Philippines : Manila Metro Rail Transit Line 4 Project

Sovereign Project | 53172-001

The MRT4 project will be a fully elevated railway mass-transit system to serve the eastern side of Metro Manila including the highly populated areas of the province of Rizal. As a high-capacity urban public-transport system, the MRT4 will address the current transport bottleneck along the Ortigas avenue, will be approximately 13.4 km long, with 10 stations, and barrier-free design to allow inclusive access. The project will provide a reliable, rapid, affordable, and safe public transport; will reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions; will reduce traffic congestions and commute/travel times from Taytay to the Ortigas central business district (CBD) from currently 1-3 hours by road to less than half an hour by rail. It will ensure maintain the high economic growth and inclusive urban development of eastern Manila, the Ortigas CDB, Pasig city and the neighboring Rizal province.

Project Details

Project Name
Manila Metro Rail Transit Line 4 Project
Project Number
53172-001
Country / Economy
  • Philippines
Project Status
Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
MFF Facility Concept: Manila Metro Rail Transit Line 4 Project
Source Amount
Ordinary capital resources US$ 1,000.00 million
Operational Priorities
  • OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
  • OP4: Making cities more livable
  • OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector
  • Transport / Urban public transport

Gender
Effective gender mainstreaming
Description
The MRT4 project will be a fully elevated railway mass-transit system to serve the eastern side of Metro Manila including the highly populated areas of the province of Rizal. As a high-capacity urban public-transport system, the MRT4 will address the current transport bottleneck along the Ortigas avenue, will be approximately 13.4 km long, with 10 stations, and barrier-free design to allow inclusive access. The project will provide a reliable, rapid, affordable, and safe public transport; will reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions; will reduce traffic congestions and commute/travel times from Taytay to the Ortigas central business district (CBD) from currently 1-3 hours by road to less than half an hour by rail. It will ensure maintain the high economic growth and inclusive urban development of eastern Manila, the Ortigas CDB, Pasig city and the neighboring Rizal province. It will be developed as an integrated public transport system, interconnected to the existing and/or currently implemented public mass-transit systems (i.e., MRT3 and the Metro Manila Subway Project), with an intermodal integration of bus feeder routes and jeepney lines and will center on transit-oriented developments along the corridor.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
In the Philippines, substantial underinvestment in infrastructure has led to chronic capacity constraints in the transport sector, resulting in economic losses due to road congestion and in significant air pollution, as 98% of passenger transport and 55% of freight transport are by road. Making Metro Manila one of the most dense and congested natural cities in the Asian region. One of the main transport bottlenecks in the eastern region of Metro Manila is the Ortigas Avenue, which is considered as a main thoroughfare that links the eastern province of Rizal with the densely populated cities and business districts in Metro Manila (i.e., Quezon City, and Pasig, including Ortigas CBD). The Rizal Province, being in close proximity with Metro Manila has continuously high annual growth rates and is one of the most densely populated province outside of Metro Manila. The congestion situation is therefore continuously worsening along the Ortigas Avenue corridor. With insufficient public transport options available and no capable public mass-rapid-transit systems in place, travel times during peak hours along this corridor can take an average of 3 hours for the 11.5 km journey from Tikling in Taytay, Rizal, to the Ortigas CBD.
Impact

Improved urban transport connectivity; inclusive growth and strategic urban development; private investment fostered

Outcome

Sustainable, efficient, and people-centered mass-rapid transport system implemented

Outputs

Public-transport system constructed and commissioned

Efficient and sustainable O&M services established

Institutional capacity developed and strengthened

Geographical Location
Cainta, Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, Ortigas Avenue, Taytay, Tikling Street

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
The project is exclusively located in the built-up environment and no impacts on the biodiversity and the ecological functions are expected. The anticipated significant adverse environment impacts and risk are related to noise, vibration, utilities shifting, air quality deterioration, traffic congestion, and occupational and community health and safety. The project will have positive net benefit in terms of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from the planned shift from internal- combustion- engine-based road transportation, to a metro railway public transport system, which uses electric powered railcars. A significant section of the project, including the entire depot are located in flood prone areas which will exacerbated by the predicted increase in rainfall and urbanization that will require a range of climate adaptation measures to ensure sustainability of the project and the surrounding communities.
Involuntary Resettlement
As the project will construct a fully elevated rail system, land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) will be limited to the structures found in the project alignment but outside of the public road space. LAR will be needed (i) adjacent of existing roads for the station landings and building access, (ii) along areas where the alignment diverts from right of way of public roads, and (ii) for the depot access track and the depot area with workshops, data center, staging areas, control room, and other facilities. A number of households will be compensated for land and residences, and other households without land titles will have to be relocated and provided alternative housing according to the ADB SPS and national regulations. Utilities will have to be shifted, which is currently assessed. Separate Resettlement Plans are under development for (i) the viaduct alignment, stations, (ii) for the depot area, and (iii) for required utility shifting. A Resettlement Framework is currently under preparation for the MFF.
Indigenous Peoples
No groups or communities qualifying as IPs under the SPS will be affected by the project, as the project is using existing road corridors in urban areas in Metro Manila. No claims for ancestral domain have been identified at this stage. This will be confirmed during project preparation.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
Consultations are ongoing with affected stakeholders, including local government instances at different levels, and affected land owning households and informal settler households. A number of consultations with different groups in the different areas affected by the project have been undertaken since 2022 and are currently happening in 2023. Consultation channels are provided for all affected stakeholders to engage with the project team.
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services
Advanced contracting of the main works packages is foreseen to start during or upon completion of the design and tender documents estimated around Q1 2024.
Procurement
Project Preparation: The detailed architectural and engineering design services, the independent checking engineer services, and the shadow operation services and other due diligence including safeguards, economics, financial management, procurement, etc., required for processing of the Project will be prepared by different consultant teams engaged under the ongoing Loan 3886-PHI: Infrastructure Preparation and Innovation Facility (Additional Financing) and the regional TRTA facility, TA 9631: Southeast Asia Transport Project Preparatory Facility.

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Zander, Ruediger
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Transport Sector Office (SG-TRA)

Timetable

Concept Clearance
03 Dec 2022
Fact Finding
04 Jun 2024 to 13 Jun 2024
MRM
22 Nov 2024
Approval
-
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
18 Sep 2023

Funding

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Manila Metro Rail Transit Line 4 Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Dec 2022

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
53172-PHI: Manila Metro Rail Transit Line 4 Project (MRT4) Other Notice Closed
53172-PHI: Manila Metro Rail Transit Line 4 Project (MRT4) Advance Notice Active

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.