Afghanistan : Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Corridors 5 and 6 (Kabul-Jalalabad) Road and Border Services Improvement Project
Central and West Asia Department
Request for information
|Project Name||Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Corridors 5 and 6 (Kabul-Jalalabad) Road and Border Services Improvement Project|
|Country / Economy||Afghanistan
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||MOT will work closely with the Ministry of Disaster Management and Humanitarian Affairs as well as the National Environmental Protection Agency. The project road will follow the existing dirt track's alignment, so the environmental impacts are expected to be minimal. The initial environmental examination prepared for 150km of section prepared in 2010 was updated in accordance with ADB's SPS, and was disclosed on XX July 2019. The baseline surveys on air, water, vibration and noise will be done prior to the construction by the contractor due to limited access to the area and security restrictions at present. The project will result in short term, site specific environmental impacts during the construction phase mainly related with soil erosion, deterioration of air quality, generation of noise and vibration, waste streams as well as occupational and community health and safety risks and cutting of trees. Some impacts are also anticipated during the operation phase. These are related with noise generation and air emissions due to traffic flow on the new road. Adequate mitigation measures are included in, and will be implemented through, an environmental management plan (EMP). Noise and emissions from the increased traffic volume will be minimized by vehicle speed controls in where it crosses any villages as well as adequate design of the roadway. The environmental management plan stipulates that capacity development be provided through training workshops before and during construction. Public Consultations have also been carried out as part of the IEE study. This process will continue to happen prior to and during the construction. The proposed subprojects under the community development component (output 2) will be screened by the PMO. The proposals that will cause any impacts on the environment (category B or A) will not be considered. An Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (EARF) has also been prepared for this purpose.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Most of the road improvement work will be carried out within the existing right-of-way. For the 85 km road section project will require the acquisition of 21.95 hectares of agricultural (irrigated and non-irrigated) and 6.0 hectares of residential and commercial land, and will have an impact on 60,000 square meters of primary and secondary residential and commercial structures. It is estimated that 1,495 households (10,465 individuals) will be affected. Of these, 2,675 persons will experience significant impacts, i.e., be displaced from housing or lose 10% or more of their productive assets. Access to the project sites is difficult at this time because of security threats. The draft plans were endorsed by the MOT and disclosed on the ADB website by XX July 2019. Under the ongoing projects, MOT has engaged individual consultants for update the draft LARP and will be fully implemented prior to the award of the contract. To avoid disputes, and in keeping with FCAS principles, the compensation will follow the already completed section of the road.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Communities along the project alignment comprise mainly Pashtuns. These are all mainstreamed into Afghanistan's general society and culture and cannot be considered as indigenous people as defined under ADB's SPS.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Community involvement and consultation will be carried out during the entire project design stage.|
|During Project Implementation||Community involvement and consultation will be carried out during the entire project implementation stage.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||ADB Disclosure|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, CWRD|
|Concept Clearance||25 Jul 2019|
|Fact Finding||10 Jun 2019 to 21 Jun 2019|
|MRM||14 Apr 2022|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||19 Jul 2019|
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