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Mongolia: Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas

Sovereign (Public) Project | 52374-001 Status: Active

The Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas project aims to demonstrate interventions that improve the accessibility, safety, security, and quality of transport services along the

Project Details

Project Officer
Stapleton, Rebecca East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Mongolia
Sector
  • Transport
 
Project Name Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas
Project Number 52374-001
Country Mongolia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9204-MON: Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
TA 9906-MON: Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas
Republic of Korea e-Asia and Knowledge Partnership Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Urban public transport

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The Improving Transport Services in Ger Areas project aims to demonstrate interventions that improve the accessibility, safety, security, and quality of transport services along the

Chingeltei street corridor in the ger areas of Ulaanbaatar city through three outputs: (i) public transport access, facilities and service in Chingeltei corridor improved; (ii) pedestrian safety facilities and residents' safety awareness along Chingeltei street enhanced; and (iii) community-led behavior change and community engagement enhanced. The project has strong pro-poor, socially inclusive, and gender-sensitive features. The project will directly benefit 12,104 females and 11,540 males, of which 7,336 are children, and 454 are persons with disabilities (PWDs) in two Khoroos (districts) in the ger areas. The project will have wider impacts through the demonstration of solutions to improve safety, accessibility and quality of public transport services, and improving road safety, which can be replicated in other transport corridors in Ulaanbaatar. The pilot has been designed to be replicable in other precincts by the government. A human-centered design (HCD) approach involving active participation of users has been adopted for project concept design and will continue throughout detailed design and implementation.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Mongolia has experienced rapid urbanization since its transition to a market-based economy in 1991. Ulaanbaatar's population has grown from 794,730 in 2000 to 1.24 million in 2010, reaching about 1.46 million in 2018. Growth has largely been a result of in-country-migration from the countryside to informal settlements on the city periphery, creating vast, unplanned, periurban areas known as the ger areas, which extend around Ulaanbaatar. These ger districts are home to an estimated 850,000 people as of 2018, representing about 60% of Ulaanbaatar city's population. Poverty in Ulaanbaatar is highest in the ger areas. A citywide survey of Ulaanbaatar carried out by the World Bank in 2014 found that the average household income in fringe and middle ger areas was about half that of the households living outside the ger areas.

The ger areas are characterized by low-density, low- and medium-income households. Many plots cannot be reached by municipal services; most roads are unpaved, and infrastructure is poor or nonexistent. Even where there are paved roads in the ger districts, road safety elements such as signs, signals, speed bumps, pedestrian crossings, and footpaths are rarely provided, resulting in unsafe or difficult journeys for residents. This severely limits access to transportation and the mobility of residents in the ger areas, exacerbating poverty and inequality.

To illustrate measures to improve transport services in ger areas, a demonstration corridor has been selected in Chingeltei district. The selected corridor is 5.1 kilometers (km) along Chingeltei street and passes through Khoroo 17 and 18. 4 This corridor was selected in coordination with the Public Transport Service Department (PTSD) and the Governor's Office of Capital City (GOCC) in line with the Ulaanbaatar City Masterplan, due to the prevalence of PWDs using public transport in the area, complex terrain, road safety issues particularly for children, high public transport ridership, and its vicinity to the Chingeltei subcenter development under the Ulaanbaatar Urban Services and Ger Areas Development Investment Program (GADIP). Improving transport services in the vicinity of this subcenter, which includes a business incubator and a kindergarten, will improve access to essential services for residents.

Impact Access to safe and comfortable transport services that meet customers' demand improved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved quality and safety of and access to public transport services for residents in ger areas demonstrated
Progress Toward Outcome Activities will commence upon grant effectivity.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Public transport access, facilities and services in Chingeltei corridor improved

Pedestrian safety facilities and residents' safety awareness along Chingeltei street enhanced

Community-led behavior change and community engagement enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Activities will commence upon grant effectivity.
Geographical Location Chingeltei
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The proposed grant project was categorized _B_ for environment. Due to the nature and scale of the project, it is not expected to cause significant environmental impact. The potential environmental impacts are mainly during construction and are reversible in nature. An initial environmental examination including an environmental management plan was prepared and will become an integral part of works and goods contracts. Meaningful public consultations have been conducted and a joint social and environment grievance redress mechanism will be established. A climate risk assessment study has been conducted, and the findings will be integrated in the project design.
Involuntary Resettlement Due diligence has confirmed that the project will not require any land acquisition or involuntary resettlement since civil works are restricted to existing bus bays and footpaths. No legacy issues were identified with respect to land acquisition and resettlement. The engineering design deliberately avoids any land acquisition and resettlement impact. ADB social safeguard requirements were discussed with the executing and implementing agencies, who confirmed their commitment to avoid any impacts. A resettlement framework has been prepared in case unforeseen impacts arise during project implementation. Due diligence has also confirmed the absence of any vulnerable ethnic minorities in the project area.
Indigenous Peoples Indigenous peoples (category C). A resettlement framework has been prepared in case unforeseen impacts arise during project implementation. Due diligence has also confirmed the absence of any vulnerable ethnic minorities in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design To support the project outputs, a comprehensive participation and communication strategy was developed. The strategy (i) identifies the key stakeholders and audiences for the project and describes their key behavioral profiles; (ii) describes their inputs in strengthening the project's design and how their engagement can be sustained throughout the project; (iii) describes communication objectives, target audiences, and specific communication approaches per audience; (iv) describes the innovation features that combine the use of ICT, HCD, and stakeholder participation; and (v) describes the implementing arrangements to roll out the strategy. The strategy also includes a knowledge management framework to document and disseminate processes and interventions introduced by the project.
During Project Implementation The project will be monitored by the project officers assigned within East Asia Sustainable Infrastructure Division and Mongolia Resident Mission.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Procurement, including consulting services, to be financed by the grant will follow the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Grant proceeds will be disbursed in line with ADB's Loan Disbursement Handbook (2017, as amended from time to time).
Procurement Procurement, including consulting services, to be financed by the grant will follow the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Grant proceeds will be disbursed in line with ADB's Loan Disbursement Handbook (2017, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Stapleton, Rebecca
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division EASI
Executing Agencies
Ulaanbaatar Municipal Government
Sukhbaatar Square-11
Ulaanbaatar-46, Mongolia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 11 Apr 2019
Fact Finding 27 Jun 2019 to 05 Jul 2019
MRM 02 Sep 2019
Approval 10 Dec 2019
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 20 Mar 2020

Grant 9204-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Dec 2019 - - 30 Jun 2024 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 10 Dec 2019 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 10 Dec 2019 0.00 0.00 0%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Unsatisfactory

TA 9906-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Dec 2019 09 Jan 2020 09 Jan 2020 31 Dec 2023 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 10 Dec 2019 0.00
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Unsatisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan