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Nepal: Master Plan for Road Connectivity

Sovereign (Public) Project | 53195-002 Status: Proposed

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will help enhance the planning capacity of the transport sector in Nepal, to review and propose expansion of the strategic road network (SRN), develop priority investment plan (PIP) for 2023-2033 and support Department of Roads (DOR) in strengthening its planning capacity.

This TA is included in the country operations business plan 2021-2023 and its objective is identified as one of the three pillars in the country partnership strategy, 2020-2024: improved infrastructure by supporting road transport and logistics to strengthen domestic, regional, and international connectivity.

Project Details

Project Officer
Chong, Sin Wai South Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Nepal
Sector
  • Transport
 
Project Name Master Plan for Road Connectivity
Project Number 53195-002
Country Nepal
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA: Master Plan for Road Connectivity
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will help enhance the planning capacity of the transport sector in Nepal, to review and propose expansion of the strategic road network (SRN), develop priority investment plan (PIP) for 2023-2033 and support Department of Roads (DOR) in strengthening its planning capacity.

This TA is included in the country operations business plan 2021-2023 and its objective is identified as one of the three pillars in the country partnership strategy, 2020-2024: improved infrastructure by supporting road transport and logistics to strengthen domestic, regional, and international connectivity.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Nepal is landlocked and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China (PRC), and to the east, south, and west by India. The country is divided into three physiographic areas: the mountains in the north, the hill and Siwalik regions in the middle, and the Terai (southern lowland plains) bordering India. In February 2021, United Nations Committee for Development Policy has recommended for Nepal's graduation from the least developed country category with preparatory period of 5 years and would be effective in 2026.

Transport connectivity in Nepal is a challenging and high-cost undertaking because of a result of its natural terrain and geography. The sector is comprised of roads, aviation, railway, inland waterway, and ropeway. Road transport is by far the dominant mode and, along with air travel, is considered the major mode of transport of freight and passengers. Aviation plays an important role in maintaining international connectivity; however, the terrain, inadequate modern technology, and skilled operation, is currently constraining the expansion of this subsector. The inland waterways and ropeway are negligible, whereas the railway network is being examined for expansion with the bilateral support from India and the PRC.

Roads are considered the major mode of transport in Nepal and the only mode of transport within Kathmandu Valley. They carried approximately 90% of freight and passenger traffic. The existing road network are classified as SRN and local road network. The SRN is about 13,400 kilometers (km) and mainly composed of national highways and feeder roads and is under the jurisdiction of the DOR. The SRN is the backbone for the physical and economic integration of the country and with its neighbors. Nevertheless, only half of the network is bituminous-paved where maintenance strategy is a remarkable challenge.

In a review in 2016, it was noted that some roads that were not identified or prioritized in the past PIP study were introduced into the SRN by the government, due to their strategic potential. Many of these roads were unsealed local roads or link to relatively low populated areas. It was recommended that the strategic functions of these roads and their actual demand over the years shall be reviewed and any proposed works should be determined independently.

Intermodal transportation connection is inadequate in the country. Albeit the current SRN has provided connections with airports, nearly 85% of goods traded is by land and has been relied on the Kathmandu-Birgunj-Kolkata Corridor and the East-West Highway. Birgunji inland clearance depot is currently the only terminal in Nepal linked by rail-road to India.

Impact Road network connectivity in Nepal improved
Outcome Planning and programming of road sector in Nepal improved
Outputs

SRN expansion proposal developed

PIP 2023-2033 developed

Planning capacity of DOR enhanced

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services An international firm will be recruited using quality- and cost-based selection with a 90:10 quality-cost ratio. ADB will engage the consultants and carry out procurement following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.
Procurement -
Responsible ADB Officer Chong, Sin Wai
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport
Singha Durbar
Kathmandu
Nepal
Timetable
Concept Clearance 10 Jun 2021
Fact Finding 01 Jul 2021 to 01 Jul 2021
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Jun 2021

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Related Publications

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

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