Tajikistan: Climate- and Disaster-Resilient Irrigation and Drainage Modernization in the Vakhsh River Basin Project

Sovereign Project | 53109-001

The project is the first gender equity themed irrigation and drainage (I&D) investment of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Tajikistan. The project will enhance climate resilience, water productivity, and the income of female and male farmers by modernizing selected areas of the Yovon I&D system, located in Khatlon province of the lower Vakhsh river basin. The project will introduce (i) climate- and disaster-resilient modernization of prioritized I&D infrastructure, (ii) streamlined institutions and systems for effective planning and operation and maintenance (O&M) of I&D infrastructure, and (iii) policies and strategies for gender equality to enhance women's participation in land and water management.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Yoshida, Kazuhiro
    Central and West Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Tajikistan
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Climate- and Disaster-Resilient Irrigation and Drainage Modernization in the Vakhsh River Basin Project
Project Number 53109-001
Country / Economy Tajikistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0810-TAJ: Climate- and Disaster-Resilient Irrigation and Drainage Modernization in the Vakhsh River Basin Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 30.00 million
TA 6846-TAJ: Support to Operation and Maintenance and Financial Sustainability of Water Resources Infrastructure
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The project is the first gender equity themed irrigation and drainage (I&D) investment of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Tajikistan. The project will enhance climate resilience, water productivity, and the income of female and male farmers by modernizing selected areas of the Yovon I&D system, located in Khatlon province of the lower Vakhsh river basin. The project will introduce (i) climate- and disaster-resilient modernization of prioritized I&D infrastructure, (ii) streamlined institutions and systems for effective planning and operation and maintenance (O&M) of I&D infrastructure, and (iii) policies and strategies for gender equality to enhance women's participation in land and water management.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Tajikistan is a landlocked and mountainous country with a population of 9.3 million, of which 44.7% was employed in agriculture and 26.3% lived below poverty line in 2019. The country has a per capita gross domestic product (GDP) of $822 and is vulnerable to economic shocks resulting from fluctuations in regional demand. Food insecurity is expected to increase because of limited capacity to respond to climate- and earthquake-induced shocks that will adversely affect agricultural production.

Tajikistan ranked 137th out of 153 countries on the global gender gap index, scoring low on women's economic participation and political empowerment. The proportion of women in the agricultural labor force increased from 54% in 1999 to more than 75% in 2020. Despite women's crucial role in agriculture and as primary water users, they do not have equal access to knowledge and inputs for improved agricultural productivity. They also have a limited role in decision-making on water management because of their low representation in water users' associations.

The Vakhsh river is the major tributary of the Amu Darya, which is the largest in Central Asia. Tajikistan is highly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Projections indicate that temperatures will increase by up to 2 degrees Celsius by 2050. Increases in the annual probability of meteorological drought are predicted from the current 3% to more than 25% by 2050. There is likely to be a shift in the Vakhsh river flow regime with high flows occurring earlier in the year, in May instead of June or July, due to the earlier melting of snow and ice. Changes in climatic conditions are projected to have severe effects on agriculture in Tajikistan. Temperature increases leading to heat stress and increased water demand for key crops, combined with increased drought incidence, will significantly reduce agricultural yields. The impacts of climate change will increase extreme flood events, resulting in higher risks of landslides and mudflows and potentially costing many lives and livelihoods.

Tajikistan is highly vulnerable to natural hazards, including earthquakes, floods, and landslides, potentially reducing irrigation system performance and agriculture productivity. Farmers and government agencies lack the knowledge and capacity to adapt agricultural and irrigation practices to changing climatic conditions and to natural hazards. . Irrigation consumes about 85% of the annual total water resources of Tajikistan. The total irrigated area is 761,523 ha, with one-third of land supplied with irrigation water by pumps. The I&D systems, which were developed prior to the country's independence in 1991, have deteriorated or are entirely defunct. Deteriorated I&D facilities and poor on-farm water management result in low crop yields, excessive water losses, waterlogging, and soil salinization.

Impact Food security and people's access to good quality nutrition increased
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Climate and disaster resilience, water productivity, and income of male and female farmers increased in selected areas of the Yovon irrigation and drainage (I&D) system
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Climate- and disaster-resilient I&D infrastructure modernized

Climate-adaptive and gender-responsive management and operation of I&D systems strengthened

Policy for sustainable water management strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Yovon District
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The ALRI prepared an initial environmental examination report that identified a limited number of potential adverse impacts. These are associated with canal construction and pipe upgrading and/or installation. They will be addressed through implementation of an environmental management plan (EMP). This includes preparation and implementation of a health and safety management plan and an emergency response plan by contractors, both to address the COVID-19 risk to workers and local communities. No civil works will be carried out in environmentally sensitive areas.
Involuntary Resettlement Social safeguards due diligence has confirmed that the works for the main system will be conducted strictly within the existing right of way and state land where no private assets, encroachers, nor any other third-party land uses have been identified. There are no involuntary resettlement impacts expected.
Indigenous Peoples There are no indigenous peoples in the project area, as per the definition of ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Project information will be strategically disseminated through media at main milestones including grant signing, contract awards and project completion. Grievance redress mechanism will be established at the PIG, by phone and email, and through public consultation events.
During Project Implementation Project information will be strategically disseminated through media at main milestones including grant signing, contract awards and project completion. Grievance redress mechanism will be established at the PIG, by phone and email, and through public consultation events.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project Implementation Group (implementation unit) will be supported by a project implementation consultant (PIC) firm, comprising international and national experts. The PIC package will be procured through the quality- and cost-based selection method. All procurement and consultant recruitment will be conducted in accordance with the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All procurement of goods, works, consulting services, and non-consulting services will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017 as amended from time to time). The project is expected to procure goods, works, and consulting service contract packages.
Responsible ADB Officer Yoshida, Kazuhiro
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Agency for Land Reclamation and Irrigation
[email protected]
5/1 Shamci Street
Dushanbe
Tajikistan
Agency for Land Reclamation and Irrigation
5/1 Shamci Street
Dushanbe
Tajikistan
Ministry of Finance
3, Academic Rajabovs
Dushanbe
Tajikistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 19 Nov 2019
Fact Finding 29 Jun 2021 to 08 Jul 2021
MRM 23 Aug 2021
Approval 01 Dec 2021
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 06 Dec 2021

Grant 0810-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
01 Dec 2021 31 Dec 2021 - 31 Dec 2027 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 35.20 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 30.00 01 Apr 2022 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 5.20 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 01 Apr 2022 0.00 0.00 0%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

TA 6846-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
01 Dec 2021 25 Dec 2021 25 Dec 2021 31 Dec 2024 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 01 Apr 2022 0.00
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Asset Management Governance Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 12 Jan 2022 25 Jan 2022
Asset Management, Geographic Information and Governance Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 12 Jan 2022 25 Jan 2022
Consulting Firm to Support O&M and Financial Sustainability of Water Resources Infrastructure Firm - Consulting Closed 12 Jan 2022 26 Feb 2022
Asset Management Conceptual Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 12 Jan 2022 25 Jan 2022
0810-TAJ: Climate- and Disaster-Resilient Irrigation and Drainage Modernization in the Vakhsh River Basin Project [GDS6] Invitation for Bids Closed 04 Jan 2022 18 Feb 2022
53109-TAJ: Climate- and Disaster-Resilient Irrigation and Drainage Modernization in the Vakhsh River Basin Project (GDS5) Invitation for Bids Closed 10 Dec 2021 20 Jan 2022
(53109-001) Climate and Disaster Resilient Irrigation and Drainage Modernization in the Vaksh River Basin Project Advance Notice Active 03 Sep 2021
Project Implementation Consultant Firm - Consulting Closed 20 Aug 2021 30 Sep 2021

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found