India: Himachal Pradesh Rural Drinking Water Improvement and Livelihood Project
The project will provide safe, sustainable, gender-responsive, and inclusive rural water supply and rural sanitation services for about 620,000 people in 10 districts of Himachal Pradesh. The project districts are Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan, and Una. Using the sector loan modality, it will upgrade rural water schemes and introduce smart water management practices to ensure the effective management of new and rehabilitated water supply assets. Further, the project will pilot an inclusive sanitation program in Sirmaur District to ensure that fecal sludge is safely managed and treated before disposal. The aspirations of rural people are growing, leading to demands for service standards similar to those in urban areas, which support meeting basic human needs, good health, and sustainable environmental outcomes.
Kohlhase, Jude Ernest
South Asia Department
Request for information
21 July 2022
- Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Project Name||Himachal Pradesh Rural Drinking Water Improvement and Livelihood Project|
|Country / Economy||India
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural sanitation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Rural water supply services
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will provide safe, sustainable, gender-responsive, and inclusive rural water supply and rural sanitation services for about 620,000 people in 10 districts of Himachal Pradesh. The project districts are Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan, and Una. Using the sector loan modality, it will upgrade rural water schemes and introduce smart water management practices to ensure the effective management of new and rehabilitated water supply assets. Further, the project will pilot an inclusive sanitation program in Sirmaur District to ensure that fecal sludge is safely managed and treated before disposal. The aspirations of rural people are growing, leading to demands for service standards similar to those in urban areas, which support meeting basic human needs, good health, and sustainable environmental outcomes. The project will strengthen institutional capacity in the executing and implementing agency, the Jal Shakti Vibhag (JSV), and in gram panchayats (local administration) to deliver efficient and sustainable services. Women's self-help groups in rural communities will be economically empowered through livelihood skills training, in particular training applicable to drinking water supply augmentation and the operation and maintenance (O&M) of village rural water supply schemes that provide opportunities to support rural livelihoods. The project will raise public awareness of the health benefits of improved water supply, sanitation, and hygiene practices to prevent the spread of disease, not least the coronavirus disease.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
About 92.9% of the state's rural population has access to drinking water from improved water sources. While this is almost double the national average of 49.1%, it lags the state's urban coverage of 98.4%. The rural water supply infrastructure is old and in poor condition, rendering it either dysfunctional or resulting in services that are of poor quality. Both an asset management system and O&M funding are lacking. There is no water metering, and supply is typically intermittent (provided for only 6-8 hours per day), with consumption averaging a low 30 liters per capita per day. Small rural water supply schemes are located in remote and steep terrain, which limits data gathering to physical field inspections, and makes rural systems difficult to manage. The current monthly tariff is fixed at INR 34.54 per connection, which is far from sufficient for even O&M cost recovery. Low-cost recovery translates into a high dependence on subsidies from the government of Himachal Pradesh for O&M, let alone for system upgrades, and renewal.
Current data shows that 81.3% of rural households have access to improved sanitation facilities, slightly below the 85.0% of urban households. The primary onsite sanitation facilities include pit latrines and flush latrines connected to septic tanks, which discharge directly to the open environment and in open drains. A fecal sludge management facility exits only in Shimla, the state capital.
The government of Himachal Pradesh's JSV manages water supply, including construction and the delivery of bulk water to rural villages. Sanitation is provided by the Rural Development Department. Gram panchayats are involved in the planning, implementation, and management of village water services through village water and sanitation committees constituted by the state's District Water and Sanitation Mission.
|Impact||Water and sanitation services in Himachal Pradesh sustainably managed|
|Description of Outcome||Safe, reliable, efficient, and sustainable drinking water and sanitation services provided in project districts|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Rural water supply and sanitation systems in project districts improved
Institutions and capacity of stakeholders for rural water supply and sanitation services strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Himachal Pradesh|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||All consultant recruitment will adhere to the ADB Procurement Policy and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||All procurement of goods and works will adhere to the ADB Procurement Policy and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Kohlhase, Jude Ernest|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, SARD|
Jal Shakti Vibhag, Government of Himachal Pradesh
Jal Shakti Bhawan, Tarna Road, Mandi (Himachal Pradesh) 175001
|Concept Clearance||31 May 2021|
|Fact Finding||24 Aug 2021 to 02 Sep 2021|
|MRM||27 Apr 2022|
|Approval||21 Jul 2022|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||21 Jul 2022|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|21 Jul 2022||16 Aug 2022||-||30 Jun 2028||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||139.10||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||96.30||19 Aug 2022||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||19 Aug 2022||0.00||0.00||0%|
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ADB Approves Loan for Safe Drinking Water in Himachal PradeshADB has approved a $96.3 million loan to provide safe drinking water and improve water supply and sanitation services of Himachal Pradesh, India under the Himachal Pradesh Rural Drinking Water Improvement and Livelihood Project.
No contracts awarded for this project were found
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Himachal Pradesh Rural Drinking Water Improvement Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Feb 2022|