China, People's Republic of: Hunan Xiangxi Rural Environmental Improvement and Green Development Project
The project will demonstrate environmental improvement and green development in rural areas, by (i) improving rural waste and sanitation management facilities and services with innovative technologies and arrangements; (ii) developing local featured agricultural and forestry products; and (iii) adding values to agricultural and forestry products through improvement of value chains and integration with tourism. The project is envisaged to (i) play a demonstrative role for rural vitalization; (ii) promote regional public goods by reversing the negative impacts of pollution; (iii) reduce the risk of future epidemics, which is strongly required after the pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19); and (iv) promote recovery from COVID-19 through inclusive rural economic development.
East Asia Department
Request for information
China, People's Republic of
- Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Project Name||Hunan Xiangxi Rural Environmental Improvement and Green Development Project|
|Country / Economy||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Agriculture research and application - Agro-industry, marketing, and trade - Forestry - Rural sanitation - Rural solid waste management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will demonstrate environmental improvement and green development in rural areas, by (i) improving rural waste and sanitation management facilities and services with innovative technologies and arrangements; (ii) developing local featured agricultural and forestry products; and (iii) adding values to agricultural and forestry products through improvement of value chains and integration with tourism. The project is envisaged to (i) play a demonstrative role for rural vitalization; (ii) promote regional public goods by reversing the negative impacts of pollution; (iii) reduce the risk of future epidemics, which is strongly required after the pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19); and (iv) promote recovery from COVID-19 through inclusive rural economic development.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
As one of the three key economic growth engines in the People's Republic of China (PRC), the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) and its nine provinces and two specially administered municipalities account for more than 40% of the population and freshwater resources, and 45% of the country's economic output. While the YREB has benefited from extensive development since the 1980s, economic growth in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River Basin significantly lags the coastal areas and face particular challenges from: (i) weak institutional coordination; (ii) increasing pollution and pressure on natural resources; (iii) slow transformation into green development; and (iv) limited integration of waterways, ports, and intermodal logistics. To manage these challenges, the Government of the PRC formulated the YREB development plan 2016 2030. The Asian Development Bank and the government have agreed to adopt a framework approach to support the plan, with a focus on: (i) institutional strengthening and policy reform; (ii) ecosystem restoration and environmental protection; (iii) green industrial transformation; and (iv) construction of an integrated multimodal transport corridor.
In many rural areas of the YREB, agricultural production and rural livelihoods have lagged behind industrial production and urban livelihoods and income inequality and poverty are still persistent, with the majority of rural wastewater and wastes directly discharging to waterways. Against this backdrop, the government of the PRC formulated a rural vitalization strategy to promote poverty reduction, rural development, and green and inclusive growth, which focuses on agriculture modernization, rural wastewater and wastes management, rural-urban integration, ecosystem services protection, rural health and education services development, and rural governance reform.
Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture is located in Hunan Province in the YREB, and between the Yangtze River and special economic zones. It is also at the border between the central and western PRC and is the only part of Hunan targeted for China Western Development. Xiangxi has one city and seven counties, with a land area of 15,462 square kilometers, of which the urban area is 556 square kilometers. The land area is dominated by mountains. 70.2% of the mountainous area is forest, making Xiangxi one of the designated green cities. At the end of 2018, the total registered population of Xiangxi is 3.0 million, 54% are rural residents; with ethnic population mainly Tujia and Miao people accounts for 80% of the total population of Xiangxi. The total production value in Xiangxi is CNY58.3 billion, of which CNY8.4 billion is by the primary industry, CNY17.9 by the secondary industry, and CNY31.9 billion by the tertiary industry; and the per capita gross domestic product (GDP) is CNY22,094.
Xiangxi is one of the poorest regions in the PRC. All of its seven counties are designated as national poor counties. At the end of 2018, rural and urban poverty incidences in Xiangxi are 5.2% and 4.3%, respectively. In Xiangxi, of 49.2 million cubic meters per year of wastewater, only 7.4 million cubic meters per year is treated, 24.7% of villages do not have solid waste collection or processing facilities, and 48.2% of households do not have sanitary toilets. Inadequate wastewater and solid waste management and unsanitary toilets severely affect rural residents' living environment and increase their health risk.
The mountainous landscape in Xiangxi makes farming less suitable and profitable. Arable land is 135,000 hectares, only 8.7% of total land area. The region boasts of a rich list of local featured vegetation and livestock species. Agricultural GDP is CNY14 billion, or 14.4% of the total GDP. About 60% of the agricultural GDP is from local featured products given its unique climate and biosphere. These include citrus, kiwi fruit, camellia, tea, and herbal medicine. However, low quality of seeds and seedlings, inadequate modern agricultural production and management system, and inadequate cold chains make the yields highly variable with low value.
The unique combination of natural and cultural diversity gives Xiangxi high conservation value with national significance. The PRC central government designated Xiangxi as a Tujia and Miao cultural and ecological protected area and a key national ecological function area. There are three national nature reserves, three national forest parks, three national geological parks, two national scenic spots, one national wetland park, and one UNESCO world heritage site (Laosicheng Site in Yongshun County). All of these provide very high ecological and cultural value, attracting 44.9 million visitors in 2017. Seven expressways connecting local cities and counties have been opened successively in Xiangxi. Jishou City has become one of the 18 highway expressway cities in the PRC. By being involved in the _four-hour economic circle_ of Changsha, Chongqing, Guilin, and Guiyang, with the construction of new Zhang-Jihuai highspeed railway and Xiangxi Airport, Xiangxi will enter the _high-speed rail era_ and _aerospace era_. Xiangxi also has zones for the integration of the primary, secondary, and/or tertiary industries such as a national agricultural technology zone in Huayuan County and a national primary, secondary, and tertiary industry integration pilot zone in Yongshun County. Xiangxi plays a leading role in industrial integration in the PRC.
However, value addition to agricultural and forestry products is still low in Xiangxi and the poverty ratio is still high. Women comprise an increasing proportion of agriculture population in the rural areas due to out-migration of men. There are limited job opportunities for women. To enhance rural industrial productivity in Xiangxi to reduce poverty and inequality between urban and rural areas and to empower women and enhance gender equality, Xiangxi is required to improve socially- inclusive agricultural value chain (production, processing, and marketing) that increases jobs for women and the poor, by fully utilizing its unique tourism resources and environmental and transportation advantages and integrating the primary, secondary, and tertiary rural industries.
The Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefectural Government (XPG) takes rural vitalization as core of its development agenda. The Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture Rural Vitalization Strategy adopts a targeted poverty alleviation approach. The Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture Accelerated Three Year Action Plan to Improve Rural Environment and Build Beautiful Villages 2018 2020 outlines rural environmental improvement as its basic principle. The key growth engines are high value agricultural products and ecotourism backed with research, technology, and value chain development. The XPG has set up detailed targets to improve the living environment, grow special industries, and enhance service delivery for comprehensive rural vitalization. Key interventions are agricultural modernization and integration with ecotourism.
Xiangxi is an appropriate demonstration area for rural vitalization and special industry development, since it (i) is one of the poorest regions in the PRC; (ii) is an important area to connect the central and western regions of the PRC and Yangtze River and special economic zones in south provinces; (iii) has local featured agricultural products which have potential for further development; (iv) has unique tourism resources and environmental and transportation advantages; and (v) plays a leading role in industrial integration in the PRC, with the two national-level industrial integration zones.
|Impact||Rural vitalization in the Yangtze River Economic Belt realized (Rural Vitalization Plan, 2018 2022 and Yangtze River Economic Belt Development Plan, 2016 2030)|
|Description of Outcome||Rural living environment and value of agricultural and forestry products in Xiangxi enhanced|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Rural waste and sanitation management facilities and services improved
Local-featured ecological agricultural and forestry products developed
Value added to local products through value chains and ecotourism
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Xiangxi Tujiazu Miaozu Zizhizhou|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Kimura, Shingo|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
Xiangxi Tujia & Miao Autonomous Prefectural Gov't
58 Renmin North Road, Ji Shou City, Hu Nan Province
|Concept Clearance||23 Oct 2019|
|Fact Finding||01 Jul 2020 to 06 Jul 2020|
|MRM||21 Sep 2020|
|Approval||25 Jan 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||15 Sep 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|25 Jan 2021||26 Mar 2021||22 Jun 2021||30 Jun 2027||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||420.73||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||200.00||29 Jul 2022||21.93||0.00||13%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||29 Jul 2022||14.26||0.00||8%|
|Status of Covenants|
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ADB Supporting Environmental Improvement and Green Development in Xiangxi, Hunan, PRCADB has approved a $200 million loan to help improve the environment and boost green development in rural areas of Xiangxi Prefecture, Hunan Province, in the People’s Republic of China.
Pulling rural communities out of poverty through a programmatic approachA set of interrelated interventions seeks to pave the way for the benefits of economic growth to reach the rural poor in the People's Republic of China.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Consultant team for technical support, capacity development, and knowledge dissemination||Firm - Consulting||Closed||14 Jan 2022||14 Feb 2022|
|PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT CONSULTANT TEAM||Firm - Consulting||Closed||07 Sep 2021||08 Oct 2021|
|EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AGENCY||Firm - Consulting||Closed||07 Sep 2021||08 Oct 2021|
|EXTERNAL RESETTLEMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT MONITORING AND EVALUATION AGENCY||Firm - Consulting||Closed||07 Sep 2021||08 Oct 2021|
|INITIAL PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT(ENVIRONMENT)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||30 Nov 2020||06 Dec 2020|
|INITIAL PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT (LAND ACQUISITION AND RESETTLEMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||30 Nov 2020||06 Dec 2020|
|INITIAL PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT(PROCUREMENT AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||30 Nov 2020||06 Dec 2020|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Project management support consultant team||Loan 4046||23 May 2022||NAREE Consulting Ltd. | Room 716, Building A, Beijing Fortune Plaza, No. 7 East 3rd Ring Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, PRC||Xiangxi Tujia & Miao Autonomous Prefectural Gov't||1,024,874.65||1,024,874.65|
|Equipment for garbage collection and sanitation publicity in Huayuan County||Loan 4046||03 May 2022||Hunan Crossover Automobile Sales Co., Ltd. | Building 11, Zone P, Zhongnan Automobile World, Xianglong Sub-district Office, Changsha County, Hunan Province||Xiangxi Tujia & Miao Autonomous Prefectural Gov't||1,217,152.39||1,198,734.50|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Hunan Xiangxi Rural Environmental Improvement and Green Development Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jul 2022|