, the program will ensure that detailed designs are completed for 12 program villages and ready them for implementation when additional financing becomes available.

 
Project Name Naryn Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Development Program
Project Number 52256-001
Country Kyrgyz Republic
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0676-KGZ: Naryn Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 13.70 million
Loan 3854-KGZ: Naryn Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 13.70 million
TA 9851-KGZ: Supporting the Naryn Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Development Program
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 225,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural sanitation - Rural water supply services

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

Naryn is a mountainous province and one of the poorest in the Kyrgyz Republic, with a poverty rate of 29% in 2017. Naryn's resident population was estimated at 287,000 in 2018 across Naryn township and 165 villages. In 2009, the urban population share was 15.3%. The ADB-supported Bishkek Torugart road traverses through Naryn and connects Bishkek to the People's Republic of China (PRC), providing regional connectivity with Central Asian neighbors and opportunities for rural development. Most villages in Naryn have unprotected water sources. Incidences of waterborne diseases are high in Naryn. The program will cover 64,000 people in Naryn and will support the design, construction, and rehabilitation of WSS facilities; and institutional capacity to provide sustainable and safe WSS services across 31 program villages. In addition, the program will ensure that detailed designs are completed for 12 program villages and ready them for implementation when additional financing becomes available.

The RBL program's impacts will be (i) health and quality of life of residents improved and (ii) adverse environmental impacts reduced by 2026. The outcome will be inclusive and reliable access to safe WSS for rural communities in Naryn improved. Two outputs will contribute to the outcome:

(i) Output 1: Water supply and sanitation infrastructure expanded and sanitation solutions piloted. The program will include the following infrastructure components: (a) safe water sources, water storage, and treatment and disinfection systems; (b) distribution networks for the target population of 64,000; (c) gender-sensitive safe water and sanitation facilities in selected kindergartens, schools, and health facilities; and (d) piloting of non-networked household sanitation solutions.

(ii) Output 2: Institutional capacities strengthened for enhanced sustainability in the rural water supply services and sanitation subsector. Output 2 focuses on institutional measures to strengthen WSS systems and improve service delivery. It will (a) establish and strengthen WSUs and secure at least 20% female participation across all WSUs by 2025, and 40% female participation in WSU-related trainings and public consultations; (b) deliver financial management training to further enhance internal control processes and procedures for ARIS and WSUs; (c) adopt and apply a procurement manual and a multiyear procurement action plan; and (d) develop and implement an M&E framework to improve knowledge of asset inventory and data management.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Kyrgyz Republic is one of the poorest countries in Central and West Asia and its estimated gross domestic product per capita is $1,280. An estimated 22.4% of the country's 6.2 million people live below the national poverty line. The concentration of poverty in the country is higher in rural areas and greatest in mountainous areas, where more than half of the population is poor. The Kyrgyz Republic is also highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, including frequent drought and early snowfall, increasing the risk of water scarcity, frequent landslides, and floods, particularly for poor populations.

Access to safe drinking WSS in rural areas remains a significant challenge. Poor water quality and sanitation costs the country over $100 million annually, including productivity losses. Most of the rural WSS infrastructure was built in 1960s and has exceeded its design life, with little maintenance resulting in low-quality services. In 2014, only one-quarter of rural households had piped household connections, and about 73% of rural households had intermittent water supply. There are 200 water supply intakes without sanitary protection setback zones and they lack treatment facilities, exposing people to preventable diseases. Rural sanitation coverage is only 10% and characterized primarily by unimproved sanitation facilities. The key issues confronting rural WSS in the Kyrgyz Republic are (i) insufficient resources because of inadequate tariffs, (ii) weak capacity of WSS service operators, and (iii) limited operation and maintenance (O&M) and capital investment.

In March 2016, the government approved its national Strategy for Development of Water Supply and Sewerage Systems in Settlements (SDWSSSS) program, 2016 2026, covering all seven provinces in the Kyrgyz Republic. The goal of the national program is to increase water supply coverage from 40% to 90% and sanitation coverage from 10% to 70% by 2026. The nationwide program is also anchored in the National Development Strategy of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2018 2040 which prioritizes access to clean drinking water and sanitary facilities. The national SDWSSSS program provides a clear framework to guide sector development by outlining key areas and activities in developing urban and rural water supply and sewerage systems. It also contains measures to conduct analysis and monitoring. The resolution includes an implementation plan for ongoing and planned projects totaling $420 million with financing sourced from the state budget (6.4%) and primarily from external sources (93.6%).

The SDWSSSS aims to improve access to safe rural WSS and is aligned with Sustainable Development Goals 1, 5, 6, 10, 12, and 13. The results-based lending (RBL) program is embedded in the SDWSSSS program and will enhance development effectiveness. The government requested support from multiple development partners to implement the SDWSSSS program and allocated each of the seven provinces to different development partners to expedite efficiency and enhance coordination. The government requested ADB's assistance in Naryn.

The program is aligned with ADB's Strategy 2030, supporting four of the seven operational priorities: (i) addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities, (ii) promoting rural development and food security, (iii) strengthening governance and institutional capacity, and (iv) building climate and disaster resilience. The program is included in ADB's country operations business plan for the Kyrgyz Republic, 2019 2021 and is aligned with ADB's country partnership strategy for the Kyrgyz Republic, 2018 2022, which calls for equality between regions, and improved WSS services. The program is also aligned with ADB's Water Policy and Water Operational Plan.

ADB value addition includes (i) the introduction of a results-based approach for investment planning and strengthening of institutions; (ii) a focus on building the capacity and management practices of asset owners and WSUs; (iii) actions to strengthen the program M&E (para. 31), procurement, and financial management systems; and (iv) the incorporation of climate change risk management into subsector operations.

Impact (i) Health and quality of life of residents improved and (ii) adverse environmental impacts reduced by 2026
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Inclusive and reliable access to safe water supply and sanitation for rural communities in Naryn improved
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Water supply and sanitation infrastructure expanded and sanitation solutions piloted

Institutional capacities strengthened for enhanced sustainability in the rural water supply services and sanitation subsector

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Naryn
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Petrone, Massimo
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Department of Drinking Water Supply and Sewerage Development under the State Agency for Water Resources under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic
28,Manas Avenue,Bishkek,Kyrgyz Republic
Timetable
Concept Clearance 06 Nov 2018
Fact Finding 08 Jul 2019 to 13 Apr 2019
MRM 24 Jul 2019
Approval 08 Nov 2019
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 08 Nov 2019

Grant 0676-KGZ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Nov 2019 25 Dec 2019 13 Aug 2020 28 Jun 2028 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 19.20 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 13.70 08 Nov 2019 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 5.50 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 08 Nov 2019 0.00 0.00 0%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Unsatisfactory - Unsatisfactory - Unsatisfactory

Loan 3854-KGZ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Nov 2019 25 Dec 2019 13 Aug 2020 30 Jun 2028 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 13.70 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 13.70 08 Nov 2019 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 08 Nov 2019 0.00 0.00 0%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Unsatisfactory - Unsatisfactory - Unsatisfactory

TA 9851-KGZ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Nov 2019 - 08 Nov 2019 31 Dec 2021 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
225,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 225,000.00 08 Nov 2019 13,722.52
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Unsatisfactory - Unsatisfactory - Unsatisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Feb 2020 26 Feb 2020
Technical Auditor (Water Supply and Sanitation) Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Feb 2020 26 Feb 2020
Procurement Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Feb 2020 26 Feb 2020
National Water Supply and Sanitation Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Feb 2020 26 Feb 2020

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.