The proposed project will support the provincial governments of Mongolia in their efforts to improve solid waste management practices, reduce environmental pollution, and enhance community awareness and employment generation opportunities in the waste management sector. The project will promote effective and innovative municipal solid waste management in secondary cities in Mongolia. The project will preserve the ecological balance in areas around the selected secondary cities; improve public health by reducing the burden of care (especially on women) because of ill health due to contamination from solid waste; and generate employment opportunities and improved livelihoods for the urban poor. The project outcome will be effective municipal solid waste management and recycling in secondary cities adopted. The impact will be safer and better environmental conditions for residents living in secondary cities achieved.
|Project Name||Managing Solid Waste in Secondary Cities|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban solid waste management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed project will support the provincial governments of Mongolia in their efforts to improve solid waste management practices, reduce environmental pollution, and enhance community awareness and employment generation opportunities in the waste management sector. The project will promote effective and innovative municipal solid waste management in secondary cities in Mongolia. The project will preserve the ecological balance in areas around the selected secondary cities; improve public health by reducing the burden of care (especially on women) because of ill health due to contamination from solid waste; and generate employment opportunities and improved livelihoods for the urban poor. The project outcome will be effective municipal solid waste management and recycling in secondary cities adopted. The impact will be safer and better environmental conditions for residents living in secondary cities achieved. The grant will have three outputs: (i) municipal solid waste management infrastructure in secondary cities constructed; (ii) inclusive municipal solid waste recycling approaches adopted; and (iii) awareness and understanding on solid waste management and policies enhanced. The project will be implemented in the capital cities of Darkhan-Uul, Gobi-Altai, Sukhbaatar, and Uvurkhangai provinces.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Changing urban consumption patterns and lifestyle have resulted in rapidly increasing waste in Mongolia. The municipal solid waste generated in urban Mongolia has significantly increased from 0.3 million tons per year in 2008 to over 2.4 million tons per year in 2017. Even though more than half of the waste are recyclables plastic, paper, cardboard, glass, and metal only 1% is reused or exported. Solid waste management in Mongolia is challenged by (i) poor technologies, infrastructure and equipment for waste collection, segregation, recycling, reuse, treatment and disposal; (ii) rapidly increasing waste; (iii) irregular waste collection and illegal dumping; (iv) absence of educational campaigns to strengthen social responsibility; and (v) lack of strategic planning for sustainable waste management. Successfully addressing the challenges will lead to sustainable and inclusive solutions for municipal solid waste management in secondary cities in Mongolia. In addition, the involvement of local communities in garbage collection, including sorting and recycling, can be organized as a community business activity and become an income generating activity. This will maximize potential environmental benefits and economic opportunities from solid waste management while reducing adverse impacts on health and safety of the communities residing near or in the landfills. The proposed project builds on the successful experiences under the ADB-funded Southeast Gobi Urban and Border Towns Development Project.
The Government of Mongolia requested the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) support to promote effective and innovative municipal solid waste management in secondary cities to preserve the ecological balance of the country. The project will generate employment opportunities and improved livelihoods for the urban poor, and by reducing contamination it will improve public health reducing the burden of care for women because of ill health. The proposed project is included in the country operations business plan for Mongolia, 2019-2021.
|Impact||Safer and better environmental conditions for residents living in secondary cities achieved.|
|Description of Outcome||Effective municipal solid waste management and recycling in secondary cities developed.|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Output 1: Municipal solid waste management infrastructure in secondary cities constructed
Output 2: Inclusive municipal solid waste recycling approaches developed
Output 3: Awareness and understanding on solid waste management and policies enhanced
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Darhan-Uul Aymag, Govi-Altay Aymag, Ovorhangay, Suhbaatar Aymag|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is categorized B for environment in accordance with the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement, 2009 (SPS).28F An Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) and environmental management plan (EMP) is required for category B projects. The IEE confirmed that the project will have minimal environmental impacts. The EMP describes the (i) project components, relevant national environmental regulations, and ADB safeguard requirements; (ii) anticipated environmental impacts of the project activities; (iii) requirements and criteria for screening, planning, and implementation of activities; and (iv) meaningful consultation with affected people and other stakeholders, information disclosure requirements and grievance redress mechanism (GRM). Review of environmental implications and progress reporting during the construction of landfills and transfer stations shall follow environmental safeguard requirements.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Due diligence confirmed that the project will not involve involuntary resettlement or land acquisition. Controlled landfills, transfer stations and recycle shops will be constructed on vacant land owned by aimag governments.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project will not impact any ethnic minority communities that would trigger ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement's requirements for indigenous peoples.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Project formulation benefited from consultations with central and provincial governments, community, professional and civil society organizations and development partners supporting solid waste management. Consultations were held during project preparation with the Embassy of Japan, JICA Mongolia Office, the Asia Foundation, and Mongolian National Recycling Association, about past, ongoing, and future support in solid waste management and recycling. ADB will coordinate closely with these development partners on the sector policy reforms, planning and capacity building.|
|During Project Implementation||The project's participation plan will ensure extensive and effective stakeholder communication and participation. The plan guides stakeholders' participation and meaningful contribution at all stages of the project. The consultation process began in the project preparation stage and will be continued throughout the project cycle. A participatory design workshop included government ministries, aimag governments, and local civil society organizations (CSOs). The project will promote regular information exchange, share good practices, and enhance collaboration. Private sector companies and CSOs will have the opportunity to access small grants for innovative community-based solutions on solid waste reduction and recycling. This will enable greater public awareness of solid waste management, reduction, and recycling.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Tuul Badarch|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Mongolia Resident Mission|
Ministry of Construction and Urban Development
Barilgachdyn Talbai 3 Mongolia
|Concept Clearance||10 Apr 2019|
|Fact Finding||29 Oct 2019 to 12 Nov 2019|
|MRM||19 Feb 2020|
|Approval||08 Jun 2020|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||18 Jun 2020|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|08 Jun 2020||02 Jul 2020||-||31 Dec 2022||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||2.20||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||08 Jun 2020||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||2.00||08 Jun 2020||0.00||0.00||0%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Grant Agreement (Externally Financed) for Grant 9206: Managing Solid Waste in Secondary Cities Project||Grant Agreement||Jul 2020|
|Managing Solid Waste in Secondary Cities: Concept Paper||Concept Papers||Apr 2019|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Managing Solid Waste in Secondary Cities: Resettlement Framework||Resettlement Frameworks||Dec 2019|
|Managing Solid Waste in Secondary Cities: Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Nov 2019|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
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The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|PROJECT ENGINEERING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION||Firm - Consulting||Closed||28 Feb 2020||28 Mar 2020|
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