India: Assam Skill University Project
The project will assist the Government of Assam in strengthening its skills education and training system to ensure decent employment for all and accelerate sustainable and inclusive infrastructure and industrial development. It will create pathways for skills progression and mobility between technical and vocational education and training (TVET) and higher education through the establishment of a skill university, and will raise skill levels to enhance the productivity and competitiveness of industries in Assam. The project will enhance skills and employability of youth and adults, especially women and those from disadvantaged groups, and improve their prospect of getting higher-paying, decent jobs. The project will form part of the strategic engagement of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) with the Government of Assam for economic corridor development, environmental sustainability, and climate change.
South Asia Department
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|Project Name||Assam Skill University Project|
|Country / Economy||India
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Technical and vocational education and training - Tertiary
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The project will assist the Government of Assam in strengthening its skills education and training system to ensure decent employment for all and accelerate sustainable and inclusive infrastructure and industrial development. It will create pathways for skills progression and mobility between technical and vocational education and training (TVET) and higher education through the establishment of a skill university, and will raise skill levels to enhance the productivity and competitiveness of industries in Assam. The project will enhance skills and employability of youth and adults, especially women and those from disadvantaged groups, and improve their prospect of getting higher-paying, decent jobs. The project will form part of the strategic engagement of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) with the Government of Assam for economic corridor development, environmental sustainability, and climate change.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Assam is the largest state in the North Eastern Region of India in terms of economy and population and occupies a strategic position for various regional cooperation programs in South Asia and Southeast Asia._Assam's economy registered high growth rates from fiscal year (FY) 2016 to FY2019 (12.7% on average) and contributed to 61.2% of the region's gross domestic product (GDP) in FY2019. Despite its abundant natural resources and higher proportion of young population (under 40 years of age) than the rest of India, Assam has yet to unleash its growth potential. In FY2019, the state's GDP per capita (
92,533) ranked 28th among the 33 states and union territories._The structure of the economy has been slow to change, with the primary sector (agriculture and mining) still accounting for 27.8% of the state's GDP in FY2019._Assam is landlocked and largely rural, and has underdeveloped infrastructure, and its economy is dominated by low value-added, natural resource-based products and is poorly integrated with regional and global value chains. Its manufacturing sectors are undiversified and small (11.4% of GDP in FY2019). Studies conducted by ADB indicate that aggressive infrastructure and industrial development specifically corridor-based industrial development is necessary for Assam to grow its economy. However, they identify limited availability of a skilled workforce as one of the constraints to this strategy.
Assam was home to about 24.8 million people aged 15 years and above (49% women) in 2018, of whom more than 11.4 million (46%) were in the labor force (84% in rural areas), and 10.6 million (93% of the labor force) were employed._The share of nonfarm employment grew steadily, from 32% in 2005 to 44% in 2012, and to 77% in 2018._Gender disparities in Assam's labor force are stark: as of 2018, the labor force participation rate for women was 13% compared to 78% for men, the unemployment rate was 27% for women compared to 4% for men, and 30% of women were in farm employment compared to 22% of men.
Fewer prospects for socioeconomic development have propelled out-migration for jobs and education, further exacerbating shortages of skills for manufacturing and services. Assam is prone to natural hazards such as cyclonic storms and floods, which are likely to intensify because of climate change. The incidence of poverty remains higher than the national average and has worsened amid the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic._Moreover, educational attainment was lower than the national average in 2018: 82% of the population aged 15 years and above received education only up to grade 10 and below or did not receive education at all (84% of women, and 79% of men), while 13% attained grades 1112 (11% of women and 26% of men), and barely 5% completed higher education (4% of women and 6% of men, footnote 6)._TVET and higher education in Assam are undersupplied: as of FY2019 there was 1 industrial training institute (ITI) per 1 million population (compared to 11 in India); 15 colleges per 100,000 population aged 1823 (compared to 28 in India); and 18.7% gross enrollment ratio in higher education for the population aged 1823 (compared to 26.3% in India), 18.3% for the female population (compared to 26.4% in India), and 19.1% for the male population (compared to 26.3% in India)._The lack of supply is exacerbated by the inability of TVET and higher education institutions to operate to their full capacity and accept all qualified students (para. 7).
Decent employment for all ensured
Inclusive and sustainable infrastructure and industrial development accelerated
|Description of Outcome||
Industry-aligned and flexible skills education and training system strengthened in Assam
|Progress Toward Outcome||To be reviewed during mid-term review mission in late 2024.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
University management and operating systems, business models, and faculty development and management systems developed.
Environmentally sustainable and climate resilient university campus and facilities developed.
Industry-aligned and flexible skills education and training programs designed and delivered.
Capacity to manage and support entrepreneurship, applied R&D and technology transfer developed.
Access to professional development and quality skills education and training resources in Assam, other_states, and neighboring countries improved.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Output 1: The recruitment of consultants to support the development of university management and operating systems, business models, and faculty development and management systems is in process._
Output 2: The contracts for the boundary wall and design and construction of ASU Campus and facilities have been awarded. The detailed design and drawings of the boundary wall and ASU campus are being updated and finalized. Construction will start in late September/October 2022.
Output 3: Progress in the design and delivery of skills education and training programs will be assessed during review missions in 2023-2024.
Outputs 4 and 5: Partnership opportunities with internationally renowned institutions and industry/employers are being explored. Progress will be assessed during review missions in 2023.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Environmental impacts of civil works (output 2) are likely to be insignificant. The initial environmental examination reports and environmental management plans (EMP) have been disclosed on ADB website. Contractors will develop a health and safety plan which includes COVID-19 prevention guidelines. Potentially affected persons were consulted, and their concerns will be addressed through the implementation of EMP. The Assam Skill Development Mission (ASDM) will establish a grievance redress mechanism. ASDM's environmental management capacity has been developed during project preparation and will be strengthened during project implementation.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Due diligence confirmed that no land will be acquired permanently or temporarily, from a person, household, business, or community; and that all civil works will take place on the government-owned land allotted for ASU which is free from encumbrance. Any portion of the land that would trigger involuntary resettlement will be excluded.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Assam was home to 3.88 million scheduled tribe people who accounted for 12.4% of the total population (2011 Census). The project would not cause adverse impacts on the scheduled tribe population. Scheduled tribe youth and adults will have access to skills education and training, which would enhance their prospect of getting higher-paying, decent jobs. Findings from consultations have been incorporated into the project design. The Assam Skill Development Mission (ASDM)'s capacity to manage indigenous peoples safeguards is adequate and will be enhanced during project implementation. An indigenous peoples plan with measures to improve access to skills education and training, career development services has been disclosed on ADB website.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Through workshops, meetings, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions, key stakeholders, including relevant government agencies, communities surrounding the Assam Skill University, prospective students and parents, industries and enterprises, trainers and faculty members of technical and vocational education and training institutions, have been consulted on the project design.|
|During Project Implementation||Project information will be communicated through ADB's and government's websites, workshops and meetings, training, seminars, promotional and outreach activities, ASU's brand materials, and mass media in accordance with the requirements of ADB's information disclosure policy. The Assam Skill University (ASU) will develop public relations and marketing strategy to establish an ASU brand, reach out to prospective students, and attract industry and institutional partners and investors (output 1). Promotional and outreach activities for student recruitment will also be conducted regularly. The development of skills education and training programs will involve TVET and higher education institutional and industry partners (output 3). Industry associations will be also involved through workshops and partnership agreements in the processing of establishing, designing, and delivering skills education and training programs. ASU will share and disseminate resources, good practices, and lessons developed under the project with TVET and higher education institutions in Assam, the other states, and neighboring countries (output 5). The project management unit (PMU) established by the Assam Skill Development Mission (ASDM) will coordinate stakeholder communication activities under the project.|
|Consulting Services||To be determined|
|Procurement||To be determined|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Maruyama, Asako|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Human and Social Development Division, SARD|
Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship Department
|Concept Clearance||17 Dec 2020|
|Fact Finding||03 Mar 2021 to 25 Mar 2021|
|MRM||17 May 2021|
|Approval||13 Dec 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Jul 2022|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|13 Dec 2021||17 Dec 2021||18 Feb 2022||31 Dec 2027||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||140.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||112.00||16 Nov 2022||38.21||0.00||34%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||16 Nov 2022||0.12||0.00||0%|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|13 Dec 2021||31 Dec 2021||31 Dec 2021||31 Dec 2024||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|150,000.00||1,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,150,000.00||16 Nov 2022||3,787.47|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB Helps Establish a Skill University in Assam, IndiaThe Asian Development Bank has approved a $112 million loan to strengthen skills education and training through the establishment of the Assam Skill University.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Digital Campus/University Management System Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||06 Jul 2022||12 Jul 2022|
|Digital Campus/University Management System Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||08 Apr 2022||14 Apr 2022|
|Environmental Industry Analysis||Firm - Consulting||Closed||12 Nov 2021||03 Dec 2021|
|Smart Campus Management||Firm - Consulting||Closed||12 Nov 2021||03 Dec 2021|
|53277-IND: Assam Skill University Project [CW-02]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||13 Apr 2021||24 Jun 2021|
|53277-IND: Assam Skill University Project [CW-01]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||23 Feb 2021||09 Apr 2021|
|CONSULTING FIRM 1 PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT||Firm - Consulting||Closed||19 Feb 2021||05 Apr 2021|
|CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION AND QUALITY ASSURANCE||Firm - Consulting||Closed||19 Feb 2021||08 Apr 2021|
|MARKET RESEARCH AND BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT||Firm - Consulting||Closed||19 Feb 2021||19 Apr 2021|
|ASSAM SKILL UNIVERSITY MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT||Firm - Consulting||Closed||19 Feb 2021||12 Apr 2021|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Construction Supervision and Quality Assurance Consultants||Loan 4166||03 May 2022||Shah Technical Consultants | 407 Raheja Centre, Nariman Point, Mumbai, Maharashtra, 400021 India||Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship Department||719,190.71||709,221.21|
|Capacity Development Technical Assistance||Technical Assistance 6875||16 Mar 2022||Index Strategy, Inc. (JAPAN) in association with Social System Design Co., Ltd. (JAPAN) | 4-3-1 Toranomon, Minato-ku, 23F Shiroyama Trust Tower Tokyo Japan||Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship Department||186,023.00||—|
|Capacity Development Technical Assistance||Technical Assistance 6875||14 Mar 2022||Ela Green Buildings & Infrastructure Consultants Private Limited (INDIA) | 51, Officers Lane, Pallavaram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600043 India||Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship Department||134,070.00||—|
|Detailed design and construction of ASU campus and facilities||Loan 4166||04 Mar 2022||Pawan Communications Pvtt. Ltd. | 4 Floor, Royal Arcade Building, Dr. B Barush Road, Ulubari, 781007||Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship Department||38,769,898.38||38,748,990.59|
|Project Management Support Consultants||Loan 4166||04 Mar 2022||Ernst and Young LLP | Golf View Tower - B, Sector 42, Gurgaon - 122002||Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship Department||1,135,695.66||1,135,083.20|