Regional: Supporting the Operational Priority 1 Agenda: Strengthening Poverty and Social Analysis
The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will help the Asian Development Bank (ADB) implement Strategy 2030 by strengthening poverty and social analysis (PSA) in support of the operational priority 1 (OP1) agenda on addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities. The TA will (i) review and update guidance and analytical tools used to identify, assess, and address the poverty and social dimensions of ADB's operations; (ii) provide capacity building and technical support for developing member countries (DMCs) on designing and implementing projects that focus on strengthening poverty reduction and social inclusion; (iii) undertake strategic research on emerging vulnerability and social issues in Asia and the Pacific; and (iv) support DMCs in implementing innovative PSA approaches.
Walker, Wendy M.
Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
Request for information
|Project Name||Supporting the Operational Priority 1 Agenda: Strengthening Poverty and Social Analysis|
|Country / Economy||Regional
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Multisector / ADB's corporate management, policy and strategy development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will help the Asian Development Bank (ADB) implement Strategy 2030 by strengthening poverty and social analysis (PSA) in support of the operational priority 1 (OP1) agenda on addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities. The TA will (i) review and update guidance and analytical tools used to identify, assess, and address the poverty and social dimensions of ADB's operations; (ii) provide capacity building and technical support for developing member countries (DMCs) on designing and implementing projects that focus on strengthening poverty reduction and social inclusion; (iii) undertake strategic research on emerging vulnerability and social issues in Asia and the Pacific; and (iv) support DMCs in implementing innovative PSA approaches.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
After decades of sustained growth, Asia and the Pacific has transformed into one of the most dynamic areas in the world, but it also has clear and persistent disparities. Extreme poverty has been dramatically reduced, and more than 95% of developing Asia's population live in middle-income countries. However, about 264 million people still live below the $1.90/day poverty line, and the 1.1 billion people who live on less than $3.20/day are particularly vulnerable to shocks and are at risk of falling back into poverty. Income inequality in countries has risen or remained at a high level, and significant nonincome disparities exist in access to decent jobs, quality education and training, health services, and social protection. Access to and affordability of basic services such as electricity, water and sanitation, and transport remain a challenge for many people in Asia and the Pacific. Urbanization, climate change, demographic transition, digital technology, the changing nature of work, and migration all risk the creation of new vulnerabilities and vulnerable groups. Significant gender disparities persist and often intersect with other vulnerabilities, thereby limiting potential for growth and attainment of equal opportunities for half of the population in Asia and the Pacific.
Strategy 2030 acknowledges the complexities of Asia and the Pacific and calls for a focus on addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities under OP1. The Operational Plan for OP1 highlights the need for all sectors to address the inequality of access to opportunities, especially for poor and vulnerable people. To do this effectively, robust PSA needs to be undertaken to better understand the complex contexts and interaction of social, economic, political, and institutional forces in DMCs; anticipate projects' differentiated impacts on various social groups; and use this information to better address vulnerability in country partnership strategies and programs, target projects, and design measures to support inclusion, access, affordability, and participation.
Strengthening the capacity of governments to conduct PSA and integrate findings into national poverty reduction and social inclusion agendas and project design is needed. In many countries, PSA approaches are limited, applied inconsistently, and focused strongly on risk and safeguards. They do not (i) address the broader issues of heterogeneity in poverty, vulnerability, and inequality; or (ii) incorporate an assessment of the different impacts on poor and vulnerable groups, including disadvantaged youth; older people; people with disabilities; and those discriminated against based on their gender, ethnicity, religion, class, or sexual identity. ADB has developed good guidance on PSA, which should be updated to (i) address links to the Sustainable Development Goals; (ii) outline good practices for all lending modalities (e.g., results-based lending); (iii) align the analyses for sovereign and nonsovereign projects; (iv) clarify how the broad umbrella of PSA should be resourced and organized to feed into project design and key areas of analysis, such as gender, participation, and safeguards; (v) integrate guidance for selected sectors, such as urban development, and develop new guidance in areas such as rural development or disability inclusion; and (vi) identify and integrate good practices and tools that have been developed in DMCs or by TA and loan projects from ADB or other development partners. There is a need to (i) ensure that the tools and guidance better address the diversity of issues, social groups, and definitions of poverty and vulnerability across countries and regions; (ii) strengthen capacity in DMCs (through ADB projects' executing and implementing agencies) to implement PSA and, with governments and other development partners, develop harmonized approaches to monitoring and reporting; and (iii) help ensure that the tools and capacity building are adequately aligned with national poverty reduction and inclusivity agendas.
Undertaking strategic research is critical for keeping DMCs and ADB abreast of emerging issues and enabling them to address these issues in innovative and comprehensive ways. To quickly adapt and develop effective responses to rapid social and economic changes, conducting targeted research on emerging poverty and inclusion issues and differential impacts on vulnerable populations is necessary. Key areas for investigation include disability inclusion, climate change and disaster resilience, migration and displacement, and impacts of technology or other disruptors in sectors. Disability inclusion is a particular area where targeted research and strengthened operational approaches are needed. Of the 1 billion people with some form of disability globally, 70% live in Asia and the Pacific. Many people with a disability face extreme poverty because of lack of access to and exclusion from opportunities. They represent one of the most left behind segments of the population. The urban poor are among the most vulnerable to shocks as they have fewer assets, are typically excluded from formal decision-making processes, and often live in unorganized settlements in the most hazardous parts of cities that are at a higher risk of being affected by climate change and disaster-related events. Targeted research in emerging areas will help improve the quality of analysis and design of interventions, and facilitate the development of a network of researchers and collaborators across DMCs in Asia and the Pacific and improve knowledge dissemination.
Supporting innovation in PSA will help create better and more impactful projects and replicable approaches. Using technologies such as geographic information systems; designing analytical tools to assess gender and other distributional impacts; and developing approaches to assess the poverty and social impacts of climate change, economic empowerment, market access, and land use will help embed effective approaches and test pioneering ones.
In response to these challenges and issues, the TA will strengthen analytical tools and processes for PSA, improve capacity in DMCs, and develop knowledge and collaboration on new areas for engagement.
|Impact||Remaining poverty and inequalities in the region addressed (ADB Strategy 2030)|
|Description of Outcome||Pro-poor and social inclusion design elements in ADB operations improved|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Analytical tools for poverty and social inclusion updated and shared with DMCs
Strategic research and knowledge exchange on poverty reduction and social inclusion strengthened
Innovative approaches to poverty and social analysis applied in selected projects
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||ADB will engage the consultants following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.12 The TA will require 39 person-months of international and 90 person-months of national consultants with expertise in poverty, social development, social inclusion, gender and development, climate change and disaster risk, aging, digital technology, disability, migration, PSA, social risk and vulnerability assessment, course development and training, and project management and/or coordination. Output-based contracts will be considered where appropriate.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Walker, Wendy M.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||SDTC-SOC|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||11 Oct 2019|
|Approval||09 Dec 2019|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||12 Dec 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|09 Dec 2019||-||09 Dec 2019||30 Nov 2022||30 Nov 2024||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,750,000.00||500,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,250,000.00||25 Jul 2022||597,008.18|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Supporting the Operational Priority 1 Agenda: Strengthening Poverty and Social Analysis: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2019|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9896||23 Mar 2021||INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON WOMEN(UNITED STATES) in association with MenEngage Global Alliance(UNITED STATES) | C-59, South Extension - II New Delhi 110049 India||Asian Development Bank||141,249.00||—|
None currently available.