Viet Nam: Secondary Cities Environment Improvement Project (Binh Thuan and Dak Nong)
The project is aligned with the following impact: livability of secondary cities in Dak Nong, Binh Thuan and Ninh Thuan provinces enhanced. The expected outcome will be access to urban environmental infrastructure and services in Gia Nghia, Phan Thiet and Phan RangThap Cham improved. Project outputs include: (i) urban environmental infrastructure improved, and (ii) institutional effectiveness, planning capacity and policy and regulatory environment improved.
Nash, Alexander D.
Southeast Asia Department
Request for information
- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Secondary Cities Environment Improvement Project (Binh Thuan and Dak Nong)|
|Country / Economy||Viet Nam
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services - Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project is aligned with the following impact: livability of secondary cities in Dak Nong, Binh Thuan and Ninh Thuan provinces enhanced. The expected outcome will be access to urban environmental infrastructure and services in Gia Nghia, Phan Thiet and Phan RangThap Cham improved. Project outputs include: (i) urban environmental infrastructure improved, and (ii) institutional effectiveness, planning capacity and policy and regulatory environment improved.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Since the Doi Moi (reforms) in the late 1980s, Viet Nam has maintained rapid economic growth, averaging over 6.5% annually during 19912015. The country's economic transition from agriculture to industry and service sectors closely links with its urban growth and associated demographic distribution. In 2018, 34.5% of the country's population lived in cities as compared with 19.5% in 1990._By 2025, the urban population will reach 52 million, accounting for 50% of the country's population_and contributing to more than 70% of the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Viet Nam's urbanization is uneven. The five first-tier centrally administered cities generate more than half the GDP from Vietnamese cities, more than 37% of export turnover, and more than 56% of gross national budget revenues despite accounting for only 20% of the population and 3% of the land area._
The government's urban development strategy is focused on achieving a balanced and strategic growth by establishing transport corridors and a network of urban centers across the country._The strategy envisages secondary cities as development hubs of the subregion. The government targets that, by 2025, (i) 90% of urban population has access to water supply, (ii) urban road area accounts for 1525% of the urbanized area, (iii) 90% of municipal waste is collected and treated, and (iv) wastewater is treated in accordance with stipulated standards._
Access to urban services in secondary cities. With an increasingly urban economy, urban services in Viet Nam are critical for promoting inclusive growth by providing basic infrastructure for businesses and households, creating jobs, safeguarding the surrounding environment, and reducing exposure to flooding and other extreme events. In Viet Nam's secondary cities, less than 60% of households are connected to a potable water supply system and only 10% of their urban wastewater is treated by a centralized system. The lack of proper stormwater management limits the drainage systems capacity and exacerbates flood impacts. More than 40% of municipal solid waste is neither collected or improperly treated.
Service delivery constraints in secondary cities. Technical, institutional, and financial constraints causing these service delivery gaps include: (i) inadequate quantity and quality of service coverage and underperforming urban environmental infrastructure assets; (ii) unclear responsibilities among service providers, lack of technical capacity for asset management, and inadequate public investments management; and (iii) inability to charge and collect full cost of services, limited own source revenues and dependency on the central and/or provincial governments for fiscal transfers, and imbalance expenditure patterns including investment expenditures accounting for smaller share as compared with recurrent expenditures_while not enough financing being provided for operations and maintenance (O&M).
Provincial capitals of Gia Nghia (Dak Nong province), Phan Thiet (Binh Thuan province) and Phan RangThap Cham (Ninh Thuan province) were selected due to their regional development constraints. Their economies are primarily agriculture-based and particularly vulnerable to climate change._Although opportunities for mineral resources-based, manufacturing and service industries are gradually emerging, these underdeveloped provinces struggle to find greener development pathways to transform their agriculture-based economy to that of industry and service sectors-based economy.
Livability of secondary cities in Binh Phuoc, Dak Nong, Binh Thuan and Ninh Thuan provinces enhanced
Access to urban environmental infrastructure and services in participating cities improved
Urban environmental infrastructure improved
Institutional effectiveness and policy environment improved
|Geographical Location||Gia Nghia, Phan Thiet, Thanh Pho Phan Rang-Thap Cham|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Nash, Alexander D.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Viet Nam Resident Mission|
Binh Phuoc Provincial People's Committee
Binh Thuan Provincial People's Committee
Dak Nong Provincial People's Committee
Ninh Thuan Provincial People's Committee
|Concept Clearance||17 Apr 2019|
|Fact Finding||17 Jun 2022 to 21 Jun 2022|
|MRM||12 Aug 2022|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||02 Sep 2019|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Secondary Cities Environment Improvement Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Apr 2019|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
A sanitation strategy for secondary cities comes with fecal sludge managementSubstandard sanitation services have prompted Viet Nam to take action, supported by the Sanitation Financing Partnership Trust Fund under the Water Financing Partnership Facility with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
No tenders for this project were found.
No contracts awarded for this project were found
None currently available.