Mongolia : Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas

Sovereign Project | 52374-001

The Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas project aims to demonstrate interventions that improve the accessibility, safety, security, and quality of transport services along the

Project Details

Project Name
Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas
Project Number
52374-001
Country / Economy
  • Mongolia
Project Status
Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Grant
  • Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9204-MON: Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas
Source Amount
Japan Fund for Prosperous and Resilient Asia and the Pacific US$ 2.00 million
TA 9906-MON: Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas
Source Amount
Republic of Korea e-Asia and Knowledge Partnership Fund US$ 500,000.00
Operational Priorities
  • OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP4: Making cities more livable
  • OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector
  • Transport / Urban public transport

Gender
Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas project aims to demonstrate interventions that improve the accessibility, safety, security, and quality of transport services along the

Chingeltei street corridor in the ger areas of Ulaanbaatar city through three outputs: (i) public transport access, facilities and service in Chingeltei corridor improved; (ii) pedestrian safety facilities and residents' safety awareness along Chingeltei street enhanced; and (iii) community-led behavior change and community engagement enhanced. The project has strong pro-poor, socially inclusive, and gender-sensitive features. The project will directly benefit 12,104 females and 11,540 males, of which 7,336 are children, and 454 are persons with disabilities (PWDs) in two Khoroos (districts) in the ger areas. The project will have wider impacts through the demonstration of solutions to improve safety, accessibility and quality of public transport services, and improving road safety, which can be replicated in other transport corridors in Ulaanbaatar. The pilot has been designed to be replicable in other precincts by the government. A human-centered design (HCD) approach involving active participation of users has been adopted for project concept design and will continue throughout detailed design and implementation.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Mongolia has experienced rapid urbanization since its transition to a market-based economy in 1991. Ulaanbaatar's population has grown from 794,730 in 2000 to 1.24 million in 2010, reaching about 1.46 million in 2018. Growth has largely been a result of in-country-migration from the countryside to informal settlements on the city periphery, creating vast, unplanned, periurban areas known as the ger areas, which extend around Ulaanbaatar. These ger districts are home to an estimated 850,000 people as of 2018, representing about 60% of Ulaanbaatar city's population. Poverty in Ulaanbaatar is highest in the ger areas. A citywide survey of Ulaanbaatar carried out by the World Bank in 2014 found that the average household income in fringe and middle ger areas was about half that of the households living outside the ger areas.

The ger areas are characterized by low-density, low- and medium-income households. Many plots cannot be reached by municipal services; most roads are unpaved, and infrastructure is poor or nonexistent. Even where there are paved roads in the ger districts, road safety elements such as signs, signals, speed bumps, pedestrian crossings, and footpaths are rarely provided, resulting in unsafe or difficult journeys for residents. This severely limits access to transportation and the mobility of residents in the ger areas, exacerbating poverty and inequality.

To illustrate measures to improve transport services in ger areas, a demonstration corridor has been selected in Chingeltei district. The selected corridor is 5.1 kilometers (km) along Chingeltei street and passes through Khoroo 17 and 18. 4 This corridor was selected in coordination with the Public Transport Service Department (PTSD) and the Governor's Office of Capital City (GOCC) in line with the Ulaanbaatar City Masterplan, due to the prevalence of PWDs using public transport in the area, complex terrain, road safety issues particularly for children, high public transport ridership, and its vicinity to the Chingeltei subcenter development under the Ulaanbaatar Urban Services and Ger Areas Development Investment Program (GADIP). Improving transport services in the vicinity of this subcenter, which includes a business incubator and a kindergarten, will improve access to essential services for residents.

Impact

Access to safe and comfortable transport services that meet customers demand improved

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Improved quality and safety of and access to public transport services for residents in ger areas demonstrated

Progress Toward Outcome
To be determined on the completion survey and after videos.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Public transport access, facilities and services in Chingeltei corridor improved

Pedestrian safety facilities and residents'' safety awareness along Chingeltei street enhanced

Community-led behavior change and community engagement enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Construction of the 19 bus stops is 60% complete. Additional works like installation of speakers in at least 2 or 3 stops, retaining wall construction in 2 bus stops are required for this output. Provision of a police desk at the terminus bus stop has been confirmed by GOCC.

Speed cushions, road safety signs and marking, pedestrian crossings are already 80% completed. Additional signs and markings are requested to be installed based on the iRAP post construction assessment.

80% completed. Community council was organized in October 2022. There are 6 community-led initiatives and are expected to be completed by end of September 2023.

Geographical Location
Chingeltei

Safeguard Categories

Environment
B
Involuntary Resettlement
C
Indigenous Peoples
C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
The proposed grant project was categorized 'B for environment. Due to the nature and scale of the project, it is not expected to cause significant environmental impact. The potential environmental impacts are mainly during construction and are reversible in nature. An initial environmental examination including an environmental management plan was prepared and will become an integral part of works and goods contracts. Meaningful public consultations have been conducted and a joint social and environment grievance redress mechanism will be established. A climate risk assessment study has been conducted, and the findings will be integrated in the project design.
Involuntary Resettlement
Due diligence has confirmed that the project will not require any land acquisition or involuntary resettlement since civil works are restricted to existing bus bays and footpaths. No legacy issues were identified with respect to land acquisition and resettlement. The engineering design deliberately avoids any land acquisition and resettlement impact. ADB social safeguard requirements were discussed with the executing and implementing agencies, who confirmed their commitment to avoid any impacts. A resettlement framework has been prepared in case unforeseen impacts arise during project implementation. Due diligence has also confirmed the absence of any vulnerable ethnic minorities in the project area.
Indigenous Peoples
Indigenous peoples (category C). A resettlement framework has been prepared in case unforeseen impacts arise during project implementation. Due diligence has also confirmed the absence of any vulnerable ethnic minorities in the project area.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
To support the project outputs, a comprehensive participation and communication strategy was developed. The strategy (i) identifies the key stakeholders and audiences for the project and describes their key behavioral profiles; (ii) describes their inputs in strengthening the project's design and how their engagement can be sustained throughout the project; (iii) describes communication objectives, target audiences, and specific communication approaches per audience; (iv) describes the innovation features that combine the use of ICT, HCD, and stakeholder participation; and (v) describes the implementing arrangements to roll out the strategy. The strategy also includes a knowledge management framework to document and disseminate processes and interventions introduced by the project.
During Project Implementation
The project will be monitored by the project officers assigned within East Asia Sustainable Infrastructure Division and Mongolia Resident Mission.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services
Procurement, including consulting services, to be financed by the grant will follow the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Grant proceeds will be disbursed in line with ADB's Loan Disbursement Handbook (2017, as amended from time to time).
Procurement
Procurement, including consulting services, to be financed by the grant will follow the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Grant proceeds will be disbursed in line with ADB's Loan Disbursement Handbook (2017, as amended from time to time).

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Stapleton, Rebecca
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Transport Sector Office (SG-TRA)
Executing Agencies
Ulaanbaatar Municipal Government

Timetable

Concept Clearance
11 Apr 2019
Fact Finding
27 Jun 2019 to 05 Jul 2019
MRM
02 Sep 2019
Approval
10 Dec 2019
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
26 Sep 2023

Funding

Grant 9204-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Dec 2019 19 May 2020 12 Aug 2020 30 Jun 2024 - -
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 2.00
ADB 0.00
Counterpart 0.00
Cofinancing 2.00
Grant Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 06 Jun 2024 0.00 1.98 99%
Cumulative Disbursements 06 Jun 2024 0.00 1.84 92%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

TA 9906-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Dec 2019 09 Jan 2020 09 Jan 2020 31 Dec 2023 30 Jun 2024 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00
Cumulative Disbursements
Date Amount
06 Jun 2024 309,686.16
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Public Transport Database Firm - Consulting Closed
Public Transport Service Improvement - Driver and Technical Handbooks Firm - Consulting Closed
Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas - Project Manager Individual - Consulting Closed
Social and Behavior Change Communication Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Behavior Change Communication Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Detailed engineering design Firm - Consulting Closed
Road and pedestrian safety Firm - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Capacity Development Technical Assistance Technical Assistance 9906 24 Jun 2022 Infocon Co., Ltd. (MONGOLIA) | Baga Toiruu 49, National Information Technology Park #308 Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Municipal Government 159,900.00

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Feb 2024