Kyrgyz Republic : Enhancing climate-resilient ground water management approaches

Sovereign Project | 52256-011

The proposed sixth subgrant, Activity 6: Enhancing Climate-Resilient Ground Water Management Approaches, will reinvigorate on-farm ground water management approaches and improve service efficiency of the Water Resources Service (WRS), the executing agency (EA) of Activity 6. It is the same EA that is implementing the ongoing project L3746/G0632 Climate Change and Disaster-Resilient Water Resources Sector Project (the linked project). Due to significant decline of water resources, water from irrigation systems have become insufficient and its scarcity is exacerbated by climate change impacts. A decrease in summer precipitation by 10% and an increase in air temperature by 5

Project Name Enhancing climate-resilient ground water management approaches
Project Number 52256-011
Country / Economy Kyrgyz Republic
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0941-KGZ: Enhancing climate-resilient ground water management approaches
Asian Development Fund US$ 1.88 million
Operational Priorities OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Water-based natural resources management

Gender
Description

The proposed sixth subgrant, Activity 6: Enhancing Climate-Resilient Ground Water Management Approaches, will reinvigorate on-farm ground water management approaches and improve service efficiency of the Water Resources Service (WRS), the executing agency (EA) of Activity 6. It is the same EA that is implementing the ongoing project L3746/G0632 Climate Change and Disaster-Resilient Water Resources Sector Project (the linked project). Due to significant decline of water resources, water from irrigation systems have become insufficient and its scarcity is exacerbated by climate change impacts. A decrease in summer precipitation by 10% and an increase in air temperature by 5

C will increase crop water requirements by 15-20%, higher evaporation rates from surface water (especially during summer), and soil moisture depletion, which can lead to drought-like conditions. Shifts in the seasonal cropping season and increases in water use for agriculture may lead to crop failure when irrigation water demand is unmet due to changes in the amount of streamflow. Farmers at the lower end of irrigation schemes are experiencing frequent water shortages, affecting agricultural livelihoods. Because of the water scarcity, previously irrigated land becomes saline and inadequate, reducing agricultural productivity and causing displacement of rural population. A solution to address this shortage is to use ground water as an alternative reliable water source. The proposed project will increase climate and disaster resilience, water productivity and income of agricultural communities in four districts (Aravan, Nookat, Leilek and Panfilov) and contribute to addressing rural poverty. While the linked project focuses on surface water irrigation schemes, Activity 6 will enhance water availability by introducing sustainable use of groundwater resources and improved water efficiency on farms.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Strengthening resilience to climate change is underpinned by the country's Water Code (2005) and the government's national development, climate change, and sector strategies. The State Programme on the Development of Irrigation of the Kyrgyz Republic (2017-2026) seeks more productive use of water resources through construction and modernization of infrastructure and introduction of improved technologies. Activity 6 will increase livelihood opportunities for rural communities including women, enhance food security, reduce water scarcity, and increase adaptive capacity of vulnerable smallholder farmers exposed to climate change impacts. WRS's capacity will be enhanced through improved management of irrigation and solar-pumping facilities, decreased operational costs, strengthened knowledge in climate change. Men and women farmers' capacities will be developed for climate-resilient agricultural practices to protect their livelihoods under increasing variability and climate change. The pilot activity will demonstrate the use of the alternative groundwater source for irrigation, coupled with the effective management of ground water and introduction of climate smart agricultural practices. This will help farmers adapt to climate impacts including decreased water level and water stress. It will reduce their exposure to climate risks, improve access to water through boreholes, increase reliability of irrigation water supplies with the opportunity for conjunctive groundwater and surface water use and reduce dependency on the electricity grid. Farmers will be introduced to improved, climate-smart agriculture practices through extension work, including water saving on-farm technologies, and less water intensive cropping.
Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

New technology, innovation, or improvement in design standards pilot-tested.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An environmental assessment and review framework have been prepared for the facility in accordance with ADB's Safeguards Policy Statement (SPS) 2009 to provide guidance on the safeguards screening and impact assessment process for subgrant/projects to be funded under the facility. Activity 6 subgrant is classified as category B for environmental safeguards as per ADB SPS. Draft initial environmental examination (IEE) was prepared for Activity 6 covering (i) CW-01 package based on detailed design, and (ii) CW-02 to CW-05 packages based on preliminary designs. The draft IEE findings show that potential impacts related to construction and operation are site-specific, short in duration, can be avoided and/or mitigated using good construction practices and mitigation measures specified in environmental management plan. During operation, overextraction of groundwater is a primary concern that must be regulated by regular monitoring and implementation of safe water extraction limits.
Involuntary Resettlement A land acquisition and resettlement framework has been prepared for the facility subsequent activities in accordance with the SPS. Activity 6 will include consulting services, implementation and upgrading or rehabilitation works within the existing facilities owned by the Government. Social safeguards due diligence has been conducted and social safeguards due diligence report (SDDR) prepared for the selected 5 boreholes to confirm that there is no physical and economic displacement due to the project activities in these components. The checklists have been developed in the SDDR for the rest of the 29 sites (25 boreholes, 4 WRS district pumping stations), where the project site area/facility has no final detailed engineering design yet. These are not expected to involve physical and economic displacement. Project grievance redress mechanism (GRM) has been established and effective. Meaningful consultations were conducted with the project beneficiaries, and they were informed about contact details and locations of the project GRM.
Indigenous Peoples N/A
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Meaningful consultations on environmental and social safeguards are conducted at project sites according to ADB SPS.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The are small consulting packages as agricultural consultants (firm) and PIU staff (individual consultant selection) envisaged under the project.
Procurement The main works are set out in the following packages: (i) Package 1 (Consulting Services): total net value of $0.15 million and includes local communities, capacity building services; (ii) Packages 2-6 (Civil Works for construction of boreholes): total net-value of $1.59 million with the largest contract of $0.52 million and smallest $0.21 million and cover construction of 30 boreholes in 4 districts. Boreholes and districts are scattered across the country and were grouped per geographical locations. (iii) Package 7 (Equipment for solar stations): total net-value of $0.10 million and covers the supply and installation of solar panels for district water departments. (iv) Package 8 (Non-consulting Services): total net value of $0.04 million and includes detailed engineering design for boreholes. (v) Package 9 (Non-consulting Services): total value of $0.02 million and includes external audit services for the project.
Responsible ADB Officer Amanova, Ainagul
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Agriculture, Food, Nature, and Rural Development Sector Office (SG-AFNR)
Executing Agencies
Water Resources Services under the Ministry of Water Resources, Agriculture and Processing Industry of the KR
Timetable
Concept Clearance 07 Jul 2023
Fact Finding 10 Oct 2023 to 17 Oct 2023
MRM -
Approval 26 Feb 2024
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 12 Mar 2024

Grant 0941-KGZ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Feb 2024 25 Apr 2024 26 Apr 2024 30 Sep 2025 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.13 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 1.88 07 May 2024 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.25 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 07 May 2024 0.00 0.00 0%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
52256-KGZ: Enhancing Climate-resilient Ground Water Management Approaches under the Multisector Activities Support Facility Project [NCB № WRS-CW1] Invitation for Bids Closed

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.