The proposed National Roads Development Project (Kalimantan) will improve national and regional connectivity by rehabilitating and upgrading road sections of North and East Kalimantan Provinces. The project will improve 280-km of road sections with road safety and biodiversity measures designs included.
|Project Name||National Roads Development Project (Kalimantan)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The proposed National Roads Development Project (Kalimantan) will improve national and regional connectivity by rehabilitating and upgrading road sections of North and East Kalimantan Provinces. The project will improve 280-km of road sections with road safety and biodiversity measures designs included.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Government of Indonesia has approved the forth five-year medium term development plan (RPJMN 2020 2024) in January 2020. At the end of 2024, the long-term development plan (RPJPN) 2005 -2025 will also come to end. RPJMN 2020- 2024 will pave the path of Indonesia to become an _upper-middle income country that is prosperous, fair and sustainable_ by 2024, which is also explicitly targeted in the RPJPN. The transport system network will have to be well established, integrated, and reliable in all regions of the country to efficiently support the economy.
North Kalimantan was designated as the first border economic area to be operationalized because of its resource endowments, rapidly growing population, geographic location, and cross-border activities with Malaysia. The road networks are expected to help (i) bring inclusive development especially for areas that are not well connected to major economic centers; (ii) increase access to markets; (iii) improve access to social services; and (iv) enhance cross-border transport, trade, and tourism. Improved road connections in Kalimantan to the border with Malaysia support the overall connectivity approach of Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines-East ASEAN (BIMP-EAGA), which promotes the development of economic corridors. Under the BIMP-EAGA Vision 2025, economic corridors are well-defined geographic spaces for which direct infrastructure investments are designed to stimulate investments and production capacities linked to trade, employment generation, and poverty reduction. Constructing and upgrading roads in East and North Kalimantan contribute to economic corridor development, given the roads are the _missing links_ within the BIMP-EAGA East Borneo Economic Corridor.
The project will support the Ministry of Public Works and Housing's (MPWH's) Sector Development Plan (SDP) 2015-2019, and RPJMN 2020- 2024 in promoting the development of Eastern Indonesia for regional equality. The Project also contributes to realizing the government's 2016 border economic area program, which aims to lower poverty in border regions, bolster economic growth, and encourage movement of people towards these areas instead of congested megacities such as Jakarta and Surabaya. The project is included in the country operations business plan for Indonesia, 2020 -2022, and is consistent with the country partnership strategy for Indonesia, 2016- 2019.
|Impact||Efficiency of road transport increased, supporting integrated and sustainable economic growth|
|Outcome||Capacity and safety of national and strategic roads improved|
National roads in Kalimantan upgraded to all-weather standard, with road safety and biodiversity measures included
Institutional capacity strengthened
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The preliminary safeguard categorization will be A for environment. The project is near environment sensitive sites. Climate change impact on the project will be high. Categorizations will be confirmed after the alignments are finalized and impact assessments are conducted.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The preliminary safeguard categorization will be B for Involuntary resettlement. Although civil works will improve on existing roads, some land acquisition may be required on a limited scale, due to the roads' poor condition. Categorization will be confirmed after the alignments are finalized and impact assessments are conducted. The initial poverty and social analysis have been prepared.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The preliminary safeguard categorization will be B for indigenous peoples. and acquisition may be required on a limited scale, due to the roads' poor condition. Involuntary resettlement impacts on a high percentage of ethnic minorities, including the Dayak and Banjar peoples in North Kalimantan, are expected. Categorization will be confirmed after the alignments are finalized and impact assessments are conducted.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Stakeholder consultation will be conducted during project preparation, as part of the safeguards due diligence and project information dissemination activities.|
|During Project Implementation||Project updates will be conducted during project implementation.|
|Consulting Services||Consulting packages will be determined during project preparation stage.|
|Procurement||Civil works packages will be determined during project preparation stage. Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be pursued in line with ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time) to facilitate project implementation in goods, works, non-consulting and consulting services. The government has been advised that advance contracting and retroactive financing do not commit ADB to finance the project. High readiness criteria will be met prior to loan approval.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Date, Shihiru|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SERD|
Directorate General of Highways
Jl. Pattimura No. 20
P.O. Box 21, Kebayoran Baru
Jakarta 12110, Indonesia Ministry of Public Works & Housing
Jl. Pattimura No. 20 Keb. Baru
Jakarta, Selatan, Indonesia
|Concept Clearance||28 May 2020|
|Fact Finding||21 Jun 2021 to 30 Jun 2021|
|MRM||30 Sep 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||29 Jun 2020|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|National Roads Development Project (Kalimantan): Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||May 2020|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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