Nepal: Master Plan for Road Connectivity

Sovereign Project | 53195-002

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) for the Master Plan for Road Connectivity will help enhance the planning and programming of transport sector investments in Nepal by supporting the (i) development of the national highway network (NHN) expansion plan, (ii) preparation of the priority investment plan (PIP) for 2023-2033, and (iii) capacity building of the Department of Roads (DOR).

This TA is included in the country operations business plan, 2021-2023 of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for Nepal, and its objective is identified as one of the three pillars in ADB's country partnership strategy, 2020-2024: improved infrastructure by supporting road transport and logistics to strengthen domestic, regional, and international connectivity.

Project Details

Project Name Master Plan for Road Connectivity
Project Number 53195-002
Country Nepal
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6762-NEP: Master Plan for Road Connectivity
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) for the Master Plan for Road Connectivity will help enhance the planning and programming of transport sector investments in Nepal by supporting the (i) development of the national highway network (NHN) expansion plan, (ii) preparation of the priority investment plan (PIP) for 2023-2033, and (iii) capacity building of the Department of Roads (DOR).

This TA is included in the country operations business plan, 2021-2023 of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for Nepal, and its objective is identified as one of the three pillars in ADB's country partnership strategy, 2020-2024: improved infrastructure by supporting road transport and logistics to strengthen domestic, regional, and international connectivity.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Nepal is landlocked, bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the east, south, and west by India. The country is divided into three physiographic areas: the mountains in the north, the hill and Siwalik regions in the middle, and the Terai (lowland plains) bordering India in the south. In February 2021, the United Nations Committee for Development Policy recommended Nepal's graduation from the least-developed country category after a preparatory period of 5 years, to be effective in 2026.

Transport connectivity in Nepal is a challenging and costly undertaking because of its natural terrain and geography. The transport sector comprises roads, aviation, railways, inland waterways, and ropeways. Road transport is by far the dominant mode and, along with air travel, is considered the major mode of transport for freight and passengers. Aviation plays an important role in maintaining international connectivity but the country's terrain as well as inadequate technology and operational skills are constraining its expansion. The transport movement through waterways and ropeways is negligible, whereas the railway network is being examined for expansion with bilateral support from India and the People's Republic of China.

Road transport carries about 90% of freight and passenger traffic in Nepal and is considered the only mode of transport in Kathmandu Valley. Previously the road network was classified as strategic road network (SRN) or local road network. The SRN, which consisted mainly of national highways and feeder roads, was reconfigured into 80 national highways and presented as NHN in the Statistics of National Highway 2020/21 in May 2021. The NHN, covering about 14,923 kilometers (km), is under the jurisdiction of the DOR, and serves as the backbone for the physical and economic integration of the country, and of Nepal with its neighbors. However, less than half of these highways have bituminous pavements, which makes road maintenance a huge challenge.

A midterm review of the 2007 PIP was carried out in 2016 that extended the plan up to FY2022. The review also found that many of those additional SRN links were unsealed local roads or connected to areas with small populations. Resources were shared with these roads and other small projects. The strategic functions of these roads and the actual demand for them over the years shall be reviewed, and any proposed works should be determined independently.

Intermodal transport connection is inadequate in the country. Although the current NHN has provided connections to airports, nearly 85% of goods traded are transported by land and strongly rely on the Kathmandu-Birgunj-Kolkata Corridor and the East-West Highway. The Birgunj inland clearance depot is the only terminal that has rail and road connectivity with India.

Impact Road network connectivity in Nepal improved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Planning and programming of roads in Nepal improved
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Development of Nepal's NHN expansion plan supported

Preparation of Nepal's PIP for 2023-2033 supported

DOR capacity on transport sector planning enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services An international firm will be recruited using quality- and cost-based selection with a 90:10 quality-cost ratio. ADB will engage the consultants and carry out procurement following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.
Procurement -
Responsible ADB Officer Chong, Sin Wai
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport
Singha Durbar
Kathmandu
Nepal
Timetable
Concept Clearance 10 Jun 2021
Fact Finding 05 Jul 2021 to 09 Jul 2021
MRM -
Approval 23 Aug 2021
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 23 Aug 2021

TA 6762-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Aug 2021 - - 30 Jun 2023 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 29 Sep 2021 0.00

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Master Plan for Road Connectivity: Technical Assistance Report Technical Assistance Reports Aug 2021

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Master Plan for Road Connectivity Firm - Consulting Active 28 Sep 2021 31 Oct 2021

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found


Procurement Plan

None currently available.