The proposed project will build on lessons learned from past and ongoing projects of ADB in water resources in Uzbekistan. It will undertake a long-term, strategic and knowledge-based approach. The project will deliver climate adaptive solutions to water resources management by modernizing irrigation and drainage in selected subprojects within the Amu Darya and (selective reaches of the) Zarafshan River Basins in Uzbekistan.
|Project Name||Climate Adaptive Water Resources Management in the Aral Sea Basin Sector Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed project will build on lessons learned from past and ongoing projects of ADB in water resources in Uzbekistan. It will undertake a long-term, strategic and knowledge-based approach. The project will deliver climate adaptive solutions to water resources management by modernizing irrigation and drainage in selected subprojects within the Amu Darya and (selective reaches of the) Zarafshan River Basins in Uzbekistan.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Uzbekistan has the largest population of the Aral Sea Basin (ASB) countries. In 2015, about 12.8% of people in Uzbekistan lived below the national poverty line of which 75% live in rural areas. Agriculture employs 40% of the total workforce and represents 17% of gross domestic product. In 2018, growth in agriculture slowed to 2.7% from 5.8% as crop diversification and a water deficit held growth in crop output to 1.1%. Improved water resources management is critical for sustained agricultural development and economic growth.
Transboundary water resources are an overarching challenge for Uzbekistan. Of the total 123 cubic kilometer of water resources of the ASB, only 9% originates within Uzbekistan highlighting its water dependency. The country relies on the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers and their tributaries which emanate in upstream riparian countries (Afghanistan, Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan). As these countries continue to develop water resources for hydropower, transboundary water cooperation becomes increasingly relevant.
Irrigated agriculture is the largest consumer of water resources accounting for 93% of all water utilized with 96% of the total cropped land irrigated (from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers and their tributaries). About 68% of irrigated land produces cotton and wheat. These are highly water consumptive and have low productivity (averaging 2.25 tons/ha for cotton and 4.2 tons/ha for wheat). The government has committed to converting 170,000 ha of cotton and 50,000 ha of wheat to horticulture and livestock from 2016 to 2020.
Major river diversion for intensive agriculture, over-irrigation and poor drainage have resulted in serious environmental degradation. Reduced river flows into the Aral Sea has resulted in irreversible desiccation and major impacts. High seepage losses in the irrigation system, over-application of irrigation water and deteriorated drainage networks have caused soil salinization and land degradation. In Uzbekistan, 51% of irrigated land is affected by salinity resulting in 20,000 ha of land lost annually due to saline soils.
The Government of Uzbekistan has initiated actions on policy and legal frameworks for the water sector; progress is slow, and approvals protracted. There is no medium or long-term vision for the water sector and no roadmap to create an enabling environment for modernization of water resources management.
|Impact||Improved food and water security in the Aral Sea Basin in Uzbekistan|
|Outcome||Improved performance of selected I&D subprojects in the Amu Darya and Zarafshan River Basins, Uzbekistan.|
Climate resilient and modernized I&D subprojects established
Enhanced and reliable on-farm water management
Policy and institutions strengthened for sustainable water resources management
|Geographical Location||Fergana, Jizzakh, Namangan, Samarkand, Tashkent|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||There will be consulting services for project implementation consultants including design and construction supervision, and other consulting services to help the project implementation unit.|
There will be international and national competitive bidding for civil works and goods.
Goods below $200,000 will be via request for quotations.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Radstake, Frank|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD|
Ministry of Water Resources
4, Navoi Street
Republic of Uzbekistan
|Concept Clearance||07 Aug 2019|
|Fact Finding||22 Feb 2021 to 05 Mar 2021|
|MRM||16 Jul 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||09 Aug 2019|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Climate Adaptive Water Resources Management in the Aral Sea Basin Sector Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Aug 2019|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Climate Adaptive Water Resources Management in the Aral Sea Basin Sector Project: Babatag Irrigation System Subproject Draft Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Aug 2021|
|Climate Adaptive Water Resources Management in the Aral Sea Basin Sector Project: Surkhandarya Province Babatag Canal Subproject Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Aug 2021|
|Climate Adaptive Water Resources Management in the Aral Sea Basin Sector Project: Resettlement Framework||Resettlement Frameworks||Aug 2021|
|Climate Adaptive Water Resources Management in the Aral Sea Basin Sector Project: Environmental Assessment and Review Framework||Environmental Assessment and Review Framework||Aug 2021|
|Climate Adaptive Water Resources Management in the Aral Sea Basin Sector Project: Bukhara Province Jondor Canal Subproject Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Aug 2021|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Managing Climate Adaptive Water Resources in the Aral Sea Basin in UzbekistanADB is proposing a project to deliver climate adaptive solutions for water resources management and modernize outdated irrigation and drainage systems within the Amu Darya and selected reaches of the Zarafshan irrigation system.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Project Implementation Consultants||Firm - Consulting||Closed||07 May 2021||10 Jun 2021|
|Climate Adaptive Water Resources Management in the Aral Sea Basin Project||Advance Notice||Active||16 Mar 2021|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
None currently available.