fbpx 53050-001: Hunan Xiangxi Rural Vitalization and Special Industry Development | Asian Development Bank

China, People's Republic of: Hunan Xiangxi Rural Vitalization and Special Industry Development

Sovereign (Public) Project | 53050-001 Status: Proposed

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the government have agreed to adopt a framework approach to support the plan, with a focus on: (i) institutional strengthening and policy reform; (ii) ecosystem restoration and environmental protection; (iii) green industrial transformation; and (iv) construction of an integrated multimodal transport corridor.

The project is included in the country operations business plan for the People's Republic of China, 2019-2021

Project Details

Project Officer
Yoshiaki Kobayashi East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
 
Project Name Hunan Xiangxi Rural Vitalization and Special Industry Development
Project Number 53050-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Hunan Xiangxi Rural Vitalization and Special Industry Development
Ordinary capital resources US$ 200.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Agro-industry, marketing, and trade - Rural market infrastructure - Rural sanitation - Rural solid waste management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the government have agreed to adopt a framework approach to support the plan, with a focus on: (i) institutional strengthening and policy reform; (ii) ecosystem restoration and environmental protection; (iii) green industrial transformation; and (iv) construction of an integrated multimodal transport corridor.

The project is included in the country operations business plan for the People's Republic of China, 2019-2021

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

As one of the three key economic growth engines in the People's Republic of China (PRC), the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) and its nine provinces and two specially administered municipalities account for more than 40% of the population and freshwater resources, and 45% of the country's economic output. While the YREB has benefited from extensive development since the 1980s, economic growth in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River Basin significantly lags the coastal areas and face particular challenges from: (i) weak institutional coordination; (ii) increasing pollution and pressure on natural resources; (iii) slow transformation into green development; and (iv) limited integration of waterways, ports, and intermodal logistics. To manage these challenges, the Government of the PRC formulated the YREB development plan 2016 2030. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the government have agreed to adopt a framework approach to support the plan, with a focus on: (i) institutional strengthening and policy reform; (ii) ecosystem restoration and environmental protection; (iii) green industrial transformation; and (iv) construction of an integrated multimodal transport corridor.

In many rural areas of the YREB, agricultural production and rural livelihoods have lagged behind industrial production and urban livelihoods and income inequality and poverty are still persistent, with the majority of rural wastewater and wastes directly discharging to waterways. Against this backdrop, the government of the PRC formulated a rural vitalization strategy to promote poverty reduction, rural development, and green and inclusive growth, which focuses on agriculture modernization, rural wastewater and wastes management, rural-urban integration, ecosystem services protection, rural health and education services development, and rural governance reform.

Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture is located in Hunan Province in the YREB, and between the Yangtze River and special economic zones. It is also at the border between the central and western PRC and is the only part of Hunan targeted for China Western Development. Xiangxi has one city and seven counties, with a land area of 15,462 square kilometers, of which the urban area is 556 square kilometers. The land area is dominated by mountains. 70.2% of the mountainous area is forest, making Xiangxi one of the designated green cities. At the end of 2018, the total population of Xiangxi is 3.0 million, 54% are rural residents; with ethnic population mainly Tujia and Miao people accounts for 80% of the total population of Xiangxi. The total production value in Xiangxi is CNY58.3 billion, of which CNY8.4 billion is by the primary industry, CNY17.9 by the secondary industry, and CNY31.9 billion by the tertiary industry; and the per capita gross domestic product (GDP) is CNY22,094.

Xiangxi is one of the poorest regions in the PRC. All of its seven counties are designated as national poor counties. At the end of 2018, rural and urban poverty incidences in Xiangxi are 5.2% and 4.3%, respectively. Of about 13 million cubic meters per year of wastewater, only about 2,000 cubic meters per year is treated in rural areas in Xiangxi. About 25% of rural villages do not have solid waste collection or processing facilities and about 62% of rural households do not have sanitary toilets. Inadequate wastewater and solid waste management and unsanitary toilets severely affect rural residents' living environment and increase their health risk.

The mountainous landscape in Xiangxi makes farming less suitable and profitable. Arable land is 135,000 hectares, only 8.7% of total land area. The region boasts of a rich list of local featured vegetation and livestock species. Agricultural GDP is CNY14 billion, or 14.4% of the total GDP. About 60% of the agricultural GDP is from local featured products given its unique climate and biosphere. These include citrus, kiwi fruit, camellia, tea, and herbal medicine. However, low quality of seeds and seedlings, inadequate modern agricultural production and management system, and inadequate cold chains make the yields highly variable with low value.

The unique combination of natural and cultural diversity gives Xiangxi high conservation value with national significance. The PRC central government designated Xiangxi as a Tujia and Miao cultural and ecological protected area and a key national ecological function area. There are three national nature reserves, three national forest parks, three national geological parks, two national scenic spots, one national wetland park, and one UNESCO world heritage site (Laosicheng Site in Yongshun County). All of these provide very high ecological and cultural value, attracting 44.9 million visitors in 2017. Seven expressways connecting local cities and counties have been opened successively in Xiangxi. Jishou City has become one of the 18 highway expressway cities in the PRC. By being involved in the _four-hour economic circle_ of Changsha, Chongqing, Guilin, and Guiyang, with the construction of new Zhang-Jihuai highspeed railway and Xiangxi Airport, Xiangxi will enter the _high-speed rail era_ and _aerospace era_. Xiangxi also has zones for the integration of the primary, secondary, and/or tertiary industries such as a national agricultural technology zone in Huayuan County and a national primary, secondary, and tertiary industry integration pilot zone in Yongshun County. Xiangxi plays a leading role in industrial integration in the PRC.

However, value addition to agricultural products is still low in Xiangxi and the poverty ratio is still high. Women comprise an increasing proportion of agriculture population in the rural areas due to out-migration of men. There are limited job opportunities for women. To enhance rural industrial productivity in Xiangxi to reduce poverty and inequality between urban and rural areas and to empower women and enhance gender equality, Xiangxi is required to improve socially- inclusive agricultural value chain (production, processing, and marketing) that increases jobs for women and the poor, by fully utilizing its unique tourism resources and environmental and transportation advantages and integrating the primary, secondary, and tertiary rural industries.

The Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefectural Government (XPG) takes rural vitalization as core of its development agenda. The Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture Rural Vitalization Strategy adopts a targeted poverty alleviation approach. The Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture Accelerated Three Year Action Plan to Improve Rural Environment and Build Beautiful Villages 2018 2020 outlines rural environmental improvement as its basic principle. The key growth engines are high value agricultural products and ecotourism backed with research, technology, and value chain development. The XPG has set up detailed targets to improve the living environment, grow special industries, and enhance service delivery for comprehensive rural vitalization. Key interventions are agricultural modernization and integration with ecotourism.

Xiangxi is an appropriate demonstration area for rural vitalization and special industry development, since it (i) is one of the poorest regions in the PRC; (ii) is an important area to connect the central and western regions of the PRC and Yangtze River and special economic zones in south provinces; (iii) has local featured agricultural products which have potential for further development; (iv) has unique tourism resources and environmental and transportation advantages; and (v) plays a leading role in industrial integration in the PRC, with the two national-level industrial integration zones.

Impact Rural vitalization in the Yangtze River Economic Belt realized (Rural Vitalization Plan, 2018 2022 and Yangtze River Economic Belt Development Plan, 2016 2030)
Outcome Rural living environment and industrial productivity in Xiangxi enhanced
Outputs

Rural waste and sanitation management facilities and services in Xiangxi improved

Local featured agricultural products in Xiangxi developed

Agricultural value chain in Xiangxi improved through industrial integration

Geographical Location Nation-wide, Xiangxi Tujiazu Miaozu Zizhizhou
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Yoshiaki Kobayashi
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Hunan Provincial Government
418 North Shaoshan Road
Shangsha City, Hunan Province
People's Republic of China
Xiangxi Tujia & Miao Autonomous Prefectural Gov't
58 Renmin North Road, Ji Shou City, Hu Nan Province
Timetable
Concept Clearance 23 Oct 2019
Fact Finding 17 Aug 2020 to 26 Aug 2020
MRM 15 Oct 2020
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Oct 2019

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.