China, People's Republic of : Sharing ADB's Operational Knowledge in Technical and Vocational Education and Training in the PRC with CAREC Member Countries

Sovereign Project | 53101-001

The proposed TA aims to gather and share the operational knowledge and policy lessons on TVET that ADB and other developmental partners have accumulated and learned in the PRC with other CAREC member countries. The TA will also underline gender dimensions and specify gender analysis. The PRC's domestic policy interventions and innovations on vocational education and TVET will be reviewed and examined. The TA will also build upon the findings of the CAREC education scoping study. The TA is expected to improve the operational efficiency of TVET programs, strengthen the institutional capacities of key stakeholders in TVET sector, and be a reference for policy reforms in the PRC and other CAREC member countries. The TA will work within the ambit of broader CAREC education initiatives and its outputs will support those endeavors. And it will help other CAREC member countries to improve the design and implementation of ADB-supported projects for higher development effectiveness.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Wu, Aihua
    East Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    China, People's Republic of
  • Sector
    • Education
Project Name Sharing ADB's Operational Knowledge in Technical and Vocational Education and Training in the PRC with CAREC Member Countries
Project Number 53101-001
Country / Economy China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9889-PRC: Sharing ADB's Operational Knowledge in Technical and Vocational Education and Training in the PRC with CAREC Member Countries
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 195,000.00
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
Sector / Subsector

Education / Technical and vocational education and training

Gender Some gender elements
Description The proposed TA aims to gather and share the operational knowledge and policy lessons on TVET that ADB and other developmental partners have accumulated and learned in the PRC with other CAREC member countries. The TA will also underline gender dimensions and specify gender analysis. The PRC's domestic policy interventions and innovations on vocational education and TVET will be reviewed and examined. The TA will also build upon the findings of the CAREC education scoping study. The TA is expected to improve the operational efficiency of TVET programs, strengthen the institutional capacities of key stakeholders in TVET sector, and be a reference for policy reforms in the PRC and other CAREC member countries. The TA will work within the ambit of broader CAREC education initiatives and its outputs will support those endeavors. And it will help other CAREC member countries to improve the design and implementation of ADB-supported projects for higher development effectiveness.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Strategy 2030 sets the course for ADB to respond to the region's changing development needs. Under Strategy 2030, ADB will sustain its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty and will increasingly emphasize human development and social inclusion to tackle the non-income dimensions of poverty. Strategy 2030 will expand ADB's support for education, health care, and social protection programs. In education, ADB will help its developing member countries (DMCs) to enhance the employability and job readiness of graduates. ADB will also support lifelong learning and training opportunities.

ADB has supported the education and training sectors in the People's Republic of China (PRC) for over 20 years. At the end of 2018, 32 loans, grants, and technical assistance projects totaling $564.35 million have been provided, primarily through TVET programs in poverty-stricken areas of Guizhou, Ningxia, and Guangxi. The PRC's national and provincial policy directives comprehensively articulate TVET as a tool for tackling economic and social development needs. Responding to these needs, ADB's TVET projects have used innovative approaches, including developing competency-based curricula that meet the needs of occupations; trained vocational instructors and teachers; promoted publicprivate partnerships and institutional reforms; modernized and upgraded teaching and learning facilities; reduced dropouts through financial assistance to students from poor families; and supported regional cooperation by promoting partnership agreements between TVET institutions and enterprises in the PRC and other countries.

The TVET sector is less developed in member countries of Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) program because of three noteworthy challenges: mismatches between curricula in TVET programs and the skills required by employers; lack or absence of a national qualification system; and inadequate human and financial resources. In the first challenge, there is an obvious skills mismatch between materials being taught in TVET programs and their relevance to employers. Most course structures and contents are outdated and mostly theoretical rather than practical. TVET providers lack industry experience and the skills needed to manage programs with employers and professional associations. In the second challenge, most CAREC member countries have only recently started to develop a national qualification system. This is a comprehensive system for classifying and registering national qualifications. Without establishing national standards for qualifications, it will be difficult to promote education and training provisions, strengthen access to learning, and support lifelong learning. The development of a unified national qualification system is also varied in CAREC member countries. The lack of human and financial resources, the third challenge, has contributed to low-quality TVET programs. Teachers are not properly trained, and in-service teacher training is almost nonexistent. Most TVET institutions have obsolete and inadequate equipment and information systems, dilapidated school buildings, and poorly maintained dormitories. Coupled with outdated curricula, these factors have contributed to the difficulty in attracting students, and an unfavorable perception of TVET. TVET in CAREC member countries, has great potential to promote the productive participation of women in the labor market. But it is still characterized by gender inequalities and stereotyping that reinforce the gender division of labor in occupational segregation, impeding women from entering nontraditional and higher income and skilled professions.

Promoting cooperation in education and skills development is one of the operational priorities under CAREC 2030, which seeks to expand the horizons of economic cooperation in the region by connecting people, projects, and policies for shared and sustainable development. Improved cross-border labor mobility will lead to possible enhanced TVET skills and cross-border labor migration in the CAREC region. In 2019, the CAREC Secretariat completed a scoping studyEnhancing Regional Cooperation in Education and Skills under CARECto kick off activities in this area. The study seeks to identify regional initiatives for enhancing and expanding cooperation among member countries on skills development and higher education. A regional education workshop was held in Bishkek on 2728 March 2019 to deliberate the study's initial findings, and agree on a way forward to strengthen regional cooperation in higher education and develop TVET and skills by setting up a group of experts to advance the regional agenda.

During the 2018 country programming mission, the government of the PRC and ADB agreed to provide a KSTA as a platform for gathering and sharing ADB's operational knowledge and policy lessons in the PRC with other member countries of the CAREC program. As consulted with the government, the proposed TA will focus on distilling ADB's operational knowledge in technical and vocational education and training (TVET), where ADB has supported the PRC through lending and TA projects for over 20 years. The experiences of other development partners and the PRC's domestic policy interventions and innovations on TVET will also be reviewed and examined. This is in line with CAREC 2030, the CAREC program's new strategy, that has human development, inclusive of TVET, as one of five priority areas.

The proposed TA is included in the current COBP, 20192021. It is aligned with the strategic priorities of ADB's Country Partnership Strategy (20162020) with the PRC.

Impact

Knowledge sharing between the PRC and other CAREC member countries enhanced; quality of policies and practices in TVET in the PRC and other CAREC member countries improved

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Effectiveness of new ideas and practices in TVET in the PRC and other CAREC member countries strengthened

Progress Toward Outcome The TA was effective on 27 November 2019. The original TA completion date is 30 June 2021. The team of consultants were mobilized in June 2020. The inception report was circulated and finalized in November 2020. The mid-term report was circulated and finalized in April 2021. The mid-term workshop was conducted in May 2021. The report was finalized in December 2021, disclosed on ADB website in March 2022, and translated in Russian. A dissemination workshop was conducted in January 2022. The TA completion date was extended to 31 December 2022 due to the resurgence of omicron virus disease cases in Beijing since late April 2022. As part of the implementation plan, a series of knowledge sharing videos is currently under production.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Policy experiences and lessons learnt from the PRC's TVET operations and recommendations for other CAREC member countries identified

Capacity of key TVET stakeholders in CAREC member countries enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) The TA was effective on 27 November 2019. The original TA completion date is 30 June 2021. The team of consultants were mobilized in June 2020. The inception report was circulated and finalized in November 2020. The mid-term report was circulated and finalized in April 2021. The mid-term workshop was conducted in May 2021. The report was finalized in December 2021, disclosed on ADB website in March 2022, and translated in Russian. A dissemination workshop was conducted in January 2022. The TA completion date was extended to 31 December 2022 due to the resurgence of omicron virus disease cases in Beijing since late April 2022. As part of the implementation plan, a series of knowledge sharing videos is currently under production.
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Wu, Aihua
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission (PRCM)
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 27 Nov 2019
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 23 Sep 2022

TA 9889-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Nov 2019 - 27 Nov 2019 30 Jun 2021 31 Dec 2022 07 Mar 2023
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
195,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 195,000.00 29 Mar 2023 127,366.40

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
National TVET Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
International Technical and Vocational Education and Training Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
National Knowledge Sharing Coordinator Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.