China, People's Republic of: Hunan Miluo River Disaster Risk Management and Comprehensive Environment Improvement Project
The project aims to demonstrate rural vitalization and environmental improvement in Pingjiang County, and contribute to the People Republic of China's (PRC) development goals of inclusive and sustainable growth consistent with (i) the PRC's Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016- 2020, which aims to eradicate extreme poverty and balance development of rural and urban areas; (ii) the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) development plan, 2016-2030 and the rural vitalization strategy, which promotes poverty reduction, rural development, and green and inclusive growth; and (iii) the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Strategy 2030, and country partnership strategy for the PRC, 2016 2020; and 2021 2025, which both support the development of global and regional public goods and more inclusive development by managing climate change and the environment; building climate and disaster resilience, reducing poverty and inequalities; promoting rural development, improving institutional coordination and governance reform, and knowl
East Asia Department
Request for information
China, People's Republic of
- Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Project Name||Hunan Miluo River Disaster Risk Management and Comprehensive Environment Improvement Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management - Rural sanitation - Water-based natural resources management
Education / Education sector development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
The project aims to demonstrate rural vitalization and environmental improvement in Pingjiang County, and contribute to the People Republic of China's (PRC) development goals of inclusive and sustainable growth consistent with (i) the PRC's Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016- 2020, which aims to eradicate extreme poverty and balance development of rural and urban areas; (ii) the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) development plan, 2016-2030 and the rural vitalization strategy, which promotes poverty reduction, rural development, and green and inclusive growth; and (iii) the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Strategy 2030, and country partnership strategy for the PRC, 2016 2020; and 2021 2025, which both support the development of global and regional public goods and more inclusive development by managing climate change and the environment; building climate and disaster resilience, reducing poverty and inequalities; promoting rural development, improving institutional coordination and governance reform, and knowledge sharing with other developing member countries. This project is also a demonstration of support for the PRC's intended nationally determined contributions, e.g., increasing carbon sinks via wetland restoration, enhancing overall climate resilience.
The project will be aligned with the following impact: rural vitalization in the YREB realized. The outputs listed below will result in the following outcome: rural living environment in Pingjiang County improved.
Output 1: Water-related disaster risk management in Pingjiang County improved. This output includes measures to mitigate impacts of severe flooding and occurrence of landslides and natural hazards in Pingjiang County, including (i) construction of flood embankments and nature-based measures such as ecological wetlands and conservation parks and improvement of degraded areas to maintain bank stability, protect biodiversity, and regulate flooding events; and (ii) establishment of conservation forests and riparian vegetation zones to control water and soil loss and nonpoint source pollution in the Miluo River. These activities will generate employment opportunities for residents, including women.
Output 2: Rural waste and sanitation management in Pingjiang County improved. This output will address environmental degradation through improvements in environmental infrastructure. The output includes improvement of access to and upgrade of solid waste management services and wastewater treatment facilities across 214 township schools, 33 township hospitals, and rural residents through improved county-wide inclusive sanitation which considers the most appropriate and innovative technology and service delivery method, including public private partnerships.
Output 3: Integrated water resources management planning and decision support capacity enhanced. This output will strengthen the PCG's institutional coordination capacity for environmental and disaster risk management. The output will enhance integrated water resources management planning and decision support capacity across local government agencies through the development of a decision support system. Environmental management information systems will be incorporated in the decision support system to improve institutional coordination for integrated water resources and disaster risk management, asset management, and monitoring and evaluation mechanisms for forests and wetland conservation areas, river water quality and environmental flows (including water supply to downstream areas), and flood early warning.
Output 4: Green procurement and ecological farming practices piloted. This output involves piloting of (i) green procurement programs in schools, hospitals, and tourism operators to support the development of green supply chains that will reduce environmentally damaging wastes, such as plastic wastes; and encourage recycling and reuse initiatives; (ii) community-based solid waste management training and awareness-raising programs in schools, hospitals, and tourism operators to support green consumption and circular economy principles; and (iii) demonstration farms to be established to showcase sustainable ecological farming best practices, such as adoption of organic fertilizers, integrated pest management, and improved farm waste management, to reduce nonpoint source pollution. Pathways for organic certification of local agribusinesses to support green industries will also be explored in conjunction with identification of downstream markets. Some jobs for residents, including women, will be created during the construction of relevant facilities.
Innovative features will be included in the project design, covering (i) county-wide inclusive sanitation and solid waste collection facilities using best practices with consideration of public private partnership delivery, if appropriate; (ii) nature-based measures such as wetland parks and conservation forests to improve water quality and manage flood risks; and (iii) county-wide integrated water resources and disaster risk management. The experiences and knowledge gained through this project will be deployed in other poor rural areas in the PRC.
The project design will incorporate lessons from international best practices and build on previous ADB-financed projects supporting rural vitalization, such as importance of (i) climate-smart agricultural and ecological farming practices; (ii) decentralized sanitation systems for rural villages; (iii) nature-based solutions to address flooding and other risks from natural hazards; (iv) development, participation, and empowerment of rural communities and rural enterprises; (v) effective institutional coordination and governance arrangements, including the river chief system; (vi) sustainable operation and maintenance; and (vii) monitoring and evaluation systems.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
As one of the three key economic growth engines in the PRC, the YREB and its nine provinces and two specially administered municipalities account for more than 40% of the population and freshwater resources, and 45% of the PRC''s economic output. While the YREB has benefited from extensive development since the 1980s, economic growth in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River Basin significantly lags in the coastal areas and face particular challenges from (i) weak institutional coordination; (ii) increasing pollution and pressure on natural resources; (iii) slow transformation into green development; and (iv) limited integration of waterways, ports, and intermodal logistics. To manage these challenges, the Government of the PRC formulated the YREB development plan 2016- 2030. ADB and the government have agreed to adopt a framework approach to support the plan, with a focus on (i) institutional strengthening and policy reform; (ii) ecosystem restoration and environmental protection; (iii) green industrial transformation; and (iv) construction of an integrated multimodal transport corridor.
In many lesser-developed areas of the YREB, including Pingjiang County, the rural living environment continues to pose an obstacle to development due to high income inequality and incidence of poverty, with the majority of rural wastewater and solid wastes directly discharged to waterways. These development challenges will be exacerbated by climate change. Against this backdrop, the government formulated a rural vitalization strategy to promote poverty reduction, rural development, and green and inclusive growth. This strategy logically builds on the existing YREB development plan, 2016-2030; and is supportive of the PRC''s intended nationally determined contributions under the Paris Climate Agreement, which was signed in 2015.
Pingjiang County is in the northeastern region of Hunan Province; and about 115 kilometers (km) northeast of Changsha City, the provincial capital. It covers 24 townships, a provincial industrial park, and a national-level scenic area, with a total land area of 4,125 square kilometers. The total population of Pingjiang County was 1,120,000 in 2018, with urban and rural residents comprising 45% and 55%, respectively. Pingjiang County also attracts more that 15 million domestic visitors each year, which has significant potential impact on the local living environment.
In 2018, the gross domestic product of Pingjiang County was CNY28.7 billion. The per capita disposable income of urban residents was CNY23,602, and of rural residents was CNY9,580. Although Pingjiang County was no longer declared as a national poverty county from March 2019, around 9,345 people are still classified as very poor and living below the poverty line. Around 6,372 urban and 22,526 rural residents are among the low-income families who continue to receive basic living allowances from the government. Women comprise an increasing proportion of residents in rural areas due to out-migration of men, and there are limited job opportunities for women.
The Miluo River Basin covers 5,543 square kilometers, with its headwaters originating from two tributaries: one flows east from Xiushui County, Jiangxi Province; while the other flows west from Longzhang Mountain, northeast of Pingjiang County. The two tributaries converge in the western part of Pingjiang County to form the Miluo River with a total length of 253 km, of which 193 km flows through Pingjiang County from east to west after which it drains into the eastern bank of Dongting Lake, a flood basin for the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. As its confluence with Dongting Lake, the Miluo River forms an important wetland protection area; and the river also serves as the main source of drinking water for Pingjiang County as well as supplementary water supply for major downstream urban centers.
Inadequate rural sanitation and waste management. The ecological environment of the Miluo River in Pingjiang County faces many challenges. About half of all rural villages do not have any household sewage or wastewater treatment facilities. Farming practices are also unsustainable with inadequate farm waste management systems. This, coupled with inadequate solid waste management incorporating appropriate recycling and re-use processes, significantly impacts the rural living environment, increases public health risks, and contributes to the declining water quality in the Miluo River.
Weak disaster risk management capacity. Pingjiang County is critically impacted by seasonal flooding and landslides, exacerbated by climate change, degraded hilly landscapes, and inadequate institutional coordination and disaster risk management capacity. Between 2013 -2018, 86 townships in Pingjiang County were impacted by flooding, causing damage to 344 km of riverbanks and around 542,250 mu of cropping area; and resulting in an estimated CNY1,986 million in direct economic loss.
Weak institutional coordination for integrated water resources and disaster risk management. Institutional coordination and strategic planning capacity by local government agencies responsible for integrated water resources and disaster risk management are fragmented. This is exacerbated by the challenges outlined above.
The Pingjiang County Government (PCG) formulated its Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016- 2020 consistent with the priority areas under the national and provincial Thirteenth Five-Year Plans, 2016- 2020. The implementation of these development plans is also consistent with the guidelines on the Yangtze River Basin Economic Development Plan issued by the PRC''s State Council in 2014; and the YREB Development Plan, 2016 -2030. The proposed project is also aligned with key sector priority areas under ADB''s country partnership strategy for the PRC (2016- 2020); and (2021- 2025).
The PCG has prepared several long-term plans for pollution control and environmental management to address flooding and protect the water quality in the Miluo River, including planning for infrastructure and nature-based solutions such as wetland restoration and river rehabilitation measures. However, Pingjiang County still faces critical environmental challenges, including (i) inadequate wastewater treatment facilities; (ii) risks from flooding and landslides; and (iii) deteriorating river water quality from unsustainable agricultural and farming practices, coupled with urbanization and development in the watershed.
ADB has been supporting projects on pollution control, water resources management, environmental improvement, and wastewater treatment in the PRC and other developing member countries. Lessons learned from those projects, including deploying innovative solutions and best practices for pollution control and environmental management, will be reflected in the project design and demonstrate ADB''s value addition.
|Impact||Rural vitalization and ecological protection in the Yangtze River Economic Belt realized|
|Description of Outcome||Rural living environment in Pingjiang County improved|
|Progress Toward Outcome||On track to meet target outcome.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Water-related disaster risk management strengthened
Safe drinking water and sanitation services and facilities enhanced
Circular agriculture for sustainable livestock waste management and eco-farming demonstrated
Green procurement practices piloted and environmental education mainstreamed
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||The loan took effectiveness on 27 May 2021. The procurement plan was updated in July 2021. The recruitment of consulting service and procurement works have been initiated.|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Pingjiang|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is classified as category B for environment. An initial environmental examination, including an environmental management plan (EMP) and grievance redress mechanism, has been prepared and disclosed on ADB's website. The initial environmental examination is based on the domestic feasibility studies and environmental assessments, site visits, and stakeholder consultations. The PCG, through the PMO, will be responsible for the implementation of and compliance with the EMP. Qualified full-time environment officers will be assigned to the PMO and project implementation units, and a training program has been included in the EMP. The project will yield environmental benefits, including improved water quality, flood control, and solid waste management. Risks include the potential release of contaminants from polluted sediments during dredging works, short-term construction impacts (e.g., dust and noise), and pollution from livestock waste or the use of agricultural chemicals during operations. The outbreak and global spread of COVID-19 presents a risk to the health of workers and residents. Measures to address these risks have been included in the EMP and include procedures for the treatment and disposal of dredge spoil, wastewater, solid waste, and sludge; riverbank rehabilitation; and the preparation of a COVID-19 health and safety plan based on best-practice guidelines.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project is classified as category B for involuntary resettlement. The project will involve a total land use of 698.09 mu, including state-owned land occupation of 527.85 mu and permanent land acquisition of 170.24 mu. In addition, the project will use 1,219.4 mu temporarily during construction. The project will demolish three old abandoned houses with a total area of 628.53 square meters, owned by three households with 16 persons. The project's permanent land acquisition will affect a total of 64 households with 269 persons, and significantly affect 20 households with 83 persons. The PCG has prepared a resettlement plan in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement and relevant laws and regulations of the PRC. The resettlement plan includes adequate compensation and livelihood restoration measures for affected people. Surveys and consultations were undertaken with affected people during the resettlement plan preparation, information from the resettlement plan disclosed to affected persons, and the resettlement plan posted on ADB's website. Affected people will be further consulted during the updating and implementation of the resettlement plan. A grievance redress mechanism has been established and incorporated into the resettlement plan. While the PCG, PMO, and project implementation units have the capacity to implement domestically funded projects, their capacity will be strengthened to implement the resettlement plan and conduct internal monitoring in compliance with ADB requirements. The project will engage an external monitoring agency to monitor the resettlement implementation and submit semiannual monitoring reports to ADB.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is classified as category C for indigenous peoples.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Main stakeholders are the different agencies of the PCG, PMO, PIUs, beneficiaries, affected persons, and participants in the project implementation. Stakeholder communication is also part of the IEE including the EMP, RP, SDAP, and GAP, and will be monitored accordingly.|
|During Project Implementation||Continued dialogue with all stakeholders will be conducted during project implementation.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Shen, Xin|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Pingjiang County Government
Room 412, Finance Bureau, East Xingwang
Road, Pingjiang County, Hunan Province
|Concept Clearance||23 Oct 2019|
|Fact Finding||13 Jul 2020 to 24 Jul 2020|
|MRM||09 Sep 2020|
|Approval||27 Nov 2020|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||20 Sep 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|27 Nov 2020||03 Feb 2021||27 May 2021||30 Nov 2027||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||353.56||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||150.00||20 Sep 2021||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||70.93||20 Sep 2021||0.00||0.00||0%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Hunan Miluo River Disaster Risk Management and Comprehensive Environment Improvement: Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Aug 2020|
|Hunan Miluo River Disaster Risk Management and Comprehensive Environment Improvement Project: Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Jul 2020|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB to Help Improve Living Environment of Miluo River in Hunan, PRCADB has approved a $150 million loan to improve the rural living environment of the Miluo River in Pingjiang County in Hunan, the People’s Republic of China, as part of the rural vitalization and ecological protection of the Yangtze...
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Project Implementation Start-up Support||Individual - Consulting||Closed||29 Jul 2021||04 Aug 2021|
|Technical support, project management and capacity building||Firm - Consulting||Closed||29 Jul 2021||27 Aug 2021|
|External resettlement and social monitoring and evaluation||Firm - Consulting||Closed||15 May 2021||15 Jun 2021|
|Technical support, project management and capacity building||Firm - Consulting||Closed||08 Jan 2021||07 Feb 2021|
|Hunan Miluo River Disaster Risk Management and Comprehensive Environment Improvement||Firm - Consulting||Closed||14 Aug 2019||28 Aug 2019|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Hunan Miluo River Disaster Risk Management and Comprehensive Environment Improvement Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jul 2021|