Regional : Promoting Action on Plastic Pollution from Source to Sea in Asia and the Pacific
The knowledge and support technical assistance (KSTA) cluster will help developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) deliver their commitments to reduce marine plastic pollution from 'source to sea. It will help (i) prepare action plans; (ii) form policy and regulations to encourage a circular economy; and (iii) prepare investments in integrated solid waste management and circular economy systems. It will also promote and facilitate regional cooperation and knowledge-sharing.
Baker, James G.
Climate Change and Sustainable Development Department
Request for information
- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Promoting Action on Plastic Pollution from Source to Sea in Asia and the Pacific|
|Country / Economy||Regional
China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Operational Priorities||OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP4: Making cities more livable
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural solid waste management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban solid waste management
|Gender||Some gender elements|
|Description||The knowledge and support technical assistance (KSTA) cluster will help developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) deliver their commitments to reduce marine plastic pollution from 'source to sea. It will help (i) prepare action plans; (ii) form policy and regulations to encourage a circular economy; and (iii) prepare investments in integrated solid waste management and circular economy systems. It will also promote and facilitate regional cooperation and knowledge-sharing.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The TA is included in the management-approved 2019 results-based work plan for SDCC, and is aligned with Strategy 2030 operational priorities on environmental sustainability, livable cities, and regional public goods. It also supports the ADB Actional Plan for Healthy Oceans and Sustainable Blue Economies and the SDGs, particularly SDGs 11, 12 and 14.|
Marine plastic pollution reduced; Health of rivers, coasts and marine ecosystems restored.
|Description of Outcome||
DMC action to address marine plastic pollution enhanced
|Progress Toward Outcome||The TA is currently consulting with the participating member countries (DMCs) on the detailed scope of activities, processes, and timeframes of implementation.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Action plans and policies to address marine plastic pollution supported.
Plastic pollution reduction investments supported.
Knowledge, regional cooperation and financing for marine plastic pollution solutions improved.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
On Output 1: Action plans and policies to address marine plastic pollution supported
(1.1) Consultations with the participating countries and cities (plus partners, communities, private sector) were conducted and identified focused activities for TA support for city action plans.
(1.2) Ongoing consultations with national and city governments and key partners of Indonesia (Cirebon City), Philippines (Manila City), Vietnam (Tan An City) and Thailand.
(1.3) Ongoing consultations with countries for policy and regulatory reform support, including on national policy and legislation for circular plastics economy and bioplastics in Thailand and the national action plan for circular economy in Viet Nam.
(1.4) Currently being implemented institutional strengthening program on environmental monitoring and assessment of future maritime disasters in Sri Lanka.
(1.5) Identified Cirebon City (INO), Manila (PHI) and Tan An (VIE) as focus cities for development of city action plans
(1.6) Policy studies on economic instruments and market-based mechanisms for plastic waste management for Thailand identified
(1.7) Conducted formal introduction of implementing firm to Indonesia and Philippine EAs
(1.8) Ongoing baseline studies in Thailand, Manila and Cirebon
(1.9) Formal introduction of implementing firm to VIE EA by July 2023
(1.10) City action plans for Cirebon City, Manila and Tan An by Q3 2023, Q2 2024 and Q4 2024 respectively
(1.11) Policy studies on economic instruments and market-based mechanisms for plastic waste management in Thailand by Q2 2024
On Output 2: Plastic pollution reduction investments supported
(2.1) Nine investment projects plus TAs supported with specialist inputs on solid waste management, circular plastics economy and ocean finance, as follows: 53079-001 Guangxi-Guilin Comprehensive Ecological Rehabilitation (inputs to TOR for solid waste management component of project); 51116-002 PRC: Yangtze River Green Ecological Corridor Comprehensive Agriculture Development Project (technical inputs for GEF proposal); 51036-002 Pakistan: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Cities Improvement Project (peer review of solid waste management consultant deliverables); Regional Indorama Blue Loan for Circular Economy (preparation of loan document sector overview and inputs to design of DMF); Bank of Qingdao Blue Finance Project (inputs to blue bond framework and structure); Jiangxi Ecological Demonstration Program; Guangxi-Guilin Comprehensive Ecological Rehabilitation; Sustainable Tourism Development Project; plus TA 6617 PRC: Green Circular Economy Zero Waste Cities concept paper and Yangtze River Basin Eco Compensation Mechanism (inputs on concept paper)
(2.2) Specialist advice to Central West Asia, South and Southeast Asia departments on medical waste management
(2.3) Specialist inputs for investment projects ongoing
(2.4) Review CPSs/COBPs and relevant ADB country operations for alignment/collaboration
(2.5) Review ADB pipeline to identify opportunities and outreach/consultations with operations departments
(2.6) Technical support for $400 million KP Cities Improvement Project in Pakistan by reviewing and updating detailed engineering designs for solid waste infrastructure (landfill)
(2.7) Specialist inputs on concept and selection of winners for Technology Innovation Challenge for Healthy Oceans and to PSOD project on MOU with China Everbright Environmental (CEE) Group
(2.8) Finalize the scope and location of community-scale pilots in Indonesia and Vietnam
(2.9) Technical support for $400 million KP Cities Improvement Project in Pakistan by reviewing and updating detailed engineering designs for solid waste infrastructure (landfill)
(2.10) Specialist inputs to PSOD project on the design and indicators of MOU with China Everbright Environmental (CEE) Group to reduce marine plastics
(2.11) Specialist inputs on concept and selection of winners for Technology Innovation Challenge for Healthy Oceans
(2.12) Specialist inputs to Blue Loan for Alba recycling project
(2.13) Finalize the scope and location of pilots in Indonesia and Viet Nam is ongoing
(2.14) Specialist inputs to Indonesia policy-based loan to reduce marine debris
(2.15) Digital solutions for plastic waste management will be screened and piloted in Tan An (VIE) and Cirebon (INO) for the community-scale pilot project
Output 3: Knowledge, regional cooperation and financing for marine plastic pollution solutions improved
(3.1) Blue Finance Explainer for Development Asia published
(3.2) GEF concept for Indonesia Plastik Sulit project ($7.1 million) approved
(3.3) Indonesia Finance Task Force co-chaired by ADB and Ministry of Finance launched
(3.4) Myanmar Donors Coordination Roundtable convened
(3.5) Oceans Finance Initiative Strategy developed
(3.6) Conducted Blue Finance Training: Designing and Financing Bankable Projects in Transitioning to a Blue Economy
(3.7) TA Consultation Plan and Partners Database developed and implemented
(3.8) TA Knowledge Management Action Plan developed
(3.9) Consultations with international NGOs and regional coordination bodies, and COBSEA identified as regional knowledge partner
(3.10) GEF CEO Endorsement Request for $2million regional medium-sized project: Promoting Resource Efficiency and Circularity to Reduce Plastic Pollution for Asia and the Pacific approved
(3.11) First ADB Blue Bond issuance of $302million, under expanded Green and Blue Bond Framework
(3.12) ADB Ocean Finance Framework launched
(3.13) ADB training-Five-part Circular economy sprint series entitled Closing the Circle: Reducing Plastic Pollution and Promoting Green Businesses from September to November 2021
(3.14) ADB Healthy Oceans Technology and Finance Forum held Q1 2022
(3.15) Supported Healthy Oceans Technology Innovation Challenges
(3.16) Regional TA inception workshops held Q1 2022 and Q1 2023
(3.17) Supported development of an ADB MOU with Denmark State of Green which includes circular economy as a key theme, and planned knowledge sharing activities on plastics and the private sector
(3.18) Organized UN Ocean Conference 2022 side events Financing the Blue Economy in Asia and the Pacific, Atolls Blueprint Dialogue and Pacific Reception
(3.19) Participation in 19th PACER Dialogue: Transitioning from a linear to a circular economy in post pandemic Southeast Asia
(3.20) Oceans Partnership/Finance Facility development
(3.21) Conducted Thailand Bioplastics Stakeholder Engagement Workshop held April 2023 in Bangkok
(3.22) Support on Healthy Oceans Technology Innovation Challenges
(3.23) Knowledge sharing on priority themes for marine plastics pollution reduction and circular plastics economy
(3.24) Dev Asia Insight article on using metrics to support co-investment in ocean plastics and climate change mitigation published
(3.25) Healthy Oceans Technology and Finance Forum conducted
(3.26) Dev Asia Policy Brief article on a systems-based framework for circular economy in ASEAN published
(3.27) Published Dev Asia Explainer article summarizing discussions on plastic-free oceans and transitioning to a circular plastics economy from the Healthy Oceans Tech and Finance Forum 2022
(3.28) Study on climate mitigation opportunities emerging from the planned global plastics treaty
(3.29) Dev Asia Explainer article on investment opportunities with climate mitigation and plastic pollution reduction co-benefits to emerge from the planned global plastics treaty published
(3.30) Study on digital app technologies for plastic waste management in Viet Nam
(3.31) Dev Asia summary article on digital app technology solutions for plastic waste management in Viet Nam published
(3.32) Knowledge sharing and capacity building on marine plastic pollution solutions, circular plastics economy, best practices and best available technologies/circular economy webinar series planned
(3.33) Study on opportunities for sustainable coastal and marine tourism in Asia and the Pacific ongoing
(3.34) Conduct of workshop/conference on metrics and monitoring of marine plastic litter by Q3 2023
(3.35) Cost-benefit analysis on the use of bioplastics in Thailand
(3.36) Conduct of circular plastics economy training with DMCs and ADB staff by Q4 2023-Q1 2024
(3.37) To publish article in Dev Asia on sustainable coastal/marine and plastic-free tourism opportunities in Asia and the Pacific
(3.38) Policy briefs on opportunities in the planned global plastics treaty and strengthening the bioplastics value chain in Thailand
(3.39) Regional Circular Economy Finance Conference by Q2 2024
(3.40) Knowledge products on financing for circular plastics economy investments and investment blueprints by Q2 2024
(3.41) A suite of knowledge products on the design and use of digital technologies for enabling ISWM and plastics circular economy by Q4 2024
(3.42) Joint knowledge activity with subregional program as part of Greater Mekong Subregion Climate Change and Environmental Sustainability Program TA planned
|Geographical Location||China - Nation-wide; Indonesia - Nation-wide; Myanmar - Nation-wide; Philippines - Nation-wide; Sri Lanka - Nation-wide; Thailand - Nation-wide; Viet Nam - Nation-wide|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Focal government agencies of each country: Indonesia Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment; Philippines Department of Environment and Natural Resources; Viet Nam - Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment; Thailand - Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment; Myanmar - Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation|
|During Project Implementation||Continuous communication with the abovementioned government agencies; multi-lateral development banks (e.g. European Investment Bank, World Bank); international and local non-profit organizations (e.g. World Wide Fund for Nature, Ocean Conservancy), bi-lateral donor partners (including Governments of Japan, Korea, Norway, the United States); multi-lateral development agencies and UN technical agencies (including United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development); and multi-stakeholder associations/platforms (e.g., GPAP, SIWI, AEPW and national waste or plastics associations in each country)|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Baker, James G.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Climate Change and Sustainable Development Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Climate Change, Resilience, and Environment Cluster (CCRE)|
Asian Development Bank
|Concept Clearance||26 Apr 2019|
|Fact Finding||01 May 2019 to 16 May 2019|
|Approval||05 Dec 2019|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||22 Jun 2023|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Promoting Action on Plastic Pollution from Source to Sea in Asia and the Pacific: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2019|
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