Marshall Islands : Ebeye Solid Waste Management Project

Sovereign Project | 53082-001

The project will establish a sustainable and effective solid waste management (SWM) system in Ebeye, the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), by (i) building a high-temperature incinerator and upgrading the dump site, (ii) upgrading and replacing equipment for municipal solid waste management, (iii) strengthening institutional capacity to sustain the SWM services, The project will also prevent the spreading of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and other transmittable and waterborne diseases through improved medical waste disposal and strengthened medical waste management capacity. A project readiness financing grant was approved in 2019 to prepare the project and facilitate a smooth transition to the project implementation.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Ikeda, Yuki
    Sectors Group
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Marshall Islands
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name
Ebeye Solid Waste Management Project
Project Number
53082-001
Country / Economy
  • Marshall Islands
Project Status
Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0780-RMI: Ebeye Solid Waste Management Project
Source Amount
Asian Development Fund US$ 6.50 million
Operational Priorities
  • OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
  • OP4: Making cities more livable
  • OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
  • OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
  • OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
Sector / Subsector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management

Gender
Effective gender mainstreaming
Description
The project will establish a sustainable and effective solid waste management (SWM) system in Ebeye, the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), by (i) building a high-temperature incinerator and upgrading the dump site, (ii) upgrading and replacing equipment for municipal solid waste management, (iii) strengthening institutional capacity to sustain the SWM services, The project will also prevent the spreading of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and other transmittable and waterborne diseases through improved medical waste disposal and strengthened medical waste management capacity. A project readiness financing grant was approved in 2019 to prepare the project and facilitate a smooth transition to the project implementation.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The RMI in the northern Pacific Ocean comprises 29 coral atolls and five coral islands with a population of about 53,000. It is highly vulnerable to natural hazards and climate change impacts. The RMI is classified as one of the fragile and conflict-affected areas. Unemployment is high and human development indicators are generally low. It is heavily dependent on external assistance, annual grants averaging about 60% of gross domestic product, mostly from the United States (US). Marshallese citizens can live and work in the US without a visa under the RMI's Compact of Free Association with the US and a significant portion of working age population leave RMI to pursue opportunities in the US. As a result, the RMI has a younger population compared to the rest of the Pacific. Ebeye on Kwajalein Atoll is the second largest urban center in the RMI and one of the most densely populated places in the world, with about 10,000 people living in an area of 31 hectares (over 33,000 people per square kilometer). With substantial migration to the US, the population in Ebeye has moderately increased at a rate of 0.4% per annum between 1999 and 2011. There is no airport on the island and most visitors access Ebeye through the US Army Garrison Kwajalein Atoll. The US base is the major employer of the Ebeye residents as employment opportunities on Ebeye are very limited due to the lack of any industry. High population density entails urban and social challenges. With ADB's ongoing support, residents in Ebeye are receiving improved water supply and sanitation services. However, the municipal solid waste management (SWM) remains one of the most serious challenges.

Waste generation and collection. With financial support from donors, Kwajalein Atoll Local Government (KALG) has been managing to provide basic municipal solid waste collection services to its residents. Solid waste is collected six days a week, varying on areas and days of the week. At least one garbage bin is provided to each household and waste from a household is collected two to three times a week. The solid waste collected is a mixture of food and organic waste, plastic, paper, metal, diapers, textile, and other waste. KALG collects about 811 tons per day of municipal solid waste (household, commercial, and office), or between 0.8 and 1.1 kilograms per person, and transports them to the only dump site on the island without charging any fee to the users. The majority of generated waste (90%) is collected and dumped into the dump site by KALG and only a small portion is reused as feeds for livestock or firewood. The Ebeye government supports KALG to develop a SWM tariff framework to collect fees for SWM.

Dump site and equipment. The only dump site has an area of 1.6 hectares in the north end of the island, which is about 5% area of Ebeye. It was operated by KALG since 2005. However, collected waste is dumped randomly inside the site without any compacting. It became one of prime locations of mosquito breeding and led to the major outbreak of dengue fever in 2019. The dump site is an environmental nuisance to the surrounding residents and leachate from waste pollutes Ebeye's lagoon environment. it is in danger of sea water inundation due to sea-level rise resulting from climate change. The dumpsite needs to be upgraded to a proper sanitary landfill and maximize its life. Waste collection and management vehicles and equipment operated by KALG are inadequate, severely damaged, and often not functional. The short operating lifetime of such equipment is due to Ebeye's harsh marine environment and lack of adequate and timely maintenance. Unavailability of replacement parts for existing equipment exacerbates the problem. KALG needs to develop and implement asset management with sufficient financing to maintain the equipment service.

Recycling in Ebeye and solid waste management Plan. The government of RMI is conducting some practice of recycling, namely a Container Disposal Legislation (CDL) system. It started in Majuro, RMI's capital city in 2018. KALG is required to implement CDL in Ebeye. The necessary law and regulations are already in place. However, the CDL is not fully operational. Final steps, such as refunding arrangements, procurement of balers, provision of training to key officials, and awareness raising among citizens, are ready. In response to SWM issues in Ebeye, KALG approved the Kwajalein Atoll SWM Plan in 2018 (footnote 5), which includes an action plan of four major actions in five-year period (2019 to 2023) as: (i) enhancing waste reduction and recycling through the Container Disposal Legislation (CDL) system; (ii) managing and improving the current final disposal dump site; (iii) sustaining the operation and maintenance (O&M) of waste collection services; and (iv) improving financial sustainability of SWM services. These actions require substantial investment. Further, given the scarcity of land available for a new landfill site, KALG should take options to reduce the waste volume, extend the lifetime of the existing dump site and achieve sustainable and effective SWM.

Medical waste management. Ebeye Hospital is only one hospital in Ebeye, which has 45 beds with 80 staff members, serving the population of the Kwajalein Atoll. In 2014, the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) conducted a detailed study on medical waste management in the hospital, and the result showed the existing system failed to meet seven of the eleven evaluation areas. In areas such as having a waste management policy or a training plan for the staff, the hospital did not meet the minimum standards. As part of the improvement approach, in 2019, the Ebeye Hospital entered a contract with a private contractor for management and processing of its medical waste. While the medical waste is currently segregated and incinerated by the contractor, safety standards are not adequate for the handling and transportation of medical waste. The incinerator used by the contractor has limited capacity and only performs to low environmental standards. Assistance is needed to reduce environmental and health hazard of the medial waste.

COVID-19 outbreak and impact. As of August 2020, RMI has no reported COVID-19 cases, which is attributable to the isolated location and government's early decision to close the border. However, once the country reopens, RMI will be at risk of the rapid spread of COVID-19 infections. RMI has already received a large amount of PPE and medial goods for precautions and testing. Accordingly, medical waste has been increased significantly from COVID-19 test and prevention in Ebeye, which is in line with the global trend that the amount of infectious medical waste increases rapidly during a COVID-19 outbreak and it overwhelms existing medical transport and disposal infrastructure around hospitals. It is critical that additional waste management systems are put in place to help prevent the spreading of COVID-19 and the emergence of other diseases.

Impact

Efficient, effective, resilient, sustainable, and affordable services and facilities that promote sustainable economic growth provided.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Coverage, and sustainability of integrated SWM service delivery improved in Ebeye

Progress Toward Outcome
-

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

A high-temperature incinerator constructed, and waste disposal site and recycling facility upgraded.

Municipal solid waste collection, transport, and disposal operations improved

Institutional capacity to sustain SWM service delivery and local engagement strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Preliminary works to be initiated.Preliminary works to be initiated.Ongoing throughout project implementation.
Geographical Location
Ebeye

Safeguard Categories

Environment
B
Involuntary Resettlement
C
Indigenous Peoples
C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
The project includes two major civil works components in improving landfill operations and the introduction of a high temperature incinerator system. An Initial Environment Examination (IEE) has been prepared. Following screening of conditions and proposed works for each component, the project is category B for environment because the impacts of the proposed works will be site-specific, largely created during the construction period and confined to the construction footprints, and most of the foreseen environmental impacts can be readily mitigated or managed. Construction management, adhering to performance standards as set out in the IEE, capacity building initiatives, including timing of activities, will be important and measures have been included in the environmental management plan (EMP) to address this. The EMP has been prepared setting out environmental mitigation measures to be adapted during implementation of the project.
Involuntary Resettlement
The project will not require additional land acquisition, nor will there be any involuntary resettlements impacts. A due diligence report has been prepared.
Indigenous Peoples
The project is not expected to have impacts on indigenous peoples. The project due diligence confirmed that the people of Ebeye do not meet the ADB criteria (distinctiveness and vulnerability) of indigenous peoples, this the project will not directly or indirectly affect the dignity, human rights, livelihood systems or culture of indigenous peoples.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
The ADB through its Access to Information Policy (AIP, 2019) is dedicated to put important and meaningful consultation procedures into practice. Significant and meaningful consultation is a procedure that:(i) begins early in the project preparation stage and is carried out on an on-going basis throughout the project cycle; (ii) provides timely disclosure of relevant and adequate information that is understandable and readily accessible to affected people; (iii) is undertaken in an atmosphere free of intimidation and coercion; (iv) is gender inclusive and responsive and tailored to the needs of disadvantaged and vulnerable group; and(v) enables the incorporation of all relevant views of affected people and other stakeholders into decision making such as project design, mitigation measures, the sharing of development benefits and opportunities and implementation issues.
During Project Implementation
Prior to the inception mission, a communication strategy and participation plan will be prepared by PIU. The communication strategy and participation plan will indicate the types of information, the mode of communication, and the timing of communications to be conveyed to identified stakeholders regarding the project and its implementation. The plan will be reviewed and endorsed by ADB.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

All advance contracting will be undertaken in conformity with ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). The issuance of invitations to bid under advance contracting will be subject to ADB approval. The borrower, MOF, and MWIU been advised that approval of advance contracting does not commit ADB to finance the project.

Procurement
All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Ikeda, Yuki
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Water and Urban Development Sector Office (SG-WUD)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance, Banking and Postal Services

Timetable

Concept Clearance
14 May 2020
Fact Finding
25 Jun 2020 to 29 Jun 2020
MRM
29 Sep 2020
Approval
08 Dec 2020
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
23 Jan 2024

Funding

Grant 0780-RMI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Dec 2020 11 Dec 2020 14 Jan 2021 30 Jun 2028 - -
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 7.07
ADB 6.50
Counterpart 0.57
Cofinancing 0.00
Grant Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 24 Apr 2024 1.28 0.00 20%
Cumulative Disbursements 24 Apr 2024 0.69 0.00 11%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Ebeye Solid Waste Management: Updated Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2024
Ebeye Solid Waste Management: Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Sep 2020

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Medical Waste Management/Health Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Community Engagement, Gender and Safeguards Monitoring Officer (National) Individual - Consulting Closed
Ebeye Solid Waste Management Project Individual - Consulting Closed
Ebeye Solid Waste Management Project Individual - Consulting Closed
Ebeye Solid Waste Management Project Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Project Implementation Assistance Consultant/Solid Waste Management Specialist Grant 0780 16 Sep 2022 Seema Awasthi | 1103/A08, Olive County, Sector 5 Vasundhara, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 201012 India Ministry of Finance, Banking and Postal Services 101,200.00

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Ebeye Solid Waste Management Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Dec 2023