fbpx 53043-001: Outer Islands Transport Infrastructure Investment Project | Asian Development Bank

Kiribati: Outer Islands Transport Infrastructure Investment Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 53043-001 Status: Active

The project will improve the safety of inter-island navigation and provide resilient outer island access infrastructure ship-to-shore transfer and land transport for the selected outer islands in Gilbert Islands Chain of Kiribati, namely: Abaiang, Nonouti, Beru, and Tabiteuea South; and will strengthen capacity of the implementing agencies.

Project Details

Project Officer
Shim, Cha-Sang Pacific Department Request for information
Country
  • Kiribati
Sector
  • Transport
 
Project Name Outer Islands Transport Infrastructure Investment Project
Project Number 53043-001
Country Kiribati
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0713-KIR: Outer Islands Transport Infrastructure Investment Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 12.00 million
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 12.00 million
Grant: Outer Islands Transport Infrastructure Investment Project
World Bank US$ 30.00 million
World Bank US$ 30.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Road transport (non-urban) - Transport policies and institutional development - Water transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will improve the safety of inter-island navigation and provide resilient outer island access infrastructure ship-to-shore transfer and land transport for the selected outer islands in Gilbert Islands Chain of Kiribati, namely: Abaiang, Nonouti, Beru, and Tabiteuea South; and will strengthen capacity of the implementing agencies.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Kiribati is one of the most remote and geographically dispersed countries in the world. It is composed of 33 small islands, spread across 3.5 million square kilometers of ocean. Approximately 55% of Kiribati's total population of 115,847 live on the main island of Tarawa which includes the capital, South Tarawa, and the remaining inhabitants are spread across the outer islands. These are low-lying atolls which are highly exposed to the effects of climate change, including sea-level rise and increased intensity of rainfall and wind from tropical cyclones. Access to goods and services on the outer islands is limited and large numbers of inhabitants are moving to the more urban capital which provides employment opportunities, access to higher education and specialized social services.

A safe and resilient transport infrastructure is essential for connecting Kiribati's population to economic opportunities and social services, particularly for those living on the outer islands. It is also a key to achieving the objective of the Government of Kiribati to stem-the-tide of migration from outer islands. This requires substantive improvements to (i) safety of inter-island maritime navigation, (ii) resilience of outer island access infrastructure, and (iii) institutional capacity of key government agencies, namely the Ministry of Information, Communication, Transport and Tourism Development (MICTTD) and the Ministry of Infrastructure and Sustainable Energy (MISE).

The safety of inter-island maritime navigation is a major concern in Kiribati due to the lack of nautical charts which are the most fundamental tools to ensure safe navigation and prevent potential vessel groundings that can result in fatality as well as pollution. The government does not have the necessary resources or expertise to carry out hydrographic surveys which are required to produce nautical charts. The hydrographic surveys also provide essential information to plan and develop maritime infrastructure, such as configuration of sea floor, water depths, and locations of aids to navigation. This is a binding constraint to the development of outer islands.

The outer island access infrastructure is not adequate and resilient in several key areas. The aids to navigation (AtoNs) which are markers used to guide vessels need replacement and many are completely missing. The markers currently in place were not designed durably to withstand the conditions. The outer islands lack ship-shore berthing infrastructure such as boat ramps and jetties, and passengers often must wade several hundred meters in water to reach land. Such passage is particularly dangerous to children and elderly commuters. On the landside, the intra-island crossings (causeways) are in degraded condition, hindering connectivity, and lack climate resilient features such as proper drainage and erosion control. The institutional capacity of the key government agencies is inadequate to enable sustainable development and maintenance of transport infrastructure in the outer islands.

As an atoll nation, Kiribati is low-lying and highly vulnerable to climate change and disaster risks. The outer islands are exposed to a number of hazards, including rising sea levels, heavy rainfall, drought, and storm surges. The most serious potential impacts are from a combination of extreme high tides and wave events, heavy rainfall, and windstorms, and this is primarily due to their frequency and potential for causing significant damage.

The proposed project is in line with the Kiribati 20-year vision 2016- 2036, which sets the country's development goals and long-term planning framework. Its overall objective is to _bolster national efforts in transforming the lives of an I-Kiribati (people) and economy into a resilient, wealthy, healthy and secure nation_. The project is consistent with ADB's Strategy 2030 priority of strengthening institutional capacity, particularly in small island developing countries. It is also aligned with ADB's Pacific Approach in reducing costs by improving domestic and regional connectivity through transport infrastructure, managing risks, and enabling value creation, and in the attainment of Sustainable Development Goals. The proposed project is also included in ADB's Country Operations Business Plan for 11 Small Pacific Island Countries, 2020- 2022.

Impact Access to economic and social infrastructure in the outer islands improved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Safety and resilience of transport connectivity in Abaiang, Beru, Nonouti, and Tabiteuea South improved
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Safety of interisland navigation improved

Resilience of outer island access infrastructure improved

Enabling environment strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Abaiang, Beru, Nonouti Island, Tabiteuea South
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The proposed project will create impacts that are site-specific, few if any are irreversible and mitigation and management measures can be readily designed and implemented for most impacts. In accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) (2009), an environmental and social management framework (ESMF) and environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) has been prepared for selected components/subprojects. The ESIA is equivalent to initial environmental examination (IEE) commensurate to category B projects. The impacts are limited to the footprint of the small-scale land maritime infrastructure on outer islands (including navigation aids, jetties, passenger terminal, concrete boat ramps, and shelters; and rehabilitating island crossing causeways channel), and can be mitigated and managed to acceptable levels provided the measures identified in the ESMP are implemented, and subsequently monitored and reported. Short-term impacts are anticipated during construction, including dust, noise and waste generated during dredging excavation and civil works activities, as well as minor community and occupational health and safety risks. The project will provide resources and support to ensure safeguards are effectively implemented.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is classified as category B for involuntary resettlement. The proposed components will not have significant involuntary resettlement impacts, mostly confined to loss of trees and requirement for new land lease for selected maritime facilities.
Indigenous Peoples The project is classified as category C for indigenous peoples.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The stakeholder engagement and communication plan was prepared to ensure meaningful consultation with key stakeholders during project preparation. It indicates the types of information, means of communication, responsibility and timing of consultation throughout the duration of the project. .
During Project Implementation The Government of Kiribati will be responsible for implementing and updating the plan as required with assistance from the supervision consultant.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All procurement will be undertaken in accordance with the ADB Procurement Policy - Goods, Works, Nonconsulting and Consulting Services (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers - Goods, Works, Nonconsulting and Consulting Services (2017, as amended from time to time).
Procurement

All procurement will be undertaken in accordance with the ADB Procurement Policy - Goods, Works, Nonconsulting and Consulting Services (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers - Goods, Works, Nonconsulting and Consulting Services (2017, as amended from time to time).

In accordance with ADB's Alternative Procurement Arrangements (APA) mechanism, as detailed in the ADB Procurement Policy, referenced above, ADB signed a Procurement Framework Agreement (PFA) with the World Bank on 3 December 2018. Under the PFA, each cofinancier acknowledges that their respective procurement frameworks are consistent with international good practice and promote economy, efficiency, fairness, transparency, value for money and fitness for purpose, facilitating mutual reliance on cofinanced projects.

Responsible ADB Officer Shim, Cha-Sang
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division PATC
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development
[email protected]
P.O. Box 67
Bairiki, Tarawa
Kiribati
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development
P.O. Box 67
Bairiki, Tarawa
Kiribati
Timetable
Concept Clearance 04 Feb 2020
Fact Finding 04 Feb 2020 to 05 Feb 2020
MRM 28 Apr 2020
Approval 30 Jun 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Jun 2020

Grant 0713-KIR

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Jun 2020 20 Jul 2020 15 Sep 2020 31 Dec 2026 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 84.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 24.00 30 Jun 2020 0.53 0.00 4%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 60.00 30 Jun 2020 0.00 0.00 0%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan